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Digest of Education Statistics
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Table 602.33b. Average science score and percentage of eighth-graders, by science teachers' reports of student access to computers and frequency of computer use during science lessons and country or other education system: 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Country or other education system1 Total, all eighth-graders Student access to computers (including tablets) to use during science lessons Among students who have computers (including tablets) available, frequency of computer use during science lessons2
No computers are available to students during lessons Computers are available to students during lessons
Total, all students who have computers available3 Each student has a computer Class has computers that students can share School has computers that the class can use sometimes Every day or almost every day Once or twice a week Once or twice a month Never or almost never
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
  Average science score4 
International average5 492 (0.6) 489 (0.8) 498 (1.0) 507   (2.7) 499   (2.5) 498   (1.6) 501   (2.8) 497   (1.6) 500   (1.8) 486   (5.5)
                                                       
Australia 512 (2.7) 509 (5.1) 519 (3.0) 523   (3.6) 519   (6.6) 508   (5.6) 531   (6.7) 515   (4.5) 520   (5.4) 416   (40.4)
Bahrain 466 (2.2) 467 (3.3) 463 (4.9) 505   (10.3) 443   (11.2) 461   (6.3) 496   (10.9) 453   (7.9) 454   (8.0)   (†)
Canada6,7,8 526 (2.2) 521 (3.6) 531 (2.6) 532   (6.8) 529   (4.5) 532   (4.1) 536   (7.1) 531   (4.9) 529   (4.3) 544   (6.6)
Chile 454 (3.1) 454 (5.4) 459 (5.3) 452   (9.0) 460   (9.9) 468   (7.2) 443   (16.1) 453   (11.6) 466   (6.7) 465   (17.5)
Chinese Taipei 569 (2.1) 566 (2.8) 574 (4.1) 556   (22.3) 574   (6.0) 578   (6.3) 545   (28.1) 573   (8.3) 578   (5.5) 573   (10.3)
                                                       
Egypt 371 (4.3) 362 (6.7) 377 (5.7) 395   (51.7) 364   (15.1) 379   (6.5) 372   (15.5) 372   (7.7) 389   (8.3) 388   (39.1)
England (United Kingdom) 537 (3.8) 534 (6.3) 543 (5.8) 528   (10.9) 544   (10.7) 550   (7.3) 522   (14.3) 537   (13.2) 546   (6.3) 547   (19.2)
Georgia7,9 443 (3.1) 440 (4.5) 446 (3.2) 454   (6.1) 453   (5.5) 441   (3.8) 448   (5.0) 448   (4.2) 440   (5.3) 455   (25.0)
Hong Kong (China) 546 (3.9) 542 (4.6) 555 (8.9) 583   (22.3) 546   (10.0) 552   (14.8) 567   (20.6) 536   (10.2) 563   (10.5) 520   (8.5)
Hungary 527 (3.4) 529 (4.4) 522 (5.1) 523   (9.9) 538   (9.5) 518   (5.7) 525   (9.0) 533   (6.1) 517   (6.6) 463   (43.2)
                                                       
Iran, Islamic Republic of 456 (4.0) 443 (6.0) 477 (5.3)   (†) 489   (11.4) 471   (6.2) 500   (12.3) 475   (7.3) 467   (13.3) 460   (7.2)
Ireland 530 (2.8) 538 (3.3) 533 (4.3) 538   (6.5) 545   (10.5) 529   (6.6) 530   (20.2) 522   (7.8) 531   (7.1) 548   (6.0)
Israel10 508 (3.9) 499 (5.3) 522 (7.5) 537   (14.8) 545   (8.8) 494   (13.1) 516   (13.9) 519   (14.7) 525   (12.7) 558   (7.0)
Italy9 499 (2.4) 498 (3.7) 499 (4.2) 500   (17.7) 494   (6.1) 507   (7.4) 494   (19.7) 493   (8.5) 505   (4.6) 481   (48.1)
Japan 571 (1.8) 570 (3.2) 571 (3.0) 566   (5.2) 585   (6.9) 568   (3.5) 575   (8.1) 578   (9.4) 577   (6.1) 567   (3.4)
                                                       
Jordan 426 (3.4) 417 (5.0) 438 (4.9) 409   (18.1) 467   (18.4) 438   (6.2) 458   (11.4) 433   (8.3) 438   (11.1) 328   (9.0)
Kazakhstan 533 (4.4) 531 (8.3) 534 (5.2) 526   (7.5) 538   (6.7) 549   (11.0) 527   (6.7) 534   (7.0) 563   (11.1)   (†)
Korea, Republic of 556 (2.2) 557 (2.7) 554 (3.3) 553   (5.4) 551   (4.0) 564   (4.7) 549   (5.0) 554   (5.4) 557   (5.0) 553   (6.7)
Kuwait 411 (5.2) 408 (6.3) 410 (10.9) 370   (48.7) 434   (8.7) 411   (11.9) 397   (19.7) 433   (10.2) 381   (25.7)   (†)
Lebanon 398 (5.3) 393 (5.7) 427 (13.9) 443   (26.1) 419   (18.9) 420   (26.0) 426   (54.4) 417   (20.8) 416   (20.9)   (†)
                                                       
Lithuania9 519 (2.8) 519 (3.6) 519 (3.3) 522   (10.6) 517   (4.6) 518   (4.2) 528   (7.6) 521   (8.0) 516   (3.9) 522   (14.4)
Malaysia 471 (4.1) 467 (4.8) 493 (8.7) 534   (8.7) 487   (69.1) 493   (9.0) 568   (18.8) 509   (16.4) 493   (21.0) 487   (4.3)
Malta 481 (1.6) 481 (1.7) 477 (4.5) 567   (8.1) 445   (6.3) 506   (7.9) 404   (19.5) 493   (5.9) 538   (13.9) 427   (9.2)
Morocco 393 (2.5) 391 (2.5) 401 (5.2) 489   (12.0) 398   (8.9) 401   (5.7) 405   (10.5) 405   (10.5) 400   (6.3) 381   (7.7)
New Zealand8 513 (3.1) 514 (7.3) 517 (4.7) 537   (10.6) 515   (11.8) 509   (6.4) 531   (14.8) 522   (7.5) 506   (6.6) 541   (19.1)
                                                       
Norway11 509 (2.8) 508 (4.7) 511 (3.7) 507   (5.6) 514   (7.0) 514   (5.6) 511   (27.2) 510   (6.0) 513   (4.6) 509   (12.2)
Oman 455 (2.7) 455 (3.1) 458 (6.2) 448   (11.8) 452   (9.0) 469   (9.1) 454   (7.7) 458   (13.1) 469   (10.9) 432   (73.8)
Qatar 457 (3.0) 459 (5.1) 452 (5.5) 451   (5.2) 466   (17.6) 452   (19.6) 466   (7.6) 424   (10.7) 485   (13.2) 481   (42.0)
Russian Federation 544 (4.2) 539 (6.3) 547 (4.6) 554   (7.0) 545   (7.8) 546   (4.3) 554   (6.1) 549   (5.9) 544   (5.3) 518   (9.0)
Saudi Arabia 396 (4.5) 386 (5.6) 413 (7.7) 443   (5.9) 428   (13.2) 407   (10.4) 427   (17.0) 399   (11.4) 393   (20.0) 392   (5.7)
                                                       
Singapore9 597 (3.2) 602 (4.4) 592 (4.9) 605   (8.2) 571   (13.5) 584   (9.7) 614   (28.6) 606   (9.2) 582   (8.1) 601   (11.9)
Slovenia 551 (2.4) 551 (2.6) 551 (3.4) 556   (8.7) 547   (4.1) 551   (3.4) 545   (7.6) 561   (8.9) 548   (3.4) 549   (8.5)
Sweden 522 (3.4) 533 (6.2) 520 (3.9) 517   (5.7) 503   (11.0) 530   (5.9) 510   (6.7) 514   (6.6) 528   (5.1) 521   (10.3)
Thailand 456 (4.2) 445 (5.8) 468 (6.4) 470   (8.2) 467   (13.9) 461   (19.5) 482   (20.5) 462   (8.4) 471   (9.2) 418 ! (141.5)
Turkey 493 (4.0) 480 (4.4) 528 (6.9) 534   (15.3) 535   (10.4) 523   (11.4) 550   (14.5) 525   (7.2) 511   (13.2) 507   (3.7)
                                                       
United Arab Emirates 477 (2.3) 472 (5.5) 486 (4.4) 474   (6.0) 516   (7.6) 484   (10.7) 486   (7.0) 479   (6.6) 508   (9.5)   (†)
United States8 530 (2.8) 527 (4.3) 541 (4.4) 544   (7.4) 532   (6.3) 548   (7.8) 536   (7.8) 545   (7.9) 541   (6.0) 551   (21.9)
                                                       
Benchmarking education systems                                                      
Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 454 (5.6) 449 (9.5) 469 (13.2) 531   (19.2) 474   (12.6) 432   (17.7) 491   (26.3) 446   (15.9) 503   (16.1)   (†)
Buenos Aires8 (Argentina) 386 (4.2) 402 (11.8) 377 (11.7) 359   (15.2) 409   (12.1) 413   (83.6) 406   (13.2) 363   (23.3) 401   (14.9) 321   (30.9)
Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 525 (2.0) 515 (4.7) 528 (3.7) 515   (6.4) 546   (6.0) 531   (6.7) 527   (6.3) 529   (8.3) 531   (6.6)   (†)
Florida7,12 (United States) 508 (6.0) 527 (10.3) 509 (14.9) 521   (26.3) 516   (26.1) 481   (13.3) 536   (31.5) 501   (17.2) 507   (21.8)   (†)
Ontario (Canada) 524 (2.5) 519 (4.8) 529 (3.0) 527   (10.7) 525   (4.9) 534   (4.8) 532   (9.5) 527   (5.7) 527   (4.5) 547   (4.6)
Quebec13 (Canada) 530 (4.4) 522 (5.7) 541 (5.9) 539   (6.8) 535   (8.6) 538   (10.7) 540   (9.8) 551   (13.1) 538   (8.5)   (†)
  Percent of students
International average5 100.0 (†) 56.1 (0.53) 43.9 (0.53) 11.8   (0.36) 12.0   (0.37) 18.9   (0.42) 18.6   (0.73) 36.3   (0.91) 37.6   (0.92) 7.4   (0.48)
                                                       
Australia 100.0 (†) 33.6 (3.00) 66.4 (3.00) 38.3   (3.16) 11.9   (2.04) 15.9   (1.99) 19.3   (2.28) 47.7   (3.63) 31.9   (3.62)   (†)
Bahrain 100.0 (†) 64.4 (2.10) 35.6 (2.10) 3.9 ! (1.42) 6.5   (1.70) 24.3   (1.98) 19.7   (4.67) 36.4   (5.98) 43.8   (6.49)   (†)
Canada6,7,8 100.0 (†) 42.0 (2.64) 58.0 (2.64) 11.7   (2.23) 24.8   (3.19) 20.9   (3.07) 14.9   (2.69) 43.3   (4.88) 37.8   (4.27)   (†)
Chile 100.0 (†) 44.4 (4.23) 55.6 (4.23) 20.7   (3.13) 18.9   (3.86) 14.9   (2.51) 13.1 ! (4.41) 32.4   (6.02) 48.2   (5.87) 6.3 ! (3.00)
Chinese Taipei 100.0 (†) 55.8 (3.75) 44.2 (3.75) 4.2 ! (1.63) 24.6   (3.07) 14.2   (2.69) 4.9 ! (2.33) 24.7   (4.57) 45.3   (5.91) 25.2   (5.45)
                                                       
Egypt 100.0 (†) 39.4 (3.51) 60.6 (3.51)   (†) 5.1   (1.40) 52.8   (3.51) 21.5   (4.39) 52.9   (5.11) 24.2   (4.05)   (†)
England (United Kingdom) 100.0 (†) 51.9 (3.30) 48.1 (3.30) 13.1   (2.66) 9.8   (1.78) 24.7   (2.77) 6.0 ! (2.23) 21.7   (3.97) 67.3   (4.52) 5.0   (1.31)
Georgia7,9 100.0 (†) 43.1 (2.48) 56.9 (2.48) 13.2   (1.67) 9.5   (1.55) 33.2   (2.51) 23.6   (2.34) 47.1   (3.07) 26.8   (3.00) 2.4 ! (0.94)
Hong Kong (China). 100.0 (†) 78.7 (3.61) 21.3 (3.61) 4.1 ! (1.88) 7.5 ! (2.29) 8.7 ! (2.81) 27.3 ! (9.20) 22.4 ! (8.94) 44.6   (11.65)   (†)
Hungary 100.0 (†) 58.2 (2.54) 41.8 (2.54) 2.5   (0.60) 7.7   (1.10) 30.0   (2.38) 17.6   (2.26) 32.1   (3.90) 47.9   (3.92) 2.5 ! (1.00)
                                                       
Iran, Islamic Republic of 100.0 (†) 61.5 (3.86) 38.5 (3.86)   (†) 11.9   (2.41) 25.3   (3.23) 18.1   (4.69) 51.0   (5.85) 29.4   (5.20)   (†)
Ireland 100.0 (†) 73.7 (3.09) 26.3 (3.09) 6.1 ! (2.02) 3.9 ! (1.31) 14.9   (2.41)   (†) 29.6   (6.84) 41.0   (6.75) 26.0   (5.04)
Israel10 100.0 (†) 59.3 (3.35) 40.7 (3.35) 8.2   (2.02) 16.5   (2.33) 14.9   (2.42) 26.0   (4.40) 32.4   (4.29) 39.0   (4.57)   (†)
Italy9 100.0 (†) 51.9 (3.91) 48.1 (3.91) 3.8 ! (1.71) 27.4   (3.26) 16.7   (3.08) 7.3 ! (3.17) 34.0   (4.58) 53.6   (4.92)   (†)
Japan 100.0 (†) 44.5 (4.16) 55.5 (4.16) 12.2   (2.78) 12.7   (2.39) 29.6   (3.31) 6.6 ! (2.61) 5.8 ! (2.67) 34.5   (5.09) 53.1   (5.54)
                                                       
Jordan 100.0 (†) 55.5 (3.98) 44.5 (3.98) 5.6   (1.59) 5.3   (1.47) 32.7   (3.95) 20.6   (4.35) 51.1   (5.66) 26.5   (5.11)   (†)
Kazakhstan 100.0 (†) 25.6 (3.03) 74.4 (3.03) 34.9   (3.53) 30.5   (3.07) 7.2   (1.13) 40.2   (3.15) 50.2   (3.10) 9.5   (1.67)   (†)
Korea, Republic of 100.0 (†) 49.6 (3.92) 50.4 (3.92) 5.1   (1.37) 22.5   (3.15) 15.2   (2.89) 13.1   (3.52) 26.0   (4.56) 33.4   (5.46) 27.5   (5.22)
Kuwait 100.0 (†) 62.2 (4.29) 37.8 (4.29) 6.7 ! (2.61) 12.8   (2.82) 17.4   (2.90) 46.2   (7.29) 41.9   (7.09) 11.6 ! (4.33)   (†)
Lebanon 100.0 (†) 88.1 (2.56) 11.9 (2.56) 3.7 ! (1.62) 3.2 ! (1.51) 5.0 ! (1.69)   (†) 37.1 ! (11.64) 32.1 ! (11.54)   (†)
                                                       
Lithuania9 100.0 (†) 47.2 (2.51) 52.8 (2.51) 6.8   (1.18) 14.2   (1.73) 30.0   (2.06) 10.4   (1.97) 19.8   (2.96) 64.8   (3.04) 5.0   (1.13)
Malaysia 100.0 (†) 90.4 (1.80) 9.6 (1.80) 1.1 ! (0.57)   (†) 5.4   (1.36)   (†) 26.0 ! (10.95) 61.5   (12.30)   (†)
Malta 100.0 (†) 92.7 (0.27) 7.3 (0.27) 0.8   (0.13) 4.3   (0.19) 2.0   (0.15) 6.7   (1.15) 55.6   (1.95) 13.6   (1.42) 24.2   (1.35)
Morocco 100.0 (†) 76.9 (2.15) 23.1 (2.15) 0.9 ! (0.39) 5.7   (1.09) 13.0   (1.81) 17.3   (3.98) 21.9   (3.80) 56.7   (5.28) 4.0 ! (1.54)
New Zealand8 100.0 (†) 39.6 (4.00) 60.4 (4.00) 14.4   (2.93) 14.4   (3.20) 31.4   (3.56) 16.4   (3.68) 28.8   (3.59) 48.5   (4.58) 6.4 ! (2.47)
                                                       
Norway11 100.0 (†) 46.7 (4.11) 53.3 (4.11) 18.9   (3.63) 9.7   (2.66) 24.7   (3.49)   (†) 27.4   (4.84) 57.5   (5.32) 11.8 ! (4.16)
Oman 100.0 (†) 85.1 (2.17) 14.9 (2.17) 2.9   (0.66) 4.8   (1.30) 6.2   (1.57) 44.2   (6.32) 38.0   (8.92) 15.9 ! (6.49)   (†)
Qatar 100.0 (†) 57.6 (2.70) 42.4 (2.70) 23.6   (2.05) 7.3   (1.23) 8.8   (1.89) 37.8   (4.65) 41.3   (5.14) 19.3   (3.36) 1.6   (0.44)
Russian Federation 100.0 (†) 36.3 (2.24) 63.7 (2.24) 9.6   (1.65) 22.3   (2.29) 30.8   (2.44) 16.7   (2.23) 45.2   (3.03) 35.6   (4.32) 2.6 ! (1.05)
Saudi Arabia 100.0 (†) 61.9 (4.08) 38.1 (4.08)   (†) 16.3   (3.30) 18.0   (3.17) 28.1   (7.38) 56.8   (8.52) 12.2 ! (4.69)   (†)
                                                       
Singapore9 100.0 (†) 48.2 (2.32) 51.8 (2.32) 25.6   (2.10) 8.4   (1.43) 17.5   (2.16) 3.8 ! (1.30) 26.0   (2.70) 55.8   (3.34) 14.4   (2.02)
Slovenia 100.0 (†) 68.0 (2.59) 32.0 (2.59) 6.3   (1.27) 6.1   (1.02) 19.5   (1.87) 4.3 ! (1.43) 24.0   (3.72) 67.4   (4.17) 4.2 ! (1.64)
Sweden 100.0 (†) 20.5 (3.11) 79.5 (3.11) 49.0   (4.68) 5.2 ! (1.58) 25.4   (3.60) 9.7   (2.58) 37.0   (3.83) 48.0   (4.12) 5.2 ! (1.65)
Thailand 100.0 (†) 51.0 (4.12) 49.0 (4.12) 28.4   (3.98) 11.2   (2.72) 6.0 ! (1.89) 16.4   (3.92) 49.8   (5.29) 33.1   (5.37)   (†)
Turkey 100.0 (†) 69.5 (3.42) 30.5 (3.42) 1.9 ! (0.88) 13.1   (2.21) 12.8   (2.40) 25.9   (5.33) 52.2   (5.84) 20.0   (5.41)   (†)
                                                       
United Arab Emirates 100.0 (†) 50.3 (2.70) 49.7 (2.70) 25.7   (1.73) 11.4   (1.47) 12.0   (1.59) 43.8   (2.87) 40.7   (3.23) 15.1   (2.30)   (†)
United States8 100.0 (†) 48.6 (3.37) 51.4 (3.37) 19.0   (2.47) 16.3   (2.39) 16.0   (2.16) 26.0   (3.95) 33.1   (3.71) 38.7   (4.08)   (†)
                                                       
Benchmarking education systems                                                      
Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 100.0 (†) 68.7 (5.02) 31.3 (5.02) 7.8 ! (3.04) 10.2   (2.86) 12.3   (3.06) 37.4   (8.36) 48.3   (7.96) 14.4   (3.75)   (†)
Buenos Aires8 (Argentina) 100.0 (†) 40.7 (7.41) 59.3 (7.41) 38.3   (7.60) 19.4 ! (5.97)   (†) 22.7 ! (7.95) 41.8   (10.12) 27.4   (7.57)   (†)
Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 100.0 (†) 32.1 (2.48) 67.9 (2.48) 31.2   (1.27) 19.3   (1.31) 16.9   (2.11) 50.2   (2.88) 35.5   (2.70) 14.3   (1.58)   (†)
Florida7,12 (United States) 100.0 (†) 52.9 (8.09) 47.1 (8.09) 17.3 ! (6.44) 18.1   (5.33) 11.8 ! (4.91) 18.6 ! (7.80) 55.6   (10.54) 25.9   (7.07)   (†)
Ontario (Canada) 100.0 (†) 24.6 (3.94) 75.4 (3.94) 12.9   (3.10) 35.6   (4.65) 26.9   (4.91) 12.9   (2.93) 42.9   (5.79) 39.6   (5.30)   (†)
Quebec13 (Canada) 100.0 (†) 74.5 (4.12) 25.5 (4.12) 9.9   (2.56) 5.4 ! (2.31) 8.8   (2.37) 23.2   (6.74) 27.4 ! (8.24) 46.0   (9.11)   (†)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Most of the education systems represent complete countries, but some represent subnational entities; examples include two Canadian provinces (Ontario and Quebec), a component of the United Kingdom (England), the U.S. state of Florida, and a few individual cities (such as Abu Dhabi within the United Arab Emirates).
2 Teachers were asked how often they had students do the following five activities on computers during science lessons: practice skills and procedures; look up ideas and information; do science procedures or experiments; study natural phenomena through simulations; and process and analyze data. The overall frequency of computer use corresponds to the highest frequency reported for any one of these activities.
3 The total of all students who have computers available during lessons includes students for whom data on the specific type of computer access is missing. Their teachers indicated that computers were available to students during lessons, but either failed to answer the three follow-up questions about specific type of computer access or answered “No” to each of the three types of access. Among sampled students with computers available during science lessons, about 3 percent are missing data on the type of computer access; however, the percentage varies widely by country (from 0 to 28 percent). These students are included in the total shown in column 4, but are not included in columns 5 through 7.
4 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000, with the scale centerpoint set at 500 and the standard deviation set at 100.
5 The international average includes only education systems that are members of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), which develops and implements TIMSS at the international level. "Benchmarking" education systems are not members of the IEA and are therefore not included in the average.
6 Data for Canada include only students from the provinces of Manitoba, Newfoundland, Ontario, and Quebec.
7 National Target Population does not include all of the International Target Population.
8 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
9 National Defined Population covers 90 to 95 percent of National Target Population.
10 National Defined Population covers less than 90 percent of the National Target Population (but at least 77 percent).
11 Norway collected data from students in their ninth year of schooling rather than in grade 8 because year 1 in Norway is considered the equivalent of kindergarten rather than the first year of primary school.
12 U.S. state-level data are based on public school students only.
13 Did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates.
NOTE: Countries and other education systems were required to draw probability samples of students who were nearing the end of their eighth year of formal schooling (counting the first year of primary school as year 1), provided that the mean age at the time of testing was at least 13.5 years. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and missing data.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2015. (This table was prepared January 2017.)

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