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Digest of Education Statistics: 2018
Digest of Education Statistics: 2018

NCES 2020-009
December 2019


Table 601.10. Population, school enrollment, and number of teachers, by major areas of the world and level of education: Selected years, 1980 through 2016
[In thousands]
Year and selected characteristic World
total1,2
Major areas of the world
Africa Asia2,3 Europe3 Central
and South
America4
Northern
America4
Oceania
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1980              
Population, all ages5 4,445,386 479,432 2,637,685 695,225 358,579 251,929 22,534
Enrollment, all levels 872,107 77,988 495,321 134,782 98,268 60,543 5,205
Elementary6 525,219 61,303 333,888 47,694 56,791 22,893 2,649
Secondary7 296,795 14,987 148,054 70,240 36,673 24,695 2,145
Postsecondary8 50,093 1,698 13,378 16,847 4,803 12,956 411
Teachers, all levels 40,148 2,373 19,587 2,505 4,577 2,124 277
Elementary6 18,528 1,676 10,729 2,505 1,871 --- 134
Secondary7 17,650 605 7,664 --- 2,321 1,309 112
Postsecondary8 3,970 91 1,194 --- 384 815 31
               
1990              
Population, all ages5 5,286,811 631,684 3,184,509 725,798 440,874 277,533 26,412
Enrollment, all levels 988,220 107,082 563,363 132,634 117,812 61,543 5,786
Elementary6 576,865 78,042 361,386 45,161 65,041 24,629 2,607
Secondary7 343,466 26,205 178,765 68,866 45,534 21,534 2,562
Postsecondary8 67,889 2,836 23,213 18,607 7,237 15,380 617
Teachers, all levels 48,326 3,692 24,667 8,402 5,779 3,938 314
Elementary6 22,005 2,330 12,924 2,608 2,396 1,608 139
Secondary7 21,227 1,223 9,955 5,794 2,781 1,340 135
Postsecondary8 5,094 140 1,787 --- 602 991 41
               
2000              
Population, all ages5 6,086,149 807,188 3,686,112 730,427 518,614 313,388 30,421
Enrollment, all levels 1,209,991 153,985 705,005 137,714 138,656 66,968 7,664
Elementary6 657,128 109,443 405,225 41,717 70,177 27,435 3,131
Secondary7 452,703 38,374 258,492 70,477 57,007 25,117 3,236
Postsecondary8 100,160 6,167 41,288 25,520 11,472 14,416 1,297
Teachers, all levels 57,250 4,990 29,651 10,719 6,823 4,650 155
Elementary6 24,976 2,899 14,616 2,741 2,760 1,806 155
Secondary7 25,512 1,807 12,540 6,104 3,186 1,682 ---
Postsecondary8 6,762 285 2,496 1,875 877 1,163 ---
               
2010              
Population, all ages5 6,872,671 1,039,861 4,127,141 740,240 587,253 343,230 34,946
Enrollment, all levels 1,425,360 233,184 828,197 129,054 150,345 75,233 9,347
Elementary6 697,049 159,488 403,500 36,749 67,190 26,565 3,556
Secondary7 546,102 62,318 333,471 58,629 61,100 26,809 3,776
Postsecondary8 182,209 11,378 91,227 33,676 22,055 21,859 2,014
Teachers, all levels 72,185 7,661 39,869 10,555 8,139 5,464 175
Elementary6 28,669 4,139 16,853 2,673 2,908 1,920 175
Secondary7 32,355 3,051 18,177 5,470 3,542 1,898 ---
Postsecondary8 11,161 471 4,840 2,412 1,689 1,646 ---
               
2015              
Population, all ages5 7,267,035 1,177,295 4,332,060 745,332 618,928 356,273 37,147
Enrollment, all levels 1,521,003 272,630 882,468 125,592 154,839 75,254 10,221
Elementary6 720,228 182,538 403,431 38,485 64,580 27,094 4,101
Secondary7 583,316 76,019 354,816 57,462 64,042 27,063 3,913
Postsecondary8 217,459 14,072 124,221 29,645 26,217 21,097 2,207
Teachers, all levels 77,694 9,741 42,820 10,430 8,742 5,435 195
Elementary6 31,185 5,237 18,197 2,724 2,985 1,847 195
Secondary7 33,528 3,898 18,374 5,328 3,907 1,803 ---
Postsecondary8 12,981 607 6,249 2,377 1,850 1,786 ---
               
2016              
Population, all ages5 7,345,786 1,205,830 4,372,158 746,316 625,003 358,903 37,576
Enrollment, all levels 1,544,819 278,750 897,605 126,892 155,682 75,578 10,312
Elementary6 736,616 187,228 414,680 39,168 64,007 27,342 4,191
Secondary7 588,197 77,061 356,944 58,570 64,372 27,353 3,897
Postsecondary8 220,006 14,461 125,981 29,155 27,303 20,883 2,223
Teachers, all levels 78,844 9,809 43,729 10,533 8,828 5,421 199
Elementary6 31,386 5,344 18,215 2,796 2,967 1,864 199
Secondary7 34,319 3,846 19,159 5,367 3,914 1,822 ---
Postsecondary8 13,139 619 6,355 2,370 1,947 1,735 ---
---Not available.
1 The world total includes estimations for missing data on teachers.
2 Enrollment and teacher data for the world total and Asia exclude Taiwan.
3 Europe includes all countries of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) except Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, which are included in Asia. Asia also includes Turkey, the Arab states (except those located in Africa), and Israel.
4 Central and South America includes Latin America and the Caribbean. Northern America includes Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, St. Pierre and Miquelon, and the United States.
5 Estimate of midyear population.
6 This level generally corresponds to grades 1-6 in the United States.
7 Includes general education, teacher training (at the secondary level), and technical and vocational education. This level generally corresponds to grades 7-12 in the United States.
8 Includes college and university enrollment, and technical and vocational education beyond the secondary level.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and missing teacher data. Data include imputed values for nonrespondent countries. Enrollment and teacher data exclude several island countries or territories with small populations (less than 150,000). Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), unpublished tabulations. U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, International Data Base, retrieved March 27, 2019, from https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/international-programs/about/idb.html. (This table was prepared March 2019.)