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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 507.50c. Percentage distribution of persons 16 to 65 years old, by labor force and employment status and earnings, college degree attainment status, and work credential and work experience program status: 2016
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
College degree attainment status; work credential1 and work experience program status Total Labor force and employment status Underemployment status of employed persons4 Earnings over the past 12 months5
In labor force2 Not in labor force Under-employed Not under-employed $0 to $20,000 $20,001 to $50,000 $50,001 or more
Employed Unemployed3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
All 16- to 65-year-olds                                                    
Either certification or
     license, or both6,7
100.0 (†) 82.0   (0.55) 4.1   (0.32) 13.9   (0.48) 6.9   (0.43) 93.1   (0.43) 18.3   (0.66) 34.7   (0.76) 47.1   (0.70)
Neither certification nor
     license
100.0 (†) 60.6   (0.35) 8.3   (0.28) 31.1   (0.34) 12.8   (0.37) 87.2   (0.37) 37.4   (0.22) 36.2   (0.25) 26.4   (0.22)
                                                     
Certification6 100.0 (†) 82.9   (1.06) 5.2   (0.57) 11.9   (0.96) 8.1   (0.83) 91.9   (0.83) 16.7   (0.89) 32.9   (1.32) 50.4   (1.41)
No certification 100.0 (†) 64.0   (0.30) 7.6   (0.24) 28.5   (0.29) 11.5   (0.32) 88.5   (0.32) 33.9   (0.07) 36.0   (0.10) 30.1   (0.10)
                                                     
License7 100.0 (†) 81.8   (0.61) 3.8   (0.35) 14.4   (0.56) 6.7   (0.42) 93.3   (0.42) 18.1   (0.73) 35.0   (0.85) 46.8   (0.80)
No license 100.0 (†) 61.5   (0.33) 8.2   (0.27) 30.3   (0.33) 12.5   (0.35) 87.5   (0.35) 36.5   (0.20) 36.0   (0.22) 27.5   (0.21)
                                                     
Work experience program8 100.0 (†) 75.7   (0.76) 5.2   (0.34) 19.1   (0.67) 9.4   (0.59) 90.6   (0.59) 23.0   (0.74) 33.1   (0.71) 44.0   (0.68)
No work experience program 100.0 (†) 62.3   (0.36) 8.0   (0.26) 29.7   (0.32) 11.8   (0.38) 88.2   (0.38) 35.7   (0.23) 36.7   (0.22) 27.7   (0.23)
                                                     
Without a college degree9                                                    
Either certification or
     license, or both6,7
100.0 (†) 75.9   (1.26) 6.3   (0.74) 17.8   (1.03) 8.5   (0.78) 91.5   (0.78) 28.8   (1.31) 44.2   (1.67) 27.0   (1.27)
Neither certification nor
     license
100.0 (†) 54.3   (0.52) 9.8   (0.37) 35.8   (0.46) 14.2   (0.55) 85.8   (0.55) 46.0   (0.46) 38.4   (0.46) 15.6   (0.35)
                                                     
Certification6 100.0 (†) 74.3   (2.22) 8.2   (1.27) 17.5   (2.06) 10.6   (1.74) 89.4   (1.74) 25.3   (1.59) 46.1   (2.23) 28.6   (2.21)
No certification 100.0 (†) 56.4   (0.47) 9.4   (0.34) 34.1   (0.43) 13.4   (0.49) 86.6   (0.49) 44.2   (0.35) 39.0   (0.32) 16.8   (0.30)
                                                     
License7 100.0 (†) 76.3   (1.37) 5.5   (0.77) 18.2   (1.13) 7.8   (0.79) 92.2   (0.79) 29.2   (1.56) 43.4   (1.85) 27.4   (1.38)
No license 100.0 (†) 54.9   (0.49) 9.8   (0.36) 35.3   (0.44) 14.1   (0.52) 85.9   (0.52) 45.3   (0.45) 38.7   (0.43) 15.9   (0.34)
                                                     
Work experience program8 100.0 (†) 59.5   (1.84) 8.8   (0.95) 31.7   (1.65) 15.7   (1.58) 84.3   (1.58) 43.3   (1.77) 36.6   (1.84) 20.1   (1.40)
No work experience program 100.0 (†) 56.9   (0.45) 9.4   (0.34) 33.7   (0.41) 13.0   (0.45) 87.0   (0.45) 43.3   (0.39) 39.6   (0.38) 17.1   (0.32)
                                                     
With a college degree10                                                    
Either certification or
     license, or both6,7
100.0 (†) 85.5   (0.62) 2.9   (0.33) 11.7   (0.54) 6.1   (0.49) 93.9   (0.49) 12.4   (0.59) 29.4   (0.87) 58.2   (0.90)
Neither certification nor
     license
100.0 (†) 72.8   (0.57) 5.3   (0.30) 22.0   (0.50) 10.7   (0.45) 89.3   (0.45) 23.2   (0.59) 32.4   (0.59) 44.4   (0.55)
                                                     
Certification6 100.0 (†) 88.4   (1.09) 3.3   (0.62) 8.3   (0.91) 6.7   (0.92) 93.3   (0.92) 11.6   (1.14) 25.0   (1.59) 63.4   (1.62)
No certification 100.0 (†) 75.9   (0.50) 4.6   (0.24) 19.6   (0.42) 9.2   (0.37) 90.8   (0.37) 20.2   (0.48) 32.1   (0.43) 47.8   (0.41)
                                                     
License7 100.0 (†) 84.9   (0.70) 2.9   (0.37) 12.3   (0.62) 6.2   (0.46) 93.8   (0.46) 12.3   (0.63) 30.6   (0.99) 57.1   (1.04)
No license 100.0 (†) 73.9   (0.55) 5.1   (0.28) 21.0   (0.47) 10.2   (0.42) 89.8   (0.42) 22.4   (0.57) 31.7   (0.55) 45.9   (0.55)
                                                     
Work experience program8 100.0 (†) 80.9   (0.69) 4.1   (0.29) 15.0   (0.68) 7.9   (0.59) 92.1   (0.59) 17.1   (0.78) 32.0   (0.79) 50.8   (0.83)
No work experience program 100.0 (†) 74.5   (0.70) 4.7   (0.32) 20.8   (0.56) 9.7   (0.50) 90.3   (0.50) 20.8   (0.57) 30.9   (0.56) 48.3   (0.64)
†Not applicable.
1 A work credential can be either an occupational certification or an occupational license (see definitions in footnotes 6 and 7). Work credentials do not include postsecondary degrees and certificates.
2 Respondents were considered to be in the labor force if they reported either being employed the previous week or actively looking for work during the previous 4 weeks.
3 Respondents were considered to be unemployed if they were in the labor force but were not employed (i.e., they were looking for work). Percentages in this column represent unemployed persons as a percentage of all persons (including persons who were not in the labor force), which is not the same as the "unemployment rate" shown in some other tables. (The unemployment rate represents unemployed persons as a percentage of labor force participants only.)
4 Includes only employed persons. Those who were underemployed worked only at a part-time job or jobs but would prefer a full-time job (at least 35 hours per week) or worked at a temporary job but would prefer a permanent job. Persons who worked at a part-time job but also had a full-time permanent job were not considered underemployed.
5 Excludes respondents who reported that they never worked for pay or last worked over 12 months ago.
6 A certification is an occupational credential awarded by a certification body--such as a professional association or certifying board--based on an individual demonstrating through an examination process that he or she has acquired the designated knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform a specific job; examples include Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) certification and medical technician certification.
7 A license is an occupational credential awarded by a government agency that constitutes legal authority to do a specific job; examples include a medical license and an electrician's license.
8 A work experience program is defined in the survey as an internship, co-op, practicum, clerkship, externship, residency, clinical experience, apprenticeship, or similar program. The percentages for "Work experience program" refer to persons who have ever completed such a program.
9 Includes those with no high school credential, only a high school credential, or some college but no degree.
10 Includes those with an associate's or higher degree.
NOTE: Survey respondents were noninstitutionalized 16- to 65-year-olds who were not enrolled in high school at the time of sampling (although they could be enrolled in college). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Adult Training and Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ATES-NHES:2016). (This table was prepared January 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest