Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 507.50a. Number, percentage, and percentage distribution of persons 16 to 65 years old who have work credentials or have completed a work experience program, by selected characteristics: 2016
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic Total population ages 16 to 65 (in thousands) Number who have work credentials or have completed a work experience program (in thousands) Percent who have work credentials or have completed a work experience program Percentage distribution of those who have work credentials or have completed a work experience program
Work credentials1 Work experience program5 Work credentials1 Work experience program5 Work credentials1 Work experience program5
Any work credentials2 Certification3 License4 Any work credentials2 Certification3 License4 Any work credentials Certification3 License4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Total 196,343   (#) 41,394   (517.9) 11,787   (347.2) 34,478   (488.6) 41,283   (616.2) 21.1   (0.26) 6.0   (0.18) 17.6   (0.25) 21.0   (0.31) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Sex                                                                              
Male 91,182   (666.5) 17,250   (435.7) 5,851   (239.9) 13,811   (420.4) 16,102   (426.6) 18.9   (0.46) 6.4   (0.26) 15.1   (0.45) 17.7   (0.44) 41.7   (0.90) 49.6   (1.67) 40.1   (1.00) 39.0   (0.80)
Female 105,161   (666.5) 24,144   (469.8) 5,936   (282.5) 20,667   (415.8) 25,182   (476.7) 23.0   (0.40) 5.6   (0.26) 19.7   (0.36) 23.9   (0.42) 58.3   (0.90) 50.4   (1.67) 59.9   (1.00) 61.0   (0.80)
                                                                               
Race/ethnicity                                                                              
White 120,744   (363.1) 28,671   (413.1) 8,264   (293.9) 23,867   (385.4) 28,691   (491.6) 23.7   (0.33) 6.8   (0.24) 19.8   (0.31) 23.8   (0.40) 69.3   (0.63) 70.1   (1.32) 69.2   (0.69) 69.5   (0.60)
Black 24,033   (#) 4,812   (222.1) 1,169   (108.0) 4,182   (230.6) 4,248   (165.0) 20.0   (0.92) 4.9   (0.45) 17.4   (0.96) 17.7   (0.69) 11.6   (0.50) 9.9   (0.91) 12.1   (0.64) 10.3   (0.37)
Hispanic 33,546   (#) 4,793   (215.0) 1,413   (127.8) 3,902   (195.7) 4,139   (198.8) 14.3   (0.64) 4.2   (0.38) 11.6   (0.58) 12.3   (0.59) 11.6   (0.48) 12.0   (0.97) 11.3   (0.51) 10.0   (0.45)
Asian 11,278   (313.2) 1,969   (130.7) 571   (64.5) 1,594   (118.5) 2,734   (139.1) 17.5   (1.09) 5.1   (0.56) 14.1   (1.00) 24.2   (1.05) 4.8   (0.32) 4.8   (0.56) 4.6   (0.34) 6.6   (0.33)
Pacific Islander 678   (96.8)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 9.6 ! (3.54) 2.7 ! (1.23) 8.7 ! (3.53) 17.4   (4.58) 0.2 ! (0.06) 0.2 ! (0.07) 0.2 ! (0.07) 0.3   (0.07)
American Indian/Alaska Native 1,329   (125.3) 149   (29.9)   (†) 126   (28.6) 218   (49.6) 11.2   (2.29) 2.6 ! (1.00) 9.5   (2.18) 16.4   (3.37) 0.4   (0.07) 0.3 ! (0.11) 0.4   (0.08) 0.5   (0.12)
Two or more races 4,734   (222.8) 935   (101.8) 316   (49.9) 749   (97.6) 1,135   (99.3) 19.8   (1.90) 6.7   (0.98) 15.8   (1.90) 24.0   (1.76) 2.3   (0.24) 2.7   (0.41) 2.2   (0.28) 2.7   (0.24)
                                                                               
Age group                                                                              
16 to 24 years old 27,302   (165.5) 2,421   (153.8) 738   (87.2) 1,864   (144.4) 5,545   (241.3) 8.9   (0.57) 2.7   (0.32) 6.8   (0.54) 20.3   (0.89) 5.8   (0.37) 6.3   (0.73) 5.4   (0.41) 13.4   (0.54)
25 to 34 years old 41,619   (286.7) 9,488   (296.1) 2,935   (174.6) 7,784   (267.2) 12,868   (387.5) 22.8   (0.66) 7.1   (0.42) 18.7   (0.60) 30.9   (0.89) 22.9   (0.63) 24.9   (1.20) 22.6   (0.68) 31.2   (0.74)
35 to 44 years old 40,044   (285.4) 10,402   (339.9) 3,035   (177.2) 8,606   (335.5) 9,602   (313.0) 26.0   (0.82) 7.6   (0.44) 21.5   (0.82) 24.0   (0.77) 25.1   (0.70) 25.7   (1.11) 25.0   (0.80) 23.3   (0.67)
45 to 54 years old 41,778   (276.7) 9,869   (267.1) 2,724   (161.3) 8,333   (235.4) 6,915   (259.2) 23.6   (0.63) 6.5   (0.39) 19.9   (0.56) 16.6   (0.62) 23.8   (0.61) 23.1   (1.22) 24.2   (0.66) 16.7   (0.58)
55 to 65 years old 45,599   (176.5) 9,215   (179.9) 2,356   (100.9) 7,891   (165.7) 6,353   (125.1) 20.2   (0.38) 5.2   (0.22) 17.3   (0.36) 13.9   (0.28) 22.3   (0.41) 20.0   (0.89) 22.9   (0.50) 15.4   (0.34)
                                                                               
Highest level of education                                                                              
Less than high school 21,297   (#) 1,103   (124.8) 392   (68.1) 849   (107.7) 596   (97.5) 5.2   (0.59) 1.8   (0.32) 4.0   (0.51) 2.8   (0.46) 2.7   (0.30) 3.3   (0.57) 2.5   (0.31) 1.4   (0.24)
High school (or equivalent) 52,605   (#) 6,020   (227.8) 1,688   (152.5) 4,869   (192.6) 3,610   (235.6) 11.4   (0.43) 3.2   (0.29) 9.3   (0.37) 6.9   (0.45) 14.5   (0.52) 14.3   (1.14) 14.1   (0.55) 8.7   (0.52)
Some college, no degree 43,815   (543.3) 8,085   (248.2) 2,554   (153.2) 6,509   (236.4) 5,874   (259.9) 18.5   (0.50) 5.8   (0.35) 14.9   (0.48) 13.4   (0.56) 19.5   (0.54) 21.7   (1.13) 18.9   (0.62) 14.2   (0.57)
Some college credit,
       but less than 1 year
13,936   (352.8) 2,481   (165.0) 801   (94.1) 1,973   (141.1) 1,483   (118.7) 17.8   (1.15) 5.7   (0.66) 14.2   (0.99) 10.6   (0.76) 6.0   (0.39) 6.8   (0.78) 5.7   (0.40) 3.6   (0.28)
One or more years of college
       credit, no degree
29,879   (477.6) 5,604   (228.4) 1,753   (142.4) 4,537   (208.1) 4,391   (223.5) 18.8   (0.70) 5.9   (0.48) 15.2   (0.62) 14.7   (0.71) 13.5   (0.52) 14.9   (1.12) 13.2   (0.56) 10.6   (0.49)
Associate's degree 16,317   (386.2) 4,976   (233.8) 1,505   (146.9) 4,083   (205.0) 4,201   (202.0) 30.5   (1.08) 9.2   (0.84) 25.0   (0.99) 25.7   (1.01) 12.0   (0.53) 12.8   (1.10) 11.8   (0.55) 10.2   (0.47)
Bachelor's degree 41,861   (435.3) 11,450   (295.9) 3,539   (167.7) 9,438   (263.9) 15,550   (346.6) 27.4   (0.65) 8.5   (0.38) 22.5   (0.60) 37.1   (0.74) 27.7   (0.64) 30.0   (1.31) 27.4   (0.68) 37.7   (0.66)
Graduate or professional
     degree
20,449   (#) 9,760   (204.6) 2,109   (117.7) 8,731   (215.4) 11,453   (204.0) 47.7   (1.00) 10.3   (0.58) 42.7   (1.05) 56.0   (1.00) 23.6   (0.44) 17.9   (1.02) 25.3   (0.51) 27.7   (0.47)
                                                                               
Labor force and employment
   status
                                                                             
In labor force6 142,347   (531.9) 35,636   (485.0) 10,384   (314.2) 29,519   (475.6) 33,399   (561.1) 25.0   (0.35) 7.3   (0.22) 20.7   (0.35) 23.5   (0.38) 86.1   (0.48) 88.1   (0.96) 85.6   (0.56) 80.9   (0.67)
Employed 127,795   (539.9) 33,924   (452.9) 9,766   (297.5) 28,213   (443.6) 31,232   (545.4) 26.5   (0.37) 7.6   (0.23) 22.1   (0.37) 24.4   (0.43) 82.0   (0.55) 82.9   (1.06) 81.8   (0.61) 75.7   (0.76)
Underemployed7 14,333   (407.7) 2,337   (147.7) 786   (84.2) 1,895   (118.5) 2,935   (194.3) 16.3   (0.98) 5.5   (0.57) 13.2   (0.79) 20.5   (1.27) 5.6   (0.36) 6.7   (0.72) 5.5   (0.34) 7.1   (0.45)
Not underemployed 113,461   (544.7) 31,587   (459.7) 8,980   (286.2) 26,318   (439.8) 28,297   (512.9) 27.8   (0.40) 7.9   (0.25) 23.2   (0.38) 24.9   (0.46) 76.3   (0.64) 76.2   (1.00) 76.3   (0.69) 68.5   (0.81)
Unemployed8 14,552   (433.6) 1,712   (137.0) 618   (71.3) 1,306   (124.9) 2,167   (147.5) 11.8   (0.94) 4.2   (0.50) 9.0   (0.86) 14.9   (0.91) 4.1   (0.32) 5.2   (0.57) 3.8   (0.35) 5.2   (0.34)
Not in labor force 53,995   (531.9) 5,758   (210.6) 1,403   (123.9) 4,960   (197.7) 7,884   (305.2) 10.7   (0.37) 2.6   (0.23) 9.2   (0.35) 14.6   (0.55) 13.9   (0.48) 11.9   (0.96) 14.4   (0.56) 19.1   (0.67)
                                                                               
Earnings over past 12 months9                                                                              
$0 to $20,000 50,030   (#) 6,892   (270.4) 1,799   (112.7) 5,706   (247.4) 8,210   (301.9) 13.8   (0.54) 3.6   (0.23) 11.4   (0.49) 16.4   (0.60) 18.3   (0.66) 16.7   (0.89) 18.1   (0.73) 23.0   (0.74)
$20,001 to $50,000 54,796   (#) 13,096   (366.4) 3,536   (196.5) 11,026   (336.7) 11,813   (284.9) 23.9   (0.67) 6.5   (0.36) 20.1   (0.61) 21.6   (0.52) 34.7   (0.76) 32.9   (1.32) 35.0   (0.85) 33.1   (0.71)
$50,001 or more 48,180   (#) 17,762   (295.0) 5,419   (185.2) 14,731   (301.6) 15,718   (366.9) 36.9   (0.61) 11.2   (0.38) 30.6   (0.63) 32.6   (0.76) 47.1   (0.70) 50.4   (1.41) 46.8   (0.80) 44.0   (0.68)
                                                                               
Occupational field (among
   ever-employed adults)
                                                                             
Business management and
     operations (except
     financial)
20,316   (368.4) 3,949   (154.5) 1,600   (98.0) 2,774   (130.2) 5,186   (182.6) 19.4   (0.76) 7.9   (0.47) 13.7   (0.67) 25.5   (0.83) 9.6   (0.38) 13.7   (0.89) 8.1   (0.37) 12.7   (0.44)
Financial specialists 3,934   (167.5) 1,167   (98.4) 505   (64.0) 849   (83.4) 1,109   (104.6) 29.7   (2.29) 12.8   (1.51) 21.6   (2.07) 28.2   (2.21) 2.8   (0.23) 4.3   (0.53) 2.5   (0.24) 2.7   (0.26)
Scientists, engineers,
     and architects
5,004   (183.5) 1,174   (104.2) 502   (59.6) 820   (80.5) 2,109   (133.8) 23.5   (1.81) 10.0   (1.10) 16.4   (1.50) 42.1   (2.17) 2.9   (0.25) 4.3   (0.52) 2.4   (0.23) 5.2   (0.32)
Computer occupations 4,443   (211.1) 677   (68.5) 557   (64.9) 201   (31.3) 1,358   (119.6) 15.2   (1.44) 12.5   (1.33) 4.5   (0.73) 30.6   (2.06) 1.6   (0.17) 4.8   (0.54) 0.6   (0.09) 3.3   (0.29)
Community, social service,
     and legal
4,655   (188.8) 2,023   (131.3) 378   (51.6) 1,807   (113.1) 2,515   (146.6) 43.5   (2.24) 8.1   (1.09) 38.8   (1.90) 54.0   (2.51) 4.9   (0.32) 3.2   (0.43) 5.3   (0.33) 6.2   (0.36)
Education and library
     occupations
11,842   (363.7) 5,812   (267.7) 725   (80.3) 5,554   (255.3) 5,274   (238.4) 49.1   (1.45) 6.1   (0.62) 46.9   (1.41) 44.5   (1.31) 14.2   (0.59) 6.2   (0.68) 16.2   (0.67) 12.9   (0.55)
Arts, design, entertainment,
     and media
3,612   (163.0) 294   (48.6) 170   (45.0) 197   (34.7) 1,420   (102.4) 8.1   (1.36) 4.7   (1.24) 5.5   (0.97) 39.3   (2.19) 0.7   (0.12) 1.5   (0.39) 0.6   (0.10) 3.5   (0.25)
Healthcare 13,226   (344.2) 9,196   (279.8) 1,945   (136.1) 8,425   (258.4) 6,889   (246.0) 69.5   (1.44) 14.7   (0.97) 63.7   (1.44) 52.1   (1.54) 22.4   (0.66) 16.7   (1.08) 24.6   (0.73) 16.9   (0.52)
Protective services 3,443   (173.6) 1,355   (127.4) 268   (67.1) 1,265   (117.1) 655   (77.6) 39.4   (2.96) 7.8   (1.86) 36.7   (2.74) 19.0   (2.11) 3.3   (0.30) 2.3   (0.56) 3.7   (0.33) 1.6   (0.19)
Food preparation and serving 10,035   (352.4) 678   (78.2) 188   (34.1) 558   (75.8) 993   (94.4) 6.8   (0.80) 1.9   (0.34) 5.6   (0.78) 9.9   (0.94) 1.7   (0.19) 1.6   (0.29) 1.6   (0.22) 2.4   (0.22)
Personal, building, and
     grounds services
14,062   (453.1) 2,353   (155.2) 632   (79.9) 2,072   (145.8) 1,611   (129.2) 16.7   (1.07) 4.5   (0.58) 14.7   (1.01) 11.5   (0.86) 5.7   (0.37) 5.4   (0.63) 6.1   (0.43) 4.0   (0.32)
Sales 17,553   (430.1) 2,703   (153.1) 692   (88.1) 2,281   (142.0) 2,463   (168.5) 15.4   (0.83) 3.9   (0.49) 13.0   (0.80) 14.0   (0.93) 6.6   (0.37) 5.9   (0.74) 6.7   (0.40) 6.0   (0.40)
Administrative support 26,240   (457.6) 2,450   (153.4) 858   (118.0) 1,810   (120.2) 3,658   (184.8) 9.3   (0.57) 3.3   (0.44) 6.9   (0.46) 13.9   (0.61) 6.0   (0.36) 7.4   (0.95) 5.3   (0.33) 9.0   (0.44)
Manufacturing and farming 11,073   (362.4) 952   (92.9) 387   (58.5) 681   (90.1) 1,068   (114.7) 8.6   (0.82) 3.5   (0.53) 6.1   (0.80) 9.6   (0.99) 2.3   (0.23) 3.3   (0.51) 2.0   (0.27) 2.6   (0.28)
Construction and extraction 7,843   (314.7) 1,357   (114.0) 425   (71.2) 1,100   (85.8) 1,150   (109.5) 17.3   (1.23) 5.4   (0.85) 14.0   (1.00) 14.7   (1.30) 3.3   (0.28) 3.6   (0.60) 3.2   (0.25) 2.8   (0.26)
Installation and repair 5,061   (241.6) 1,371   (121.5) 702   (93.7) 963   (95.3) 772   (98.7) 27.1   (1.89) 13.9   (1.61) 19.0   (1.71) 15.2   (1.80) 3.3   (0.29) 6.0   (0.76) 2.8   (0.27) 1.9   (0.24)
Transportation 10,248   (325.6) 1,646   (141.7) 316   (49.1) 1,467   (139.8) 700   (90.2) 16.1   (1.32) 3.1   (0.48) 14.3   (1.31) 6.8   (0.85) 4.0   (0.34) 2.7   (0.41) 4.3   (0.40) 1.7   (0.21)
Military 940   (100.2)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 14.5   (4.13) 6.0 ! (2.47) 12.2 ! (4.02) 13.1   (3.74) 0.3   (0.10) 0.5 ! (0.20) 0.3 ! (0.11) 0.3 ! (0.09)
Unknown 13,846   (409.5) 1,758   (141.7) 754   (94.2) 1,284   (119.1) 1,729   (148.7) 12.7   (0.96) 5.4   (0.65) 9.3   (0.82) 12.5   (1.01) 4.3   (0.34) 6.5   (0.77) 3.8   (0.34) 4.2   (0.36)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 "Work credentials" include only occupational certifications and licenses, as defined in footnotes 3 and 4. They do not include postsecondary degrees and certificates.
2 Respondents who reported having both a certification and a license were counted only once under "Any work credentials." Therefore, estimates of those with any work credentials are less than the sum of those with certifications plus those with licenses.
3 A certification is an occupational credential awarded by a certification body--such as a professional association or certifying board--based on an individual demonstrating through an examination process that he or she has acquired the designated knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform a specific job; examples include Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) certification and medical technician certification.
4 A license is an occupational credential awarded by a government agency that constitutes legal authority to do a specific job; examples include a medical license and an electrician's license.
5 A work experience program is defined in the survey as an internship, co-op, practicum, clerkship, externship, residency, clinical experience, apprenticeship, or similar program.
6 Respondents were considered to be in the labor force if they reported either being employed the previous week or actively looking for work during the previous 4 weeks.
7 Employed persons were considered underemployed if they worked only at a part-time job or jobs but would prefer a full-time job (at least 35 hours per week) or they worked at a temporary job but would prefer a permanent job. Persons who worked at a part-time job but also had a full-time permanent job were not considered underemployed.
8 Respondents were considered to be unemployed if they were in the labor force but were not employed (i.e., they were looking for work). Percentages in this row represent unemployed persons as a percentage of all persons (including persons who were not in the labor force), which is not the same as the "unemployment rate" shown in some other tables. (The unemployment rate represents unemployed persons as a percentage of labor force participants only.)
9 Excludes respondents who reported that they never worked for pay or last worked over 12 months ago.
NOTE: Survey respondents were noninstitutionalized 16- to 65-year-olds who were not enrolled in high school at the time of sampling (although they could be enrolled in college). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Adult Training and Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ATES-NHES:2016). (This table was prepared January 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest