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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 505.30. Percentage distribution of employed 25- to 34-year-olds with a bachelor's degree in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) field, by STEM or non-STEM occupation, sex, race/ethnicity, and U.S. nativity and citizenship status: 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Sex, race/ethnicity, and U.S. nativity and citizenship status Total, all
occupation types
Science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) occupation Non-STEM occupation
STEM total Computer scientists and mathematicians Engineers Life and physical scientists Non-STEM total Medical professionals Healthcare support workers Agriculture and
forestry workers
Business workers/ managers Educators Legal professionals Human/
protective services workers
Military personnel Other
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
  Percentage distribution of employed 25- to 34-year-old STEM bachelor's degree holders with each listed characteristic, by occupation
Total1 100.0   (†) 42.7   (0.39) 21.4   (0.35) 15.4   (0.24) 5.9   (0.15) 57.3   (0.39) 12.3   (0.24) 0.8   (0.06) 0.1   (0.03) 17.8   (0.28) 8.6   (0.23) 0.8   (0.07) 1.6   (0.09) 0.6   (0.05) 14.7   (0.27)
Sex                                                                                          
Male 100.0   (†) 50.2   (0.43) 26.3   (0.42) 19.1   (0.32) 4.8   (0.19) 49.8   (0.43) 7.4   (0.24) 0.4   (0.05) 0.1   (0.03) 17.5   (0.37) 7.0   (0.27) 0.7   (0.07) 1.5   (0.11) 0.7   (0.07) 14.5   (0.31)
Female 100.0   (†) 28.1   (0.64) 11.9   (0.47) 8.1   (0.34) 8.0   (0.26) 71.9   (0.64) 21.9   (0.50) 1.6   (0.14) 0.2 ! (0.06) 18.4   (0.49) 11.7   (0.37) 1.0   (0.14) 2.0   (0.17) 0.3   (0.04) 15.0   (0.45)
                                                                                           
Race/ethnicity                                                                                          
White 100.0   (†) 40.3   (0.47) 16.1   (0.37) 17.8   (0.31) 6.4   (0.20) 59.7   (0.47) 13.6   (0.31) 0.8   (0.07) 0.2   (0.04) 18.3   (0.35) 9.1   (0.29) 0.9   (0.10) 1.7   (0.13) 0.7   (0.07) 14.4   (0.26)
Black 100.0   (†) 33.4   (1.62) 18.1   (1.62) 10.3   (0.98) 5.0   (0.79) 66.6   (1.62) 11.6   (1.00) 1.7   (0.38)   (†) 17.2   (1.24) 7.1   (0.74) 0.3 ! (0.15) 3.3   (0.53) 0.4 ! (0.17) 25.1   (1.50)
Hispanic 100.0   (†) 32.1   (0.91) 13.2   (0.83) 13.7   (0.65) 5.2   (0.47) 67.9   (0.91) 9.5   (0.74) 1.0   (0.29) 0.4 ! (0.18) 21.0   (1.19) 9.3   (0.71) 0.7 ! (0.29) 2.5   (0.37) 0.6 ! (0.20) 22.8   (1.23)
Asian 100.0   (†) 55.3   (0.85) 38.1   (0.78) 11.7   (0.47) 5.5   (0.35) 44.7   (0.85) 10.5   (0.48) 0.6   (0.12)   (†) 15.6   (0.52) 7.8   (0.38) 0.5   (0.11) 0.5   (0.11) 0.3   (0.07) 9.0   (0.49)
Pacific Islander 100.0   (†) 37.1   (8.75)   (†) 23.4 ! (8.16)   (†) 62.9   (8.75)   (†)   (†)   (†) 22.1 ! (8.89)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
   Native2
100.0   (†) 22.3 ! (6.95) 16.0 ! (5.87)   (†)   (†) 77.7   (6.95) 24.0   (6.53)   (†)   (†) 17.5 ! (6.49)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 19.2 ! (6.21)
American Indian 100.0   (†) 25.2 ! (8.13) 19.2 ! (7.38)   (†)   (†) 74.8   (8.13) 29.7   (8.31)   (†)   (†) 6.1 ! (2.96)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 20.8 ! (6.92)
Alaska Native 100.0   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 100.0   (†) 43.4   (2.10) 22.6   (1.66) 15.9   (1.60) 4.8   (1.02) 56.6   (2.10) 10.5   (1.29)   (†)   (†) 17.7   (1.56) 8.1   (1.24) 0.8 ! (0.33) 2.5   (0.68) 0.8 ! (0.35) 15.5   (1.56)
                                                                                           
Race/ethnicity by sex                                                                                          
Male                                                                                          
White 100.0   (†) 48.3   (0.53) 20.9   (0.50) 22.4   (0.40) 5.0   (0.25) 51.7   (0.53) 7.9   (0.31) 0.5   (0.07) 0.1   (0.04) 18.4   (0.48) 7.2   (0.29) 0.9   (0.10) 1.6   (0.15) 0.9   (0.10) 14.2   (0.35)
Black 100.0   (†) 42.8   (2.29) 24.8   (2.26) 14.0   (1.41) 4.0   (0.94) 57.2   (2.29) 6.1   (1.00)   (†)   (†) 17.2   (1.77) 5.0   (0.84)   (†) 1.9   (0.52)   (†) 25.6   (2.13)
Hispanic 100.0   (†) 38.5   (1.33) 17.2   (1.19) 16.5   (0.91) 4.8   (0.65) 61.5   (1.33) 6.0   (0.72) 0.6 ! (0.23) 0.5 ! (0.21) 19.6   (1.38) 6.9   (0.73) 0.3 ! (0.17) 2.5   (0.51) 0.8 ! (0.27) 24.3   (1.34)
Asian 100.0   (†) 61.0   (0.95) 42.8   (0.86) 13.7   (0.62) 4.6   (0.38) 39.0   (0.95) 6.9   (0.51) 0.2   (0.07)   (†) 14.6   (0.69) 7.4   (0.53) 0.4   (0.10) 0.5   (0.14) 0.3   (0.09) 8.6   (0.61)
Pacific Islander 100.0   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
   Native2
100.0   (†) 27.4 ! (8.70) 23.4 ! (8.23)   (†)   (†) 72.6   (8.70) 14.7 ! (6.98)   (†)   (†) 22.3 ! (9.99)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 24.2 ! (8.64)
American Indian 100.0   (†) 32.5 ! (10.54) 28.2 ! (10.17)   (†)   (†) 67.5   (10.54)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 27.6 ! (9.74)
Alaska Native 100.0   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 100.0   (†) 51.6   (2.39) 26.9   (2.22) 19.9   (2.16) 4.8   (1.35) 48.4   (2.39) 6.7   (1.41)   (†)   (†) 17.0   (1.92) 6.5   (1.45)   (†) 2.5 ! (0.88) 0.9 ! (0.41) 14.5   (2.19)
Female                                                                                          
White 100.0   (†) 24.6   (0.78) 6.7   (0.43) 8.8   (0.49) 9.1   (0.43) 75.4   (0.78) 24.9   (0.66) 1.3   (0.15) 0.3 ! (0.10) 18.2   (0.57) 12.9   (0.55) 1.1   (0.17) 1.9   (0.22) 0.2   (0.06) 14.7   (0.47)
Black 100.0   (†) 20.9   (2.34) 9.2   (1.55) 5.4   (1.21) 6.4   (1.44) 79.1   (2.34) 18.9   (1.80) 2.7   (0.74)   (†) 17.2   (1.56) 9.9   (1.44)   (†) 5.1   (1.05)   (†) 24.4   (2.38)
Hispanic 100.0   (†) 19.6   (1.54) 5.6   (0.93) 8.3   (1.12) 5.8   (0.85) 80.4   (1.54) 16.4   (1.59) 1.9 ! (0.69)   (†) 23.7   (1.88) 13.9   (1.36)   (†) 2.5   (0.61)   (†) 20.1   (1.85)
Asian 100.0   (†) 43.4   (1.37) 28.5   (1.28) 7.6   (0.58) 7.3   (0.57) 56.6   (1.37) 17.8   (1.01) 1.4   (0.33)   (†) 17.5   (0.97) 8.6   (0.72) 0.8 ! (0.25) 0.5   (0.16)   (†) 9.9   (0.76)
Pacific Islander 100.0   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
   Native2
100.0   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian 100.0   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Alaska Native 100.0   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 100.0   (†) 25.3   (3.59) 13.2   (2.75) 7.3   (1.74) 4.8   (1.43) 74.7   (3.59) 18.6   (2.89)   (†)   (†) 19.2   (3.21) 11.4   (2.30) 2.0 ! (0.88) 2.4 ! (1.10)   (†) 17.7   (2.51)
                                                                                           
Nativity                                                                                          
Hispanic                                                                                          
U.S.-born3 100.0   (†) 32.9   (1.17) 12.8   (1.09) 14.1   (0.80) 6.0   (0.67) 67.1   (1.17) 11.3   (1.01) 1.0 ! (0.32)   (†) 20.3   (1.32) 9.3   (0.81) 0.9 ! (0.42) 3.0   (0.52) 0.9 ! (0.28) 20.2   (1.49)
Foreign-born 100.0   (†) 30.5   (1.95) 14.2   (1.35) 12.9   (1.45) 3.4   (0.81) 69.5   (1.95) 5.9   (0.85)   (†)   (†) 22.5   (2.02) 9.3   (1.35)   (†) 1.3 ! (0.43)   (†) 28.3   (1.99)
Asian                                                                                          
U.S.-born3 100.0   (†) 38.6   (1.60) 20.7   (1.44) 12.9   (0.93) 5.0   (0.74) 61.4   (1.60) 23.3   (1.26) 1.2 ! (0.40)   (†) 16.8   (1.12) 6.2   (0.70) 1.0   (0.29) 0.8   (0.21) 0.7 ! (0.23) 11.4   (1.01)
Foreign-born 100.0   (†) 60.3   (0.94) 43.3   (0.88) 11.3   (0.53) 5.6   (0.39) 39.7   (0.94) 6.6   (0.48) 0.4   (0.10)   (†) 15.2   (0.64) 8.3   (0.48) 0.4   (0.11) 0.4   (0.12) 0.1 ! (0.05) 8.3   (0.54)
                                                                                           
Citizenship status                                                                                          
U.S.-born citizen 100.0   (†) 38.4   (0.40) 15.9   (0.35) 16.8   (0.28) 5.7   (0.17) 61.6   (0.40) 14.3   (0.28) 0.9   (0.07) 0.2   (0.04) 18.6   (0.33) 8.4   (0.26) 0.9   (0.09) 1.9   (0.12) 0.7   (0.07) 15.6   (0.28)
Naturalized citizen 100.0   (†) 39.2   (1.32) 17.7   (1.05) 16.0   (0.97) 5.5   (0.60) 60.8   (1.32) 16.0   (0.99) 1.5   (0.39)   (†) 19.0   (0.98) 5.9   (0.63) 0.7   (0.19) 1.9   (0.36) 0.5 ! (0.16) 15.2   (1.01)
Noncitizen 100.0   (†) 58.5   (0.88) 41.5   (0.83) 10.4   (0.52) 6.6   (0.38) 41.5   (0.88) 4.1   (0.29) 0.4   (0.09)   (†) 14.6   (0.58) 10.3   (0.45) 0.3   (0.08) 0.5   (0.13)   (†) 11.2   (0.54)
  Percentage distribution of employed 25- to 34-year-old STEM bachelor's degree holders with each listed occupation, by citizenship status
Citizenship status 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
U.S.-born citizen 71.2   (0.36) 64.0   (0.52) 52.8   (0.80) 77.6   (0.78) 69.2   (1.26) 76.5   (0.44) 82.9   (0.75) 76.1   (3.94) 88.6   (6.24) 74.5   (0.79) 69.5   (1.02) 84.4   (3.25) 84.2   (2.20) 92.9   (2.12) 75.7   (0.89)
Naturalized citizen 7.8   (0.19) 7.2   (0.31) 6.4   (0.41) 8.1   (0.49) 7.3   (0.80) 8.3   (0.25) 10.1   (0.62) 14.2   (3.37)   (†) 8.3   (0.42) 5.4   (0.59) 7.5   (2.02) 9.2   (1.62) 6.9 ! (2.09) 8.1   (0.53)
Noncitizen 21.0   (0.32) 28.8   (0.51) 40.7   (0.84) 14.3   (0.67) 23.5   (1.20) 15.2   (0.37) 7.0   (0.48) 9.7   (2.12)   (†) 17.3   (0.66) 25.1   (0.99) 8.1   (2.13) 6.6   (1.63)   (†) 16.1   (0.70)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Total includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
2 Includes persons reporting American Indian alone, persons reporting Alaska Native alone, and persons from American Indian and/or Alaska Native tribes specified or not specified.
3 Includes those born in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Northern Marianas, as well as those born abroad to U.S.-citizen parents.
NOTE: Estimates include persons in the indicated age range who live in households as well as those who live in group quarters (such as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, military barracks, and correctional facilities). This table includes only employed persons who have a bachelor’s degree in a STEM field of study. The first bachelor’s degree major reported by respondents was used to classify their field of study, even though they were able to report a second bachelor’s degree major and may possess advanced degrees in other fields. Aggregated occupation classifications were used to assemble the data, except that managers of STEM activities were counted as practitioners of STEM occupations instead of "Business workers/managers." Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2017. (This table was prepared March 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest