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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 505.15. Number, percentage distribution, and median annual earnings of 25- to 34-year-olds with a bachelor's or higher degree, by sex, race/ethnicity, and selected employment and occupational characteristics: 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected employment or occupational characteristic Total Sex Race/ethnicity
Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native Two or more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
  Number (in thousands)
All 25- to 34-year-olds with a
   bachelor's or higher degree
15,884   (68.9) 7,075   (35.7) 8,809   (41.4) 10,335   (44.7) 1,337   (19.3) 1,638   (18.6) 2,055   (16.0) 17   (1.5) 39   (2.6) 411   (10.4)
  Percentage distribution
All 25- to 34-year-olds with a
    bachelor's or higher degree
100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Employment status                                                            
Employed 87.4   (0.11) 90.9   (0.16) 84.6   (0.15) 89.6   (0.13) 87.7   (0.41) 86.3   (0.37) 77.7   (0.41) 86.8   (4.33) 82.4   (2.17) 85.5   (0.73)
Full-time 77.5   (0.15) 83.8   (0.19) 72.5   (0.20) 79.7   (0.17) 78.3   (0.55) 75.5   (0.46) 68.9   (0.45) 77.6   (4.88) 69.3   (2.91) 74.4   (0.85)
Part-time 9.9   (0.10) 7.1   (0.13) 12.2   (0.14) 10.0   (0.12) 9.5   (0.37) 10.7   (0.31) 8.8   (0.22) 9.2 ! (3.05) 13.1   (2.28) 11.2   (0.62)
Less than 20 hours per week 2.4   (0.05) 1.4   (0.06) 3.1   (0.07) 2.4   (0.05) 2.0   (0.18) 2.4   (0.16) 2.1   (0.13)   (†) 1.9 ! (0.97) 2.2   (0.29)
20 to 29 hours per week 4.2   (0.06) 3.1   (0.08) 5.1   (0.09) 4.0   (0.07) 4.1   (0.25) 4.5   (0.21) 4.3   (0.19) 7.0 ! (2.93) 7.8   (1.81) 4.7   (0.42)
30 to 34 hours per week 3.4   (0.06) 2.6   (0.08) 4.0   (0.09) 3.5   (0.07) 3.3   (0.22) 3.8   (0.20) 2.3   (0.12)   (†) 3.3   (0.97) 4.2   (0.47)
Unemployed 2.6   (0.05) 2.9   (0.09) 2.3   (0.05) 2.1   (0.05) 4.3   (0.30) 3.1   (0.20) 3.1   (0.15)   (†) 6.3   (1.51) 4.0   (0.39)
Not in labor force 10.0   (0.11) 6.2   (0.13) 13.1   (0.15) 8.3   (0.12) 8.0   (0.35) 10.6   (0.31) 19.2   (0.38) 11.9 ! (4.16) 11.3   (1.80) 10.5   (0.61)
Enrolled in graduate school 2.7   (0.06) 2.8   (0.10) 2.6   (0.08) 2.1   (0.06) 2.5   (0.20) 2.5   (0.19) 5.5   (0.25)   (†) 2.9 ! (1.03) 3.0   (0.38)
Not enrolled in graduate school 7.4   (0.09) 3.4   (0.08) 10.5   (0.14) 6.2   (0.10) 5.5   (0.26) 8.1   (0.26) 13.8   (0.36) 10.5 ! (3.39) 8.4   (1.50) 7.5   (0.45)
                                                             
Major occupation group1 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Management 12.7   (0.12) 14.4   (0.19) 11.3   (0.15) 13.5   (0.16) 10.5   (0.33) 12.0   (0.43) 10.5   (0.30) 9.0 ! (3.42) 13.2   (2.15) 13.2   (0.91)
Business and financial operations 10.7   (0.09) 10.7   (0.15) 10.6   (0.14) 10.7   (0.11) 10.7   (0.39) 9.5   (0.31) 11.9   (0.34) 15.9   (3.85) 6.7   (1.57) 10.1   (0.60)
Computer and mathematical 7.4   (0.09) 12.1   (0.15) 3.4   (0.09) 5.8   (0.09) 5.5   (0.36) 4.6   (0.24) 20.9   (0.40) 6.5 ! (2.44) 3.9 ! (1.31) 8.9   (0.54)
Architecture and engineering 4.1   (0.07) 7.1   (0.12) 1.6   (0.06) 4.1   (0.07) 2.3   (0.22) 3.5   (0.20) 6.1   (0.24) 8.2 ! (2.93)   (†) 4.7   (0.49)
Life, physical, and social sciences 2.5   (0.05) 2.6   (0.09) 2.5   (0.06) 2.5   (0.06) 1.7   (0.18) 2.1   (0.14) 3.8   (0.18)   (†) 2.3 ! (0.94) 1.9   (0.31)
Community and social services 3.8   (0.07) 2.1   (0.07) 5.2   (0.11) 3.5   (0.08) 7.0   (0.40) 5.4   (0.27) 1.3   (0.12) 9.5 ! (3.90) 7.5   (1.91) 4.4   (0.48)
Legal 2.2   (0.04) 2.1   (0.06) 2.2   (0.07) 2.4   (0.05) 1.5   (0.18) 2.1   (0.15) 1.5   (0.14)   (†) 1.7 ! (0.83) 2.3   (0.30)
Education, training, and library 12.9   (0.13) 8.2   (0.14) 16.9   (0.20) 13.8   (0.15) 11.7   (0.43) 13.6   (0.38) 8.5   (0.27) 9.8 ! (3.33) 11.8   (1.76) 11.0   (0.73)
Arts, design, entertainment, sports,
    and media
4.3   (0.07) 4.3   (0.10) 4.2   (0.10) 4.7   (0.09) 3.3   (0.26) 3.6   (0.22) 3.0   (0.19)   (†) 2.7 ! (0.94) 5.3   (0.50)
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 11.0   (0.10) 5.6   (0.12) 15.6   (0.16) 11.3   (0.14) 9.2   (0.40) 8.2   (0.26) 13.2   (0.34)   (†) 8.9   (2.22) 10.5   (0.69)
Healthcare support 0.9   (0.03) 0.5   (0.04) 1.3   (0.06) 0.8   (0.04) 1.4   (0.13) 1.4   (0.16) 0.9   (0.10)   (†) 3.7 ! (1.48) 1.1 ! (0.33)
Protective service 1.8   (0.04) 2.9   (0.08) 0.8   (0.04) 1.8   (0.05) 2.8   (0.22) 2.3   (0.17) 0.6   (0.07)   (†) 2.1 ! (0.79) 1.9   (0.27)
Food preparation and serving 2.2   (0.05) 2.1   (0.07) 2.2   (0.07) 2.2   (0.06) 2.1   (0.19) 3.1   (0.21) 1.5   (0.13)   (†) 2.9 ! (1.08) 2.2   (0.28)
Building and grounds cleaning and
    maintenance
0.5   (0.03) 0.8   (0.05) 0.4   (0.03) 0.5   (0.03) 0.7   (0.12) 1.2   (0.12) 0.2   (0.04)   (†)   (†) 0.5 ! (0.20)
Personal care and service 1.9   (0.04) 1.2   (0.06) 2.5   (0.06) 1.8   (0.05) 2.6   (0.26) 2.0   (0.17) 1.4   (0.12)   (†) 1.8 ! (0.77) 1.8   (0.31)
Sales and related 7.9   (0.09) 9.3   (0.15) 6.7   (0.11) 8.4   (0.11) 8.1   (0.44) 7.6   (0.29) 5.0   (0.26) 6.8 ! (2.44) 12.2   (2.31) 6.8   (0.61)
Office and administrative support 9.0   (0.10) 6.9   (0.13) 10.8   (0.16) 8.3   (0.11) 13.8   (0.45) 11.5   (0.35) 7.1   (0.24) 13.1   (3.87) 11.3   (2.97) 9.5   (0.69)
Farming, fishing, and forestry 0.2   (0.01) 0.2   (0.02) 0.1   (0.01) 0.2   (0.02)   (†) 0.3   (0.06) 0.1 ! (0.02)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Construction and extraction 0.8   (0.03) 1.6   (0.07) 0.1   (0.01) 0.8   (0.04) 0.5   (0.10) 1.6   (0.15) 0.2   (0.06)   (†)   (†) 0.4 ! (0.12)
Installation, maintenance, and repair 0.7   (0.03) 1.3   (0.06) 0.1   (0.02) 0.7   (0.03) 0.6   (0.11) 1.0   (0.14) 0.4   (0.08)   (†)   (†) 0.6   (0.18)
Production 1.4   (0.04) 2.0   (0.08) 0.9   (0.05) 1.3   (0.05) 1.5   (0.17) 1.8   (0.15) 1.3   (0.11)   (†) 2.6 ! (1.00) 1.5   (0.30)
Transportation and material moving 1.3   (0.04) 2.2   (0.07) 0.5   (0.03) 1.1   (0.04) 2.4   (0.21) 1.7   (0.16) 0.8   (0.08)   (†)   (†) 1.3   (0.24)
Military-specific   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
Class of worker1 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Private for-profit wage and salary 66.1   (0.16) 73.0   (0.23) 60.1   (0.23) 65.1   (0.18) 61.8   (0.71) 65.1   (0.59) 75.9   (0.39) 59.7   (6.30) 58.8   (3.82) 66.3   (1.14)
Employee of private company 64.4   (0.17) 70.7   (0.24) 58.9   (0.24) 63.2   (0.20) 60.5   (0.73) 63.7   (0.61) 74.5   (0.40) 57.5   (6.50) 55.2   (3.94) 64.7   (1.16)
Self-employed in own
   incorporated business
1.7   (0.04) 2.3   (0.08) 1.2   (0.05) 1.9   (0.06) 1.3   (0.16) 1.3   (0.13) 1.4   (0.13)   (†) 3.6 ! (1.76) 1.6   (0.26)
Private nonprofit wage and salary 13.1   (0.12) 9.0   (0.15) 16.7   (0.17) 13.8   (0.15) 13.0   (0.47) 11.7   (0.34) 10.7   (0.26)   (†) 9.3   (1.99) 13.3   (0.77)
Government 17.9   (0.14) 15.0   (0.21) 20.4   (0.19) 18.0   (0.15) 23.3   (0.62) 20.4   (0.50) 11.4   (0.30) 34.6   (6.05) 26.0   (2.91) 17.2   (0.87)
Local 8.6   (0.10) 6.4   (0.14) 10.5   (0.15) 8.8   (0.11) 10.6   (0.39) 11.3   (0.37) 4.4   (0.24) 13.1   (3.92) 9.7   (1.69) 6.8   (0.61)
State 6.7   (0.08) 5.6   (0.13) 7.6   (0.12) 6.8   (0.09) 8.4   (0.38) 6.1   (0.26) 5.1   (0.22) 15.1   (3.79) 10.2   (1.99) 6.9   (0.58)
Federal 2.6   (0.06) 3.0   (0.08) 2.3   (0.07) 2.4   (0.06) 4.3   (0.26) 3.0   (0.18) 1.9   (0.13) 6.4 ! (2.49) 6.1   (1.41) 3.5   (0.42)
Self-employed in own
    nonincorporated business
2.8   (0.05) 2.9   (0.08) 2.7   (0.08) 3.1   (0.07) 1.9   (0.20) 2.7   (0.20) 1.9   (0.13)   (†) 5.9   (1.41) 3.1   (0.43)
Unpaid family 0.1   (0.01) #   (†) 0.1   (0.01) 0.1   (0.01)   (†) 0.1 ! (0.02) 0.1   (0.03)   (†)   (†)   (†)
  Median annual earnings (in current dollars)
All 25- to 34-year-old bachelor's
    degree holders who were full-
    time year-round workers2
$54,560   (26) $60,620   (6) $50,490   (5) $55,530   (8) $45,410   (39) $48,520   (458) $69,960   (219) $52,600   (6,478) $44,430   (4,586) $55,450   (219)
Major occupation group1                                                            
Management 65,570   (204) 70,740   (16) 59,370   (999) 65,660   (37) 52,710   (1,927) 55,860   (1,949) 79,920   (2,678)   (†) 49,990   (6,047) 65,060   (4,486)
Business and financial operations 60,610   (32) 65,700   (397) 57,600   (1,077) 60,660   (1,160) 52,770   (1,783) 56,170   (1,393) 70,020   (721)   (†)   (†) 59,570   (1,191)
Computer and mathematical 75,630   (90) 76,790   (993) 70,350   (525) 70,770   (1,318) 63,570   (2,832) 61,850   (3,459) 85,310   (556)   (†)   (†) 75,780   (1,534)
Architecture and engineering 74,670   (921) 75,500   (117) 70,470   (473) 74,420   (1,146) 68,480   (2,415) 70,570   (2,377) 80,700   (802)   (†)   (†) 71,580   (3,559)
Life, physical, and social sciences 50,540   (131) 50,480   (49) 50,900   (884) 50,540   (175) 49,200   (1,943) 48,850   (1,157) 53,530   (2,585)   (†)   (†) 50,200   (4,481)
Community and social services 40,450   (991) 40,350   (56) 41,370   (723) 41,710   (802) 40,280   (1,225) 40,290   (109) 45,450   (2,507)   (†)   (†) 42,110   (3,266)
Legal 72,050   (2,247) 82,340   (2,334) 65,050   (762) 74,840   (1,655) 54,640   (8,568) 57,820   (3,466) 86,080   (3,738)   (†)   (†) 93,700   (12,823)
Education, training, and library 43,730   (826) 45,420   (31) 43,390   (772) 44,250   (894) 42,470   (1,362) 44,860   (690) 42,470   (1,348)   (†)   (†) 43,440   (2,244)
Arts, design, entertainment, sports,
    and media
50,160   (75) 50,400   (103) 48,420   (749) 50,080   (847) 43,290   (2,100) 50,040   (344) 57,070   (2,391)   (†)   (†) 47,460   (2,117)
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 60,640   (188) 64,930   (726) 60,570   (37) 60,620   (40) 60,340   (429) 55,810   (2,524) 67,930   (1,771)   (†)   (†) 59,840   (1,380)
Healthcare support 31,340   (1,116) 32,260   (2,145) 30,310   (1,412) 32,030   (936) 30,220   (928) 30,270   (2,159) 33,540   (6,026)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Protective service 50,960   (1,151) 53,740   (1,737) 48,290   (2,138) 54,980   (1,002) 40,250   (1,013) 53,950   (3,248) 54,050   (6,858)   (†)   (†) 49,760   (5,507)
Food preparation and serving 29,250   (1,284) 28,920   (1,566) 29,940   (1,889) 29,400   (1,616) 25,110   (1,891) 28,930   (1,709) 30,750   (3,262)   (†)   (†) 29,930   (2,302)
Building and grounds cleaning and
    maintenance
32,230   (1,605) 34,300   (1,715) 27,590   (3,184) 38,520   (3,498) 26,580   (4,509) 22,250   (1,774)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Personal care and service 30,320   (84) 33,170   (2,533) 30,280   (22) 31,570   (1,155) 29,340   (989) 30,280   (648) 30,140   (1,499)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Sales and related 51,440   (1,096) 58,640   (1,837) 46,030   (1,526) 56,600   (1,492) 40,320   (655) 42,200   (2,875) 49,860   (1,931)   (†)   (†) 50,500   (4,855)
Office and administrative support 40,400   (12) 44,130   (1,699) 39,050   (774) 40,430   (48) 35,240   (258) 39,740   (1,364) 45,320   (1,489)   (†)   (†) 40,450   (2,437)
Farming, fishing, and forestry 38,120   (2,132) 38,540   (2,956) 37,460   (3,345) 35,270   (1,634)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Construction and extraction 44,790   (1,366) 44,950   (1,181) 38,060   (4,486) 47,210   (3,681)   (†) 38,010   (1,962)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Installation, maintenance, and repair 47,220   (1,585) 48,230   (1,632) 39,720   (6,012) 49,850   (842) 38,800   (4,476) 40,080   (2,211)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Production 44,420   (1,756) 48,440   (1,928) 36,780   (2,166) 45,570   (2,203) 40,200   (3,263) 35,170   (3,163) 45,670   (4,150)   (†)   (†) 41,830   (12,148)
Transportation and material moving 39,410   (1,924) 40,170   (150) 27,850   (2,817) 40,190   (855) 34,570   (4,289) 32,530   (2,615) 39,900   (4,118)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Military-specific   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
Class of worker1                                                            
Private for-profit wage and salary 60,570   (706) 65,630   (13) 51,560   (1,140) 60,430   (19) 45,340   (201) 50,470   (236) 73,610   (1,148) 53,000   (4,483) 49,620   (4,600) 59,840   (990)
Employee of private company 60,570   (685) 65,630   (13) 52,490   (1,187) 60,430   (20) 45,360   (265) 50,470   (424) 74,220   (1,128) 52,950   (4,828) 49,540   (4,720) 59,940   (604)
Self-employed in own
   incorporated business
59,680   (2,857) 60,660   (3,022) 47,990   (3,047) 60,210   (320) 42,110   (3,209) 52,610   (5,757) 49,790   (5,882)   (†)   (†) 36,500   (8,305)
Private nonprofit wage and salary 50,480   (9) 50,470   (50) 49,500   (718) 50,490   (12) 45,200   (761) 45,500   (1,204) 55,120   (727)   (†)   (†) 50,360   (986)
Government 49,470   (495) 51,540   (1,165) 46,510   (627) 49,480   (359) 45,380   (323) 48,510   (856) 54,900   (737) 48,100   (4,878) 40,910   (5,108) 49,570   (1,107)
Local 48,470   (90) 50,480   (40) 46,490   (688) 48,470   (31) 43,470   (1,998) 48,500   (1,097) 54,700   (2,147)   (†) 41,120   (6,191) 45,480   (2,229)
State 45,480   (16) 48,720   (1,118) 44,420   (985) 45,470   (19) 43,460   (1,124) 45,040   (543) 50,500   (34)   (†)   (†) 48,910   (1,647)
Federal 65,370   (477) 69,840   (2,639) 64,400   (1,315) 69,860   (1,147) 55,340   (1,572) 59,980   (725) 71,280   (5,029)   (†)   (†) 60,070   (3,337)
Self-employed in own
    nonincorporated business
40,140   (158) 41,530   (3,804) 35,280   (1,628) 40,210   (263) 40,100   (2,268) 35,660   (2,337) 46,530   (2,655)   (†)   (†) 39,490   (9,666)
Unpaid family 20,470   (1,768)   (†)   (†) 19,980   (3,769)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Estimates by major occupation group and class of worker are restricted to individuals currently employed.
2 Estimates of median annual earnings are restricted to individuals working full time and year round.
NOTE: Estimates are for the entire population of civilian 25- to 34-year-old bachelor's degree holders, including persons living in households and persons living in group quarters (such as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, and correctional facilities). Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Totals include other racial/ethnic groups not separately shown. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2017. (This table was prepared May 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest