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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 504.10. Labor force status of recent high school completers, by college enrollment status, sex, and race/ethnicity: October 2015, 2016, and 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
College enrollment status, sex, and race/ethnicity Total number of high school completers (in thousands) Percent of high school completers Percentage distribution of all high school completers Labor force participation rate of all high school completers1 High school completers in civilian labor force2 High school completers not in labor force (in thousands)
Separately for those enrolled in college vs. those not enrolled3 For all high school completers Employed Unemployed (seeking employment) Not in labor force Number (in thousands) Unemployment rate
Total, all completers in labor force Employed Unemployed (seeking employment)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
2015 high school completers4                                                                        
Total 2,965   (87.5)   (†) 100.0   (†) 39.5   (1.68) 7.76   (0.90) 52.7   (1.72) 47.3   (1.72) 1,401   (61.3) 1,171   (57.7) 230   (26.9) 16.4   (1.81) 1,563   (73.0)
Male 1,448   (64.6)   (†) 48.8   (1.43) 43.4   (2.07) 7.8   (1.24) 48.8   (2.27) 51.2   (2.27) 742   (46.8) 628   (41.3) 114   (18.5) 15.3   (2.20) 706   (45.4)
Female 1,516   (56.6)   (†) 51.2   (1.43) 35.8   (2.39) 7.7   (1.23) 56.5   (2.32) 43.5   (2.32) 659   (42.1) 543   (41.5) 116   (18.8) 17.7   (2.79) 857   (48.1)
                                                                         
White 1,748   (64.3)   (†) 59.0   (1.58) 41.2   (2.11) 5.6   (1.00) 53.2   (2.25) 46.8   (2.25) 818   (49.1) 720   (46.8) 97.5   (17.2) 11.9   (2.00) 930   (52.3)
Black 370   (36.5)   (†) 12.5   (1.13) 39.3   (5.07) 11.5 ! (3.80) 49.3   (5.43) 50.7   (5.43) 188   (29.3) 145   (25.1)   (†) 22.6 ! (6.81) 182   (24.9)
Hispanic 589   (46.7)   (†) 19.9   (1.40) 36.8   (3.90) 12.8   (2.83) 50.4   (4.01) 49.6   (4.01) 293   (31.7) 217   (25.3)   (†) 25.9   (5.26) 297   (34.3)
                                                                         
Enrolled in college, 2015 2,053   (75.1) 100.0   (†) 69.2   (1.54) 31.4   (2.09) 4.5   (0.76) 64   (2.09) 36.0   (2.09) 738   (49.8) 645   (48.4) 93   (15.8) 12.6   (2.10) 1,314   (65.2)
Male 953   (51.9) 46.4   (1.86) 32.1   (1.43) 31.7   (2.66) 6.2   (1.41) 62.1   (2.86) 37.9   (2.86) 361   (33.6) 302   (30.6)   (†) 16.3   (3.44) 592   (41.9)
Female 1,100   (55.2) 53.6   (1.86) 37.1   (1.58) 31.2   (2.78) 3.1   (0.82) 65.7   (2.75) 34.3   (2.75) 377   (35.6) 343   (34.8)   (†) 9.01   (2.41) 723   (47.0)
                                                                         
2-year 748   (48.4) 36.5   (1.92) 25.2   (1.48) 40.7   (3.78) 6.61   (1.79) 52.7   (3.64) 47.3   (3.64) 354   (34.8) 305   (33.9)   (†) 14   (3.79) 394   (37.9)
4-year 1,304   (61.3) 63.5   (1.92) 44.0   (1.61) 26.1   (2.29) 3.3   (0.77) 70.5   (2.37) 29.5   (2.37) 384   (36.7) 341   (34.8)   (†) 11.3   (2.53) 920   (51.5)
                                                                         
Full-time students 1,880   (72.6) 91.6   (1.23) 63.4   (1.60) 28.7   (2.20) 4.2   (0.78) 67.1   (2.20) 32.9   (2.20) 619   (46.6) 540   (45.5)   (†) 12.8   (2.40) 1,262   (65.2)
Part-time students 172   (26.1) 8.4   (1.23) 5.8   (0.87) 61.2   (6.57)   (†) 30.7   (6.10) 69.3   (6.10) 119   (21.2) 106   (20.4)   (†) 11.7 ! (5.74)   (†)
                                                                         
White 1,247   (51.9) 60.7   (1.76) 42.1   (1.42) 33.1   (2.76) 3.6   (0.95) 63.3   (2.89) 36.7   (2.89) 458   (41.6) 413   (39.7)   (†) 9.9   (2.47) 789   (47.1)
Black 206   (25.9) 10.0   (1.18) 6.9   (0.85) 28.1   (6.15)   (†) 67.8   (6.46) 32.2   (6.46)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 140   (22.8)
Hispanic 406   (37.6) 19.8   (1.56) 13.7   (1.14) 29.8   (4.23) 8.3 ! (2.62) 61.9   (4.48) 38.1   (4.48) 155   (22.0) 121   (18.1)   (†) 21.7   (6.30) 251   (31.0)
                                                                         
Not enrolled in college, 2015 912   (53.5) 100.0   (†) 30.8   (1.54) 57.7   (2.97) 15.0   (2.34) 27.3   (2.94) 72.7   (2.94) 663   (46.1) 526   (40.1) 137   (22.7) 20.7   (3.01) 249   (31.2)
Male 495   (40.9) 54.3   (2.96) 16.7   (1.23) 65.9   (4.09) 11   (2.63) 23.1   (3.64) 76.9   (3.64) 381   (35.7) 326   (33.3)   (†) 14.3   (3.38) 114   (20.6)
Female 416   (35.2) 45.7   (2.96) 14.0   (1.16) 47.9   (4.55) 19.8   (4.06) 32.3   (4.30) 67.7   (4.30) 282   (29.0) 199   (24.6)   (†) 29.3   (5.53) 135   (21.6)
                                                                         
White 501   (37.4) 55.0   (3.15) 16.9   (1.18) 61.3   (3.74) 10.4   (2.27) 28.3   (3.76) 71.7   (3.76) 360   (31.2) 307   (29.8)   (†) 14.5   (3.02) 142   (22.6)
Black 164   (28.9) 18.0   (2.77) 5.5   (0.94) 53.2   (8.70) 21 ! (7.6) 26   (7.66) 74.0   (7.66) 121   (25.3)   (†)   (†) 28.1 ! (9.64)   (†)
Hispanic 184   (26.2) 20.1   (2.64) 6.2   (0.87) 52.2   (7.52) 23   (6.23) 24.8   (6.84) 75.2   (6.84) 138   (22.9) 96   (17.6)   (†) 30.6   (7.81)   (†)
                                                                         
2016 high school completers4                                                                        
Total 3,137   (102.3)   (†) 100.0   (†) 42.3   (1.64) 6.4   (0.85) 51.3   (1.75) 48.7   (1.75) 1,526   (72.2) 1,327   (66.1) 199   (27.1) 13.1   (1.63) 1,610   (77.4)
Male 1,517   (70.6)   (†) 48.3   (1.47) 45.2   (2.62) 8.3   (1.33) 46.6   (2.62) 53.4   (2.62) 811   (52.5) 685   (48.9) 126   (20.9) 15.5   (2.42) 706   (53.2)
Female 1,620   (66.7)   (†) 51.7   (1.47) 39.6   (2.18) 4.6   (1.00) 55.8   (2.37) 44.2   (2.37) 716   (48.4) 642   (45.4)   (†) 10.3   (2.12) 904   (53.2)
                                                                         
White 1,714   (66.9)   (†) 54.6   (1.65) 47.6   (2.20) 4.6   (0.89) 47.8   (2.30) 52.2   (2.30) 895   (55.0) 816   (51.8) 79   (15.5) 8.8   (1.64) 819   (48.2)
Black 364   (35.6)   (†) 11.6   (1.02) 41.7   (5.07) 20.4   (4.19) 37.9   (5.30) 62.1   (5.30) 226   (29.8) 152   (23.0)   (†) 32.8   (6.10) 138   (23.0)
Hispanic 742   (50.8)   (†) 23.7   (1.32) 35.5   (3.53) 4.2   (1.23) 60.3   (3.69) 39.7   (3.69) 295   (32.3) 264   (31.0)   (†) 10.7   (2.95) 447   (42.8)
                                                                         
Enrolled in college, 2016 2,188   (93.4) 100.0   (†) 69.8   (1.64) 35.3   (1.94) 3.1   (0.63) 61.6   (2.03) 38.4   (2.03) 840   (57.2) 773   (54.3)   (†) 7.98   (1.58) 1,348   (72.5)
Male 1,023   (57.8) 46.8   (1.86) 32.6   (1.36) 37.0   (3.07) 4.5   (1.06) 58.5   (3.21) 41.5   (3.21) 425   (38.0) 379   (35.8)   (†) 10.8   (2.45) 599   (49.9)
Female 1,165   (66.2) 53.2   (1.86) 37.1   (1.72) 33.9   (2.56) 1.8 ! (0.67) 64.3   (2.64) 35.7   (2.64) 416   (40.0) 394   (38.9)   (†) 5.2 ! (1.83) 749   (50.8)
                                                                         
2-year 744   (56.3) 34.0   (2.12) 23.7   (1.56) 47.0   (3.39) 4.9   (1.29) 48.2   (3.58) 51.8   (3.58) 386   (38.3) 349   (35.7)   (†) 9.4   (2.38) 359   (39.1)
4-year 1,444   (76.1) 66.0   (2.12) 46.0   (1.85) 29.4   (2.20) 2.1 ! (0.66) 68.5   (2.27) 31.5   (2.27) 455   (40.6) 424   (39.4)   (†) 6.79   (2.03) 989   (61.5)
                                                                         
Full-time students 1,992   (88.1) 91.0   (1.30) 63.5   (1.80) 31.7   (1.92) 2.9   (0.64) 65.4   (1.98) 34.6   (1.98) 689   (49.7) 632   (47.1)   (†) 8.37   (1.79) 1,303   (70.2)
Part-time students 196   (30.1) 9.0   (1.30) 6.3   (0.91) 72.3   (7.83)   (†) 22.9 ! (7.67) 77.1   (7.67) 151   (23.4) 142   (22.7)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
White 1,194   (59.5) 54.6   (1.93) 38.1   (1.56) 39.7   (2.63) 2.9   (0.83) 57.4   (2.72) 42.6   (2.72) 509   (41.7) 475   (40.7)   (†) 6.8   (1.88) 685   (46.2)
Black 209   (31.9) 9.5   (1.36) 6.7   (0.97) 40.5   (7.07) 8 ! (2.90) 51.8   (6.96) 48.2   (6.96)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 108   (21.1)
Hispanic 534   (44.6) 24.4   (1.60) 17.0   (1.22) 28.0   (3.98) 2.6 ! (1.09) 69.4   (4.11) 30.6   (4.11) 163   (25.3) 149   (24.2)   (†) 8.5 ! (3.47) 371   (38.5)
                                                                         
Not enrolled in college, 2016 948   (56.3) 100.0   (†) 30.2   (1.64) 58.4   (2.69) 14.0   (2.17) 27.7   (2.65) 72.3   (2.65) 686   (46.2) 554   (38.6) 132   (22.5) 19.3   (2.81) 262   (30.4)
Male 493   (39.1) 52.0   (2.98) 15.7   (1.17) 62.0   (4.06) 16.2   (3.09) 21.7   (3.25) 78.3   (3.25) 386   (33.0) 306   (29.2) 80   (16.9) 20.7   (3.89) 107   (18.8)
Female 455   (40.5) 48.0   (2.98) 14.5   (1.26) 54.4   (4.02) 11.5   (3.07) 34.1   (4.23) 65.9   (4.23) 300   (33.3) 248   (28.8)   (†) 17.5   (4.31) 155   (23.1)
                                                                         
White 520   (46.0) 54.8   (3.50) 16.6   (1.45) 65.6   (3.45) 8.5   (2.13) 25.8   (3.17) 74.2   (3.17) 386   (37.2) 341   (32.3)   (†) 11.5   (2.81) 134   (20.6)
Black 156   (25.0) 16.4   (2.49) 5.0   (0.78) 43.3   (8.12) 37.4   (8.29) 19.3 ! (6.97) 80.7   (6.97) 126   (23.9)   (†)   (†) 46.4   (9.29)   (†)
Hispanic 208   (27.2) 21.9   (2.60) 6.6   (0.85) 54.8   (6.14) 8.5 ! (3.34) 36.7   (6.30) 63.3   (6.30) 132   (21.5) 114   (20.2)   (†) 13.4 ! (5.02)   (†)
                                                                         
2017 high school completers4                                                                        
Total 2,870   (95.9)   (†) 100.0   (†) 42.5   (1.95) 6.5   (0.88) 51.0   (1.87) 49.0   (1.87) 1,407   (72.4) 1,221   (70.4) 186   (25.7) 13.2   (1.80) 1,463   (70.8)
Male 1,345   (60.2)   (†) 46.9   (1.58) 44.9   (2.48) 8.0   (1.40) 47.1   (2.41) 52.9   (2.41) 712   (44.4) 604   (41.8) 108   (19.4) 15.2   (2.57) 633   (43.8)
Female 1,525   (71.3)   (†) 53.1   (1.58) 40.5   (2.71) 5.1   (1.14) 54.4   (2.73) 45.6   (2.73) 695   (51.5) 617   (49.2)   (†) 11.2   (2.46) 830   (57.9)
                                                                         
White 1,601   (64.5)   (†) 55.8   (1.57) 42.8   (2.41) 5.5   (1.10) 51.7   (2.37) 48.3   (2.37) 774   (49.1) 686   (47.2) 88   (18.0) 11.4   (2.24) 827   (50.3)
Black 402   (35.5)   (†) 14.0   (1.19) 38.4   (5.44) 8.2 ! (2.53) 53.4   (5.14) 46.6   (5.14) 187   (25.2) 154   (24.7)   (†) 17.6 ! (5.58) 214   (29.1)
Hispanic 597   (52.0)   (†) 20.8   (1.62) 47.9   (4.36) 8.4   (2.34) 43.7   (4.19) 56.3   (4.19) 336   (38.4) 286   (35.9)   (†) 15   (4.11) 261   (33.8)
                                                                         
Enrolled in college, 2017 1,915   (80.6) 100.0   (†) 66.7   (1.68) 35.8   (2.32) 4.1   (0.82) 60.2   (2.32) 39.8   (2.32) 763   (54.4) 685   (53.1)   (†) 10.2   (2.06) 1,152   (65.9)
Male 822   (53.1) 42.9   (2.06) 28.7   (1.62) 36.8   (3.23) 4.4 ! (1.35) 58.8   (3.24) 41.2   (3.24) 339   (34.1) 303   (33.0)   (†) 10.6 ! (3.20) 483   (41.3)
Female 1,093   (59.8) 57.1   (2.06) 38.1   (1.60) 35.0   (3.15) 3.8 ! (1.21) 61.2   (3.21) 38.8   (3.21) 424   (41.2) 382   (39.4)   (†) 9.9 ! (3.07) 669   (51.5)
                                                                         
2-year 648   (45.9) 33.8   (2.11) 22.6   (1.50) 53.5   (3.75) 4.9 ! (1.68) 41.6   (3.66) 58.4   (3.66) 378   (33.9) 346   (33.6)   (†) 8.4 ! (2.83) 269   (31.7)
4-year 1,267   (70.3) 66.2   (2.11) 44.2   (1.83) 26.7   (2.63) 3.6   (0.92) 69.7   (2.81) 30.3   (2.81) 384   (43.4) 338   (39.9)   (†) 11.9   (2.87) 883   (57.3)
                                                                         
Full-time students 1,764   (80.2) 92.1   (1.23) 61.5   (1.74) 32.5   (2.37) 4.4   (0.89) 63.1   (2.39) 36.9   (2.39) 651   (51.4) 574   (49.5)   (†) 11.9   (2.39) 1,113   (65.7)
Part-time students 150   (23.6) 7.9   (1.23) 5.2   (0.83) 74.0   (6.68)   (†) 26.0   (6.68) 74.0   (6.68) 111   (20.8) 111   (20.8)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
White 1,106   (54.9) 57.8   (2.06) 38.5   (1.61) 35.7   (2.88) 3.2 ! (1.07) 61.1   (2.89) 38.9   (2.89) 431   (38.3) 395   (37.3)   (†) 8.3 ! (2.69) 675   (46.2)
Black 239   (30.0) 12.5   (1.48) 8.3   (1.01) 28.4   (6.37)   (†) 66.5   (6.66) 33.5   (6.66)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 159   (25.7)
Hispanic 364   (42.4) 19.0   (1.98) 12.7   (1.40) 45.1   (5.78) 7.8 ! (2.69) 47.2   (5.62) 52.8   (5.62) 193   (29.5) 164   (28.4)   (†) 14.7 ! (5.13) 172   (29.3)
                                                                         
Not enrolled in college, 2017 955   (57.1) 100.0   (†) 33.3   (1.68) 56.1   (3.07) 11.3   (1.94) 32.6   (2.80) 67.4   (2.80) 644   (47.4) 536   (44.4) 108   (19.2) 16.8   (2.83) 311   (32.1)
Male 523   (39.5) 54.8   (3.03) 18.2   (1.30) 57.6   (3.78) 13.8   (2.67) 28.7   (3.34) 71.3   (3.34) 373   (33.3) 301   (30.0)   (†) 19.3   (3.66) 150   (20.5)
Female 432   (41.4) 45.2   (3.03) 15.1   (1.33) 54.3   (4.92) 8.4 ! (2.57) 37.3   (4.68) 62.7   (4.68) 271   (32.6) 235   (31.7)   (†) 13.3 ! (4.08) 161   (25.8)
                                                                         
White 495   (39.4) 51.8   (2.86) 17.2   (1.26) 58.8   (4.10) 10.6   (2.51) 30.6   (3.79) 69.4   (3.79) 343   (33.2) 291   (30.4)   (†) 15.3   (3.54) 151   (22.1)
Black 163   (22.6) 17.1   (2.18) 5.7   (0.80) 52.9   (7.65) 12.9 ! (5.02) 34.2   (7.14) 65.8   (7.14) 107   (19.2)   (†)   (†) 19.6 ! (7.46)   (†)
Hispanic 233   (28.6) 24.4   (2.61) 8.1   (0.94) 52.3   (6.10) 9.4 ! (3.98) 38.3   (5.84) 61.7   (5.84) 144   (23.4) 122   (21.2)   (†) 15.3 ! (6.28)   (†)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 The labor force participation rate is the percentage of persons who are either employed or seeking employment.
2 The labor force includes all employed persons plus those seeking employment. The unemployment rate is the percentage of persons in the labor force who are not working and who made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the prior 4 weeks.
3 Column 3 does not present any percentages that apply to all high school completers. Instead, it presents one set of percentages for only those completers who were enrolled in college and a second set of percentages for only those completers who were not enrolled in college.
4 Includes 16- to 24-year-olds who completed high school between January and October of the given year. Includes recipients of equivalency credentials as well as diploma recipients.
NOTE: Data are based on sample surveys of the civilian noninstitutionalized population, which excludes persons in the military and persons living in institutions (e.g., prisons or nursing facilities). Data are for October of a given year. Standard errors were computed using replicate weights. Totals include race categories not separately shown. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October 2015, 2016, and 2017. (This table was prepared April 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest