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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 503.30. Percentage of college students 16 to 24 years old who were employed, by attendance status, hours worked per week, and selected characteristics: October 2015 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Year and selected characteristic Full-time students Part-time students
Percent employed1 Hours worked per week2 Percent employed1 Hours worked per week2
Less than 20 hours 20 to 34 hours 35 or more hours Less than 20 hours 20 to 34 hours 35 or more hours
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
2015                                                
Total 39.5   (0.98) 15.6   (0.77) 16.1   (0.75) 6.7   (0.56) 75.3   (2.33) 10.5   (1.48) 32.2   (2.67) 31.7   (2.15)
Sex                                                
Male 35.9   (1.30) 13.5   (0.95) 14.8   (1.00) 6.6   (0.74) 75.1   (3.20) 8.5   (1.87) 32.4   (3.39) 33.8   (3.05)
Female 42.7   (1.33) 17.5   (1.00) 17.2   (1.08) 6.8   (0.74) 75.5   (2.93) 12.3   (2.22) 32.1   (3.17) 29.8   (2.93)
                                                 
2016                                                
Total 39.7   (0.99) 15.5   (0.71) 16.6   (0.72) 6.6   (0.55) 79.2   (2.18) 10.8   (1.55) 31.4   (2.35) 36.0   (2.21)
Sex                                                
Male 37.6   (1.33) 13.6   (0.95) 16.6   (1.02) 6.8   (0.69) 80.0   (2.76) 11.2   (2.21) 35.4   (3.21) 32.3   (3.00)
Female 41.5   (1.33) 17.2   (0.96) 16.7   (0.97) 6.5   (0.79) 78.5   (3.29) 10.5   (2.17) 27.8   (3.05) 39.2   (3.23)
                                                 
Level and control of institution                                                
2-year 44.7   (1.93) 15.2   (1.44) 21.9   (1.67) 7.3   (1.11) 77.7   (3.03) 10.5   (2.25) 33.4   (3.41) 32.7   (3.16)
Public 45.6   (2.01) 15.4   (1.51) 22.4   (1.70) 7.5   (1.14) 78.2   (3.23) 10.7   (2.31) 33.0   (3.46) 33.4   (3.33)
Private 30.8   (8.01) 12.6 ! (5.34) 14.5 ! (6.00)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
4-year 38.4   (1.09) 15.6   (0.76) 15.3   (0.73) 6.5   (0.60) 80.8   (2.77) 11.2   (2.17) 29.3   (3.12) 39.6   (3.01)
Public 39.7   (1.27) 15.0   (0.81) 16.8   (0.95) 6.9   (0.72) 81.9   (3.00) 11.6   (2.10) 32.6   (3.67) 36.7   (3.33)
Private 34.8   (2.20) 17.2   (1.73) 11.0   (1.20) 5.4   (0.94) 75.6   (8.00)   (†) 13.4 ! (5.72) 53.3   (8.65)
                                                 
2017                                                
Total 41.1   (1.10) 15.6   (0.76) 17.2   (0.81) 7.1   (0.54) 82.2   (1.78) 11.0   (1.45) 34.3   (2.19) 35.8   (2.32)
Sex                                                
Male 38.7   (1.60) 15.5   (1.09) 15.2   (1.10) 6.8   (0.72) 82.6   (2.76) 11.5   (2.40) 32.9   (3.35) 37.0   (3.65)
Female 43.2   (1.50) 15.7   (1.06) 19.0   (1.13) 7.4   (0.74) 82.0   (2.36) 10.6   (2.00) 35.3   (2.83) 34.9   (2.84)
                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                
White 43.8   (1.41) 19.1   (1.06) 17.5   (1.03) 5.8   (0.70) 84.5   (2.30) 11.2   (2.19) 31.6   (2.89) 40.6   (3.50)
Black 35.8   (2.94) 7.7   (1.55) 17.2   (2.33) 10.3   (1.79) 80.9   (6.27)   (†) 39.2   (7.70) 37.0   (7.46)
Hispanic 44.1   (2.77) 13.5   (1.64) 19.8   (1.90) 10.1   (1.36) 80.7   (3.59) 9.4 ! (2.85) 36.6   (4.35) 32.6   (3.96)
Asian 27.6   (2.97) 11.7   (1.98) 10.2   (1.95) 4.2   (1.19) 74.4   (9.97) 32.3   (9.40) 39.2   (9.36)   (†)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 45.7   (5.95) 14.7   (4.28) 19.5   (5.27) 9.2 ! (3.95)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                 
Level and control of institution                                                
2-year 47.9   (2.30) 14.7   (1.43) 23.9   (1.88) 8.2   (1.24) 80.1   (2.93) 13.9   (2.40) 32.2   (3.41) 32.7   (3.37)
Public 46.8   (2.30) 14.9   (1.47) 22.9   (1.91) 7.9   (1.22) 81.0   (2.85) 14.0   (2.46) 33.0   (3.47) 32.7   (3.47)
Private 64.1   (8.36) 12.0 ! (5.25) 39.5   (9.34)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
4-year 39.3   (1.21) 15.8   (0.86) 15.4   (0.85) 6.8   (0.58) 84.1   (2.17) 8.6   (1.87) 36.1   (2.99) 38.5   (3.33)
Public 39.8   (1.28) 14.7   (0.81) 16.3   (0.91) 7.4   (0.69) 85.1   (2.21) 8.8   (1.97) 37.2   (3.24) 38.0   (3.47)
Private 37.7   (2.41) 19.7   (2.09) 12.4   (1.69) 4.7   (1.09) 78.3   (7.39)   (†) 29.5   (7.41) 41.5   (9.13)
                                                 
Student enrollment level                                                
Undergraduate 40.7   (1.19) 15.7   (0.81) 17.2   (0.84) 6.5   (0.57) 81.5   (1.90) 12.0   (1.57) 35.7   (2.42) 32.8   (2.46)
Sex                                                
Male 37.8   (1.69) 15.4   (1.11) 15.2   (1.14) 5.9   (0.71) 82.2   (2.99) 12.6   (2.60) 35.1   (3.58) 33.3   (3.85)
Female 43.2   (1.61) 16.0   (1.12) 19.0   (1.18) 7.0   (0.76) 81.0   (2.57) 11.5   (2.19) 36.2   (3.27) 32.4   (2.96)
Race/ethnicity                                                
White 43.3   (1.49) 19.3   (1.13) 17.3   (1.06) 5.3   (0.71) 83.6   (2.66) 12.6   (2.42) 34.7   (3.24) 35.8   (3.85)
Black 34.6   (2.99) 7.6   (1.62) 17.1   (2.40) 9.2   (1.77) 79.4   (6.58)   (†) 37.0   (7.98) 37.3   (7.65)
Hispanic 44.2   (2.91) 14.0   (1.80) 20.1   (2.00) 9.2   (1.36) 79.8   (3.70) 9.9 ! (2.99) 36.8   (4.53) 31.0   (3.88)
Asian 26.6   (3.03) 10.6   (1.88) 11.6   (2.23) 2.9 ! (1.04)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 45.1   (6.02) 15.0   (4.35) 18.4   (5.33) 9.4 ! (4.03)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Level and control of institution                                                
2-year 48.2   (2.35) 14.5   (1.44) 24.3   (1.93) 8.3   (1.31) 80.8   (2.84) 14.4   (2.47) 32.5   (3.44) 32.5   (3.38)
Public 47.1   (2.36) 14.9   (1.50) 23.1   (1.97) 7.9   (1.29) 81.0   (2.89) 14.4   (2.51) 32.9   (3.52) 32.2   (3.45)
Private 66.2   (8.46)   (†) 44.0   (9.72)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
4-year 38.5   (1.28) 16.0   (0.91) 15.2   (0.85) 5.9   (0.61) 82.2   (2.53) 9.5   (2.09) 39.1   (3.51) 33.0   (3.57)
Public 39.0   (1.34) 14.8   (0.89) 16.1   (0.92) 6.7   (0.73) 84.3   (2.38) 10.0   (2.24) 39.8   (3.72) 33.7   (3.56)
Private 36.6   (2.54) 20.4   (2.11) 12.0   (1.71) 3.2   (0.83)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Graduate 45.6   (3.41) 14.5   (2.47) 17.1   (2.54) 13.4   (2.49) 87.5   (5.77)   (†) 23.6   (5.66) 58.1   (8.37)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Includes those who were employed but not at work during the survey week.
2 Excludes those who were employed but not at work during the survey week; therefore, detail may not sum to total percentage employed. "Hours worked per week" refers to the number of hours worked at all jobs during the survey week.
NOTE: Students were classified as full time if they were taking at least 12 hours of classes (or at least 9 hours of graduate classes) during an average school week and as part time if they were taking fewer hours. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October, 2015 through 2017. (This table was prepared April 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest