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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 501.45. Percentage distribution of persons 25 to 64 years old, by labor force and employment status and earnings, educational attainment, and locale: 2016
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Educational attainment and locale Total All persons, by labor force and employment status Employed persons, by underemployment status1 Persons employed full time for the full year,2 by earnings over the past 12 months
In labor force3 Not in labor force Underemployed Not underemployed $0 to $20,000 $20,001 to $40,000 $40,001 to $60,000 $60,001 to $75,000 $75,001 or more
Total Employed Unemployed4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
All persons 25 to 64
   years old
100.0 (†) 74.1   (0.28) 67.6   (0.28) 6.5   (0.22) 25.9   (0.28) 9.3   (0.29) 90.7   (0.29) 8.0   (0.29) 29.9   (0.32) 24.2   (0.21) 12.1   (0.17) 25.8   (0.24)
City 100.0 (†) 74.0   (0.61) 67.0   (0.66) 7.0   (0.39) 26.0   (0.61) 11.2   (0.55) 88.8   (0.55) 8.7   (0.58) 31.3   (0.65) 22.8   (0.72) 11.3   (0.49) 25.8   (0.72)
Suburban 100.0 (†) 76.2   (0.52) 69.9   (0.55) 6.3   (0.36) 23.8   (0.52) 8.8   (0.49) 91.2   (0.49) 6.6   (0.46) 25.5   (0.63) 24.9   (0.62) 13.3   (0.50) 29.7   (0.65)
Town 100.0 (†) 71.3   (1.27) 64.3   (1.40) 7.0   (0.81) 28.7   (1.27) 7.6   (0.88) 92.4   (0.88) 9.5   (1.21) 38.1   (1.99) 25.3   (1.64) 9.5   (1.27) 17.6   (1.47)
Rural 100.0 (†) 70.7   (0.76) 65.0   (0.85) 5.7   (0.46) 29.3   (0.76) 7.6   (0.66) 92.4   (0.66) 9.4   (0.91) 34.3   (1.37) 24.5   (1.03) 11.9   (0.77) 19.9   (0.93)
                                                                       
Less than high school diploma 100.0 (†) 54.5   (1.34) 44.1   (1.20) 10.4   (0.82) 45.5   (1.34) 16.6   (1.67) 83.4   (1.67) 22.1   (2.42) 48.2   (2.52) 19.4   (2.19) 5.1   (1.27) 5.2   (1.02)
City 100.0 (†) 53.4   (2.30) 43.3   (2.26) 10.1   (1.44) 46.6   (2.30) 18.1   (2.86) 81.9   (2.86) 21.7   (3.58) 56.0   (4.31) 18.4   (3.91)   (†) 2.8 ! (1.11)
Suburban 100.0 (†) 59.5   (2.12) 48.6   (1.88) 11.0   (1.47) 40.5   (2.12) 17.5   (2.90) 82.5   (2.90) 22.8   (3.84) 39.0   (4.15) 24.2   (3.84) 7.7 ! (2.64) 6.2   (1.74)
Town 100.0 (†) 50.2   (3.89) 36.6   (4.61) 13.6   (3.03) 49.8   (3.89) 10.6 ! (4.08) 89.4   (4.08) 24.6   (7.22) 61.6   (8.62) 6.6 ! (2.46)   (†)   (†)
Rural 100.0 (†) 48.0   (3.60) 40.4   (3.70) 7.6   (2.03) 52.0   (3.60) 14.1 ! (4.84) 85.9   (4.84) 19.1   (3.78) 42.9   (6.38) 16.8   (3.69) 13.5 ! (5.30) 7.7 ! (2.74)
                                                                       
High school credential or some
   college, but no degree
100.0 (†) 70.9   (0.50) 63.1   (0.50) 7.8   (0.37) 29.1   (0.50) 9.7   (0.37) 90.3   (0.37) 11.1   (0.61) 40.9   (0.77) 25.9   (0.57) 9.9   (0.44) 12.2   (0.48)
City 100.0 (†) 69.6   (0.96) 60.6   (1.06) 9.0   (0.74) 30.4   (0.96) 12.7   (0.90) 87.3   (0.90) 14.3   (1.33) 43.8   (1.57) 22.6   (1.34) 9.0   (0.73) 10.2   (0.95)
Suburban 100.0 (†) 73.0   (0.88) 65.6   (0.92) 7.4   (0.60) 27.0   (0.88) 8.8   (0.55) 91.2   (0.55) 8.3   (0.78) 37.2   (1.53) 28.0   (1.25) 12.2   (0.96) 14.4   (0.95)
Town 100.0 (†) 70.4   (1.71) 62.3   (1.80) 8.1   (1.13) 29.6   (1.71) 9.3   (1.37) 90.7   (1.37) 10.2   (1.73) 46.5   (2.58) 25.6   (2.17) 7.6   (1.53) 10.1   (1.72)
Rural 100.0 (†) 69.4   (1.20) 62.5   (1.30) 6.9   (0.66) 30.6   (1.20) 7.7   (0.87) 92.3   (0.87) 12.7   (1.49) 41.4   (1.88) 26.1   (1.38) 8.0   (0.78) 11.9   (1.04)
                                                                       
Associate's degree 100.0 (†) 80.1   (1.03) 74.3   (1.16) 5.8   (0.64) 19.9   (1.03) 9.1   (0.95) 90.9   (0.95) 6.4   (1.08) 30.5   (1.55) 28.7   (1.58) 14.3   (1.05) 20.1   (1.17)
City 100.0 (†) 79.4   (2.15) 73.1   (2.47) 6.3   (1.24) 20.6   (2.15) 11.8   (2.05) 88.2   (2.05) 4.5   (0.96) 37.4   (3.64) 29.8   (3.39) 10.7   (1.93) 17.6   (2.36)
Suburban 100.0 (†) 81.9   (1.42) 74.9   (1.61) 7.0   (1.24) 18.1   (1.42) 9.7   (1.56) 90.3   (1.56) 6.8   (1.59) 25.7   (2.01) 29.3   (2.44) 14.6   (1.76) 23.6   (2.02)
Town 100.0 (†) 73.3   (4.12) 68.4   (4.12) 5.0   (1.42) 26.7   (4.12) 4.3   (1.17) 95.7   (1.17) 10.0 ! (3.85) 29.0   (4.47) 32.5   (5.28) 15.4   (4.07) 13.2   (3.45)
Rural 100.0 (†) 80.6   (2.29) 77.6   (2.36) 2.9   (0.88) 19.4   (2.29) 6.4 ! (2.03) 93.6   (2.03) 6.3 ! (2.67) 33.2   (3.74) 24.5   (3.13) 17.4   (2.85) 18.6   (3.11)
                                                                       
Bachelor's degree 100.0 (†) 81.7   (0.57) 77.9   (0.61) 3.8   (0.31) 18.3   (0.57) 7.1   (0.41) 92.9   (0.41) 3.1   (0.38) 17.4   (0.71) 25.0   (0.71) 16.1   (0.67) 38.4   (0.91)
City 100.0 (†) 83.5   (0.87) 79.3   (0.92) 4.1   (0.44) 16.5   (0.87) 8.2   (0.81) 91.8   (0.81) 3.0   (0.75) 18.3   (1.17) 26.5   (1.51) 16.3   (1.28) 35.8   (1.70)
Suburban 100.0 (†) 81.2   (0.97) 77.3   (1.08) 3.9   (0.49) 18.8   (0.97) 6.8   (0.76) 93.2   (0.76) 2.7   (0.53) 14.8   (1.04) 23.3   (1.18) 15.9   (1.13) 43.2   (1.64)
Town 100.0 (†) 84.4   (2.36) 82.6   (2.34) 1.8   (0.45) 15.6   (2.36) 5.3   (1.22) 94.7   (1.22) 4.9 ! (1.79) 21.6   (3.35) 31.1   (3.71) 14.8   (3.04) 27.6   (3.70)
Rural 100.0 (†) 77.4   (1.83) 73.9   (1.83) 3.5   (0.95) 22.6   (1.83) 5.9   (0.90) 94.1   (0.90) 3.8   (1.04) 21.7   (2.44) 23.7   (2.27) 16.5   (2.05) 34.2   (2.71)
                                                                       
Graduate or professional
   degree
100.0 (†) 86.1   (0.66) 83.0   (0.69) 3.0   (0.30) 13.9   (0.66) 8.1   (0.61) 91.9   (0.61) 1.5   (0.29) 9.5   (0.84) 16.8   (0.98) 13.4   (0.82) 58.7   (1.25)
City 100.0 (†) 85.7   (1.00) 81.8   (1.09) 3.9   (0.57) 14.3   (1.00) 9.5   (0.93) 90.5   (0.93) 1.8   (0.41) 11.6   (1.64) 15.8   (1.20) 13.0   (1.27) 57.7   (2.27)
Suburban 100.0 (†) 86.7   (1.04) 84.1   (1.12) 2.6   (0.40) 13.3   (1.04) 7.7   (0.87) 92.3   (0.87) 1.5 ! (0.46) 6.0   (0.98) 16.6   (1.48) 13.0   (1.15) 62.9   (1.72)
Town 100.0 (†) 84.1   (2.84) 82.4   (2.92) 1.7 ! (0.74) 15.9   (2.84) 3.9   (1.01) 96.1   (1.01)   (†) 13.6   (3.95) 18.1   (3.92) 10.8   (2.62) 56.4   (5.50)
Rural 100.0 (†) 86.2   (1.72) 83.6   (1.95) 2.6 ! (1.15) 13.8   (1.72) 7.4   (1.87) 92.6   (1.87)   (†) 13.9   (3.13) 20.8   (3.41) 17.8   (3.25) 47.0   (4.27)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Employed persons were considered underemployed if they worked only at a part-time job or jobs but would prefer a full-time job (at least 35 hours per week) or if they worked at a temporary job but would prefer a permanent job. Persons who worked at a part-time job but also had a full-time permanent job were not considered underemployed.
2 Excludes respondents who did not work for pay.
3 Respondents were considered to be in the labor force if they reported either being employed the previous week or actively looking for work during the previous 4 weeks.
4 Respondents were considered to be unemployed if they were in the labor force but were not employed (i.e., they were looking for work). Percentages in this column represent unemployed persons as a percentage of all persons (including persons who were not in the labor force), which is not the same as the "unemployment rate" shown in some other tables. (The unemployment rate represents unemployed persons as a percentage of labor force participants only.)
NOTE: Survey respondents were noninstitutionalized 25- to 64-year-olds who were not enrolled in high school at the time of sampling (although they could be enrolled in college). Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Adult Training and Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ATES-NHES:2016). (This table was prepared April 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest