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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 334.40. Total expenditures of private nonprofit degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by purpose and classification of institution: 2016-17
Classification of institution Total Instruction Research Public service Academic support Student services Institutional support Auxiliary enterprises1 Net grant aid to students2 Hospitals Independent operations Other
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
  In thousands of current dollars
Total $197,222,297 $62,147,748 $20,975,036 $2,877,302 $16,165,352 $16,771,994 $25,693,911 $17,232,526 $946,226 $23,966,117 $5,655,027 $4,791,058
4-year 196,362,166 61,892,928 20,973,876 2,875,944 16,061,738 16,556,264 25,506,883 17,195,307 945,046 23,966,117 5,655,027 4,733,035
Research university, very high3 95,045,147 28,792,448 16,893,718 1,027,777 6,239,982 3,788,270 8,395,527 6,158,545 658,439 15,989,988 3,872,644 3,227,808
Research university, high4 14,716,508 4,920,207 1,402,089 223,406 2,351,698 1,215,873 2,128,440 1,726,696 33,766 490,773 66,534 157,024
Doctoral/research5 9,493,609 3,818,916 168,869 119,426 988,389 1,462,596 1,663,595 1,162,757 6,834 0 31,361 70,864
Master’s6 30,894,260 11,756,019 245,639 228,192 3,078,487 5,303,747 5,919,930 3,822,701 108,008 28,553 113,815 289,168
Baccalaureate7 21,664,523 7,686,289 217,793 189,352 1,944,338 3,599,016 4,141,685 3,527,406 67,945 0 45,863 244,835
Special-focus institutions8 24,548,119 4,919,047 2,045,766 1,087,792 1,458,844 1,186,762 3,257,706 797,200 70,055 7,456,802 1,524,809 743,336
Arts, music, or design 2,376,064 949,260 975 27,315 302,228 245,181 503,868 252,198 8,309 0 37,201 49,530
Business and management 594,352 152,607 2,235 1,167 70,885 105,271 180,614 73,364 614 0 0 7,594
Engineering and other
   technology-related
251,085 109,736 3,310 0 21,427 39,357 55,132 18,335 3,789 0 0 0
Faith related 1,901,980 604,501 8,881 61,923 189,842 180,279 501,195 191,821 41,573 0 18,539 103,426
Law 478,224 197,143 3,565 10,525 74,863 64,361 109,507 13,582 1,278 0 0 3,399
Medical schools and centers and
   other heath professions
   schools
18,218,889 2,679,880 2,019,529 864,390 745,867 455,560 1,756,406 205,922 12,953 7,456,802 1,469,047 552,532
Tribal colleges9 90,896 23,783 1,696 7,814 6,644 13,358 22,633 1,693 970 0 0 12,306
Other special focus 636,629 202,136 5,575 114,657 47,088 83,396 128,352 40,285 569 0 22 14,549
                         
2-year 860,131 254,820 1,160 1,358 103,614 215,729 187,028 37,219 1,180 0 0 58,022
Associate’s colleges 843,766 251,016 1 1,144 102,196 213,990 183,215 36,768 206 0 0 55,230
Tribal colleges9 16,365 3,804 1,159 214 1,418 1,739 3,814 451 974 0 0 2,792
  Percentage distribution
Total 100.00 31.51 10.64 1.46 8.20 8.50 13.03 8.74 0.48 12.15 2.87 2.43
4-year 100.00 31.52 10.68 1.46 8.18 8.43 12.99 8.76 0.48 12.21 2.88 2.41
Research university, very high3 100.00 30.29 17.77 1.08 6.57 3.99 8.83 6.48 0.69 16.82 4.07 3.40
Research university, high4 100.00 33.43 9.53 1.52 15.98 8.26 14.46 11.73 0.23 3.33 0.45 1.07
Doctoral/research5 100.00 40.23 1.78 1.26 10.41 15.41 17.52 12.25 0.07 0.00 0.33 0.75
Master’s6 100.00 38.05 0.80 0.74 9.96 17.17 19.16 12.37 0.35 0.09 0.37 0.94
Baccalaureate7 100.00 35.48 1.01 0.87 8.97 16.61 19.12 16.28 0.31 0.00 0.21 1.13
Special-focus institutions8 100.00 20.04 8.33 4.43 5.94 4.83 13.27 3.25 0.29 30.38 6.21 3.03
Arts, music, or design 100.00 39.95 0.04 1.15 12.72 10.32 21.21 10.61 0.35 0.00 1.57 2.08
Business and management 100.00 25.68 0.38 0.20 11.93 17.71 30.39 12.34 0.10 0.00 0.00 1.28
Engineering and other
   technology-related
100.00 43.70 1.32 0.00 8.53 15.67 21.96 7.30 1.51 0.00 0.00 0.00
Faith related 100.00 31.78 0.47 3.26 9.98 9.48 26.35 10.09 2.19 0.00 0.97 5.44
Law 100.00 41.22 0.75 2.20 15.65 13.46 22.90 2.84 0.27 0.00 0.00 0.71
Medical schools and centers and
   other heath professions
   schools
100.00 14.71 11.08 4.74 4.09 2.50 9.64 1.13 0.07 40.93 8.06 3.03
Tribal colleges9 100.00 26.16 1.87 8.60 7.31 14.70 24.90 1.86 1.07 0.00 0.00 13.54
Other special focus 100.00 31.75 0.88 18.01 7.40 13.10 20.16 6.33 0.09 0.00 # 2.29
                         
2-year 100.00 29.63 0.13 0.16 12.05 25.08 21.74 4.33 0.14 0.00 0.00 6.75
Associate’s colleges 100.00 29.75 # 0.14 12.11 25.36 21.71 4.36 0.02 0.00 0.00 6.55
Tribal colleges9 100.00 23.24 7.08 1.31 8.67 10.63 23.30 2.76 5.95 0.00 0.00 17.06
  Expenditure per full-time-equivalent student in current dollars
Total $57,054 $17,979 $6,068 $832 $4,676 $4,852 $7,433 $4,985 $274 $6,933 $1,636 $1,386
4-year 57,498 18,123 6,141 842 4,703 4,848 7,469 5,035 277 7,018 1,656 1,386
Research university, very high3 169,041 51,208 30,046 1,828 11,098 6,738 14,932 10,953 1,171 28,439 6,888 5,741
Research university, high4 50,483 16,878 4,810 766 8,067 4,171 7,301 5,923 116 1,684 228 539
Doctoral/research5 26,932 10,834 479 339 2,804 4,149 4,719 3,299 19 0 89 201
Master’s6 24,101 9,171 192 178 2,402 4,137 4,618 2,982 84 22 89 226
Baccalaureate7 35,532 12,606 357 311 3,189 5,903 6,793 5,785 111 0 75 402
Special-focus institutions8 77,380 15,506 6,449 3,429 4,599 3,741 10,269 2,513 221 23,505 4,806 2,343
Arts, music, or design 40,989 16,375 17 471 5,214 4,230 8,692 4,351 143 0 642 854
Business and management 24,099 6,188 91 47 2,874 4,268 7,323 2,975 25 0 0 308
Engineering and other
   technology-related
20,877 9,124 275 0 1,782 3,272 4,584 1,524 315 0 0 0
Faith related 28,398 9,026 133 925 2,834 2,692 7,483 2,864 621 0 277 1,544
Law 47,880 19,738 357 1,054 7,495 6,444 10,964 1,360 128 0 0 340
Medical schools and centers and
   other heath professions
   schools
140,454 20,660 15,569 6,664 5,750 3,512 13,541 1,588 100 57,486 11,325 4,260
Tribal colleges9 38,696 10,125 722 3,326 2,829 5,687 9,635 721 413 0 0 5,239
Other special focus 46,959 14,910 411 8,457 3,473 6,151 9,468 2,972 42 0 2 1,073
                         
2-year 20,658 6,120 28 33 2,489 5,181 4,492 894 28 0 0 1,394
Associate’s colleges 20,488 6,095 # 28 2,481 5,196 4,449 893 5 0 0 1,341
Tribal colleges9 36,207 8,415 2,565 473 3,138 3,848 8,437 998 2,155 0 0 6,178
# Rounds to zero.
1 Essentially self-supporting operations of institutions that furnish a service to students, faculty, or staff, such as residence halls and food services.
2 Excludes tuition, fee, and auxiliary enterprise allowances and agency transactions, such as student awards made from contributed funds or grant funds. These exclusions account for the majority of total student grants.
3 Research universities with a very high level of research activity.
4 Research universities with a high level of research activity.
5 Institutions that award at least 20 research/scholarship doctor’s degrees per year, but did not have high levels of research activity.
6 Institutions that award at least 50 master’s and fewer than 20 doctor’s degrees per year.
7 Institutions that primarily emphasize undergraduate education. In addition to institutions that primarily award bachelor’s degrees, also includes institutions classified as 4-year in the IPEDS system, but classified as 2-year baccalaureate/associate’s colleges in the Carnegie Classification system because they primarily award associate’s degrees.
8 Four-year institutions that award degrees primarily in single fields of study, such as medicine, business, fine arts, theology, and engineering.
9 Tribally controlled colleges, which are located on reservations and are members of the American Indian Higher Education Consortium.
NOTE: Relative levels of research activity for research universities were determined by an analysis of research and development expenditures, science and engineering research staffing, and doctor’s degrees conferred, by field. Further information on the Carnegie 2015 classification system used in this table may be obtained from http://carnegieclassifications.iu.edu/. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Data in this table pertain to institutions’ fiscal years that end in the academic year noted. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2017, Fall Enrollment component; and Spring 2018, Finance component. (This table was prepared December 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest