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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 332.30. Percentage of full-time, full-year postbaccalaureate students receiving financial aid, by type of aid, level of study, and control and level of institution: Selected years, 1992-93 through 2015-16
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Level of study,
control and level of institution
Number of students1 (in thousands) Percent receiving aid
Any aid2 Grants Assistant- ships3 Employer (includes college staff) Loans
Any grants Fellowship grants Tuition waivers Any loans Stafford4 Perkins5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
1992-93, all institutions 672 69.3 (1.43)   (†) [6]   (†) 12.4   (1.00) 14.3   (1.32) 5.3   (0.59) 43.3 (1.36) 41.1 (1.40) 9.0   (0.89)
Master's degree 281 64.5 (2.54)   (†) [6]   (†) 15.7   (1.53) 18.1   (2.01) 8.3   (1.01) 32.3 (1.80) 30.5 (1.84) 5.0   (0.89)
Public 162 67.3 (2.40)   (†) [6]   (†) 20.6   (2.40) 22.4   (1.83) 7.6   (1.24) 32.1 (1.96) 30.9 (1.99) 4.0   (0.87)
4-year doctoral 139 67.6 (2.59)   (†) [6]   (†) 23.4   (2.76) 23.6   (2.25) 7.7   (1.28) 30.6 (2.15) 29.6 (2.16) 3.3   (0.85)
Other 4-year 24 65.4 (4.38)   (†) [6]   (†) 4.4 ! (2.12) 15.8   (3.11) 6.8 ! (2.66) 40.4 (5.65) 38.4 (5.72) 8.3 ! (3.50)
Private 118 60.8 (4.74)   (†) [6]   (†) 8.9   (1.74) 12.2 ! (4.44) 9.4   (1.88) 32.7 (3.39) 29.9 (3.42) 6.4   (1.50)
4-year doctoral 103 62.6 (4.70)   (†) [6]   (†) 9.5   (1.92) 13.6 ! (4.86) 8.9   (1.88) 33.3 (3.97) 30.8 (4.04) 6.7   (1.66)
Other 4-year 16 49.5 (10.60)   (†) [6]   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 28.7 (5.35) 24.6 (5.32)   (†)
                                                   
Doctor's degree 120 69.9 (2.32)   (†) [6]   (†) 19.4   (1.91) 27.0   (2.36) 3.0   (0.79) 25.8 (2.33) 23.9 (2.16) 3.5   (0.71)
Public 74 70.1 (2.99)   (†) [6]   (†) 23.1   (2.78) 31.6   (2.31) 3.9   (1.00) 20.6 (2.04) 18.9 (2.07) 2.9   (0.85)
Private 46 69.6 (3.27)   (†) [6]   (†) 13.6   (2.50) 19.9   (3.74)   (†) 34.1 (4.20) 31.9 (3.67) 4.3   (1.16)
                                                   
First-professional 210 77.4 (0.96)   (†) [6]   (†) 5.6   (0.99) 4.3   (0.69) 2.3   (0.52) 67.8 (1.49) 65.6 (1.47) 19.3   (1.65)
Public 101 79.6 (1.02)   (†) [6]   (†) 5.4   (1.11) 4.2   (0.53) 2.3   (0.59) 71.9 (1.30) 70.0 (1.19) 23.3   (2.25)
Private 110 75.4 (1.66)   (†) [6]   (†) 5.8   (1.40) 4.4   (1.24) 2.3 ! (0.70) 64.0 (2.33) 61.5 (2.35) 15.7   (1.92)
                                                   
Other graduate 61 61.7 (6.82)   (†) [6]   (†) 7.6   (1.65) 6.2   (1.62) 6.0 ! (2.98) 43.3 (4.26) 39.3 (4.04) 2.6 ! (0.87)
                                                   
1999-2000, all institutions 873 81.7 (0.66) 49.3   (1.10) 20.5   (0.97) 11.9   (0.49) 24.0   (0.92) 6.0   (0.57) 52.4 (0.77) 50.6 (0.80) 8.3   (0.64)
Master's degree 406 79.4 (1.15) 47.2   (1.80) 16.8   (1.12) 11.5   (0.87) 21.9   (1.37) 9.2   (1.03) 50.5 (1.26) 48.9 (1.35) 5.8   (0.54)
Public 222 77.7 (1.52) 46.5   (2.14) 15.5   (1.45) 18.3   (1.46) 30.5   (1.89) 7.0   (1.04) 43.5 (1.82) 42.3 (1.91) 2.8   (0.57)
4-year doctoral 179 79.8 (1.46) 48.1   (2.44) 16.4   (1.64) 19.6   (1.59) 34.0   (2.06) 7.3   (1.20) 41.8 (1.68) 41.2 (1.66) 3.0   (0.67)
Other 4-year 37 70.1 (5.08) 37.3   (5.02) 11.2   (3.31) 14.6 ! (4.91) 14.1 ! (4.31) 5.1 ! (1.79) 54.4 (6.55) 53.1 (6.84)   (†)
Private 184 81.4 (1.59) 48.1   (2.99) 18.3   (1.76) 3.2   (0.75) 11.6   (1.64) 11.8   (1.89) 59.1 (1.81) 56.8 (2.08) 9.5   (1.18)
4-year doctoral 125 82.9 (1.93) 53.7   (3.74) 23.9   (2.29) 4.1   (1.05) 13.9   (1.70) 8.3   (1.31) 60.7 (2.14) 57.4 (2.61) 11.9   (1.64)
Other7 58 78.2 (2.75) 36.0   (4.67) 6.3 ! (2.12) 1.4 ! (0.53)   (†) 19.1   (5.24) 55.5 (4.49) 55.5 (4.49) 4.3 ! (1.52)
                                                   
Doctor's degree 184 88.0 (1.38) 62.7   (1.69) 37.7   (1.43) 23.3   (1.40) 54.8   (3.13) 5.4   (0.64) 28.9 (2.89) 27.3 (2.84)   (†)
Public 113 88.6 (1.38) 61.6   (1.80) 30.0   (1.28) 34.9   (1.66) 62.8   (1.80) 7.3   (0.88) 25.8 (1.96) 24.0 (1.89) 1.1 ! (0.37)
Private 71 87.0 (2.80) 64.5   (3.32) 49.8   (3.31) 5.1   (1.10) 42.1   (6.85) 2.3   (0.55) 33.7 (6.36) 32.4 (6.32)   (†)
                                                   
First-professional 222 86.6 (1.18) 46.5   (2.43) 17.3   (2.25) 4.3   (0.80) 6.9   (0.99) 1.7 ! (0.53) 77.9 (1.35) 75.5 (1.38) 17.5   (1.85)
Public 101 86.2 (1.82) 45.3   (3.08) 12.3   (1.72) 7.6   (1.52) 7.0   (1.51) 1.8 ! (0.87) 78.5 (2.17) 77.1 (2.16) 18.7   (2.22)
Private 121 86.9 (1.49) 47.5   (3.86) 21.4   (3.78) 1.6 ! (0.60) 6.8   (1.51) 1.7 ! (0.66) 77.3 (1.85) 74.2 (1.97) 16.5   (2.88)
                                                   
Other graduate 61 60.7 (3.68) 33.2   (3.44) 5.5   (1.57) 8.5   (1.93) 7.1   (1.96) 2.8 ! (1.20) 42.7 (3.71) 42.5 (3.69) 3.4 ! (1.45)
                                                   
2007-08, all institutions 1,139 86.9 (0.80) 45.4   (1.20) 23.6   (0.87) 12.2   (0.62) 25.1   (0.87) 11.6   (0.93) 58.4 (1.21) 55.2 (1.18) 6.1   (0.38)
Master's degree 592 84.4 (1.34) 42.5   (2.00) 17.8   (1.04) 10.7   (0.90) 19.3   (1.01) 16.3   (1.76) 59.5 (2.03) 54.9 (1.93) 4.4   (0.50)
Public 242 86.7 (1.27) 49.0   (1.95) 20.0   (1.83) 21.1   (1.99) 35.3   (1.78) 13.4   (1.49) 53.4 (1.87) 50.2 (1.88) 4.7   (0.96)
4-year doctoral 213 87.9 (1.34) 52.8   (2.20) 21.9   (2.03) 23.1   (2.18) 37.4   (1.98) 14.5   (1.68) 52.4 (2.02) 49.5 (2.05) 4.5   (1.01)
Other 4-year 28 77.3 (3.92) 20.0   (4.04) 5.2 ! (2.19) 6.0 ! (2.38) 19.8   (4.57) 5.1 ! (1.92) 61.1 (5.94) 55.6 (5.96) 6.2 ! (2.87)
Private 350 82.8 (1.96) 38.1   (3.03) 16.2   (1.33) 3.5   (0.61) 8.2   (0.74) 18.3   (2.79) 63.7 (2.89) 58.1 (2.79) 4.2   (0.54)
4-year doctoral 197 80.9 (1.45) 43.6   (2.41) 25.6   (2.19) 3.8   (0.63) 13.0   (1.18) 14.4   (1.17) 58.0 (1.52) 54.0 (1.51) 7.1   (0.95)
Other7 153 85.2 (3.91) 31.0   (6.26) 4.1   (0.85) 3.2 ! (1.14) 2.0   (0.51) 23.4   (6.23) 71.0 (6.08) 63.5 (5.96)   (†)
                                                   
Doctor's degree 280 92.9 (0.88) 58.2   (2.35) 35.2   (1.91) 25.4   (1.70) 53.1   (2.55) 7.9   (0.79) 37.3 (2.32) 35.4 (2.23) 2.6   (0.46)
Public 143 92.1 (1.48) 64.3   (2.03) 30.8   (2.40) 39.2   (2.33) 66.4   (2.70) 7.7   (0.93) 29.1 (1.71) 27.8 (1.71) 2.5   (0.60)
Private 136 93.8 (1.08) 51.8   (4.08) 39.8   (3.42) 10.9   (1.91) 39.1   (3.41) 8.0   (1.36) 46.0 (3.85) 43.4 (3.74) 2.8   (0.69)
                                                   
First-professional 235 88.5 (1.12) 40.3   (1.83) 26.2   (1.78) 1.7   (0.42) 7.9   (0.78) 4.6   (0.75) 81.8 (1.38) 80.4 (1.41) 14.6   (1.26)
Public 104 88.5 (1.65) 42.1   (2.98) 22.1   (2.16) 3.2   (0.90) 9.4   (1.39) 4.9   (1.44) 81.7 (2.25) 80.6 (2.26) 14.7   (2.04)
Private 131 88.5 (1.46) 38.8   (2.29) 29.4   (2.57) 0.5 ! (0.18) 6.7   (0.93) 4.4   (0.72) 81.9 (1.62) 80.2 (1.70) 14.6   (1.66)
                                                   
Other graduate 33 69.2 (6.54) 22.9   (4.66) 10.4 ! (3.71) 3.2 ! (1.27) 16.0 ! (5.08) 6.2 ! (2.33) 49.3 (6.72) 47.4 (6.58) 4.7 ! (2.12)
                                                   
2011-12, all institutions 1,391 86.1 (0.77) 43.6   (1.05) 26.3   (1.06) 10.0   (0.60) 20.7   (0.79) 10.2   (0.48) 61.6 (0.90) 60.0 (0.91) 3.9   (0.39)
Master's degree 777 82.6 (1.28) 37.7   (1.36) 21.5   (1.36) 7.4   (0.73) 15.9   (1.13) 8.8   (0.70) 62.6 (1.43) 60.8 (1.40) 3.1   (0.47)
Public 329 83.8 (1.84) 45.9   (2.39) 24.0   (2.28) 12.1   (1.40) 24.6   (1.98) 10.3   (1.17) 57.5 (2.27) 56.2 (2.31) 3.8   (0.83)
4-year doctoral 297 83.7 (2.03) 47.8   (2.68) 25.5   (2.49) 12.5   (1.57) 25.0   (2.17) 10.8   (1.28) 56.2 (2.43) 54.8 (2.48) 4.0   (0.91)
Other 4-year 32 84.6 (4.13) 28.1   (3.82) 10.1   (2.79) 7.5   (2.05) 21.1   (2.80) 5.9   (1.68) 69.5 (5.14) 69.0 (5.14) 1.5 ! (0.65)
Private 448 81.8 (1.80) 31.7   (1.83) 19.6   (1.76) 4.0   (0.71) 9.6   (1.33) 7.8   (0.88) 66.4 (1.99) 64.3 (2.00) 2.7   (0.47)
4-year doctoral 269 80.4 (2.06) 38.9   (2.65) 25.3   (2.64) 5.2   (1.04) 13.1   (1.69) 7.8   (1.23) 61.0 (2.15) 57.9 (2.35) 4.3   (0.76)
Other 4-year 180 83.9 (3.09) 21.0   (2.49) 11.0   (2.25) 2.1 ! (0.76) 4.3 ! (1.88) 7.6   (1.04) 74.5 (3.59) 73.8 (3.45)   (†)
                                                   
Doctor's degree--research/                                                  
scholarship 235 93.4 (0.73) 71.4   (1.52) 42.6   (1.58) 28.1   (1.56) 62.2   (1.29) 24.0   (1.25) 25.4 (1.20) 23.9 (1.13) 1.2 ! (0.38)
Public 133 94.1 (1.04) 74.4   (2.10) 39.8   (2.10) 33.3   (2.32) 72.7   (1.65) 27.0   (1.93) 22.2 (1.49) 20.9 (1.46) 1.1 ! (0.46)
Private 102 92.5 (1.07) 67.6   (2.29) 46.3   (2.46) 21.3   (2.16) 48.5   (1.96) 20.1   (1.06) 29.5 (2.23) 27.8 (2.06) 1.3 ! (0.58)
                                                   
Doctor's degree--professional                                                  
practice and other8 342 90.7 (0.88) 41.0   (1.64) 28.5   (1.55) 4.7   (0.70) 4.0   (0.48) 4.4   (0.51) 84.2 (1.05) 82.9 (1.00) 7.6   (1.10)
Public 135 91.1 (1.09) 51.3   (2.22) 32.3   (2.24) 7.5   (1.38) 5.5   (0.92) 5.4   (0.82) 83.9 (1.23) 83.3 (1.25) 7.5   (1.17)
Private 207 90.4 (1.22) 34.4   (2.27) 25.9   (2.11) 2.8   (0.73) 3.0   (0.53) 3.7   (0.62) 84.4 (1.51) 82.7 (1.45) 7.7   (1.64)
                                                   
Other graduate 37 70.9 (6.46) 15.0   (4.20) 6.6 ! (2.45)   (†) 10.7 ! (3.85) 5.5 ! (2.47) 61.7 (7.20) 58.9 (7.45) 2.3 ! (1.10)
                                                   
2015-16, all institutions 1,279 83.0 (0.82) 49.1   (1.21) 33.3   (1.22) 9.9   (0.70) 13.0   (0.75) 6.9   (0.54) 54.9 (0.98) 50.3 (0.94) 3.4   (0.56)
Master's degree 719 80.0 (1.17) 45.0   (1.53) 28.0   (1.52) 8.6   (1.03) 12.1   (1.02) 9.0   (0.75) 53.1 (1.49) 47.7 (1.47) 1.6   (0.42)
Public 336 78.4 (1.77) 43.9   (2.29) 24.3   (1.88) 11.9   (1.90) 20.5   (1.89) 6.6   (0.89) 48.7 (2.17) 42.6 (2.15)   (†)
4-year doctoral 310 78.8 (1.86) 44.9   (2.46) 25.2   (2.02) 12.4   (2.06) 21.3   (2.02) 6.6   (0.96) 48.5 (2.27) 41.9 (2.28)   (†)
Other 4-year 26 74.1 (3.22) 32.1   (3.85) 13.3   (3.33) 6.7 ! (2.11) 10.1   (2.07) 6.3 ! (2.28) 51.7 (3.71) 51.7 (3.71)   (†)
Private 384 81.5 (1.52) 45.9   (2.29) 31.2   (2.42) 5.8   (1.06) 4.8   (0.82) 11.1   (1.14) 56.9 (1.81) 52.1 (1.88) 1.8   (0.45)
4-year doctoral 272 79.6 (1.97) 44.6   (2.80) 31.0   (2.74) 6.4   (1.41) 5.9   (1.12) 9.2   (1.44) 53.9 (2.29) 48.2 (2.40) 2.4   (0.62)
Other 4-year 112 86.0 (1.56) 49.2   (3.66) 31.5   (4.71) 4.1   (0.75) 2.0   (0.58) 15.8   (1.46) 64.3 (2.17) 61.5 (2.62) 0.5 ! (0.24)
                                                   
Doctor's degree--research/                                                  
scholarship 184 90.1 (1.05) 66.6   (2.21) 45.7   (2.46) 24.3   (1.98) 37.6   (2.25) 6.2   (0.78) 26.5 (1.93) 23.8 (1.84)   (†)
Public 91 89.1 (1.82) 65.7   (3.29) 40.3   (3.17) 27.1   (3.40) 49.5   (3.27) 5.0   (0.90) 19.7 (2.55) 17.2 (2.47)   (†)
Private 93 91.2 (1.18) 67.4   (3.03) 50.9   (3.70) 21.5   (2.69) 26.0   (2.70) 7.4   (1.24) 33.2 (2.84) 30.4 (2.80)   (†)
                                                   
Doctor's degree--professional                                                  
practice and other8 332 86.0 (1.48) 49.3   (2.24) 39.4   (2.23) 5.3   (0.80) 2.8 ! (0.85) 2.3   (0.68) 74.5 (1.56) 70.7 (1.55) 8.8   (1.85)
Public 141 84.1 (2.29) 50.3   (3.21) 38.4   (3.00) 9.5   (1.46) 3.5 ! (1.35) 2.2 ! (0.84) 73.7 (2.37) 70.2 (2.40) 7.8   (1.33)
Private 191 87.4 (2.00) 48.5   (2.98) 40.1   (3.03) 2.2 ! (0.69) 2.3 ! (1.06) 2.5 ! (1.04) 75.1 (2.03) 71.2 (2.07) 9.5 ! (3.14)
                                                   
Other graduate 44 79.3 (3.95) 41.8   (5.74) 22.7   (4.69)   (†)   (†) 10.7   (3.09) 55.9 (4.96) 49.2 (5.12)   (†)
—Not available.
† Not applicable.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Numbers of full-time, full-year postbaccalaureate students may not equal figures reported in other tables, since these data are based on a sample survey of all postbaccalaureate students who enrolled at any time during the school year.
2 Includes students who reported they were awarded aid but did not specify the source or type of aid.
3 Includes students who received teaching or research assistantships and/or participated in work-study programs.
4 Formerly Guaranteed Student Loans (GSL).
5 Formerly National Direct Student Loans (NDSL). Includes subsidized amounts only.
6 Fellowship estimates for 1992-93 were based primarily on information provided by institutions and are not comparable to data for 1999-2000 and later years, which were based on information provided by both students and institutions.
7 Includes nonprofit 4-year nondoctoral institutions and for-profit 2-year-and-above institutions.
8 Professional practice doctor's degrees include most degrees formerly classified as first-professional (such as M.D., D.D.S., and J.D). "Other" doctor's degrees are those that are neither research/scholarship degrees nor professional practice degrees.
NOTE: Full-time, full-year students were enrolled full time for 9 or more months at one or more institutions. Total includes some students whose level of study or control of institution was unknown. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because some students receive aid from multiple sources. Data exclude Puerto Rico.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992-93, 1999-2000, 2007-08, 2011-12, and 2015-16 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:93, NPSAS:2000, NPSAS:08, NPSAS:12, and NPSAS:16). (This table was prepared June 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest