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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 327.10. Average scores and standard deviations on Graduate Record Examination (GRE) general and subject tests: 1965 through 2016
[Standard deviations appear in square brackets]
Academic year ending Number of GRE takers Total GRE takers as a percent of U.S. bachelor's degrees1 General test sections Subject tests2
Verbal Quanti-tative Analytical reasoning3 Analytical writing3 Biochem-istry, cell and molecular biology Biology Chemistry Computer science Education Engi-neering Litera-ture Mathe-matics Physics Psychol-ogy
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
        Former scale (200-800)4                                              
1965 93,792   18.7 530 [124] 533 [137] [†] [†] [†] 617 [117] 628 [114] [†] 481   [86] 618 [108] 591 [95] [†] [†] 556 [91]
1966 123,960   23.8 520 [124] 528 [133] [†] [†] [†] 610 [115] 618 [110] [†] 474   [87] 609 [106] 588 [94] [†] [†] 552 [91]
1967 151,134   27.0 519 [125] 528 [134] [†] [†] [†] 613 [114] 615 [104] [†] 476   [90] 603 [104] 582 [91] [†] [†] 553 [93]
1968 182,432   28.8 520 [124] 527 [135] [†] [†] [†] 614 [114] 617 [104] [†] 478   [87] 601 [105] 572 [91] [†] [†] 547 [93]
1969 206,113   28.3 515 [124] 524 [132] [†] [†] [†] 613 [112] 613 [104] [†] 477   [88] 591 [103] 569 [89] [†] [†] 543 [89]
                                                                 
1970 265,359   33.5 503 [123] 516 [132] [†] [†] [†] 603 [111] 613 [113] [†] 462   [92] 586 [110] 556 [90] [†] [†] 532 [91]
1971 293,600   35.0 497 [125] 512 [134] [†] [†] [†] 603 [114] 618 [117] [†] 457   [95] 587 [115] 546 [91] [†] [†] 530 [92]
1972 293,506   33.1 494 [126] 508 [136] [†] [†] [†] 606 [115] 624 [124] [†] 446   [93] 594 [119] 544 [96] [†] [†] 528 [92]
1973 290,104   31.5 497 [125] 512 [135] [†] [†] [†] 619 [110] 630 [114] [†] 459   [96] 593 [114] 545 [96] [†] [†] 529 [92]
1974 301,070   31.8 492 [126] 509 [137] [†] [†] [†] 624 [110] 634 [115] [†] 452   [93] 591 [121] 547 [99] [†] [†] 530 [95]
                                                                 
1975 298,335   32.3 493 [125] 508 [137] [†] [†] [†] [†] [†] [†]   [†] [†] [†] [†] [†] [†]
1976 299,292   32.3 492 [127] 510 [138] [†] [†] [†] 627 [112] 627 [107] [†] 454   [93] 594 [119] 539 [101] [†] [†] 531 [93]
1977 287,715   31.3 490 [129] 514 [139] [†] [†] [†] 625 [113] 630 [109] [†] 453   [93] 592 [115] 532 [101] [†] [†] 532 [95]
1978 286,383   31.1 484 [128] 518 [135] [†] [†] [†] 622 [113] 624 [108] [†] 452   [91] 594 [114] 530 [102] [†] [†] 529 [97]
1979 282,482   30.7 476 [130] 517 [135] [†] [†] [†] 621 [117] 623 [104] [†] 451   [89] 592 [115] 525 [102] [†] [†] 530 [97]
                                                                 
1980 272,281   29.3 474 [131] 522 [136] [†] [†] [†] 619 [115] 618 [105] [†] 449   [90] 590 [116] 521 [105] [†] [†] 534 [98]
1981 262,855   28.1 473 [128] 523 [136] [†] [†] [†] 617 [115] 615 [103] [†] 453   [90] 590 [116] 520 [99] [†] [†] 532 [97]
1982 256,381   26.9 469 [130] 533 [137] 498 [126] [†] [†] 616 [114] 616 [105] [†] 456   [89] 593 [115] 521 [100] [†] [†] 532 [97]
1983 263,674   27.2 473 [131] 541 [138] 504 [128] [†] [†] 623 [115] 620 [105] [†] 459   [90] 599 [114] 527 [98] [†] [†] 542 [95]
1984 265,221   27.2 475 [130] 541 [139] 512 [129] [†] [†] 622 [115] 619 [102] [†] 461   [90] 604 [114] 530 [97] [†] [†] 543 [96]
                                                                 
1985 271,972   27.8 474 [126] 545 [140] 516 [129] [†] [†] 619 [114] 621 [101] [†] 459   [89] 615 [120] 531 [95] [†] [†] 541 [95]
1986 279,428   28.3 475 [126] 552 [140] 520 [129] [†] [†] 612 [114] 628 [106] [†] 464   [87] 616 [119] 527 [96] [†] [†] 542 [97]
1987 293,560   29.6 477 [126] 550 [140] 521 [128] [†] [†] 616 [116] 629 [104] [†] 465   [86] 619 [119] 526 [95] [†] [†] 536 [95]
1988 303,703   30.5 483 [123] 557 [140] 528 [128] [†] [†] 615 [114] 631 [108] [†] 467   [85] 622 [120] 525 [94] [†] [†] 537 [94]
1989 326,096   32.0 484 [125] 560 [142] 530 [129] [†] [†] 612 [114] 642 [117] [†] 465   [87] 626 [116] 528 [91] [†] [†] 538 [95]
                                                                 
1990 344,572   32.8 486 [123] 562 [143] 534 [128] [†] [†] 612 [114] 662 [123] [†] 461   [84] 617 [111] 523 [92] [†] [†] 537 [95]
1991 379,882   34.7 485 [122] 562 [141] 536 [129] [†] [†] 609 [113] 660 [123] [†] 457   [85] 611 [111] 523 [93] [†] [†] 535 [95]
1992 411,528   36.2 483 [120] 561 [140] 537 [129] [†] [†] 605 [113] 654 [128] [†] 462   [82] 610 [117] 525 [92] [†] [†] 536 [95]
1993 400,246   34.4 481 [117] 557 [140] 541 [129] [†] [†] 606 [114] 662 [133] [†] 462   [80] 602 [115] 516 [94] [†] [†] 536 [97]
1994 399,395 5  34.2 479 [116] 553 [139] 545 [129] [†] [†] 620 [116] 627 [113] [†] 493 6  [104] 601 [115] 517 [95] [†] [†] 538 [96]
                                                                 
1995 389,539 5  33.6 477 [115] 553 [140] 544 [131] [†] [†] 622 [116] 675 [138] [†] 488 6  [102] 596 [113] 513 [96] [†] [†] 544 [98]
1996 376,013 5  32.3 473 [114] 558 [139] 549 [131] [†] [†] 614 [114] 678 [135] [†] 489 6  [104] 604 [119] 512 [97] [†] [†] 547 [99]
1997 376,062 5  32.1 472 [113] 562 [139] 548 [129] [†] [†] 620 [115] 684 [143] [†] 487 6  [103] 602 [114] 525 [100] [†] [†] 554 [99]
1998 364,554 5  30.8 471 [113] 569 [141] 543 [133] [†] [†] 628 [113] 686 [137] [†] 477 6  [100] 609 [118] 530 [100] [†] [†] 563 [100]
19997 396,330   33.0 468 [114] 565 [143] 542 [133] [†] [†] 626 [114] 684 [137] [†]   [†] 604 [115] 527 [100] [†] [†] 559 [99]
                                                                 
20007 387,422   31.3 465 [116] 578 [147] 562 [141] [†] [†] 629 [114] 686 [133] [†]   [†] [†] 530 [99] [†] [†] 563 [98]
2001 433,109   34.8 [†] [†] [†] [†] [†] [†] [†] [†]   [†] [†] [†] [†] [†] [†]
2002 536,523   41.5 473 [123] 597 [151] 571 [139] [†] [†] [†] [†] [†]   [†] [†] [†] [†] [†] [†]
20038,9 440,982   32.7 470 [121] 598 [148] [†] 4.2 [1.0] 517 [100] 635 [114] 682 [125] 712 [97]   [†] [†] 538 [98] 620 [131] 669 [151] 580 [101]
20048,9,10 446,661   31.9 469 [120] 597 [148] [†] 4.2 [1.0] 517 [101] 643 [115] 675 [120] 715 [93]   [†] [†] 537 [97] 621 [130] 665 [148] 586 [101]
                                                                 
20058,9,10 474,594   33.0 467 [118] 591 [148] [†] 4.2 [0.9] 518 [100] 647 [117] 675 [117] 715 [91]   [†] [†] 540 [97] 623 [130] 672 [151] 592 [101]
20068,10,11 508,445   34.2 465 [117] 584 [149] [†] 4.1 [0.9] 519 [99] 650 [118] 677 [116] 717 [92]   [†] [†] 541 [97] 627 [129] 678 [153] 598 [101]
20078,10,11 561,014   36.8 462 [119] 584 [151] [†] 4.0 [0.9] 521 [97] 650 [120] 689 [115] 715 [91]   [†] [†] 542 [98] 636 [130] 686 [155] 600 [101]
20088,10,11 545,311   34.9 457 [121] 586 [152] [†] 3.9 [0.9] 525 [97] 651 [120] 694 [116] 712 [92]   [†] [†] 541 [98] 640 [131] 692 [156] 603 [101]
20098,10,11 600,702   37.5 456 [120] 590 [150] [†] 3.8 [0.9] 523 [97] 650 [120] 699 [115] 708 [91]   [†] [†] 541 [97] 648 [134] 692 [156] 605 [103]
20108 630,028   38.2 [†] [†] [†] [†] 525 [97] 651 [121] 700 [115] 702 [96]   [†] [†] 542 [98] 650 [134] 692 [157] 609 [103]
        Revised scale (130-170)4                                               
20118,12 700,755   40.8 151 [8.5] 151 [8.7] [†] 3.7 [0.9] 525 [97] 651 [122] 703 [114] 698 [99]   [†] [†] 547 [98] 655 [135] 689 [156] 612 [103]
20128,12 586,370   32.7 151 [8.4] 152 [8.8] [†] 3.6 [0.9] 526 [95] 658 [123] 703 [115] 693 [100]   [†] [†] 549 [99] 657 [136] 696 [158] 616 [102]
20138,12 663,439   36.0 151 [8.4] 152 [8.8] [†] 3.6 [0.9] 524 [94] 664 [121] 700 [114] [†]   [†] [†] 551 [98] 658 [136] 702 [156] 616 [102]
20148,12 684,345   36.6 150 [8.0] 152 [9.0] [†] 3.6 [0.9] 522 [92] 671 [121] 699 [113] [†]   [†] [†] 546 [99] 659 [137] 705 [156] 615 [102]
20158,12 551,366   29.1 150 [8.5] 152 [8.9] [†] 3.5 [0.9] 522 [92] 668 [119] 694 [112] [†]   [†] [†] 544 [100] 658 [136] 705 [156] 614 [103]
20168,12 547,413   28.5 150 [8.5] 153 [9.0] [†] 3.5 [0.9] [†] 668 [118] 693 [115] [†]   [†] [†] 543 [99] 660 [140] 707 [157] 615 [103]
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 GRE takers include examinees from inside and outside of the United States, while the bachelor's degrees include only those conferred by U.S. institutions.
2 Subject test scores are reported on a 200 to 990 scale, in 10-point increments, although the score range for any particular subject test is usually smaller. The education subject test was administered for the final time in April 1998. The engineering subject test was administered for the final time in April 2001.
3 The analytical reasoning section of the GRE, a multiple-choice test, was discontinued in September 2002 and replaced by the analytical writing section, an essay-based test. Scores for the analytical writing section range from 0 to 6, in half-point increments.
4 Prior to 2011, GRE scores for the verbal and quantitative sections ranged from 200 to 800, in 10-point increments, as did scores for the analytical reasoning section until it was replaced by the analytical writing section in 2002. On August 1, 2011, the GRE revised general test was introduced. Scores for the revised verbal reasoning and quantitative reasoning sections range from 130 to 170, in 1-point increments. In the revised general test, the score scale for the analytical writing section continues to range from 0 to 6, in half-point increments.
5 Total includes examinees who received no score on one or more general test measures.
6 Data reported for 1994 through 1998 are from the revised education test.
7 Subject test score data reflect the 3-year average for all examinees who tested between October 1 three years prior to the reported test year and September 30 of the reported test year. These data are not directly comparable with data for most other years.
8 Subject test score data reflect the 3-year average for all examinees who tested between July 1 three years prior to the reported test year and June 30 of the reported test year. These data are not directly comparable with previous years, except for 1999 and 2000.
9 Analytical writing test score data reflect the average for all examinees who tested between October 1, 2002, and June 30 of the reported test year.
10 Verbal and quantitative test score data reflect the 3-year average for all examinees who tested between July 1 three years prior to the reported test year and June 30 of the reported test year. These data are not directly comparable with previous years.
11 Analytical writing test score data reflect the 3-year average for all examinees who tested between July 1 three years prior to the reported test year and June 30 of the reported test year.
12 For all three sections of the revised general test (verbal, quantitative, and analytical writing), scores for 2011, 2012, and 2013 reflect the average for all examinees who tested between August 1, 2011, and April 30 of the reported test year. Scores for 2014 reflect the average for all examinees who tested between August 1, 2011, and June 30, 2014. Scores for 2015 reflect the average for all examinees who tested between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2015. Scores for 2016 reflect the average for all examinees who tested between July 1, 2013, and June 30, 2016. General test scores for 2011 through 2016 are not comparable with scores from previous years.
NOTE: GRE data include test-takers from both within and outside of the United States.
SOURCE: Graduate Record Examination Board, Examinee and Score Trends for the GRE General Test, 1964-65 through 1985-86; A Summary of Data Collected From Graduate Record Examinations Test-Takers During 1986-87; Guide to the Use of Scores, 1987-88 through 2017-18; GRE Volumes by Country, 2000-2015; Interpreting Your GRE Scores, 2005-06 through 2011-12; A Snapshot of the Individuals Who Took the GRE General Test, July 2013-June 2016; and A Snapshot of the Individuals Who Took the GRE General Test, July 2012-June 2017. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Degrees and Other Formal Awards Conferred" surveys, 1964-65 through 1985-86; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Completions Survey" (IPEDS-C:87-99); and IPEDS Fall 2000 through Fall 2016, Completions component. (This table was prepared June 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest