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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 316.70. Average benefit expenditure for full-time instructional faculty on 9-month contracts in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by type of benefit and control of institution: Selected years, 1977-78 through 2010-11
Control of institution and year Average total benefit per full-time faculty member Average benefit expenditure per full-time faculty member receiving benefit
Retirement plans Medical/ dental plans Guaranteed disability income protection Tuition plan for dependents Housing plan Social Security taxes Unemployment compensation taxes Group life insurance Worker's compensation taxes Other insurance Other benefits
Total Vested within 5 years Vested after 5 years
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  Current dollars
Total                            
1977-78 $3,203 $1,725 $1,739 $1,691 $521 $96 $1,410 $886 $899 $109 $105 $80 $288
1982-83 5,799 2,731 2,741 2,703 1,111 151 1,993 1,639 1,712 146 138 114 915
1987-88 7,227 3,677 3,494 4,028 1,682 132 1,585 2,004 2,379 134 178 190 716
1989-90 8,241 4,048 3,974 4,192 2,339 147 2,070 2,643 2,764 121 182 49 637
1992-93 10,473 4,397 4,391 4,410 3,266 179 2,196 2,574 3,168 143 237 344 874
                             
1997-98 12,263 5,289 5,195 5,498 3,535 218 2,765 4,100 3,562 158 195 340 $1,501 1,043
1998-99 12,580 5,256 5,268 5,228 3,726 213 3,012 3,698 3,668 152 190 347 1,267 845
1999-2000 13,227 5,292 5,365 5,125 3,989 237 3,362 4,187 3,793 146 190 343 1,512 1,303
2001-02 14,408 5,541 5,738 5,126 4,792 250 3,487 4,931 4,079 164 231 402 668 1,267
2002-03 15,552 5,781 6,039 5,208 5,396 264 3,308 4,329 4,158 170 211 411 797 1,263
                             
2003-04 16,437 5,895 6,161 5,281 5,919 261 3,506 6,101 4,260 191 215 435 951 1,452
2004-05 17,269 6,211 6,429 5,682 6,314 272 4,072 4,176 4,354 225 199 481 853 1,637
2005-06 18,082 6,402 6,571 6,010 6,863 280 4,511 5,599 4,451 228 210 473 1,095 1,457
2006-07 18,783 6,710 6,851 6,361 7,217 280 5,029 6,914 4,627 176 217 484 1,226 1,564
2007-08 19,756 7,033 7,142 6,767 7,635 282 5,607 7,436 4,773 168 215 509 1,172 1,706
                             
2008-09 20,332 7,222 7,396 6,797 7,900 291 5,596 9,001 4,918 169 213 498 1,156 1,540
2009-10 20,978 7,292 7,472 6,846 8,389 276 6,016 8,729 4,993 180 211 499 1,155 1,561
2010-11 21,744 7,436 7,672 6,883 8,843 281 6,396 9,071 5,042 219 210 502 1,191 1,546
                             
Public                            
1977-78 3,252 1,791 1,833 1,724 560 99 430 846 911 99 105 88 94
1982-83 5,920 2,846 2,880 2,776 1,189 153 576 1,027 1,741 139 140 115 980
1987-88 7,146 3,815 3,602 4,086 1,757 140 404 1,172 2,399 109 180 192 611
1989-90 8,361 4,186 4,128 4,259 2,425 154 605 1,767 2,771 97 182 60 602
1992-93 10,280 4,467 4,469 4,464 3,352 188 693 1,135 3,122 117 250 318 827
                             
1997-98 12,114 5,432 5,302 5,617 3,646 219 830 2,614 3,482 133 187 340 1,643 1,175
1998-99 12,192 5,249 5,230 5,276 3,830 202 828 1,826 3,553 127 183 348 1,252 709
1999-2000 12,756 5,258 5,297 5,200 4,131 237 962 2,283 3,660 121 176 347 1,603 1,272
2001-02 13,919 5,437 5,641 5,158 4,936 254 994 686 3,930 137 233 402 694 1,162
2002-03 15,097 5,703 5,968 5,323 5,565 274 978 2,415 4,005 142 198 402 872 1,274
                             
2003-04 15,916 5,757 6,044 5,330 6,127 262 1,022 4,589 4,073 173 206 425 901 1,334
2004-05 16,769 6,104 6,321 5,760 6,498 274 1,280 3,655 4,161 202 189 479 866 1,725
2005-06 17,594 6,308 6,458 6,078 7,126 279 1,483 4,418 4,237 210 202 446 1,209 1,299
2006-07 18,299 6,620 6,743 6,419 7,446 281 1,609 393 4,409 149 202 494 1,303 1,523
2007-08 19,245 6,994 7,071 6,872 7,858 289 1,815 3,382 4,542 136 197 520 1,209 1,516
                             
2008-09 19,778 7,156 7,292 6,941 8,079 291 1,876 4,635 4,657 138 194 511 1,245 1,475
2009-10 20,435 7,237 7,387 6,998 8,613 276 1,972 4,276 4,717 148 189 509 1,269 1,543
2010-11 21,234 7,360 7,616 6,977 9,053 269 2,317 4,802 4,750 196 192 514 1,253 1,322
                             
Private                            
1977-78 3,071 1,509 1,542 905 404 89 2,025 890 873 131 103 60 838
1982-83 5,462 2,340 2,404 1,295 886 146 3,403 1,798 1,648 170 134 113 212
1987-88 7,438 3,280 3,306 2,906 1,488 120 3,666 2,303 2,337 197 175 184 977
1989-90 7,954 3,657 3,718 2,478 2,112 134 4,259 3,032 2,750 188 182 25 712
1992-93 10,958 4,206 4,259 2,877 3,039 163 4,523 2,956 3,267 212 207 402 957
                             
1997-98 12,629 4,915 5,023 2,531 3,255 216 5,513 4,228 3,735 222 209 339 1,207 897
1998-99 13,519 5,274 5,327 3,879 3,468 231 6,722 3,936 3,915 219 205 345 1,313 1,020
1999-2000 14,366 5,380 5,471 3,354 3,638 237 6,951 4,349 4,074 213 215 335 1,331 1,342
2001-02 15,644 5,818 5,897 4,518 4,416 245 7,159 5,083 4,414 242 225 403 628 1,450
2002-03 16,660 5,981 6,153 2,983 4,964 249 6,943 4,348 4,490 247 236 429 629 1,248
                             
2003-04 17,687 6,245 6,346 4,225 5,395 259 7,481 6,104 4,667 239 231 457 1,057 1,584
2004-05 18,465 6,483 6,603 4,092 5,849 269 7,600 4,455 4,775 284 217 484 821 1,527
2005-06 19,258 6,637 6,756 5,037 6,195 281 8,594 6,001 4,914 275 223 528 860 1,658
2006-07 19,942 6,935 7,027 5,382 6,632 278 9,610 7,750 5,097 248 246 465 1,049 1,619
2007-08 20,984 7,131 7,257 4,843 7,062 272 10,368 7,474 5,275 253 248 487 1,098 1,944
                             
2008-09 21,656 7,385 7,564 4,195 7,442 292 9,941 9,017 5,489 251 251 472 985 1,628
2009-10 22,258 7,426 7,608 3,951 7,824 275 10,805 8,750 5,590 265 250 479 919 1,580
2010-11 22,927 7,626 7,761 4,797 8,323 299 11,330 9,091 5,664 281 244 479 1,059 1,819
  Constant 2017-18 dollars1
Total                            
1977-78 12,690 6,832 6,890 6,700 2,063 380 5,585 3,512 3,563 430 414 316 1,139
1982-83 14,659 6,904 6,929 6,833 2,810 381 5,038 4,143 4,328 370 350 289 2,312
1987-88 15,479 7,876 7,483 8,628 3,603 284 3,395 4,293 5,095 287 382 406 1,533
1989-90 16,104 7,910 7,766 8,192 4,570 286 4,046 5,166 5,401 237 356 96 1,245
1992-93 18,232 7,655 7,645 7,678 5,686 311 3,824 4,481 5,515 249 413 599 1,522
                             
1997-98 18,813 8,113 7,969 8,434 5,424 335 4,242 6,289 5,465 242 298 522 2,303 1,599
1998-99 18,970 7,926 7,944 7,883 5,618 321 4,542 5,576 5,531 229 287 523 1,910 1,275
1999-2000 19,386 7,757 7,863 7,512 5,846 347 4,928 6,136 5,560 214 278 503 2,216 1,910
2001-02 20,063 7,715 7,991 7,138 6,672 348 4,856 6,867 5,680 229 321 560 930 1,764
2002-03 21,190 7,877 8,229 7,096 7,353 360 4,507 5,898 5,665 232 288 559 1,086 1,720
                             
2003-04 21,916 7,860 8,214 7,041 7,893 348 4,675 8,135 5,681 254 287 581 1,268 1,936
2004-05 22,352 8,040 8,322 7,355 8,172 352 5,271 5,406 5,636 291 258 622 1,104 2,119
2005-06 22,547 7,983 8,194 7,494 8,558 349 5,625 6,982 5,550 285 261 590 1,365 1,817
2006-07 22,831 8,156 8,327 7,732 8,772 340 6,113 8,404 5,623 215 264 589 1,490 1,901
2007-08 23,155 8,243 8,371 7,931 8,949 331 6,571 8,715 5,594 197 252 597 1,374 2,000
                             
2008-09 23,502 8,348 8,549 7,857 9,132 337 6,469 10,405 5,685 195 247 576 1,336 1,780
2009-10 24,016 8,348 8,554 7,838 9,604 316 6,888 9,993 5,716 206 241 572 1,322 1,787
2010-11 24,403 8,346 8,610 7,724 9,925 316 7,178 10,180 5,659 246 236 564 1,337 1,735
                             
Public                            
1977-78 12,882 7,094 7,261 6,829 2,220 394 1,703 3,353 3,610 392 416 349 371
1982-83 14,967 7,195 7,281 7,018 3,005 387 1,456 2,596 4,402 350 354 291 2,479
1987-88 15,307 8,171 7,716 8,752 3,764 301 866 2,510 5,138 234 385 412 1,310
1989-90 16,339 8,179 8,066 8,323 4,739 302 1,183 3,452 5,414 189 356 116 1,176
1992-93 17,897 7,777 7,781 7,771 5,836 326 1,206 1,976 5,435 203 436 554 1,440
                             
1997-98 18,584 8,333 8,134 8,618 5,593 336 1,273 4,010 5,342 205 287 522 2,520 1,803
1998-99 18,386 7,915 7,887 7,956 5,775 304 1,249 2,753 5,357 191 276 525 1,888 1,070
1999-2000 18,697 7,706 7,763 7,621 6,055 347 1,410 3,346 5,365 177 258 509 2,349 1,864
2001-02 19,381 7,570 7,854 7,182 6,873 354 1,384 956 5,472 191 325 560 966 1,618
2002-03 20,570 7,771 8,132 7,253 7,582 374 1,333 3,290 5,457 193 270 547 1,189 1,735
                             
2003-04 21,221 7,676 8,059 7,106 8,169 350 1,362 6,118 5,431 230 275 567 1,202 1,779
2004-05 21,706 7,900 8,182 7,456 8,411 355 1,657 4,731 5,386 262 245 620 1,121 2,233
2005-06 21,938 7,865 8,052 7,579 8,886 348 1,849 5,508 5,283 262 252 557 1,507 1,620
2006-07 22,242 8,046 8,196 7,802 9,051 342 1,956 478 5,359 181 245 601 1,584 1,851
2007-08 22,556 8,197 8,287 8,054 9,210 339 2,127 3,964 5,323 160 231 609 1,417 1,777
                             
2008-09 22,861 8,272 8,429 8,023 9,338 336 2,169 5,357 5,383 160 224 590 1,439 1,705
2009-10 23,395 8,285 8,456 8,011 9,861 316 2,257 4,896 5,400 170 217 583 1,453 1,767
2010-11 23,831 8,261 8,547 7,830 10,160 302 2,600 5,389 5,331 220 215 577 1,406 1,484
                             
Private                            
1977-78 12,168 5,977 6,108 3,587 1,602 352 8,024 3,524 3,457 518 410 238 3,319
1982-83 13,808 5,916 6,077 3,275 2,241 369 8,602 4,545 4,166 430 340 285 537
1987-88 15,931 7,026 7,082 6,225 3,187 256 7,853 4,934 5,006 423 375 393 2,093
1989-90 15,544 7,147 7,265 4,842 4,127 262 8,322 5,925 5,375 368 356 48 1,392
1992-93 19,077 7,323 7,415 5,009 5,291 284 7,874 5,146 5,688 369 361 699 1,666
                             
1997-98 19,373 7,541 7,706 3,882 4,993 332 8,457 6,487 5,731 341 321 520 1,851 1,376
1998-99 20,386 7,954 8,034 5,849 5,229 348 10,136 5,935 5,903 331 309 520 1,979 1,539
1999-2000 21,056 7,885 8,019 4,915 5,332 348 10,187 6,374 5,971 312 316 491 1,951 1,966
2001-02 21,783 8,101 8,212 6,291 6,149 341 9,969 7,078 6,147 337 314 561 874 2,020
2002-03 22,700 8,149 8,383 4,065 6,764 339 9,460 5,925 6,118 336 322 585 857 1,700
                             
2003-04 23,583 8,327 8,461 5,633 7,193 345 9,975 8,139 6,223 318 308 609 1,409 2,112
2004-05 23,901 8,392 8,547 5,297 7,572 348 9,837 5,767 6,181 368 281 626 1,063 1,976
2005-06 24,013 8,276 8,424 6,280 7,724 351 10,716 7,483 6,128 343 278 658 1,073 2,068
2006-07 24,239 8,429 8,541 6,542 8,062 337 11,681 9,420 6,195 301 298 565 1,275 1,968
2007-08 24,594 8,358 8,506 5,676 8,277 319 12,152 8,760 6,183 296 290 571 1,286 2,279
                             
2008-09 25,032 8,536 8,743 4,849 8,602 337 11,491 10,423 6,345 290 290 546 1,139 1,882
2009-10 25,481 8,502 8,710 4,523 8,958 314 12,370 10,018 6,400 303 286 548 1,052 1,808
2010-11 25,731 8,559 8,710 5,384 9,340 335 12,716 10,203 6,357 316 273 537 1,189 2,041
—Not available.
1Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to an academic-year basis.
NOTE: Data through 1992-93 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Faculty Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits" surveys, 1977-78 and 1982-83; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits of Full-Time Instructional Faculty Survey" (IPEDS-SA:87-99); and IPEDS Winter 2001-02 through Winter 2010-11, Human Resources component, Salaries section. (This table was prepared April 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest