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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 314.40. Employees in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by race/ethnicity, sex, employment status, control and level of institution, and primary occupation: Fall 2017
Sex, employment status, control and level of institution, and primary occupation Total White Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Two or more races Race/ ethnicity unknown Non-resident alien2
Total Per-cent1 Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American Indian/
Alaska Native
Two or more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
All institutions 3,914,542 2,564,739 987,131 27.8 374,922 288,989 246,696 8,167 20,111 48,246 163,809 198,863
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 1,543,569 1,086,081 325,133 23.0 106,836 77,168 116,394 2,879 7,041 14,815 76,747 55,608
Instruction 1,425,058 1,024,678 298,782 22.6 102,511 72,290 100,900 2,758 6,691 13,632 71,684 29,914
Research 89,445 41,001 19,305 32.0 2,113 3,377 12,658 79 200 878 4,158 24,981
Public service 29,066 20,402 7,046 25.7 2,212 1,501 2,836 42 150 305 905 713
Graduate assistants 377,156 170,799 71,084 29.4 15,711 20,773 25,693 657 941 7,309 20,541 114,732
Librarians, curators, and archivists 41,497 31,800 8,207 20.5 3,022 2,274 2,051 63 258 539 1,186 304
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
181,731 119,554 53,174 30.8 23,307 17,259 7,694 644 1,461 2,809 6,823 2,180
Management 259,986 195,243 57,173 22.7 26,515 15,864 10,343 475 1,248 2,728 6,356 1,214
Business and financial operations 214,461 144,492 61,447 29.8 23,699 18,886 14,344 448 1,092 2,978 6,923 1,599
Computer, engineering, and science 235,674 153,776 61,227 28.5 14,933 15,995 25,761 394 1,057 3,087 7,636 13,035
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
184,650 129,920 45,990 26.1 21,151 14,582 5,821 575 1,030 2,831 7,415 1,325
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 109,889 69,154 32,053 31.7 11,348 7,892 11,047 156 399 1,211 5,582 3,100
Service occupations 241,200 127,136 103,048 44.8 52,460 36,820 8,530 683 1,919 2,636 8,918 2,098
Sales and related occupations 13,210 7,924 4,752 37.5 2,331 1,561 460 53 93 254 495 39
Office and administrative support 418,537 262,962 140,271 34.8 62,882 50,873 16,616 949 2,743 6,208 12,054 3,250
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 74,000 53,737 17,528 24.6 7,661 6,994 1,423 149 653 648 2,421 314
Production, transportation, and material moving 18,982 12,161 6,044 33.2 3,066 2,048 519 42 176 193 712 65
                         
Males 1,773,654 1,166,570 410,580 26.0 140,429 120,843 117,761 3,548 8,669 19,330 77,293 119,211
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 777,821 550,559 154,990 22.0 42,302 37,917 63,721 1,192 3,378 6,480 37,740 34,532
Instruction 712,123 517,879 141,537 21.5 40,591 35,604 55,025 1,134 3,243 5,940 35,083 17,624
Research 51,680 22,750 10,221 31.0 872 1,601 7,235 34 80 399 2,208 16,501
Public service 14,018 9,930 3,232 24.6 839 712 1,461 24 55 141 449 407
Graduate assistants 196,077 82,866 32,998 28.5 6,138 9,538 13,269 390 397 3,266 10,483 69,730
Librarians, curators, and archivists 12,358 9,640 2,226 18.8 714 772 518 18 58 146 370 122
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
58,563 38,522 16,642 30.2 6,901 5,728 2,476 229 474 834 2,421 978
Management 113,571 87,899 22,202 20.2 9,637 6,233 4,505 254 525 1,048 2,879 591
Business and financial operations 58,083 40,493 14,924 26.9 5,254 4,927 3,575 123 285 760 2,106 560
Computer, engineering, and science 142,683 96,504 33,642 25.8 8,040 9,596 13,266 266 629 1,845 4,629 7,908
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
82,419 59,280 18,919 24.2 9,527 5,586 2,036 268 443 1,059 3,597 623
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 32,999 19,574 9,582 32.9 2,596 2,268 4,189 55 122 352 2,210 1,633
Service occupations 139,878 77,668 56,011 41.9 29,001 19,451 4,577 391 1,143 1,448 5,181 1,018
Sales and related occupations 4,600 2,761 1,645 37.3 784 583 155 17 30 76 180 14
Office and administrative support 71,079 40,625 26,479 39.5 10,598 10,157 3,786 180 448 1,310 2,730 1,245
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 67,993 50,016 15,577 23.7 6,644 6,383 1,250 136 597 567 2,198 202
Production, transportation, and material moving 15,530 10,163 4,743 31.8 2,293 1,704 438 29 140 139 569 55
                         
Females 2,140,888 1,398,169 576,551 29.2 234,493 168,146 128,935 4,619 11,442 28,916 86,516 79,652
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 765,748 535,522 170,143 24.1 64,534 39,251 52,673 1,687 3,663 8,335 39,007 21,076
Instruction 712,935 506,799 157,245 23.7 61,920 36,686 45,875 1,624 3,448 7,692 36,601 12,290
Research 37,765 18,251 9,084 33.2 1,241 1,776 5,423 45 120 479 1,950 8,480
Public service 15,048 10,472 3,814 26.7 1,373 789 1,375 18 95 164 456 306
Graduate assistants 181,079 87,933 38,086 30.2 9,573 11,235 12,424 267 544 4,043 10,058 45,002
Librarians, curators, and archivists 29,139 22,160 5,981 21.3 2,308 1,502 1,533 45 200 393 816 182
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
123,168 81,032 36,532 31.1 16,406 11,531 5,218 415 987 1,975 4,402 1,202
Management 146,415 107,344 34,971 24.6 16,878 9,631 5,838 221 723 1,680 3,477 623
Business and financial operations 156,378 103,999 46,523 30.9 18,445 13,959 10,769 325 807 2,218 4,817 1,039
Computer, engineering, and science 92,991 57,272 27,585 32.5 6,893 6,399 12,495 128 428 1,242 3,007 5,127
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
102,231 70,640 27,071 27.7 11,624 8,996 3,785 307 587 1,772 3,818 702
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 76,890 49,580 22,471 31.2 8,752 5,624 6,858 101 277 859 3,372 1,467
Service occupations 101,322 49,468 47,037 48.7 23,459 17,369 3,953 292 776 1,188 3,737 1,080
Sales and related occupations 8,610 5,163 3,107 37.6 1,547 978 305 36 63 178 315 25
Office and administrative support 347,458 222,337 113,792 33.9 52,284 40,716 12,830 769 2,295 4,898 9,324 2,005
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 6,007 3,721 1,951 34.4 1,017 611 173 13 56 81 223 112
Production, transportation, and material moving 3,452 1,998 1,301 39.4 773 344 81 13 36 54 143 10
                         
Full-time 2,525,579 1,697,742 684,618 28.7 262,617 200,901 172,490 5,114 13,833 29,663 75,420 67,799
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 821,168 573,560 178,947 23.8 45,427 39,099 82,142 1,200 3,460 7,619 23,439 45,222
Instruction 724,060 524,402 156,986 23.0 42,256 35,132 68,622 1,113 3,202 6,661 19,530 23,142
Research 75,668 34,070 16,765 33.0 1,838 2,824 11,170 60 149 724 3,350 21,483
Public service 21,440 15,088 5,196 25.6 1,333 1,143 2,350 27 109 234 559 597
Graduate assistants
Librarians, curators, and archivists 35,460 27,270 7,033 20.5 2,548 1,963 1,791 44 207 480 899 258
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
123,003 81,460 36,572 31.0 16,461 11,387 5,139 466 1,077 2,042 3,766 1,205
Management 253,115 190,001 55,882 22.7 25,962 15,545 10,029 461 1,222 2,663 6,067 1,165
Business and financial operations 200,946 134,719 58,519 30.3 22,769 17,924 13,556 419 1,035 2,816 6,266 1,442
Computer, engineering, and science 216,282 141,774 55,885 28.3 13,574 14,319 23,855 360 963 2,814 6,753 11,870
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
149,906 105,359 38,511 26.8 17,708 12,234 4,907 484 839 2,339 5,004 1,032
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 90,729 56,461 27,196 32.5 9,831 6,832 9,025 135 341 1,032 4,801 2,271
Service occupations 199,942 103,558 88,240 46.0 44,926 31,723 7,342 562 1,601 2,086 6,515 1,629
Sales and related occupations 10,756 6,303 4,075 39.3 2,053 1,360 344 47 76 195 357 21
Office and administrative support 339,319 216,464 112,261 34.2 51,746 40,008 12,593 773 2,278 4,863 9,154 1,440
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 69,686 51,019 16,502 24.4 7,200 6,681 1,321 132 594 574 1,978 187
Production, transportation, and material moving 15,267 9,794 4,995 33.8 2,412 1,826 446 31 140 140 421 57
                         
Part-time 1,388,963 866,997 302,513 25.9 112,305 88,088 74,206 3,053 6,278 18,583 88,389 131,064
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 722,401 512,521 146,186 22.2 61,409 38,069 34,252 1,679 3,581 7,196 53,308 10,386
Instruction 700,998 500,276 141,796 22.1 60,255 37,158 32,278 1,645 3,489 6,971 52,154 6,772
Research 13,777 6,931 2,540 26.8 275 553 1,488 19 51 154 808 3,498
Public service 7,626 5,314 1,850 25.8 879 358 486 15 41 71 346 116
Graduate assistants 377,156 170,799 71,084 29.4 15,711 20,773 25,693 657 941 7,309 20,541 114,732
Librarians, curators, and archivists 6,037 4,530 1,174 20.6 474 311 260 19 51 59 287 46
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
58,728 38,094 16,602 30.4 6,846 5,872 2,555 178 384 767 3,057 975
Management 6,871 5,242 1,291 19.8 553 319 314 14 26 65 289 49
Business and financial operations 13,515 9,773 2,928 23.1 930 962 788 29 57 162 657 157
Computer, engineering, and science 19,392 12,002 5,342 30.8 1,359 1,676 1,906 34 94 273 883 1,165
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
34,744 24,561 7,479 23.3 3,443 2,348 914 91 191 492 2,411 293
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 19,160 12,693 4,857 27.7 1,517 1,060 2,022 21 58 179 781 829
Service occupations 41,258 23,578 14,808 38.6 7,534 5,097 1,188 121 318 550 2,403 469
Sales and related occupations 2,454 1,621 677 29.5 278 201 116 6 17 59 138 18
Office and administrative support 79,218 46,498 28,010 37.6 11,136 10,865 4,023 176 465 1,345 2,900 1,810
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 4,314 2,718 1,026 27.4 461 313 102 17 59 74 443 127
Production, transportation, and material moving 3,715 2,367 1,049 30.7 654 222 73 11 36 53 291 8
                         
Public 4-year 1,987,634 1,268,832 500,998 28.3 177,464 147,011 137,921 3,581 10,603 24,418 75,914 141,890
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 654,601 451,513 140,757 23.8 36,512 32,951 61,302 1,070 3,025 5,897 27,560 34,771
Instruction 583,627 413,049 126,770 23.5 34,451 30,187 53,068 990 2,795 5,279 24,029 19,779
Research 54,622 26,136 11,018 29.7 1,146 2,098 7,091 58 147 478 2,936 14,532
Public service 16,352 12,328 2,969 19.4 915 666 1,143 22 83 140 595 460
Graduate assistants 295,783 136,058 54,598 28.6 12,170 16,625 19,026 458 806 5,513 14,919 90,208
Librarians, curators, and archivists 18,397 13,989 3,792 21.3 1,295 1,139 913 21 145 279 475 141
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
69,106 45,727 19,890 30.3 8,352 6,507 3,088 254 642 1,047 2,378 1,111
Management 117,602 88,538 26,062 22.7 12,241 7,028 4,770 205 656 1,162 2,357 645
Business and financial operations 127,318 85,899 36,691 29.9 13,547 11,397 9,093 252 711 1,691 3,809 919
Computer, engineering, and science 146,092 97,183 35,506 26.8 7,963 9,412 15,410 214 641 1,866 4,656 8,747
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
88,375 60,847 23,579 27.9 10,499 7,824 3,106 246 541 1,363 3,255 694
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 73,122 46,695 20,518 30.5 7,650 4,707 7,006 83 309 763 4,315 1,594
Service occupations 128,423 66,267 56,228 45.9 29,005 19,231 5,195 293 1,087 1,417 4,818 1,110
Sales and related occupations 2,908 1,937 845 30.4 345 302 112 12 27 47 118 8
Office and administrative support 204,688 130,502 67,366 34.0 31,098 24,105 7,566 360 1,441 2,796 5,112 1,708
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 48,451 35,583 11,051 23.7 4,814 4,282 958 91 453 453 1,635 182
Production, transportation, and material moving 12,768 8,094 4,115 33.7 1,973 1,501 376 22 119 124 507 52
                         
Public 2-year 577,340 400,650 152,906 27.6 65,630 52,499 22,852 1,511 4,629 5,785 19,832 3,952
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 316,582 236,217 65,105 21.6 27,311 19,603 12,963 670 1,982 2,576 13,230 2,030
Instruction 313,110 233,980 64,063 21.5 26,643 19,413 12,863 667 1,934 2,543 13,121 1,946
Research 109 76 29 27.6 6 9 10 0 3 1 3 1
Public service 3,363 2,161 1,013 31.9 662 181 90 3 45 32 106 83
Graduate assistants 15 10 5 33.3 0 3 1 1 0 0 0 0
Librarians, curators, and archivists 5,211 3,900 1,178 23.2 488 373 215 19 53 30 112 21
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
50,072 31,999 16,318 33.8 7,007 5,924 1,991 179 556 661 1,495 260
Management 31,681 22,822 8,123 26.2 4,284 2,448 788 57 275 271 653 83
Business and financial operations 16,797 10,617 5,719 35.0 2,555 1,997 793 43 146 185 364 97
Computer, engineering, and science 15,750 10,589 4,674 30.6 1,504 1,678 1,118 38 128 208 352 135
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
23,492 15,033 7,569 33.5 3,718 2,550 651 122 228 300 788 102
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 1,577 1,220 262 17.7 109 74 41 6 15 17 92 3
Service occupations 33,058 18,036 13,733 43.2 6,733 5,305 843 109 413 330 936 353
Sales and related occupations 1,847 1,419 401 22.0 161 134 53 3 26 24 23 4
Office and administrative support 73,879 43,640 27,777 38.9 10,863 11,620 3,241 247 692 1,114 1,615 847
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 6,050 4,268 1,639 27.7 708 655 119 12 90 55 126 17
Production, transportation, and material moving 1,329 880 403 31.4 189 135 35 5 25 14 46 0
                         
Private nonprofit 4-year 1,201,512 806,364 285,028 26.1 108,499 75,859 79,261 2,526 3,984 14,899 57,349 52,771
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 482,640 342,758 93,159 21.4 29,010 18,922 38,156 857 1,507 4,707 28,011 18,712
Instruction 438,734 322,146 81,901 20.3 27,430 17,011 31,017 819 1,446 4,178 26,591 8,096
Research 34,608 14,734 8,210 35.8 949 1,258 5,539 21 45 398 1,218 10,446
Public service 9,298 5,878 3,048 34.1 631 653 1,600 17 16 131 202 170
Graduate assistants 80,939 34,493 16,373 32.2 3,498 4,119 6,645 197 134 1,780 5,571 24,502
Librarians, curators, and archivists 16,763 13,125 2,943 18.3 1,124 668 877 19 54 201 554 141
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
49,705 34,948 11,862 25.3 5,626 3,077 2,057 145 194 763 2,095 800
Management 99,373 76,045 19,947 20.8 8,689 5,413 4,314 162 271 1,098 2,906 475
Business and financial operations 64,790 44,579 17,114 27.7 6,935 4,822 4,080 132 193 952 2,523 574
Computer, engineering, and science 71,596 44,632 20,324 31.3 5,298 4,655 9,009 136 266 960 2,552 4,088
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
67,088 50,709 12,786 20.1 6,006 3,523 1,891 184 229 953 3,066 527
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 34,878 21,046 11,187 34.7 3,552 3,102 3,967 66 72 428 1,144 1,501
Service occupations 77,381 41,765 31,925 43.3 16,262 11,739 2,425 269 398 832 3,058 633
Sales and related occupations 3,898 2,535 1,136 30.9 443 446 137 20 11 79 205 22
Office and administrative support 128,908 83,025 40,331 32.7 19,099 13,175 5,276 283 527 1,971 4,884 668
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 18,876 13,617 4,515 24.9 2,080 1,822 340 44 98 131 629 115
Production, transportation, and material moving 4,677 3,087 1,426 31.6 877 376 87 12 30 44 151 13
                         
Private nonprofit 2-year 7,799 4,772 2,755 36.6 1,654 651 149 18 135 148 265 7
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 3,543 2,483 884 26.3 582 151 66 7 43 35 170 6
Instruction 3,522 2,474 873 26.1 581 151 66 7 33 35 169 6
Research 12 6 5 45.5 1 0 0 0 4 0 1 0
Public service 9 3 6 66.7 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0
Graduate assistants 7 3 1 25.0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3 0
Librarians, curators, and archivists 111 90 17 15.9 7 4 1 0 4 1 4 0
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
1,423 558 832 59.9 480 233 30 3 24 62 33 0
Management 779 546 210 27.8 104 55 26 3 14 8 23 0
Business and financial operations 216 144 71 33.0 27 25 6 1 6 6 1 0
Computer, engineering, and science 132 96 32 25.0 6 11 8 0 5 2 4 0
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
206 162 44 21.4 29 10 0 0 2 3 0 0
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 31 29 2 6.5 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Service occupations 195 122 73 37.4 39 19 1 0 12 2 0 0
Sales and related occupations 488 117 366 75.8 245 92 4 3 1 21 5 0
Office and administrative support 597 391 192 32.9 118 41 7 1 17 8 13 1
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 62 25 28 52.8 14 7 0 0 7 0 9 0
Production, transportation, and material moving 9 6 3 33.3 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
                         
Private for-profit 4-year 112,051 68,778 33,949 33.0 15,768 9,464 5,446 412 602 2,257 9,142 182
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 69,780 43,887 18,981 30.2 9,908 3,993 3,272 215 391 1,202 6,863 49
Instruction 69,689 43,830 18,951 30.2 9,903 3,986 3,255 215 391 1,201 6,861 47
Research 62 37 23 38.3 3 6 14 0 0 0 0 2
Public service 29 20 7 25.9 2 1 3 0 0 1 2 0
Graduate assistants 412 235 107 31.3 43 25 21 1 1 16 48 22
Librarians, curators, and archivists 781 538 206 27.7 76 66 36 3 2 23 36 1
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
9,223 5,206 3,295 38.8 1,420 1,119 436 50 33 237 719 3
Management 7,958 5,664 1,944 25.6 783 634 348 33 21 125 340 10
Business and financial operations 4,413 2,767 1,435 34.2 480 463 331 16 29 116 207 4
Computer, engineering, and science 1,880 1,142 610 34.8 134 210 205 5 13 43 64 64
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
4,623 2,847 1,528 34.9 636 527 146 21 24 174 246 2
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 174 100 53 34.6 12 7 27 1 3 3 19 2
Service occupations 1,688 703 887 55.8 349 435 53 9 8 33 98 0
Sales and related occupations 2,744 1,327 1,300 49.5 758 357 107 9 18 51 114 3
Office and administrative support 7,821 4,143 3,298 44.3 1,129 1,410 438 44 54 223 358 22
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 373 133 218 62.1 17 188 5 2 3 3 22 0
Production, transportation, and material moving 181 86 87 50.3 23 30 21 3 2 8 8 0
                         
Private for-profit 2-year 28,206 15,343 11,495 42.8 5,907 3,505 1,067 119 158 739 1,307 61
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 16,423 9,223 6,247 40.4 3,513 1,548 635 60 93 398 913 40
Instruction 16,376 9,199 6,224 40.4 3,503 1,542 631 60 92 396 913 40
Research 32 12 20 62.5 8 6 4 0 1 1 0 0
Public service 15 12 3 20.0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Graduate assistants 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Librarians, curators, and archivists 234 158 71 31.0 32 24 9 1 0 5 5 0
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
2,202 1,116 977 46.7 422 399 92 13 12 39 103 6
Management 2,593 1,628 887 35.3 414 286 97 15 11 64 77 1
Business and financial operations 927 486 417 46.2 155 182 41 4 7 28 19 5
Computer, engineering, and science 224 134 81 37.7 28 29 11 1 4 8 8 1
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
866 322 484 60.0 263 148 27 2 6 38 60 0
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 107 64 31 32.6 23 2 6 0 0 0 12 0
Service occupations 455 243 202 45.4 72 91 13 3 1 22 8 2
Sales and related occupations 1,325 589 704 54.4 379 230 47 6 10 32 30 2
Office and administrative support 2,644 1,261 1,307 50.9 575 522 88 14 12 96 72 4
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 188 111 77 41.0 28 40 1 0 2 6 0 0
Production, transportation, and material moving 18 8 10 55.6 3 4 0 0 0 3 0 0
†Not applicable.
1 Combined total of staff who were Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, and of Two or more races as a percentage of total staff, excluding race/ethnicity unknown and nonresident alien.
2 Race/ethnicity not collected.
NOTE: Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. By definition, all graduate assistants are part time. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2018, Human Resources component, Fall Staff section. (This table was prepared November 2018.)

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