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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 314.35. Employees in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by employment status, sex, control and level of institution, and primary occupation: Fall 2016
Control and level of institution and primary occupation Full-time and part-time Full-time Part-time
Total Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females
Number Percentage distri-
bution
Number Percent
of all employees
Number Percent
of all employees
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
All institutions 3,906,240 100.0 1,775,229 2,131,011 54.6 2,506,784 64.2 1,123,803 1,382,981 1,399,456 651,426 748,030
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 1,546,081 39.6 783,495 762,586 49.3 813,978 52.6 440,387 373,591 732,103 343,108 388,995
Instruction 1,427,871 36.6 717,740 710,131 49.7 718,160 50.3 385,743 332,417 709,711 331,997 377,714
Research 88,981 2.3 51,862 37,119 41.7 74,973 84.3 44,361 30,612 14,008 7,501 6,507
Public service 29,229 0.7 13,893 15,336 52.5 20,845 71.3 10,283 10,562 8,384 3,610 4,774
Graduate assistants 375,204 9.6 196,170 179,034 47.7 375,204 196,170 179,034
Librarians, curators, and archivists 41,993 1.1 12,497 29,496 70.2 35,823 85.3 10,925 24,898 6,170 1,572 4,598
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
179,345 4.6 58,236 121,109 67.5 121,389 67.7 36,281 85,108 57,956 21,955 36,001
Management 257,952 6.6 113,604 144,348 56.0 250,861 97.3 110,762 140,099 7,091 2,842 4,249
Business and financial operations 209,265 5.4 56,441 152,824 73.0 195,806 93.6 52,919 142,887 13,459 3,522 9,937
Computer, engineering, and science 231,230 5.9 140,811 90,419 39.1 211,734 91.6 132,028 79,706 19,496 8,783 10,713
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
180,352 4.6 80,538 99,814 55.3 145,742 80.8 63,980 81,762 34,610 16,558 18,052
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 109,959 2.8 32,443 77,516 70.5 90,454 82.3 27,325 63,129 19,505 5,118 14,387
Service occupations 241,749 6.2 140,537 101,212 41.9 199,415 82.5 117,189 82,226 42,334 23,348 18,986
Sales and related occupations 12,864 0.3 4,508 8,356 65.0 10,430 81.1 3,858 6,572 2,434 650 1,784
Office and administrative support 426,556 10.9 71,697 354,859 83.2 345,310 81.0 49,653 295,657 81,246 22,044 59,202
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 74,438 1.9 68,395 6,043 8.1 70,038 94.1 65,223 4,815 4,400 3,172 1,228
Production, transportation, and material moving 19,252 0.5 15,857 3,395 17.6 15,804 82.1 13,273 2,531 3,448 2,584 864
                         
Public 4-year 1,966,008 100.0 913,872 1,052,136 53.5 1,331,308 67.7 612,472 718,836 634,700 301,400 333,300
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 646,584 32.9 341,960 304,624 47.1 426,395 65.9 238,246 188,149 220,189 103,714 116,475
Instruction 574,950 29.2 302,426 272,524 47.4 366,998 63.8 204,912 162,086 207,952 97,514 110,438
Research 54,926 2.8 31,701 23,225 42.3 45,887 83.5 26,944 18,943 9,039 4,757 4,282
Public service 16,708 0.8 7,833 8,875 53.1 13,510 80.9 6,390 7,120 3,198 1,443 1,755
Graduate assistants 293,954 15.0 153,158 140,796 47.9 293,954 153,158 140,796
Librarians, curators, and archivists 18,465 0.9 5,664 12,801 69.3 16,934 91.7 5,268 11,666 1,531 396 1,135
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
65,568 3.3 21,109 44,459 67.8 49,576 75.6 15,155 34,421 15,992 5,954 10,038
Management 116,241 5.9 52,548 63,693 54.8 112,897 97.1 51,187 61,710 3,344 1,361 1,983
Business and financial operations 123,597 6.3 32,992 90,605 73.3 114,935 93.0 30,682 84,253 8,662 2,310 6,352
Computer, engineering, and science 143,316 7.3 86,711 56,605 39.5 131,201 91.5 81,656 49,545 12,115 5,055 7,060
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
87,518 4.5 36,774 50,744 58.0 75,562 86.3 31,833 43,729 11,956 4,941 7,015
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 70,462 3.6 21,583 48,879 69.4 59,885 85.0 18,985 40,900 10,577 2,598 7,979
Service occupations 129,293 6.6 70,837 58,456 45.2 110,368 85.4 61,145 49,223 18,925 9,692 9,233
Sales and related occupations 2,908 0.1 1,061 1,847 63.5 2,231 76.7 868 1,363 677 193 484
Office and administrative support 206,554 10.5 33,783 172,771 83.6 174,022 84.3 24,874 149,148 32,532 8,909 23,623
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 48,618 2.5 44,969 3,649 7.5 46,094 94.8 43,105 2,989 2,524 1,864 660
Production, transportation, and material moving 12,930 0.7 10,723 2,207 17.1 11,208 86.7 9,468 1,740 1,722 1,255 467
                         
Public 2-year 591,066 100.0 251,156 339,910 57.5 284,307 48.1 115,139 169,168 306,759 136,017 170,742
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 327,655 55.4 149,728 177,927 54.3 104,892 32.0 47,172 57,720 222,763 102,556 120,207
Instruction 323,932 54.8 148,339 175,593 54.2 104,339 32.2 46,985 57,354 219,593 101,354 118,239
Research 110 # 45 65 59.1 99 90.0 42 57 11 3 8
Public service 3,613 0.6 1,344 2,269 62.8 454 12.6 145 309 3,159 1,199 1,960
Graduate assistants 9 # 6 3 33.3 9 6 3
Librarians, curators, and archivists 5,245 0.9 1,154 4,091 78.0 3,548 67.6 805 2,743 1,697 349 1,348
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
49,095 8.3 17,100 31,995 65.2 21,055 42.9 6,191 14,864 28,040 10,909 17,131
Management 31,741 5.4 13,135 18,606 58.6 30,655 96.6 12,696 17,959 1,086 439 647
Business and financial operations 16,787 2.8 4,407 12,380 73.7 15,006 89.4 3,851 11,155 1,781 556 1,225
Computer, engineering, and science 16,111 2.7 10,768 5,343 33.2 13,447 83.5 9,192 4,255 2,664 1,576 1,088
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
23,432 4.0 8,953 14,479 61.8 16,058 68.5 5,731 10,327 7,374 3,222 4,152
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 1,480 0.3 512 968 65.4 721 48.7 288 433 759 224 535
Service occupations 33,525 5.7 23,365 10,160 30.3 23,168 69.1 16,762 6,406 10,357 6,603 3,754
Sales and related occupations 1,824 0.3 500 1,324 72.6 969 53.1 285 684 855 215 640
Office and administrative support 76,653 13.0 14,898 61,755 80.6 48,504 63.3 6,434 42,070 28,149 8,464 19,685
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 6,233 1.1 5,613 620 9.9 5,520 88.6 5,109 411 713 504 209
Production, transportation, and material moving 1,276 0.2 1,017 259 20.3 764 59.9 623 141 512 394 118
                         
Private nonprofit 4-year 1,186,787 100.0 544,369 642,418 54.1 814,501 68.6 366,961 447,540 372,286 177,408 194,878
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 473,226 39.9 249,443 223,783 47.3 262,326 55.4 146,067 116,259 210,900 103,376 107,524
Instruction 430,588 36.3 224,700 205,888 47.8 226,618 52.6 125,005 101,613 203,970 99,695 104,275
Research 33,841 2.9 20,075 13,766 40.7 28,912 85.4 17,346 11,566 4,929 2,729 2,200
Public service 8,797 0.7 4,668 4,129 46.9 6,796 77.3 3,716 3,080 2,001 952 1,049
Graduate assistants 80,870 6.8 42,840 38,030 47.0 80,870 42,840 38,030
Librarians, curators, and archivists 17,080 1.4 5,369 11,711 68.6 14,539 85.1 4,643 9,896 2,541 726 1,815
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
48,014 4.0 14,798 33,216 69.2 35,815 74.6 10,541 25,274 12,199 4,257 7,942
Management 97,449 8.2 42,666 54,783 56.2 94,992 97.5 41,703 53,289 2,457 963 1,494
Business and financial operations 63,558 5.4 17,480 46,078 72.5 60,794 95.7 16,869 43,925 2,764 611 2,153
Computer, engineering, and science 69,677 5.9 41,697 27,980 40.2 65,080 93.4 39,639 25,441 4,597 2,058 2,539
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
63,934 5.4 32,532 31,402 49.1 49,244 77.0 24,447 24,797 14,690 8,085 6,605
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 37,717 3.2 10,253 27,464 72.8 29,678 78.7 7,983 21,695 8,039 2,270 5,769
Service occupations 76,470 6.4 44,699 31,771 41.5 64,318 84.1 38,201 26,117 12,152 6,498 5,654
Sales and related occupations 3,728 0.3 1,276 2,452 65.8 3,116 83.6 1,119 1,997 612 157 455
Office and administrative support 131,350 11.1 20,134 111,216 84.7 113,044 86.1 16,141 96,903 18,306 3,993 14,313
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 18,940 1.6 17,267 1,673 8.8 17,882 94.4 16,549 1,333 1,058 718 340
Production, transportation, and material moving 4,774 0.4 3,915 859 18.0 3,673 76.9 3,059 614 1,101 856 245
                         
Private nonprofit 2-year 8,761 100.0 3,368 5,393 61.6 6,251 71.4 2,313 3,938 2,510 1,055 1,455
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 3,646 41.6 1,457 2,189 60.0 1,693 46.4 631 1,062 1,953 826 1,127
Instruction 3,618 41.3 1,447 2,171 60.0 1,677 46.4 627 1,050 1,941 820 1,121
Research 19 0.2 7 12 63.2 9 47.4 1 8 10 6 4
Public service 9 0.1 3 6 66.7 7 77.8 3 4 2 0 2
Graduate assistants 0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0
Librarians, curators, and archivists 116 1.3 25 91 78.4 75 64.7 19 56 41 6 35
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
2,249 25.7 705 1,544 68.7 2,144 95.3 678 1,466 105 27 78
Management 865 9.9 386 479 55.4 839 97.0 374 465 26 12 14
Business and financial operations 297 3.4 93 204 68.7 259 87.2 89 170 38 4 34
Computer, engineering, and science 200 2.3 161 39 19.5 192 96.0 154 38 8 7 1
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
276 3.2 154 122 44.2 184 66.7 89 95 92 65 27
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 32 0.4 10 22 68.8 22 68.8 8 14 10 2 8
Service occupations 269 3.1 211 58 21.6 165 61.3 137 28 104 74 30
Sales and related occupations 84 1.0 31 53 63.1 74 88.1 30 44 10 1 9
Office and administrative support 642 7.3 67 575 89.6 538 83.8 50 488 104 17 87
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 72 0.8 59 13 18.1 61 84.7 51 10 11 8 3
Production, transportation, and material moving 13 0.1 9 4 30.8 5 38.5 3 2 8 6 2
                         
Private for-profit 4-year 121,800 100.0 50,960 70,840 58.2 52,145 42.8 20,386 31,759 69,655 30,574 39,081
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 76,847 63.1 33,759 43,088 56.1 12,221 15.9 5,489 6,732 64,626 28,270 36,356
Instruction 76,704 63.0 33,702 43,002 56.1 12,117 15.8 5,450 6,667 64,587 28,252 36,335
Research 51 # 18 33 64.7 34 66.7 14 20 17 4 13
Public service 92 # 39 53 57.6 70 76.1 25 45 22 14 8
Graduate assistants 371 0.3 166 205 55.3 371 166 205
Librarians, curators, and archivists 800 0.7 214 586 73.3 545 68.1 147 398 255 67 188
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
11,844 9.7 3,868 7,976 67.3 10,463 88.3 3,127 7,336 1,381 741 640
Management 8,386 6.9 3,563 4,823 57.5 8,256 98.4 3,516 4,740 130 47 83
Business and financial operations 3,981 3.3 1,233 2,748 69.0 3,850 96.7 1,204 2,646 131 29 102
Computer, engineering, and science 1,679 1.4 1,270 409 24.4 1,608 95.8 1,215 393 71 55 16
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
4,371 3.6 1,881 2,490 57.0 3,954 90.5 1,664 2,290 417 217 200
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 149 0.1 65 84 56.4 104 69.8 57 47 45 8 37
Service occupations 1,572 1.3 1,040 532 33.8 1,095 69.7 742 353 477 298 179
Sales and related occupations 2,896 2.4 1,148 1,748 60.4 2,811 97.1 1,126 1,685 85 22 63
Office and administrative support 8,274 6.8 2,242 6,032 72.9 6,744 81.5 1,685 5,059 1,530 557 973
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 388 0.3 331 57 14.7 350 90.2 302 48 38 29 9
Production, transportation, and material moving 242 0.2 180 62 25.6 144 59.5 112 32 98 68 30
                         
Private for-profit 2-year 31,818 100.0 11,504 20,314 63.8 18,272 57.4 6,532 11,740 13,546 4,972 8,574
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 18,123 57.0 7,148 10,975 60.6 6,451 35.6 2,782 3,669 11,672 4,366 7,306
Instruction 18,079 56.8 7,126 10,953 60.6 6,411 35.5 2,764 3,647 11,668 4,362 7,306
Research 34 0.1 16 18 52.9 32 94.1 14 18 2 2 0
Public service 10 # 6 4 40.0 8 80.0 4 4 2 2 0
Graduate assistants 0 0.0 0 0
Librarians, curators, and archivists 287 0.9 71 216 75.3 182 63.4 43 139 105 28 77
Student and academic affairs and other education
   services
2,575 8.1 656 1,919 74.5 2,336 90.7 589 1,747 239 67 172
Management 3,270 10.3 1,306 1,964 60.1 3,222 98.5 1,286 1,936 48 20 28
Business and financial operations 1,045 3.3 236 809 77.4 962 92.1 224 738 83 12 71
Computer, engineering, and science 247 0.8 204 43 17.4 206 83.4 172 34 41 32 9
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
821 2.6 244 577 70.3 740 90.1 216 524 81 28 53
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 119 0.4 20 99 83.2 44 37.0 4 40 75 16 59
Service occupations 620 1.9 385 235 37.9 301 48.5 202 99 319 183 136
Sales and related occupations 1,424 4.5 492 932 65.4 1,229 86.3 430 799 195 62 133
Office and administrative support 3,083 9.7 573 2,510 81.4 2,458 79.7 469 1,989 625 104 521
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 187 0.6 156 31 16.6 131 70.1 107 24 56 49 7
Production, transportation, and material moving 17 0.1 13 4 23.5 10 58.8 8 2 7 5 2
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
NOTE: Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. By definition, all graduate assistants are part time. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2017, Human Resources component, Fall Staff section. (This table was prepared May 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest