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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 311.80. Number and percentage distribution of course enrollments in languages other than English at degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by language and enrollment level: Selected years, 2002 through 2016
Enrollment level and year Total,
all lan-guages
American Sign Language Arabic Chinese1 French German Greek, Ancient2 Hebrew3 Italian Japanese Korean Latin Portu-guese Russian Spanish Other languages
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
All levels                                
                                 
Number of enrollments                                
2002 1,395,807 60,781 10,584 34,333 201,985 91,100 20,376 22,774 63,899 52,238 5,211 29,841 8,385 23,921 745,215 25,164
2006 1,575,838 79,744 23,987 51,560 206,019 94,146 22,827 23,739 78,176 65,410 7,146 32,164 10,310 24,784 822,148 33,678
2009 1,673,566 92,068 34,908 61,797 215,244 95,613 20,033 22,665 80,322 72,357 8,449 32,446 11,273 26,740 861,015 38,636
2013 1,561,131 109,651 32,855 62,280 197,679 86,782 12,848 19,824 70,982 66,771 12,256 27,209 12,407 21,979 789,888 37,720
2016 1,418,206 107,399 31,165 54,515 175,667 80,594 10,684 15,500 56,743 68,810 13,936 24,866 9,827 20,353 712,608 35,539
                                 
Percent change in
   enrollments, 2006 to 2016
-10.0 34.7 29.9 5.7 -14.7 -14.4 -53.2 -34.7 -27.4 5.2 95.0 -22.7 -4.7 -17.9 -13.3 5.5
                                 
Percentage distribution of
   enrollments
                               
2002 100.0 4.4 0.8 2.5 14.5 6.5 1.5 1.6 4.6 3.7 0.4 2.1 0.6 1.7 53.4 1.8
2006 100.0 5.1 1.5 3.3 13.1 6.0 1.4 1.5 5.0 4.2 0.5 2.0 0.7 1.6 52.2 2.1
2009 100.0 5.5 2.1 3.7 12.9 5.7 1.2 1.4 4.8 4.3 0.5 1.9 0.7 1.6 51.4 2.3
2013 100.0 7.0 2.1 4.0 12.7 5.6 0.8 1.3 4.5 4.3 0.8 1.7 0.8 1.4 50.6 2.4
2016 100.0 7.6 2.2 3.8 12.4 5.7 0.8 1.1 4.0 4.9 1.0 1.8 0.7 1.4 50.2 2.5
                                 
Undergraduate level                                
                                 
Number of undergraduate
   enrollments
                               
2002 1,359,164 60,660 10,053 33,394 197,385 88,301 14,344 17,247 62,860 51,308 5,100 28,796 7,898 23,151 735,281 23,386
2006 1,534,756 78,976 23,044 50,356 201,309 91,078 16,413 17,474 77,182 64,568 6,909 31,125 9,833 24,030 811,225 31,234
2009 1,635,992 91,233 34,131 60,632 211,077 93,147 15,363 17,053 79,567 71,694 8,097 31,399 10,839 26,136 849,547 36,077
2013 1,526,365 107,010 32,213 60,996 194,542 84,923 9,931 14,816 70,338 66,209 11,599 26,272 11,893 21,370 780,766 33,487
2016 1,388,974 105,574 30,619 53,248 172,906 78,959 8,154 11,844 56,109 68,331 13,738 23,834 9,468 19,829 704,774 31,587
Introductory courses4 1,158,715 94,938 26,550 40,654 142,648 65,103 6,502 9,125 50,934 57,616 11,409 20,954 7,169 15,052 584,686 25,375
Advanced courses4 230,259 10,636 4,069 12,594 30,258 13,856 1,652 2,719 5,175 10,715 2,329 2,880 2,299 4,777 120,088 6,212
                                 
Percent change in undergraduate
   enrollments, 2006 to 2016
-9.5 33.7 32.9 5.7 -14.1 -13.3 -50.3 -32.2 -27.3 5.8 98.8 -23.4 -3.7 -17.5 -13.1 1.1
                                 
Percentage distribution of
   undergraduate enrollments
                               
2002 100.0 4.5 0.7 2.5 14.5 6.5 1.1 1.3 4.6 3.8 0.4 2.1 0.6 1.7 54.1 1.7
2006 100.0 5.1 1.5 3.3 13.1 5.9 1.1 1.1 5.0 4.2 0.5 2.0 0.6 1.6 52.9 2.0
2009 100.0 5.6 2.1 3.7 12.9 5.7 0.9 1.0 4.9 4.4 0.5 1.9 0.7 1.6 51.9 2.2
2013 100.0 7.0 2.1 4.0 12.7 5.6 0.7 1.0 4.6 4.3 0.8 1.7 0.8 1.4 51.2 2.2
2016 100.0 7.6 2.2 3.8 12.4 5.7 0.6 0.9 4.0 4.9 1.0 1.7 0.7 1.4 50.7 2.3
                                 
Graduate level                                
                                 
Number of graduate enrollments                                
2002 36,643 121 531 939 4,600 2,799 6,032 5,527 1,039 930 111 1,045 487 770 9,934 1,778
2006 41,082 768 943 1,204 4,710 3,068 6,414 6,265 994 842 237 1,039 477 754 10,923 2,444
2009 37,574 835 777 1,165 4,167 2,466 4,670 5,612 755 663 352 1,047 434 604 11,468 2,559
2013 34,766 2,641 642 1,284 3,137 1,859 2,917 5,008 644 562 657 937 514 609 9,122 4,233
2016 29,232 1,825 546 1,267 2,761 1,635 2,530 3,656 634 479 198 1,032 359 524 7,834 3,952
                                 
Percent change in graduate
   enrollments, 2006 to 2016
-28.8 137.6 -42.1 5.2 -41.4 -46.7 -60.6 -41.6 -36.2 -43.1 -16.5 -0.7 -24.7 -30.5 -28.3 61.7
                                 
Percentage distribution of
   graduate enrollments
                               
2002 100.0 0.3 1.4 2.6 12.6 7.6 16.5 15.1 2.8 2.5 0.3 2.9 1.3 2.1 27.1 4.9
2006 100.0 1.9 2.3 2.9 11.5 7.5 15.6 15.2 2.4 2.0 0.6 2.5 1.2 1.8 26.6 5.9
2009 100.0 2.2 2.1 3.1 11.1 6.6 12.4 14.9 2.0 1.8 0.9 2.8 1.2 1.6 30.5 6.8
2013 100.0 7.6 1.8 3.7 9.0 5.3 8.4 14.4 1.9 1.6 1.9 2.7 1.5 1.8 26.2 12.2
2016 100.0 6.2 1.9 4.3 9.4 5.6 8.7 12.5 2.2 1.6 0.7 3.5 1.2 1.8 26.8 13.5
1 Includes Cantonese and Mandarin.
2 The apparent drop in Ancient Greek from 2009 to 2013 may be attributed to changes in reporting. Some premodern Greek language categories, such as Koine Greek and Old Testament Greek, were reported for the first time in 2013. In previous surveys, these languages may have been reported under the category Ancient Greek.
3 Hebrew includes the Biblical Hebrew category in addition to Modern Hebrew and Hebrew; other reported categories are excluded.
4 Introductory courses are first- and second-year courses. Advanced courses are third- and fourth-year courses.
NOTE: This table shows course enrollments, not the number of students studying a given language; a single student majoring in a language may be enrolled in more than one class in that language. Unless otherwise indicated, totals for specific languages do not include classical, religious, or regional dialects. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: The Modern Language Association of America (MLA), Language Enrollment Database, selected years, 2002 through 2016, retrieved May 30, 2019, from http://www.mla.org/about_search_flsurvey. (This table was prepared May 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest