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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 303.90. Fall enrollment and number of degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by control and religious affiliation of institution: Selected years, 1980 through 2017
Control and religious affiliation of institution Total enrollment Enrollment, fall 2017 Number of institutions1
Fall 1980 Fall 1990 Fall 2000 Fall 2010 Fall 2015 Fall 2016 Total Full-time Part-time
Males Females Males Females Fall 1980 Fall 1990 Fall 2000 Fall 2010 Fall 2017
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
All institutions 12,096,895 13,818,637 15,312,289 21,019,438 19,988,204 19,846,904 19,765,598 5,424,575 6,652,729 3,143,057 4,545,237 3,226 3,501 4,056 4,589 4,298
Public institutions 9,457,394 10,844,717 11,752,786 15,142,171 14,572,843 14,585,840 14,560,155 3,857,945 4,470,128 2,619,975 3,612,107 1,493 1,548 1,676 1,652 1,626
Federal 50,989 50,669 16,917 21,610 19,700 19,804 20,171 12,744 5,788 547 1,092 12 17 12 14 14
State (2 ) 7,181,380 9,548,090 12,364,881 12,045,013 12,089,310 12,103,676 3,410,243 3,980,128 1,972,380 2,740,925 (2 ) 978 1,355 1,331 1,314
Local (2 ) 3,508,941 2,078,090 2,542,044 2,309,275 2,276,473 2,235,556 383,815 423,708 611,337 816,696 (2 ) 523 277 261 257
Other public 9,406,405 103,727 109,689 213,636 198,855 200,253 200,752 51,143 60,504 35,711 53,394 1,481 30 32 46 41
                                 
Private institutions 2,639,501 2,973,920 3,559,503 5,877,267 5,415,361 5,261,064 5,205,443 1,566,630 2,182,601 523,082 933,130 1,733 1,953 2,380 2,937 2,672
Independent nonprofit 1,521,614 1,474,818 1,577,242 1,994,900 2,171,490 2,190,233 2,220,512 739,359 945,141 207,109 328,903 795 709 729 736 809
For-profit 111,714 213,693 450,084 2,022,785 1,349,470 1,182,108 1,098,966 237,634 429,311 131,638 300,383 164 322 724 1,310 985
                                 
Religiously affiliated3 1,006,173 1,285,409 1,532,177 1,859,582 1,894,401 1,888,723 1,885,965 589,637 808,149 184,335 303,844 774 922 927 891 878
                                 
Advent Christian Church 143 1
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church 1,091 88 34 1,536 1,579 1,547 1,462 741 685 22 14 3 1 1 3 3
African Methodist Episcopal 4,541 3,220 5,980 2,674 4,359 5,379 5,887 1,382 1,505 1,362 1,638 6 5 6 5 6
American Baptist 6,131 10,800 15,410 15,120 13,397 12,801 12,500 4,049 5,356 1,063 2,032 11 15 17 18 17
American Evangelical Lutheran Church 743 1,340 1,373 1,295 1,394 646 690 22 36 1 1 1
                                 
American Lutheran and Lutheran Church
    in America
3,092 1,460 3 1
American Lutheran 21,608 13
Assemblies of God Church 7,814 8,307 14,272 15,806 16,599 17,780 19,241 5,848 7,756 2,510 3,127 10 11 14 16 13
Baptist 38,231 99,510 107,610 174,538 108,717 111,744 111,158 34,438 46,988 12,762 16,970 33 69 68 69 64
Brethren Church 3,925 958 2,088 8,506 8,227 9,135 8,627 2,712 3,282 1,438 1,195 3 3 3 3 2
                                 
Brethren in Christ Church 1,301 2,239 2,797 1 1 1
Christian and Missionary Alliance
    Church
1,705 2,519 5,278 6,455 5,916 6,094 6,122 1,771 2,280 825 1,246 3 4 4 4 4
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) 14,913 30,397 35,984 52,839 46,157 47,970 46,260 13,629 20,046 5,256 7,329 12 18 16 18 17
Christian Churches and Churches of
    Christ
1,342 2,263 7,277 10,074 10,183 10,061 9,970 3,560 3,450 1,366 1,594 7 8 18 18 17
Christian Methodist Episcopal 2,486 2,174 1,502 4,817 4,102 4,207 4,062 2,090 1,775 95 102 4 4 1 3 3
                                 
Christian Reformed Church 5,408 4,488 5,999 5,625 5,748 5,710 5,714 2,486 2,628 317 283 3 2 3 3 3
Church of Christ (Scientist) 2,773 2,557 6 8
Church of God of Prophecy 249 1
Church of God 6,082 5,627 12,540 16,731 17,745 17,768 16,962 4,857 7,655 1,997 2,453 9 9 7 7 9
Church of New Jerusalem 170 1
                                 
Church of the Brethren 8,482 4,463 4,187 6,154 6,379 6,484 6,401 2,649 3,166 247 339 6 5 4 5 6
Church of the Nazarene 11,716 10,779 16,661 21,144 21,726 22,572 23,267 6,290 9,880 2,398 4,699 10 9 12 10 10
Churches of Christ 9,343 14,611 30,140 35,538 35,701 36,299 36,136 11,731 16,119 3,219 5,067 9 19 19 17 18
Cumberland Presbyterian 594 746 1,112 4,652 6,585 6,142 6,007 1,947 2,349 646 1,065 2 2 2 2 2
Episcopal Church, Reformed 67 1,282 1,242 1,286 70 320 111 785 1 2
                                 
Evangelical Christian 80,494 77,375 76,649 16,333 23,045 15,267 22,004 3
Evangelical Congregational Church 80 88 148 153 124 120 111 20 10 55 26 1 1 1 1 1
Evangelical Covenant Church of America 1,401 1,035 2,387 3,233 3,225 3,122 3,011 754 1,265 318 674 1 1 1 1 2
Evangelical Free Church of America 833 2,355 4,022 2,926 2,490 2,391 2,409 705 421 773 510 1 2 3 2 2
Evangelical Lutheran Church 743 49,210 49,085 56,162 50,249 49,863 49,960 19,577 25,487 1,716 3,180 3 33 34 33 27
                                 
Free Methodist 5,543 5,902 7,323 12,270 11,978 11,324 10,965 3,040 5,912 626 1,387 5 3 4 5 5
Free Will Baptist Church 1,132 1,177 2,378 528 693 713 704 281 238 91 94 4 3 4 3 3
Friends United Meeting 1,109 1
Friends 5,157 5,844 10,898 13,876 11,651 11,636 11,356 4,173 5,039 858 1,286 5 6 8 7 7
General Baptist 1,450 1,469 1,303 293 357 290 363 1
                                 
General Conference Mennonite Church 820 1,243 1,059 2 2 1
Greek Orthodox 204 148 132 220 193 195 170 116 46 6 2 1 1 1 1 1
Interdenominational 1,254 11,103 9,788 33,778 41,813 41,113 41,173 12,680 17,305 5,346 5,842 4 17 14 31 34
Jewish 5,738 12,217 14,182 12,755 14,758 13,846 14,064 10,203 2,523 383 955 24 63 62 36 34
Latter-Day Saints 39,172 42,274 44,680 53,514 82,143 84,046 91,403 25,222 26,066 17,013 23,102 4 4 4 4 4
                                 
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod 11,727 13,827 18,866 28,255 38,050 36,542 36,263 8,331 14,513 4,429 8,990 15 14 13 12 12
Lutheran Church in America 23,877 5,796 4,322 8,240 8,613 8,708 8,181 3,224 4,171 266 520 20 5 2 3 3
Mennonite Brethren Church 1,344 1,864 2,390 4,136 4,071 4,291 4,875 1,146 2,271 420 1,038 3 3 3 3 2
Mennonite Church 4,008 2,859 3,553 4,263 4,193 4,131 3,886 1,269 1,819 255 543 6 5 5 6 6
Missionary Church Inc. 487 699 1,647 2,152 1,719 1,639 1,513 426 657 127 303 1 1 1 1 1
                                 
Moravian Church 2,434 2,511 2,939 3,095 3,348 3,513 3,430 788 1,834 178 630 2 2 2 2 2
Multiple Protestant denominations 5,526 211 4,690 5,350 4,881 4,758 4,766 1,120 1,546 1,206 894 8 1 7 6 6
North American Baptist 155 124 120 201 207 229 13 14 142 60 1 1 1 1
Original Free Will Baptist 3,855 3,371 3,430 3,451 625 916 558 1,352 1 1
Pentecostal Holiness Church 767 566 976 1,272 1,630 1,684 1,623 751 629 110 133 3 3 2 3 2
                                 
Presbyterian 2,988 2,965 3,080 1,024 1,510 175 371 3
Presbyterian U.S.A. 47,144 77,700 78,950 85,719 84,218 82,215 80,867 29,485 38,324 3,983 9,075 57 70 64 58 56
Presbyterian Church in America 1,877 4,499 2,071 1,637 1,611 1,585 639 607 198 141 1 5 2 2
Protestant Episcopal 5,396 4,559 5,479 5,006 3,523 3,687 3,719 1,706 1,717 150 146 12 9 12 11 8
Protestant, other 4,072 38,136 30,116 13,450 18,380 19,342 19,215 5,534 7,348 2,772 3,561 11 44 34 23 26
                                 
Reformed Church in America 2,713 5,525 6,002 6,555 6,291 6,205 6,125 2,304 3,074 281 466 4 4 5 5 5
Reformed Presbyterian Church 2,014 1,556 2,355 2,982 2,561 2,585 2,393 1,049 967 214 163 4 2 2 3 3
Reorganized Latter-Day Saints Church 4,274 4,793 3,390 2 1 2
Roman Catholic 422,842 530,585 636,336 751,091 729,936 720,808 711,948 217,734 322,129 57,644 114,441 229 239 239 237 229
Russian Orthodox 47 38 106 60 77 75 89 66 5 16 2 1 1 1 1 1
                                 
Seventh-Day Adventists 19,168 15,771 19,223 25,430 24,277 23,914 23,602 7,461 10,885 1,844 3,412 11 11 13 14 13
Southern Baptist 85,281 49,493 54,275 49,936 54,955 55,308 59,959 17,091 21,038 9,803 12,027 54 29 32 22 22
Undenominational 6,758 23,573 27,748 33,487 35,365 36,005 8,180 12,702 5,966 9,157 14 16 16 20
Unitarian Universalist 87 82 132 166 183 181 178 31 85 19 43 2 2 2 2 2
United Brethren Church 545 601 938 1,260 1,252 1,295 1,321 427 648 94 152 1 1 1 1 1
                                 
United Church of Christ 14,169 20,175 23,709 20,537 16,248 15,641 15,324 5,082 6,234 1,318 2,690 16 18 18 17 14
United Methodist 127,099 148,851 171,109 206,744 200,314 200,792 200,277 72,160 95,274 12,079 20,764 91 96 100 96 94
Wesleyan Church 3,583 5,311 11,128 20,670 19,726 19,240 18,608 5,158 10,342 1,019 2,089 5 4 4 6 8
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod 808 931 1,660 1,677 2,088 2,051 2,095 781 895 202 217 1 3 2 2 2
Other religiously affiliated 462 5,743 2,534 4,778 5,147 5,097 5,624 1,739 2,351 469 1,065 1 9 4 11 12
—Not available.
1 Counts of institutions in this table may be lower than reported in other tables, because counts in this table include only institutions reporting separate enrollment data.
2 Included under "Other public."
3 Religious affiliation as reported by institution.
NOTE: Data for 1980 and 1990 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Institutions of Higher Education" and "Institutional Characteristics" surveys, 1980; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:90) and "Institutional Characteristics Survey" (IPEDS-IC:90); and IPEDS Spring 2001 through Spring 2018, Fall Enrollment component. (This table was prepared April 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest