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Digest of Education Statistics: 2018
Digest of Education Statistics: 2018

NCES 2020-009
December 2019


Table 303.20. Total fall enrollment in all postsecondary institutions participating in Title IV programs and annual percentage change in enrollment, by degree-granting status and control of institution: 1995 through 2017
Year All Title IV institutions1 Degree-granting institutions2 Non-degree-granting institutions3
Total Public Private Total Public Private Total Public Private
Nonprofit For-profit Total Nonprofit For-profit Non- profit For-profit
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  Enrollment
1995 14,836,338 11,312,491 2,977,794 546,053 14,261,781 11,092,374 3,169,407 2,929,044 240,363 574,557 220,117 48,750 305,690
1996 14,809,897 11,312,775 2,976,850 520,272 14,367,520 11,120,499 3,247,021 2,942,556 304,465 442,377 192,276 34,294 215,807
1997 14,900,416 11,370,755 3,012,106 517,555 14,502,334 11,196,119 3,306,215 2,977,614 328,601 398,082 174,636 34,492 188,954
1998 14,923,839 11,330,811 3,040,251 552,777 14,506,967 11,137,769 3,369,198 3,004,925 364,273 416,872 193,042 35,326 188,504
1999 15,262,888 11,556,731 3,088,233 617,924 14,849,691 11,375,739 3,473,952 3,055,029 418,923 413,197 180,992 33,204 199,001
                           
2000 15,701,409 11,891,450 3,137,108 672,851 15,312,289 11,752,786 3,559,503 3,109,419 450,084 389,120 138,664 27,689 222,767
2001 16,334,134 12,370,079 3,198,354 765,701 15,927,987 12,233,156 3,694,831 3,167,330 527,501 406,147 136,923 31,024 238,200
2002 17,035,027 12,883,071 3,299,094 852,862 16,611,711 12,751,993 3,859,718 3,265,476 594,242 423,316 131,078 33,618 258,620
2003 17,330,775 12,965,502 3,372,647 992,626 16,911,481 12,858,698 4,052,783 3,341,048 711,735 419,294 106,804 31,599 280,891
2004 17,710,798 13,081,358 3,440,559 1,188,881 17,272,044 12,980,112 4,291,932 3,411,685 880,247 438,754 101,246 28,874 308,634
                           
2005 17,921,804 13,115,177 3,484,013 1,322,614 17,487,475 13,021,834 4,465,641 3,454,692 1,010,949 434,329 93,343 29,321 311,665
2006 18,198,370 13,276,881 3,543,064 1,378,425 17,754,230 13,175,350 4,578,880 3,512,929 1,065,951 444,140 101,531 30,135 312,474
2007 18,677,469 13,603,772 3,595,466 1,478,231 18,258,138 13,500,894 4,757,244 3,571,395 1,185,849 419,331 102,878 24,071 292,382
2008 19,553,784 14,090,863 3,684,190 1,778,731 19,081,686 13,970,862 5,110,824 3,660,827 1,449,997 472,098 120,001 23,363 328,734
2009 20,853,423 14,936,402 3,793,751 2,123,270 20,313,594 14,810,768 5,502,826 3,767,672 1,735,154 539,829 125,634 26,079 388,116
                           
2010 21,591,742 15,279,455 3,881,630 2,430,657 21,019,438 15,142,171 5,877,267 3,854,482 2,022,785 572,304 137,284 27,148 407,872
2011 21,573,798 15,251,185 3,954,173 2,368,440 21,010,590 15,116,303 5,894,287 3,926,819 1,967,468 563,208 134,882 27,354 400,972
2012 21,148,181 15,000,302 3,973,422 2,174,457 20,644,478 14,884,667 5,759,811 3,951,388 1,808,423 503,703 115,635 22,034 366,034
2013 20,848,050 14,856,309 3,990,858 2,000,883 20,376,677 14,746,848 5,629,829 3,971,390 1,658,439 471,373 109,461 19,468 342,444
2014 20,664,180 14,764,741 4,016,240 1,883,199 20,209,092 14,654,660 5,554,432 3,997,249 1,557,183 455,088 110,081 18,991 326,016
                           
2015 20,400,164 14,682,321 4,088,450 1,629,393 19,988,204 14,572,843 5,415,361 4,065,891 1,349,470 411,960 109,478 22,559 279,923
2016 20,230,012 14,695,538 4,097,022 1,437,452 19,846,904 14,585,840 5,261,064 4,078,956 1,182,108 383,108 109,698 18,066 255,344
2017 20,138,477 14,669,554 4,123,290 1,345,633 19,765,598 14,560,155 5,205,443 4,106,477 1,098,966 372,879 109,399 16,813 246,667
  Annual percentage change
1995 to 1996 -0.2 # # -4.7 0.7 0.3 2.4 0.5 26.7 -23.0 -12.6 -29.7 -29.4
1996 to 1997 0.6 0.5 1.2 -0.5 0.9 0.7 1.8 1.2 7.9 -10.0 -9.2 0.6 -12.4
1997 to 1998 0.2 -0.4 0.9 6.8 # -0.5 1.9 0.9 10.9 4.7 10.5 2.4 -0.2
1998 to 1999 2.3 2.0 1.6 11.8 2.4 2.1 3.1 1.7 15.0 -0.9 -6.2 -6.0 5.6
1999 to 2000 2.9 2.9 1.6 8.9 3.1 3.3 2.5 1.8 7.4 -5.8 -23.4 -16.6 11.9
                           
2000 to 2001 4.0 4.0 2.0 13.8 4.0 4.1 3.8 1.9 17.2 4.4 -1.3 12.0 6.9
2001 to 2002 4.3 4.1 3.1 11.4 4.3 4.2 4.5 3.1 12.7 4.2 -4.3 8.4 8.6
2002 to 2003 1.7 0.6 2.2 16.4 1.8 0.8 5.0 2.3 19.8 -1.0 -18.5 -6.0 8.6
2003 to 2004 2.2 0.9 2.0 19.8 2.1 0.9 5.9 2.1 23.7 4.6 -5.2 -8.6 9.9
2004 to 2005 1.2 0.3 1.3 11.2 1.2 0.3 4.0 1.3 14.8 -1.0 -7.8 1.5 1.0
                           
2005 to 2006 1.5 1.2 1.7 4.2 1.5 1.2 2.5 1.7 5.4 2.3 8.8 2.8 0.3
2006 to 2007 2.6 2.5 1.5 7.2 2.8 2.5 3.9 1.7 11.2 -5.6 1.3 -20.1 -6.4
2007 to 2008 4.7 3.6 2.5 20.3 4.5 3.5 7.4 2.5 22.3 12.6 16.6 -2.9 12.4
2008 to 2009 6.6 6.0 3.0 19.4 6.5 6.0 7.7 2.9 19.7 14.3 4.7 11.6 18.1
2009 to 2010 3.5 2.3 2.3 14.5 3.5 2.2 6.8 2.3 16.6 6.0 9.3 4.1 5.1
                           
2010 to 2011 -0.1 -0.2 1.9 -2.6 # -0.2 0.3 1.9 -2.7 -1.6 -1.7 0.8 -1.7
2011 to 2012 -2.0 -1.6 0.5 -8.2 -1.7 -1.5 -2.3 0.6 -8.1 -10.6 -14.3 -19.4 -8.7
2012 to 2013 -1.4 -1.0 0.4 -8.0 -1.3 -0.9 -2.3 0.5 -8.3 -6.4 -5.3 -11.6 -6.4
2013 to 2014 -0.9 -0.6 0.6 -5.9 -0.8 -0.6 -1.3 0.7 -6.1 -3.5 0.6 -2.5 -4.8
2014 to 2015 -1.3 -0.6 1.8 -13.5 -1.1 -0.6 -2.5 1.7 -13.3 -9.5 -0.5 18.8 -14.1
                           
2015 to 2016 -0.8 0.1 0.2 -11.8 -0.7 0.1 -2.8 0.3 -12.4 -7.0 0.2 -19.9 -8.8
2016 to 2017 -0.5 -0.2 0.6 -6.4 -0.4 -0.2 -1.1 0.7 -7.0 -2.7 -0.3 -6.9 -3.4
#Rounds to zero.
1 Includes degree-granting and non-degree-granting institutions.
2 Data for 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees.
3 Data are for institutions that did not offer accredited 4-year or 2-year programs, but were participating in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Includes some institutions transitioning to higher level program offerings, though still classified at a lower level.
NOTE: Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:95-99); and IPEDS Spring 2001 through Spring 2018, Fall Enrollment component. (This table was prepared October 2018.)