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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 236.20. Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education and other related programs, by function and subfunction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2015-16
Function and subfunction Expenditures (in thousands of current dollars) Percentage distribution of
    current expenditures for public schools
1990-91 2000-01 2005-06 2010-11 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 1990-91 2000-01 2005-
06
2010-11 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Total expenditures $229,429,715   $410,811,185 $528,268,772 $604,355,852 $606,813,352 $625,018,277 $651,135,383 $677,541,010
Current expenditures for
    public schools
202,037,752   348,360,841 449,131,342 527,291,339 535,795,823 553,501,209 575,331,825 596,135,643 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
                                   
Salaries 132,730,931 1 224,305,806 273,142,308 311,541,792 311,649,709 318,705,822 328,252,700 339,723,532 65.70 64.39 60.82 59.08 58.17 57.58 57.05 56.99
Employee benefits 33,954,456 1 57,976,490 87,888,909 111,750,200 117,974,476 123,655,529 130,868,877 136,790,632 16.81 16.64 19.57 21.19 22.02 22.34 22.75 22.95
Purchased services 16,380,643 1 31,778,754 43,195,665 53,498,786 55,789,458 58,171,703 61,118,818 64,571,862 8.11 9.12 9.62 10.15 10.41 10.51 10.62 10.83
Tuition 1,192,505 1 2,458,366 3,828,079 4,988,203 5,097,767 5,296,241 5,572,087 5,743,719 0.59 0.71 0.85 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.97 0.96
Supplies 14,805,956 1 28,262,078 36,637,037 40,417,163 40,662,095 42,895,737 43,793,547 43,716,529 7.33 8.11 8.16 7.67 7.59 7.75 7.61 7.33
Other 2,973,261 1 3,579,347 4,439,345 5,095,195 4,622,319 4,776,178 5,725,796 5,589,370 1.47 1.03 0.99 0.97 0.86 0.86 1.00 0.94
                                   
Instruction 122,223,362   214,333,003 273,760,798 322,536,983 325,682,380 336,426,927 349,453,258 363,047,760 60.50 61.53 60.95 61.17 60.78 60.78 60.74 60.90
Salaries 90,742,284   154,512,089 186,905,065 212,998,609 212,563,444 217,274,753 223,044,251 230,473,355 44.91 44.35 41.61 40.39 39.67 39.25 38.77 38.66
Employee benefits 22,347,524   39,522,678 59,032,817 75,248,811 79,502,797 83,946,609 88,840,559 92,810,720 11.06 11.35 13.14 14.27 14.84 15.17 15.44 15.57
Purchased services 2,722,639   6,430,708 10,083,561 14,694,620 14,757,780 15,177,204 16,559,278 18,047,613 1.35 1.85 2.25 2.79 2.75 2.74 2.88 3.03
Tuition 1,192,505   2,458,366 3,828,079 4,988,203 5,097,767 5,296,241 5,572,087 5,743,719 0.59 0.71 0.85 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.97 0.96
Supplies 4,584,754   10,377,554 12,731,138 13,135,284 12,415,970 13,344,523 14,060,733 14,547,019 2.27 2.98 2.83 2.49 2.32 2.41 2.44 2.44
Textbooks ---   --- 2,537,332 2,324,846 2,129,590 2,321,424 2,438,331 2,540,299 --- --- 0.56 0.44 0.40 0.42 0.42 0.43
Other 633,656   1,031,608 1,180,138 1,471,457 1,344,623 1,387,596 1,376,350 1,425,335 0.31 0.30 0.26 0.28 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.24
                                   
Student support2 8,926,010   17,292,756 23,336,224 29,368,646 29,916,535 30,754,056 32,363,375 34,014,096 4.42 4.96 5.20 5.57 5.58 5.56 5.63 5.71
Salaries 6,565,965   12,354,464 15,833,312 19,367,865 19,331,709 19,823,136 20,658,101 21,598,398 3.25 3.55 3.53 3.67 3.61 3.58 3.59 3.62
Employee benefits 1,660,082   3,036,037 4,859,310 6,533,691 7,062,770 7,315,689 7,872,711 8,360,300 0.82 0.87 1.08 1.24 1.32 1.32 1.37 1.40
Purchased services 455,996   1,328,600 1,958,934 2,583,714 2,790,029 2,850,087 3,024,871 3,202,463 0.23 0.38 0.44 0.49 0.52 0.51 0.53 0.54
Supplies 191,482   421,838 497,201 521,729 536,040 564,419 599,269 628,105 0.09 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.11
Other 52,485   151,817 187,468 361,647 195,987 200,727 208,422 224,831 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.07 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
                                   
Instructional staff                                  
services3 8,467,142   15,926,856 21,923,223 24,893,140 24,940,915 25,354,104 26,953,637 28,014,688 4.19 4.57 4.88 4.72 4.65 4.58 4.68 4.70
Salaries 5,560,129   9,790,767 13,005,332 14,490,521 14,478,409 14,685,427 15,490,102 16,082,232 2.75 2.81 2.90 2.75 2.70 2.65 2.69 2.70
Employee benefits 1,408,217   2,356,440 3,898,171 4,933,118 5,098,479 5,234,451 5,640,401 5,898,941 0.70 0.68 0.87 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.98 0.99
Purchased services 622,487   2,003,598 2,944,703 3,438,979 3,484,764 3,444,243 3,659,324 3,942,599 0.31 0.58 0.66 0.65 0.65 0.62 0.64 0.66
Supplies 776,863   1,566,954 1,867,878 1,810,950 1,666,377 1,786,877 1,950,698 1,875,189 0.38 0.45 0.42 0.34 0.31 0.32 0.34 0.31
Other 99,445   209,097 207,139 219,573 212,886 203,106 213,112 215,727 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
                                   
General administration 5,791,253   7,108,291 8,920,041 10,494,526 10,825,907 11,117,393 11,535,748 12,051,604 2.87 2.04 1.99 1.99 2.02 2.01 2.01 2.02
Salaries 2,603,562   3,351,554 3,860,883 4,401,697 4,472,689 4,622,952 4,746,838 4,882,609 1.29 0.96 0.86 0.83 0.83 0.84 0.83 0.82
Employee benefits 777,381   1,000,698 1,479,556 1,856,221 1,951,275 1,915,512 2,036,756 2,089,012 0.38 0.29 0.33 0.35 0.36 0.35 0.35 0.35
Purchased services 1,482,427   2,099,032 2,735,714 3,236,857 3,450,629 3,585,418 3,735,708 4,037,141 0.73 0.60 0.61 0.61 0.64 0.65 0.65 0.68
Supplies 172,898   206,137 225,230 228,417 232,774 237,184 249,401 265,647 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
Other 754,985   450,870 618,657 771,334 718,540 756,327 767,045 777,195 0.37 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.13
                                   
School administration 11,695,344   19,580,890 25,277,042 28,660,307 29,523,691 30,420,650 31,792,450 33,196,060 5.79 5.62 5.63 5.44 5.51 5.50 5.53 5.57
Salaries 8,935,903   14,817,213 18,181,910 20,191,545 20,574,974 21,132,933 21,921,938 22,757,965 4.42 4.25 4.05 3.83 3.84 3.82 3.81 3.82
Employee benefits 2,257,783   3,689,689 5,622,342 6,972,708 7,426,690 7,718,180 8,194,129 8,633,445 1.12 1.06 1.25 1.32 1.39 1.39 1.42 1.45
Purchased services 247,750   611,638 862,664 931,765 944,190 973,307 1,067,751 1,158,928 0.12 0.18 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.19 0.19
Supplies 189,711   369,257 474,816 426,864 432,107 435,766 443,385 474,181 0.09 0.11 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
Other 64,197   93,093 135,311 137,426 145,730 160,463 165,248 171,541 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
                                   
Operation and
    maintenance
21,290,655   34,034,158 44,313,835 50,214,709 50,674,499 53,051,141 54,200,172 55,045,308 10.54 9.77 9.87 9.52 9.46 9.58 9.42 9.23
Salaries 8,849,559   13,461,242 16,021,701 17,604,634 17,468,535 17,846,272 18,205,576 18,735,694 4.38 3.86 3.57 3.34 3.26 3.22 3.16 3.14
Employee benefits 2,633,075   3,778,520 5,840,665 7,195,927 7,473,129 7,694,270 8,024,419 8,293,959 1.30 1.08 1.30 1.36 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.39
Purchased services 5,721,125   9,642,217 11,913,734 13,351,922 14,015,338 15,022,138 15,514,037 15,895,813 2.83 2.77 2.65 2.53 2.62 2.71 2.70 2.67
Supplies 3,761,738   6,871,845 10,147,971 11,638,187 11,349,828 12,078,609 12,047,041 11,728,035 1.86 1.97 2.26 2.21 2.12 2.18 2.09 1.97
Other 325,157   280,334 389,764 424,039 367,669 409,852 409,098 391,807 0.16 0.08 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
                                   
Student transportation 8,678,954   14,052,654 18,850,234 22,370,807 23,237,941 23,845,036 23,961,692 24,325,894 4.30 4.03 4.20 4.24 4.34 4.31 4.16 4.08
Salaries 3,285,127   5,406,092 6,701,455 7,527,611 7,525,466 7,683,616 7,897,110 8,198,056 1.63 1.55 1.49 1.43 1.40 1.39 1.37 1.38
Employee benefits 892,985   1,592,127 2,535,296 3,124,937 3,249,580 3,296,150 3,412,883 3,599,972 0.44 0.46 0.56 0.59 0.61 0.60 0.59 0.60
Purchased services 3,345,232   5,767,462 7,547,730 9,153,621 9,580,324 9,926,270 10,063,360 10,392,864 1.66 1.66 1.68 1.74 1.79 1.79 1.75 1.74
Supplies 961,447   1,159,350 1,867,495 2,370,182 2,656,230 2,695,508 2,356,982 1,886,842 0.48 0.33 0.42 0.45 0.50 0.49 0.41 0.32
Other 194,163   127,623 198,259 194,456 226,340 243,492 231,357 248,160 0.10 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
                                   
Other support services4 5,587,837   11,439,134 14,463,815 17,246,807 18,054,249 19,034,045 20,885,114 21,595,076 2.77 3.28 3.22 3.27 3.37 3.44 3.63 3.62
Salaries 2,900,394   5,521,381 6,577,129 8,139,084 8,323,191 8,618,767 9,104,041 9,565,073 1.44 1.58 1.46 1.54 1.55 1.56 1.58 1.60
Employee benefits 980,859   1,594,540 2,483,366 3,295,052 3,497,220 3,694,720 3,912,721 4,061,910 0.49 0.46 0.55 0.62 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.68
Purchased services 798,922   2,783,176 3,455,292 3,876,650 4,317,682 4,671,337 4,853,416 5,120,351 0.40 0.80 0.77 0.74 0.81 0.84 0.84 0.86
Supplies 294,527   626,889 793,997 876,293 964,937 1,097,951 1,163,493 1,241,221 0.15 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.18 0.20 0.20 0.21
Other 613,135   913,148 1,154,031 1,059,728 951,218 951,270 1,851,443 1,606,520 0.30 0.26 0.26 0.20 0.18 0.17 0.32 0.27
                                   
Food services 8,430,490   13,816,635 17,263,582 20,394,768 21,835,757 22,342,085 23,064,706 23,643,250 4.17 3.97 3.84 3.87 4.08 4.04 4.01 3.97
Salaries ---   4,966,092 5,841,522 6,482,085 6,607,619 6,699,499 6,873,015 7,098,376 --- 1.43 1.30 1.23 1.23 1.21 1.19 1.19
Employee benefits ---   1,381,923 2,061,344 2,492,673 2,609,835 2,731,484 2,818,033 2,923,479 --- 0.40 0.46 0.47 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.49
Purchased services ---   923,091 1,464,511 2,058,018 2,270,476 2,335,017 2,460,967 2,566,875 --- 0.26 0.33 0.39 0.42 0.42 0.43 0.43
Supplies ---   6,420,201 7,727,182 9,118,886 10,110,849 10,333,931 10,628,481 10,753,015 --- 1.84 1.72 1.73 1.89 1.87 1.85 1.80
Other ---   125,327 169,023 243,105 236,978 242,155 284,209 301,505 --- 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05
                                   
Enterprise operations5 946,705   776,463 1,022,549 1,110,646 1,103,949 1,155,773 1,121,673 1,201,907 0.47 0.22 0.23 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.19 0.20
Salaries ---   124,913 213,999 338,141 303,674 318,467 311,727 331,775 --- 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.06
Employee benefits ---   23,837 76,042 97,063 102,699 108,464 116,266 118,893 --- 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Purchased services ---   189,230 228,823 172,641 178,246 186,682 180,106 207,215 --- 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Supplies ---   242,052 304,129 290,372 296,981 320,969 294,064 317,276 --- 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05
Other ---   196,430 199,556 212,430 222,349 221,191 219,510 226,748 --- 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
                                   
Current expenditures for
    other programs
3,295,717   6,063,700 7,415,575 8,161,474 8,031,416 7,926,285 7,713,966 7,913,839
Community services 964,370   2,426,189 3,015,207 3,269,802 3,132,422 3,187,692 3,279,485 3,426,859
Private school programs 527,609   1,026,695 1,389,204 1,427,539 1,471,013 1,431,807 1,590,684 1,662,359
Adult education 1,365,523   1,838,265 2,001,459 2,013,156 1,829,564 1,804,646 1,815,963 1,946,215
Community colleges 5,356   351 0 34,045 30,107 30,906 28,238 29,113
Other 432,858   772,200 1,009,704 1,416,931 1,568,310 1,471,234 999,597 849,293
                                   
Capital outlay6 19,771,478   46,220,704 57,375,299 50,968,815 45,720,570 46,438,323 50,610,125 55,989,047
Public schools 19,655,496   46,078,494 57,281,425 50,888,951 45,555,651 46,297,257 50,448,404 55,841,130
Other current
    expenditures
115,982   142,210 93,874 79,864 164,919 141,066 161,722 147,917
                                   
Interest on school debt 4,324,768   10,165,940 14,346,556 17,934,224 17,265,542 17,152,459 17,479,466 17,502,481
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Includes estimated data for subfunctions of food services and enterprise operations.
2 Includes expenditures for guidance, health, attendance, and speech pathology services.
3 Includes expenditures for curriculum development, staff training, libraries, and media and computer centers.
4 Includes business support services concerned with paying, transporting, exchanging, and maintaining goods and services for local education agencies; central support services, including planning, research, evaluation, information, staff, and data processing services; and other support services.
5 Includes expenditures for operations funded by sales of products or services (e.g., school bookstore or computer time). Includes very small amounts for direct program support made by state education agencies for local school districts.
6 Includes expenditures for property and for buildings and alterations completed by school district staff or contractors.  
NOTE: Excludes expenditures for state education agencies. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1990-91 through 2015-16. (This table was prepared September 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest