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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 232.10. Percentage of students in grades 9-12 who reported using alcohol at least 1 day during the previous 30 days, by location and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1993 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Location and student characteristic 1993 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Anywhere (including on school
    property)1
                                                                       
Total 48.0   (1.06) 50.8   (1.43) 50.0   (1.30) 47.1   (1.11) 44.9   (1.21) 43.3   (1.38) 44.7   (1.15) 41.8   (0.80) 38.7   (0.75) 34.9   (1.08) 32.8   (1.18) 29.8   (1.27)
Sex                                                                        
Male 50.1   (1.23) 53.3   (1.22) 52.3   (1.47) 49.2   (1.42) 43.8   (1.31) 43.8   (1.40) 44.7   (1.39) 40.8   (1.11) 39.5   (0.93) 34.4   (1.30) 32.2   (0.89) 27.6   (1.24)
Female 45.9   (1.32) 47.8   (1.99) 47.7   (1.45) 45.0   (1.11) 45.8   (1.29) 42.8   (1.56) 44.6   (1.42) 42.9   (0.85) 37.9   (0.91) 35.5   (1.39) 33.5   (1.89) 31.8   (1.57)
                                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                                        
White 49.9   (1.26) 54.0   (1.51) 52.5   (1.62) 50.4   (1.12) 47.1   (1.51) 46.4   (1.84) 47.3   (1.67) 44.7   (1.16) 40.3   (0.97) 36.3   (1.63) 35.2   (2.00) 32.4   (1.73)
Black 42.5   (1.82) 36.9   (1.46) 39.9   (4.07) 32.7   (2.33) 37.4   (1.67) 31.2   (1.05) 34.5   (1.65) 33.4   (1.45) 30.5   (1.40) 29.6   (1.65) 23.8   (2.82) 20.8   (2.27)
Hispanic 50.8   (2.82) 53.9   (1.96) 52.8   (2.41) 49.2   (1.52) 45.6   (1.39) 46.8   (1.39) 47.6   (1.80) 42.9   (1.43) 42.3   (1.38) 37.5   (2.11) 34.4   (1.28) 31.3   (1.53)
Asian2   (†)   (†) 25.7   (2.24) 28.4   (3.22) 27.5   (3.47) 21.5   (1.98) 25.4   (2.17) 18.3   (1.60) 25.6   (2.90) 21.7   (1.80) 13.1   (1.83) 12.2   (1.74)
Pacific Islander2   (†)   (†) 60.8   (5.11) 52.3   (8.54) 40.0   (7.04) 38.7   (8.43) 48.8   (6.58) 34.8   (4.36) 38.4   (6.40) 26.8   (5.84) 36.9   (10.62) 18.7   (3.17)
American Indian/Alaska
    Native
45.3   (7.18) 57.6   (3.79) 49.4   (6.43) 51.4   (3.97) 51.9   (5.29) 57.4   (4.13) 34.5   (1.77) 42.8   (5.43) 44.9   (2.26) 33.4   (5.13) 46.0   (8.12) 31.8   (8.15)
Two or more races2   (†)   (†) 51.1   (3.98) 45.4   (4.11) 47.1   (3.59) 39.0   (3.59) 46.2   (2.89) 44.3   (2.42) 36.9   (3.08) 36.1   (2.87) 39.6   (2.68) 32.7   (2.50)
                                                                         
Sexual orientation3                                                                        
Heterosexual   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 32.1   (1.30) 29.7   (1.02)
Gay, lesbian, or bisexual   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 40.5   (2.07) 37.4   (2.39)
Not sure   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 34.6   (2.81) 21.5   (2.77)
                                                                         
Grade                                                                        
9th 40.5   (1.79) 44.2   (3.12) 40.6   (2.17) 41.1   (1.82) 36.2   (1.43) 36.2   (1.23) 35.7   (1.15) 31.5   (1.28) 29.8   (1.35) 24.4   (1.13) 23.4   (1.28) 18.8   (1.23)
10th 44.0   (2.00) 47.2   (2.19) 49.7   (1.89) 45.2   (1.29) 43.5   (1.66) 42.0   (1.95) 41.8   (1.68) 40.6   (1.42) 35.7   (1.37) 30.9   (1.84) 29.0   (2.49) 27.0   (1.60)
11th 49.7   (1.73) 53.2   (1.49) 50.9   (1.98) 49.3   (1.70) 47.0   (2.08) 46.0   (1.98) 49.0   (1.83) 45.7   (2.05) 42.7   (1.28) 39.2   (1.52) 38.0   (1.68) 34.4   (1.68)
12th 56.4   (1.35) 57.3   (2.50) 61.7   (2.25) 55.2   (1.53) 55.9   (1.65) 50.8   (2.12) 54.9   (2.09) 51.7   (1.37) 48.4   (1.29) 46.8   (1.85) 42.4   (2.00) 40.8   (1.92)
                                                                         
Urbanicity4                                                                        
Urban   (†) 48.9   (2.07) 46.5   (2.75) 45.2   (1.97) 41.5   (1.48)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Suburban   (†) 50.5   (2.11) 51.4   (1.32) 47.6   (1.26) 46.5   (2.10)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Rural   (†) 55.4   (5.36) 52.2   (4.51) 50.2   (1.91) 45.3   (2.35)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
On school property5                                                                        
Total 5.2   (0.39) 5.6   (0.34) 4.9   (0.39) 4.9   (0.28) 5.2   (0.46) 4.3   (0.30) 4.1   (0.32) 4.5   (0.29) 5.1   (0.33)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Sex                                                                        
Male 6.2   (0.39) 7.2   (0.66) 6.1   (0.54) 6.1   (0.43) 6.0   (0.61) 5.3   (0.39) 4.6   (0.35) 5.3   (0.41) 5.4   (0.43)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Female 4.2   (0.54) 3.6   (0.37) 3.6   (0.39) 3.8   (0.39) 4.2   (0.41) 3.3   (0.32) 3.6   (0.37) 3.6   (0.34) 4.7   (0.35)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                                        
White 4.6   (0.44) 4.8   (0.42) 4.8   (0.55) 4.2   (0.26) 3.9   (0.45) 3.8   (0.38) 3.2   (0.35) 3.3   (0.27) 4.0   (0.38)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Black 6.9   (0.98) 5.6   (0.72) 4.3   (0.52) 5.3   (0.65) 5.8   (0.80) 3.2   (0.45) 3.4   (0.63) 5.4   (0.59) 5.1   (0.50)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Hispanic 6.8   (0.84) 8.2   (0.96) 7.0   (0.88) 7.0   (0.71) 7.6   (1.08) 7.7   (1.04) 7.5   (0.86) 6.9   (0.70) 7.3   (0.68)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian2   (†)   (†) 2.0   (0.42) 6.8   (1.42) 5.6   (1.55) 1.3 ! (0.62) 4.4   (1.17) 2.9   (0.65) 3.5 ! (1.21)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Pacific Islander2   (†)   (†) 6.7   (1.59) 12.4   (3.50) 8.5 ! (3.29)   (†)   (†) 10.0   (2.34) 8.3 ! (3.61)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
    Native
6.7 ! (3.06) 8.6 ! (4.15)   (†) 8.2   (1.69) 7.1 ! (2.61) 6.2 ! (2.05) 5.0   (0.89) 4.3 ! (1.58) 20.9   (4.15)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races2   (†)   (†) 5.2   (1.09) 7.0 ! (2.36) 13.3   (2.93) 3.5   (1.02) 5.4   (1.25) 6.7   (1.37) 5.8   (1.32)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Grade                                                                        
9th 5.2   (0.38) 5.9   (0.83) 4.4   (0.60) 5.3   (0.47) 5.1   (0.69) 3.7   (0.48) 3.4   (0.43) 4.4   (0.37) 5.4   (0.56)   (†)   (†)   (†)
10th 4.7   (0.43) 4.6   (0.71) 5.0   (0.67) 5.1   (0.45) 5.6   (0.60) 4.5   (0.45) 4.1   (0.50) 4.8   (0.46) 4.4   (0.51)   (†)   (†)   (†)
11th 5.2   (0.80) 6.0   (0.86) 4.7   (0.57) 4.7   (0.45) 5.0   (0.57) 4.0   (0.47) 4.2   (0.54) 4.6   (0.44) 5.2   (0.56)   (†)   (†)   (†)
12th 5.5   (0.64) 5.9   (0.66) 5.0   (0.89) 4.3   (0.44) 4.5   (0.68) 4.8   (0.57) 4.8   (0.55) 4.1   (0.44) 5.1   (0.48)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Urbanicity4                                                                        
Urban   (†) 6.4   (0.85) 5.0   (0.60) 5.4   (0.61) 6.1   (0.94)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Suburban   (†) 5.2   (0.43) 4.6   (0.61) 4.9   (0.37) 4.8   (0.54)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Rural   (†) 5.3   (0.55) 5.6   (0.67) 4.0   (0.83) 4.7   (0.49)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater.
1 The term "anywhere" is not used in the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) questionnaire; students were simply asked how many days during the previous 30 days they had at least one drink of alcohol.
2 Before 1999, Asian students and Pacific Islander students were not categorized separately, and students could not be classified as Two or more races. Because the response categories changed in 1999, caution should be used in comparing data on race from 1993 and 1997 with data from later years.
3 Students were asked which sexual orientation--"heterosexual (straight)," "gay or lesbian," "bisexual," or “not sure"--best described them.
4 Refers to the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. Categories include "central city of an MSA (Urban)," "in MSA but not in central city (Suburban)," and "not MSA (Rural)."
5 In the question about drinking alcohol at school, "on school property" was not defined for survey respondents. Data on alcohol use at school were not collected from 2013 onward.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adolescent and School Health, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), 1993 through 2017. (This table was prepared July 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest