Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 230.80. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported avoiding one or more places in school or avoiding school activities or classes because of fear of attack or harm, by selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1995 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Type of avoidance and student or school characteristic 19951 19991 20011 20031 20051 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Total, any avoidance2    (†) 6.9   (0.34) 6.1   (0.32) 5.0   (0.30) 5.5   (0.32) 7.2   (0.36) 5.0   (0.35) 5.5   (0.34) 4.7   (0.31) 4.9   (0.37) 6.1   (0.39)
                                                                   
Avoided one or more places in school3                                                                   
Total 8.7   (0.30) 4.7   (0.29) 4.7   (0.27) 4.0   (0.27) 4.5   (0.28) 5.8   (0.31) 4.0   (0.32) 4.7   (0.30) 3.7   (0.27) 3.9   (0.32) 4.9   (0.34)
Entrance to the school 2.1   (0.15) 1.1   (0.14) 1.3   (0.11) 1.2   (0.12) 1.0   (0.14) 1.5   (0.15) 0.9   (0.15) 0.9   (0.13) 0.8   (0.14) 0.9   (0.14) 0.9   (0.13)
Hallways or stairs in school 4.3   (0.21) 2.1   (0.17) 2.1   (0.18) 1.7   (0.17) 2.1   (0.21) 2.6   (0.21) 2.2   (0.23) 2.5   (0.21) 1.7   (0.18) 1.7   (0.20) 2.2   (0.24)
Parts of the school cafeteria 2.5   (0.19) 1.3   (0.15) 1.4   (0.16) 1.2   (0.13) 1.8   (0.16) 1.9   (0.19) 1.1   (0.17) 1.8   (0.18) 1.4   (0.19) 1.2   (0.19) 2.3   (0.27)
Any school restrooms 4.5   (0.22) 2.2   (0.19) 2.2   (0.19) 2.1   (0.16) 2.1   (0.20) 2.6   (0.24) 1.4   (0.19) 1.7   (0.19) 1.3   (0.16) 1.5   (0.21) 2.2   (0.25)
Other places inside the
   school building
2.5   (0.18) 1.4   (0.17) 1.4   (0.14) 1.3   (0.14) 1.4   (0.18) 1.5   (0.17) 1.0   (0.16) 1.1   (0.15) 0.8   (0.13) 0.8   (0.13) 1.1   (0.18)
                                                                   
Sex                                                                  
Male 8.9   (0.43) 4.7   (0.35) 4.8   (0.40) 3.9   (0.34) 4.9   (0.46) 6.1   (0.47) 3.9   (0.45) 3.9   (0.42) 3.4   (0.34) 3.4   (0.41) 4.1   (0.40)
Female 8.6   (0.46) 4.6   (0.40) 4.7   (0.35) 4.1   (0.37) 4.1   (0.40) 5.5   (0.41) 4.0   (0.42) 5.5   (0.40) 3.9   (0.43) 4.4   (0.45) 5.7   (0.51)
                                                                   
Race/ethnicity4                                                                  
White 7.1   (0.33) 3.8   (0.29) 3.9   (0.29) 3.1   (0.27) 3.6   (0.30) 5.3   (0.36) 3.3   (0.38) 4.4   (0.38) 3.0   (0.34) 3.8   (0.43) 4.5   (0.49)
Black 12.2   (1.04) 6.8   (0.92) 6.6   (0.74) 5.1   (0.79) 7.2   (0.98) 8.3   (1.02) 6.1   (1.04) 4.5   (0.80) 3.3   (0.79) 3.9   (0.80) 6.5   (1.10)
Hispanic 13.0   (0.98) 6.2   (0.73) 5.6   (0.72) 6.3   (0.70) 6.0   (0.80) 6.8   (0.82) 4.8   (0.86) 6.0   (0.68) 4.9   (0.63) 4.2   (0.68) 5.0   (0.72)
Asian/Pacific Islander 12.8   (1.87) 4.7   (0.92) 7.0   (1.35) 4.6   (1.14) 3.2 ! (1.06) 1.8 ! (0.88) 3.5 ! (1.47) 2.5 ! (0.99) 4.0 ! (1.25) 3.7 ! (1.28) 3.5 ! (1.28)
Asian   (†)   (†)   (†) 3.9   (1.04) 2.5 ! (0.88)   (†) 3.7 ! (1.53) 2.7 ! (1.06) 3.8 ! (1.26) 3.7 ! (1.33) 3.6 ! (1.30)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native   (†) 10.0 ! (4.47)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 12.2 ! (4.95)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races   (†)   (†)   (†) 5.7 ! (2.52)   (†) 4.7 ! (1.65)   (†) 3.7 ! (1.31) 4.5 ! (1.87)   (†) 6.6 ! (2.08)
                                                                   
Grade                                                                  
6th 11.8   (1.01) 6.0   (0.93) 6.9   (0.93) 5.6   (0.94) 7.9   (1.27) 7.8   (1.20) 7.1   (1.13) 6.9   (0.99) 4.4   (0.92) 6.2   (1.15) 7.0   (1.29)
7th 11.9   (0.90) 6.1   (0.72) 6.3   (0.80) 5.7   (0.73) 5.8   (0.93) 7.5   (0.86) 5.5   (0.86) 5.1   (0.76) 4.6   (0.72) 5.4   (0.88) 6.6   (0.93)
8th 8.9   (0.77) 5.6   (0.71) 5.2   (0.63) 4.7   (0.64) 4.5   (0.67) 5.9   (0.84) 4.8   (0.93) 5.2   (0.75) 2.7   (0.62) 4.0   (0.80) 3.6   (0.65)
9th 9.6   (0.71) 5.3   (0.63) 5.0   (0.61) 5.1   (0.62) 5.2   (0.78) 6.7   (0.81) 4.5   (0.89) 3.7   (0.67) 5.1   (0.78) 4.0   (0.71) 6.8   (1.04)
10th 7.8   (0.76) 4.8   (0.61) 4.3   (0.64) 3.1   (0.55) 4.2   (0.65) 5.5   (0.80) 4.2   (0.88) 5.4   (0.72) 4.0   (0.72) 2.8   (0.53) 4.3   (0.84)
11th 6.9   (0.64) 2.5   (0.46) 2.8   (0.43) 2.5   (0.53) 3.3   (0.58) 4.2   (0.70) 1.2 ! (0.44) 3.6   (0.65) 2.5   (0.61) 2.2   (0.56) 4.3   (0.83)
12th 4.1   (0.74) 2.4   (0.51) 3.0   (0.65) 1.2 ! (0.42) 1.3 ! (0.41) 3.2   (0.71) 1.6 ! (0.50) 3.7   (0.71) 2.3   (0.62) 3.3   (0.81) 2.6   (0.59)
                                                                   
Urbanicity5                                                                  
Urban 11.8   (0.74) 5.8   (0.48) 6.0   (0.53) 5.7   (0.59) 6.3   (0.67) 6.1   (0.65) 5.5   (0.69) 5.3   (0.61) 4.3   (0.54) 4.7   (0.67) 5.9   (0.77)
Suburban 8.0   (0.40) 4.7   (0.38) 4.4   (0.38) 3.5   (0.31) 3.8   (0.36) 5.2   (0.38) 3.1   (0.38) 4.6   (0.36) 3.3   (0.33) 4.0   (0.42) 4.7   (0.39)
Rural 7.1   (0.65) 3.0   (0.57) 3.9   (0.70) 2.8   (0.53) 4.2   (0.74) 6.9   (0.69) 4.3   (0.80) 3.5   (0.54) 3.5   (0.68) 1.9 ! (0.57) 3.7   (0.67)
                                                                   
School control                                                                  
Public 9.4   (0.33) 5.0   (0.31) 5.0   (0.29) 4.2   (0.29) 4.8   (0.30) 6.2   (0.35) 4.2   (0.34) 4.9   (0.32) 3.9   (0.29) 4.0   (0.33) 5.1   (0.36)
Private 2.2   (0.47) 1.6   (0.45) 2.0 ! (0.70) 1.5 ! (0.49) 1.4 ! (0.55) 1.4 ! (0.54) 1.8 ! (0.73) 2.1 ! (0.70) 1.0 ! (0.49) 1.7 ! (0.76) 2.6 ! (0.98)
                                                                   
Avoided school activities or classes6                                                                   
Total   (†) 3.2   (0.22) 2.3   (0.19) 1.9   (0.18) 2.1   (0.23) 2.6   (0.23) 2.1   (0.25) 2.0   (0.20) 2.0   (0.21) 2.1   (0.24) 2.4   (0.24)
Any activities7 1.7   (0.15) 0.9   (0.10) 1.1   (0.12) 1.0   (0.11) 1.0   (0.16) 1.8   (0.20) 1.3   (0.20) 1.2   (0.16) 1.0   (0.13) 1.3   (0.18) 1.3   (0.17)
Any classes   (†) 0.6   (0.09) 0.6   (0.09) 0.6   (0.11) 0.7   (0.13) 0.7   (0.12) 0.6   (0.13) 0.7   (0.10) 0.5   (0.10) 0.6   (0.11) 0.8   (0.12)
Stayed home from school   (†) 2.3   (0.19) 1.1   (0.13) 0.8   (0.11) 0.7   (0.11) 0.8   (0.13) 0.6   (0.14) 0.8   (0.12) 0.9   (0.13) 0.8   (0.14) 1.2   (0.16)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 In 2005 and prior years, the period covered by the survey question was “during the last 6 months,” whereas the period was “during this school year” beginning in 2007. Cognitive testing showed that estimates for earlier years are comparable to those for 2007 and later years.
2 In the total for any avoidance, students who reported both avoiding one or more places in school and avoiding school activities or classes were counted only once.
3 Students who reported avoiding multiple places in school were counted only once in the total for students avoiding one or more places.
4 Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Prior to 2003, separate data for Asian students, Pacific Islander students, and students of Two or more races were not collected.
5 Refers to the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. Categories include "central city of an MSA (Urban)," "in MSA but not in central city (Suburban)," and "not MSA (Rural)."
6 Students who reported more than one type of avoidance of school activities or classes--e.g., reported that they avoided “any activities” and also reported that they stayed home from school--were counted only once in the total for avoiding activities or classes.
7 Before 2007, students were asked whether they avoided "any extracurricular activities." Starting in 2007, the survey wording was changed to "any activities."
NOTE: Students were asked whether they avoided places or activities because they thought that someone might attack or harm them. For the 2001 survey only, the wording was changed from "attack or harm" to "attack or threaten to attack." Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey, 1995 through 2017. (This table was prepared September 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest