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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 229.30. Percentage of public schools recording incidents of crime at school, number of incidents, and rate per 1,000 students, by type of crime and selected school characteristics: 2015-16
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
School characteristic Total number of schools Violent incidents Theft3 Other incidents4
All violent1 Serious violent2
Percent of schools
recording
Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students Percent of schools
recording
Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students Percent of schools
recording
Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students Percent of schools
recording
Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Total 83,600 (210) 68.9 (1.30) 864,900 (42,950) 17.5 (0.89) 15.5 (0.93) 40,800   (3,460) 0.8   (0.07) 38.7 (1.29) 166,000 (5,190) 3.4 (0.11) 58.5 (1.68) 350,400 (10,710) 7.1 (0.22)
                                                         
School level5                                                        
Primary 49,100 (180) 57.2 (2.04) 355,500 (35,190) 14.7 (1.49) 9.2 (1.12) 12,800   (2,390) 0.5   (0.10) 22.5 (1.81) 27,300 (3,140) 1.1 (0.13) 42.7 (2.63) 69,900 (6,150) 2.9 (0.25)
Middle 15,600 (30) 88.0 (1.15) 263,000 (17,350) 27.1 (1.78) 22.9 (1.90) 12,500   (1,930) 1.3   (0.20) 54.7 (1.84) 43,100 (2,530) 4.4 (0.27) 76.5 (1.69) 74,500 (3,760) 7.7 (0.38)
High school 12,800 (50) 89.8 (1.53) 207,900 (10,320) 16.2 (0.72) 30.5 (1.79) 13,200   (1,220) 1.0   (0.09) 76.5 (1.98) 82,800 (4,500) 6.4 (0.35) 88.1 (1.48) 180,900 (10,150) 14.1 (0.75)
Combined 6,200 (120) 71.1 (5.52) 38,500 (6,430) 14.8 (2.61) 15.9 (3.22) 2,300 ! (740) 0.9 ! (0.30) 49.3 (6.40) 12,800 (2,330) 4.9 (0.92) 77.8 (4.77) 25,100 (3,710) 9.6 (1.36)
                                                         
Enrollment size                                                        
Less than 300 18,200 (190) 52.6 (3.81) 66,400 (9,690) 15.7 (2.43) 7.3 (2.18) 3,300 ! (1,110) 0.8 ! (0.27) 28.2 (3.06) 15,000 (2,640) 3.6 (0.64) 44.7 (3.87) 32,700 (7,430) 7.8 (1.77)
300 to 499 25,000 (110) 63.0 (2.96) 177,000 (18,850) 17.3 (1.82) 12.7 (1.79) 8,700   (2,000) 0.8   (0.20) 27.6 (2.22) 23,600 (2,930) 2.3 (0.29) 51.7 (3.03) 51,000 (3,570) 5.0 (0.35)
500 to 999 31,700 (90) 76.0 (2.03) 399,100 (33,500) 18.2 (1.54) 17.1 (1.43) 15,700   (2,090) 0.7   (0.10) 42.3 (2.06) 59,100 (3,470) 2.7 (0.16) 62.5 (2.11) 124,800 (6,860) 5.7 (0.30)
1,000 or more 8,700 (10) 94.5 (1.37) 222,300 (10,800) 17.2 (0.86) 34.6 (2.49) 13,200   (1,570) 1.0   (0.13) 80.1 (1.87) 68,300 (3,620) 5.3 (0.29) 92.6 (1.74) 141,900 (6,280) 11.0 (0.48)
                                                         
Locale                                                        
City 22,800 (110) 74.0 (2.71) 335,900 (30,200) 22.8 (2.08) 17.4 (1.80) 15,200   (2,230) 1.0   (0.15) 42.4 (3.07) 55,800 (3,380) 3.8 (0.23) 63.6 (3.12) 115,400 (7,910) 7.8 (0.49)
Suburban 27,400 (90) 66.4 (2.47) 260,900 (17,170) 13.2 (0.84) 12.8 (1.26) 11,700   (1,610) 0.6   (0.08) 35.0 (2.22) 55,000 (3,860) 2.8 (0.19) 52.6 (2.77) 116,400 (6,840) 5.9 (0.33)
Town 11,000 (80) 77.7 (3.69) 132,500 (19,620) 23.3 (3.51) 20.2 (3.52) 5,800   (1,480) 1.0   (0.27) 42.4 (3.16) 20,600 (1,750) 3.6 (0.32) 70.5 (3.80) 54,400 (3,510) 9.6 (0.62)
Rural 22,500 (150) 62.7 (2.82) 135,500 (11,480) 14.8 (1.31) 14.6 (1.93) 8,100   (1,470) 0.9   (0.17) 37.7 (2.78) 34,600 (3,700) 3.8 (0.41) 54.7 (3.18) 64,200 (4,740) 7.0 (0.50)
                                                         
Percent combined enrollment of Black,
      Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, and
      American Indian/Alaska Native students,
      and students of Two or more races
                                                       
Less than 5 percent 5,300 (550) 58.0 (5.85) 28,800 (4,690) 14.9 (2.01) 11.0 (2.98) 1,300 ! (470) 0.7 ! (0.24) 27.6 (5.55) 4,800 (920) 2.5 (0.47) 47.7 (6.06) 14,900 (2,220) 7.7 (1.11)
5 percent to less than 20 percent 21,300 (900) 68.4 (3.27) 147,000 (19,840) 13.6 (1.80) 14.7 (1.84) 6,400   (1,220) 0.6   (0.11) 40.7 (2.82) 34,200 (3,830) 3.2 (0.34) 62.0 (3.11) 69,400 (4,020) 6.4 (0.36)
20 percent to less than 50 percent 21,900 (800) 66.8 (3.16) 199,800 (16,960) 14.8 (1.23) 14.5 (1.92) 9,700   (1,980) 0.7   (0.15) 37.1 (2.41) 41,500 (2,950) 3.1 (0.22) 53.3 (3.04) 82,600 (5,510) 6.1 (0.38)
50 percent or more 35,100 (1,110) 72.3 (1.89) 489,300 (33,460) 21.2 (1.52) 17.3 (1.41) 23,300   (2,300) 1.0   (0.10) 40.2 (2.45) 85,400 (5,160) 3.7 (0.21) 61.2 (2.58) 183,400 (10,410) 8.0 (0.44)
                                                         
Percent of students eligible for
      free or reduced-price lunch
                                                       
0 to 25 percent 13,900 (920) 58.6 (4.06) 81,000 (14,550) 8.3 (1.33) 11.9 (1.50) 3,100   (440) 0.3   (0.04) 31.9 (2.36) 19,600 (1,660) 2.0 (0.16) 44.1 (3.66) 40,900 (3,430) 4.2 (0.29)
26 to 50 percent 23,400 (1,070) 70.2 (2.80) 198,900 (25,420) 15.0 (1.62) 15.4 (1.66) 10,200   (1,740) 0.8   (0.12) 37.7 (2.01) 46,900 (3,900) 3.5 (0.26) 57.5 (3.18) 92,900 (5,710) 7.0 (0.38)
51 to 75 percent 23,000 (1,100) 68.3 (2.65) 231,700 (16,060) 17.6 (1.23) 16.3 (2.05) 11,200   (1,770) 0.9   (0.14) 42.5 (2.64) 52,100 (4,100) 4.0 (0.30) 60.3 (2.62) 106,200 (8,330) 8.1 (0.45)
76 to 100 percent 23,300 (1,120) 74.5 (2.47) 353,300 (34,130) 26.7 (2.42) 16.9 (1.90) 16,300   (2,460) 1.2   (0.18) 40.1 (2.84) 47,300 (4,560) 3.6 (0.30) 66.3 (3.17) 110,500 (10,230) 8.4 (0.71)
                                                         
Student/teacher ratio6                                                        
Less than 12 11,400 (840) 61.9 (4.10) 66,700 (12,100) 18.9 (2.99) 10.6 (2.34) 3,400   (1,000) 1.0   (0.27) 29.4 (3.82) 11,900 (2,160) 3.4 (0.56) 51.6 (3.34) 22,800 (2,720) 6.4 (0.71)
12 to 16 29,100 (1,290) 70.5 (2.34) 316,800 (28,240) 20.6 (1.64) 15.5 (1.80) 10,200   (1,520) 0.7   (0.10) 39.0 (2.35) 51,500 (3,870) 3.4 (0.26) 57.6 (2.75) 97,400 (6,110) 6.3 (0.37)
More than 16 43,100 (1,250) 69.8 (1.78) 481,300 (30,050) 15.8 (0.94) 16.7 (1.39) 27,200   (3,440) 0.9   (0.11) 41.0 (1.80) 102,600 (4,910) 3.4 (0.15) 60.9 (2.33) 230,300 (12,160) 7.6 (0.37)
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
1 "All violent" incidents include "serious violent" incidents (see footnote 2) as well as physical attack or fight without a weapon and threat of physical attack without a weapon.
2 "Serious violent" incidents include rape, sexual assault other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny (taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm." This includes pocket picking, stealing a purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of a bicycle, theft from a vending machine, and all other types of thefts.
4 "Other incidents" include possession of a firearm or explosive device; possession of a knife or sharp object; distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol; inappropriate distribution, possession, or use of prescription drugs; and vandalism.
5 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K-12 schools.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school, as reported on the School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), by the total number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers. Information regarding the total number of FTE teachers was obtained from the Common Core of Data (CCD), the sampling frame for SSOCS.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. "At school" was defined to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to include incidents that occurred before, during, or after normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015-16 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2016. (This table was prepared September 2017.)  

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest