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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 227.50. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading and mathematics scale scores of 4th-, 8th-, and 12th-graders and percentage absent from school, by selected characteristics and number of days absent in the last month: 2015 and 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade level and days absent from school in the last month All students Sex Race/ethnicity Eligibility for free or
reduced-price lunch (public school students only)
Control of school
Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American Indian/
Alaska Native
Two or more races Eligible Not eligible Unknown Public Catholic Other private
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
  Average mathematics scale score1
4th-graders (2017) 240 (0.2) 241 (0.3) 239 (0.2) 248 (0.2) 223 (0.5) 229 (0.4) 260 (1.0) 229 (2.7) 227 (1.3) 245 (0.8) 228 (0.3) 253 (0.3) 238 (2.0) 239 (0.2) 245 (1.1) (†)
0 days 246 (0.3) 247 (0.4) 245 (0.4) 253 (0.3) 230 (0.6) 237 (0.6) 267 (1.3) 243 (4.4) 238 (2.0) 251 (1.0) 234 (0.4) 258 (0.4) 243 (2.6) 246 (0.3) 249 (1.4) (†)
1-2 days 242 (0.3) 244 (0.4) 240 (0.3) 250 (0.4) 226 (0.7) 232 (0.6) 260 (1.2) 226 (3.8) 232 (2.3) 245 (1.2) 231 (0.4) 253 (0.4) 246 (2.7) 241 (0.3) 248 (1.5) (†)
3-4 days 235 (0.4) 236 (0.6) 234 (0.6) 244 (0.5) 220 (0.8) 225 (0.9) 252 (2.2) 227 (5.6) 227 (2.5) 240 (2.0) 225 (0.5) 248 (0.7) 227 (3.5) 234 (0.4) 237 (2.4) (†)
5-10 days 231 (0.7) 231 (0.9) 231 (0.8) 240 (0.9) 216 (1.2) 221 (1.3) 245 (3.8) 221 (4.1) 218 (4.9) 239 (3.3) 221 (0.9) 245 (0.9) 229 (3.0) 230 (0.7) 239 (4.1) (†)
More than 10 days 212 (0.7) 212 (0.9) 212 (1.0) 221 (1.1) 201 (1.2) 207 (1.2) 231 (5.3) 211 (5.0) 215 (4.0) 221 (3.1) 206 (0.7) 226 (1.2) (†) 211 (0.7) (†) (†)
                                                                 
8th-graders (2017) 283 (0.3) 283 (0.3) 282 (0.3) 293 (0.3) 260 (0.5) 269 (0.5) 312 (1.5) 274 (2.2) 267 (1.4) 287 (1.1) 267 (0.3) 297 (0.3) 293 (2.4) 282 (0.3) 294 (1.4) (†)
0 days 289 (0.4) 290 (0.5) 289 (0.6) 298 (0.5) 267 (0.8) 275 (0.8) 317 (1.7) 281 (4.9) 274 (2.9) 297 (1.8) 273 (0.5) 302 (0.5) 302 (2.9) 289 (0.4) 297 (1.7) (†)
1-2 days 284 (0.4) 284 (0.4) 284 (0.5) 294 (0.4) 262 (0.6) 271 (0.8) 309 (2.4) 278 (3.9) 273 (2.3) 286 (1.5) 269 (0.4) 297 (0.5) 295 (3.0) 283 (0.4) 294 (1.7) (†)
3-4 days 274 (0.5) 274 (0.8) 273 (0.7) 286 (0.5) 253 (1.0) 261 (1.0) 301 (2.5) 260 (5.9) 266 (3.9) 277 (3.0) 260 (0.7) 288 (0.7) 287 (5.3) 273 (0.6) 287 (3.1) (†)
5-10 days 268 (0.8) 268 (1.2) 267 (1.1) 279 (1.1) 249 (1.7) 256 (1.7) 283 (6.8) 272 (7.4) 262 (4.8) 268 (3.7) 255 (0.9) 282 (1.2) 275 (5.7) 266 (0.8) 292 (4.3) (†)
More than 10 days 250 (1.2) 249 (1.6) 251 (1.5) 260 (2.0) 235 (2.6) 244 (2.2) 278 (7.6) (†) 241 (5.9) 260 (6.3) 243 (1.5) 267 (2.7) (†) 250 (1.2) (†) (†)
                                                                 
12th-graders (2015) 152 (0.5) 153 (0.7) 150 (0.6) 160 (0.6) 130 (1.0) 139 (0.8) 171 (1.9) (†) 138 (2.8) 157 (2.2) 138 (0.7) 160 (0.7) 156 (8.4) 150 (0.6) 173 (2.4) (†)
0 days 156 (0.8) 157 (1.0) 155 (1.0) 164 (0.9) 135 (1.3) 144 (1.3) 176 (2.1) (†) (†) 163 (4.8) 142 (1.0) 164 (1.1) (†) 155 (0.9) 175 (2.8) (†)
1-2 days 152 (0.6) 154 (0.8) 151 (0.9) 162 (0.9) 129 (1.3) 138 (1.2) 167 (3.1) (†) (†) 158 (4.0) 137 (0.9) 161 (1.0) (†) 151 (0.7) 174 (2.5) (†)
3-4 days 145 (0.9) 146 (1.3) 144 (1.2) 154 (1.1) 127 (2.0) 133 (1.6) 164 (4.9) (†) (†) (†) 133 (1.2) 154 (1.2) (†) 143 (0.9) 171 (3.9) (†)
5-10 days 141 (1.4) 144 (1.9) 138 (2.1) 151 (1.7) 125 (4.6) 128 (2.2) (†) (†) (†) (†) 131 (2.1) 151 (2.1) (†) 140 (1.4) (†) (†)
More than 10 days 130 (2.8) 129 (3.9) 131 (3.8) 135 (4.7) (†) 133 (4.0) (†) (†) (†) (†) 123 (3.3) 140 (3.5) (†) 131 (2.4) (†) (†)
  Average reading scale score2
4th-graders (2017) 222 (0.3) 219 (0.3) 225 (0.3) 232 (0.3) 206 (0.5) 209 (0.5) 241 (1.0) 212 (2.7) 202 (1.8) 227 (0.9) 208 (0.3) 236 (0.3) 223 (2.5) 221 (0.2) 235 (1.2) (†)
0 days 228 (0.3) 226 (0.4) 231 (0.4) 236 (0.4) 214 (0.7) 216 (0.6) 247 (1.0) 218 (4.5) 213 (3.2) 234 (1.4) 214 (0.4) 240 (0.4) 231 (2.7) 227 (0.3) 239 (1.5) (†)
1-2 days 225 (0.4) 222 (0.5) 228 (0.5) 234 (0.4) 209 (0.9) 213 (0.8) 240 (2.0) 221 (5.0) 208 (3.4) 229 (1.5) 213 (0.5) 237 (0.5) 227 (3.1) 224 (0.4) 236 (1.7) (†)
3-4 days 219 (0.5) 215 (0.8) 222 (0.7) 229 (0.6) 206 (1.1) 207 (1.0) 233 (2.4) 208 (5.7) 203 (3.5) 224 (1.6) 208 (0.6) 232 (0.7) 221 (5.0) 218 (0.5) 231 (2.9) (†)
5-10 days 210 (0.9) 206 (1.2) 215 (1.1) 225 (1.2) 194 (1.4) 196 (1.7) 220 (5.9) 200 (5.5) 191 (6.3) 216 (3.5) 198 (1.0) 228 (1.2) 218 (5.6) 209 (0.9) 229 (3.7) (†)
More than 10 days 183 (1.0) 180 (1.2) 188 (1.5) 195 (1.8) 177 (2.0) 174 (1.5) 198 (6.2) 185 (5.0) 181 (7.2) 198 (5.1) 176 (1.0) 201 (1.9) (†) 182 (0.9) (†) (†)
                                                                 
8th-graders (2017) 267 (0.3) 262 (0.3) 272 (0.4) 275 (0.3) 249 (0.5) 255 (0.5) 284 (1.0) 255 (2.5) 253 (1.3) 272 (1.1) 253 (0.3) 277 (0.3) 267 (3.1) 265 (0.3) 283 (1.2) (†)
0 days 271 (0.4) 266 (0.5) 276 (0.5) 278 (0.5) 255 (0.6) 259 (0.7) 287 (1.0) 258 (4.4) 260 (2.9) 278 (1.5) 257 (0.4) 280 (0.5) 271 (4.8) 270 (0.4) 285 (1.6) (†)
1-2 days 268 (0.3) 263 (0.4) 272 (0.4) 276 (0.4) 250 (0.7) 257 (0.6) 282 (1.8) 256 (4.7) 257 (2.2) 274 (1.5) 255 (0.5) 278 (0.4) 271 (3.9) 267 (0.4) 284 (1.4) (†)
3-4 days 260 (0.5) 255 (0.7) 265 (0.7) 270 (0.6) 245 (1.0) 250 (1.0) 273 (3.1) 248 (5.5) 246 (2.8) 265 (2.0) 249 (0.6) 272 (0.8) 266 (4.1) 259 (0.6) 280 (2.8) (†)
5-10 days 256 (0.8) 250 (0.9) 262 (1.1) 264 (0.9) 240 (2.0) 248 (1.8) 272 (8.0) 258 (6.9) 245 (4.4) 252 (3.1) 246 (1.0) 267 (1.1) 251 (6.6) 254 (0.7) 277 (4.0) (†)
More than 10 days 236 (1.6) 231 (2.0) 243 (2.6) 244 (2.2) 224 (2.9) 232 (2.9) 255 (8.9) (†) (†) (†) 230 (1.7) 250 (2.6) (†) 236 (1.6) (†) (†)
                                                                 
12th-graders (2015) 287 (0.5) 282 (0.6) 292 (0.7) 295 (0.7) 266 (1.1) 276 (0.9) 297 (2.1) (†) 279 (6.2) 295 (2.9) 273 (0.7) 295 (0.7) 293 (8.0) 285 (0.6) 311 (2.4) (†)
0 days 291 (0.7) 286 (0.9) 297 (1.0) 299 (0.9) 269 (1.7) 280 (1.1) 298 (2.4) (†) (†) 297 (4.6) 276 (1.1) 298 (1.0) (†) 289 (0.8) 312 (2.5) (†)
1-2 days 289 (0.7) 284 (0.9) 293 (1.0) 297 (0.9) 267 (1.4) 278 (1.2) 301 (2.8) (†) 276 (7.2) 295 (5.0) 275 (0.9) 296 (0.9) 290 (8.0) 287 (0.8) 313 (3.6) (†)
3-4 days 283 (0.9) 276 (1.4) 288 (1.3) 291 (1.2) 263 (2.1) 272 (1.6) 293 (5.8) (†) (†) (†) 269 (1.2) 291 (1.1) (†) 281 (0.9) 307 (3.0) (†)
5-10 days 278 (1.6) 271 (2.5) 283 (1.8) 287 (2.1) 261 (3.3) 266 (3.2) (†) (†) (†) (†) 268 (2.2) 285 (2.3) (†) 276 (1.7) (†) (†)
More than 10 days 259 (3.4) 256 (5.3) 263 (3.7) 260 (5.2) 253 (5.6) 255 (4.1) (†) (†) (†) (†) 253 (3.7) 268 (5.4) (†) 259 (3.2) (†) (†)
  Percent of students absent3
4th-graders (2017) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†)
0 days 45 (0.2) 46 (0.3) 43 (0.3) 45 (0.3) 42 (0.6) 41 (0.5) 59 (1.0) 39 (4.2) 40 (2.0) 44 (1.1) 40 (0.3) 49 (0.4) 44 (2.0) 44 (0.2) 50 (1.5) (†)
1-2 days 32 (0.2) 31 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 31 (0.5) 32 (0.5) 25 (1.0) 31 (3.9) 30 (2.0) 31 (1.1) 32 (0.3) 33 (0.3) 32 (2.1) 33 (0.2) 31 (1.4) (†)
3-4 days 13 (0.1) 13 (0.2) 14 (0.2) 13 (0.2) 14 (0.4) 14 (0.4) 9 (0.5) 14 (2.4) 16 (1.1) 15 (0.7) 15 (0.2) 12 (0.2) 14 (2.2) 13 (0.2) 11 (0.9) (†)
5-10 days 6 (0.1) 6 (0.1) 6 (0.1) 5 (0.1) 6 (0.2) 6 (0.2) 4 (0.4) 8 (1.4) 8 (1.1) 7 (0.6) 7 (0.2) 5 (0.1) 4 (0.8) 6 (0.1) 5 (0.6) (†)
More than 10 days 4 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 3 (0.1) 6 (0.2) 6 (0.2) 2 (0.3) 7 (1.5) 7 (1.0) 4 (0.4) 6 (0.2) 2 (0.1) 5 (1.3) 4 (0.1) 2 (0.5) (†)
                                                                 
8th-graders (2017) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†)
0 days 41 (0.3) 43 (0.3) 40 (0.4) 40 (0.3) 42 (0.6) 40 (0.6) 62 (1.2) 38 (3.4) 35 (2.0) 40 (1.3) 38 (0.4) 44 (0.3) 43 (2.7) 41 (0.3) 45 (1.5) (†)
1-2 days 38 (0.2) 37 (0.3) 39 (0.3) 41 (0.3) 35 (0.6) 38 (0.6) 28 (1.1) 30 (3.2) 34 (1.7) 37 (1.2) 38 (0.4) 39 (0.3) 35 (2.1) 38 (0.2) 38 (1.4) (†)
3-4 days 14 (0.1) 13 (0.2) 15 (0.2) 14 (0.2) 15 (0.4) 15 (0.3) 7 (0.5) 18 (3.5) 20 (1.5) 15 (0.9) 16 (0.2) 12 (0.2) 15 (1.4) 14 (0.2) 12 (0.9) (†)
5-10 days 5 (0.1) 5 (0.1) 5 (0.2) 5 (0.1) 5 (0.3) 5 (0.2) 2 (0.3) 11 (2.1) 8 (1.1) 7 (0.6) 6 (0.2) 4 (0.2) 5 (0.9) 5 (0.1) 4 (0.5) (†)
More than 10 days 1 (0.1) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 2 (0.2) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.2) 2 (0.5) 3 (0.7) 1 (0.3) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 2 (0.6) 2 (0.1) # (†) (†)
                                                                 
12th-graders (2015) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†)
0 days 36 (0.6) 40 (0.7) 32 (0.6) 35 (0.7) 38 (1.0) 34 (1.0) 49 (1.5) (†) 30 (3.1) 34 (2.5) 33 (0.8) 37 (0.7) 35 (5.2) 36 (0.6) 38 (1.9) (†)
1-2 days 41 (0.5) 40 (0.6) 43 (0.6) 43 (0.6) 37 (0.8) 40 (0.8) 37 (1.5) (†) 42 (4.9) 41 (3.2) 40 (0.7) 43 (0.7) 39 (4.8) 41 (0.5) 43 (1.7) (†)
3-4 days 15 (0.3) 14 (0.4) 17 (0.5) 15 (0.4) 17 (0.8) 17 (0.6) 10 (0.9) (†) 19 (3.1) 15 (2.1) 18 (0.6) 14 (0.5) 15 (2.3) 16 (0.4) 14 (1.1) (†)
5-10 days 6 (0.2) 5 (0.3) 6 (0.3) 5 (0.3) 7 (0.5) 6 (0.4) 3 (0.4) (†) 6 (1.5) 7 (1.3) 7 (0.4) 5 (0.3) 8 (2.1) 6 (0.2) 5 (0.6) (†)
More than 10 days 2 (0.1) 2 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 2 (0.3) 2 (0.3) 1 (0.4) (†) 3 (1.6) 3 (0.9) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 3 (1.3) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.2) (†)
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 For grades 4 and 8, the mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 500. For grade 12, the mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 300.
2 Reading scale ranges from 0 to 500.
3 Absenteeism percentages based on the 2017 Reading Assessment for 4th- and 8th-graders and the 2015 Reading Assessment for 12th-graders (not assessed in 2017).
NOTE: Includes public and private schools except where otherwise noted. Includes students tested with accommodations (9 to 12 percent of all students, depending on assessment and grade level); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 percent of all students). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2015 and 2017 Mathematics and Reading Assessments, retrieved April 3, 2018, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared April 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest