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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 222.55. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score of 4th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity, school's rate of free or reduced-price lunch eligibility, and state: 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
State Race/ethnicity Percent of students in school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch
White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American Indian/
Alaska Native
Two or more races 0-25 percent eligible
(low poverty)
26-50 percent eligible 51-75 percent eligible 76-100 percent eligible
(high poverty)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
United States 248 (0.2) 223 (0.5) 229 (0.4) 260 (1.1) 228 (2.6) 228 (1.3) 244 (0.8) 257 (0.6) 245 (0.4) 236 (0.5) 225 (0.5)
Alabama 242 (1.1) 219 (1.3) 218 (3.5) (†) (†) (†) (†) 251 (4.8) 242 (1.8) 232 (1.3) 218 (2.1)
Alaska1 244 (1.0) 223 (5.2) 224 (2.3) 236 (2.3) 212 (4.9) 208 (1.9) 234 (2.2) 244 (1.5) 237 (1.3) 227 (2.3) 214 (2.5)
Arizona 247 (1.5) 216 (3.3) 226 (1.2) 262 (5.2) (†) 223 (5.3) (†) 258 (2.2) 243 (3.0) 234 (2.0) 220 (1.4)
Arkansas 240 (1.0) 214 (2.0) 230 (2.1) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 243 (1.4) 235 (1.3) 223 (1.9)
California 245 (1.8) 218 (3.4) 223 (1.2) 260 (2.9) (†) (†) 247 (3.4) 261 (3.8) 240 (2.7) 229 (2.3) 219 (1.7)
                                             
Colorado1 250 (1.4) 223 (2.8) 226 (1.3) 252 (4.6) (†) (†) 249 (2.8) 253 (2.6) 244 (1.8) 234 (1.8) 218 (2.6)
Connecticut 249 (1.2) 222 (2.5) 223 (1.6) 258 (3.4) (†) (†) 252 (3.2) 254 (1.4) 239 (2.1) 235 (2.1) 220 (2.5)
Delaware 246 (1.1) 222 (1.5) 229 (1.6) 268 (3.1) (†) (†) 237 (3.3) 249 (1.7) 243 (1.6) 232 (1.6) 225 (1.6)
District of Columbia1 272 (1.9) 224 (0.9) 230 (1.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) 256 (1.7) 255 (2.8) 228 (2.8) 223 (1.0)
Florida1 255 (1.1) 233 (1.4) 242 (0.9) 267 (3.9) (†) (†) 259 (3.2) 265 (2.7) 253 (1.6) 248 (2.0) 240 (1.1)
                                             
Georgia 247 (1.3) 223 (1.5) 228 (1.9) 273 (4.2) (†) (†) 241 (3.5) 264 (3.5) 245 (2.6) 235 (1.7) 222 (1.5)
Hawaii 248 (2.0) (†) 232 (2.0) 248 (1.2) 224 (1.4) (†) 241 (1.7) 253 (2.2) 242 (1.5) 236 (1.3) 221 (2.1)
Idaho 244 (0.8) (†) 222 (1.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) 252 (1.7) 244 (1.3) 236 (1.4) 227 (2.2)
Illinois1 249 (1.5) 217 (1.9) 227 (1.1) 263 (3.0) (†) (†) 243 (3.8) 250 (3.8) 245 (2.5) 230 (2.2) 224 (1.4)
Indiana 251 (1.2) 226 (2.4) 234 (2.3) (†) (†) (†) 244 (3.9) 264 (2.8) 250 (1.9) 243 (1.7) 232 (2.6)
                                             
Iowa 247 (1.0) 215 (3.1) 231 (2.3) (†) (†) (†) 234 (3.0) 258 (2.3) 245 (1.2) 240 (1.8) 217 (3.0)
Kansas 246 (1.1) 223 (3.8) 233 (1.5) 255 (5.3) (†) (†) 240 (3.0) 256 (2.2) 247 (1.6) 238 (1.7) 225 (2.1)
Kentucky 243 (0.9) 218 (1.4) 230 (2.2) 266 (5.9) (†) (†) 233 (3.5) 257 (4.7) 250 (1.5) 240 (1.3) 228 (1.7)
Louisiana 242 (1.4) 216 (1.4) 224 (3.0) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 245 (2.1) 237 (1.6) 221 (1.6)
Maine 241 (1.0) 216 (6.0) (†) (†) (†) (†) 239 (3.3) 255 (1.5) 242 (1.3) 234 (1.7) 224 (3.5)
                                             
Maryland1 254 (1.5) 226 (1.3) 229 (2.1) 264 (2.9) (†) (†) 244 (3.8) 257 (2.8) 244 (2.0) 235 (2.7) 222 (2.1)
Massachusetts1 255 (1.1) 229 (3.1) 234 (1.7) 263 (2.2) (†) (†) 258 (4.2) 259 (1.6) 244 (3.4) 241 (2.8) 236 (2.2)
Michigan 242 (1.1) 211 (1.9) 223 (3.0) 261 (5.4) (†) (†) 239 (3.8) 255 (2.2) 240 (1.8) 233 (1.9) 211 (2.1)
Minnesota1 256 (1.2) 222 (3.1) 229 (2.5) 246 (5.4) (†) (†) 249 (3.0) 262 (1.8) 248 (1.8) 241 (2.9) 216 (4.8)
Mississippi 246 (1.2) 224 (1.0) 239 (2.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) 243 (3.9) 249 (2.9) 242 (1.4) 227 (1.5)
                                             
Missouri 245 (1.1) 216 (2.3) 227 (3.5) (†) (†) (†) 239 (4.1) 253 (2.6) 246 (1.8) 235 (1.4) 218 (2.5)
Montana 245 (0.7) (†) 230 (2.7) (†) (†) 216 (2.3) 239 (3.2) 248 (2.4) 245 (1.1) 241 (1.4) 221 (2.4)
Nebraska 252 (1.0) 220 (3.1) 233 (1.7) 256 (7.5) (†) (†) 236 (3.3) 258 (1.4) 248 (1.6) 241 (1.8) 228 (1.7)
Nevada1 241 (1.8) 216 (2.3) 225 (1.1) 256 (3.8) (†) (†) 237 (3.3) 245 (2.2) 237 (1.7) 227 (2.1) 223 (1.5)
New Hampshire 246 (0.9) (†) 227 (2.7) 262 (4.8) (†) (†) (†) 252 (1.3) 241 (1.4) 235 (2.7) 221 (3.0)
                                             
New Jersey1 255 (1.2) 228 (5.0) 236 (1.9) 272 (2.7) (†) (†) (†) 257 (2.1) 244 (2.0) 237 (2.5) 230 (4.5)
New Mexico1 244 (1.4) (†) 226 (1.0) (†) (†) 218 (2.3) (†) 256 (3.9) 238 (1.5) 232 (1.6) 223 (1.1)
New York1 244 (1.1) 224 (2.5) 223 (1.2) 252 (2.5) (†) (†) (†) 250 (1.8) 240 (1.9) 233 (2.8) 225 (3.0)
North Carolina1 251 (1.1) 224 (1.3) 235 (1.9) 258 (3.6) (†) (†) 242 (3.7) 265 (1.7) 247 (2.3) 240 (1.7) 230 (2.0)
North Dakota 248 (0.8) 229 (3.0) 231 (3.2) (†) (†) 225 (2.3) 239 (3.0) 249 (1.3) 244 (1.0) 239 (1.8) (†)
                                             
Ohio1 246 (1.0) 220 (2.0) 229 (3.6) 264 (6.4) (†) (†) 237 (3.1) 258 (1.7) 246 (1.7) 235 (3.6) 223 (1.9)
Oklahoma 244 (1.1) 218 (2.7) 230 (2.0) (†) (†) 233 (1.9) 241 (2.0) 252 (2.5) 246 (2.5) 239 (1.6) 230 (1.7)
Oregon 239 (1.2) (†) 218 (1.8) 251 (5.1) (†) (†) 235 (3.6) 254 (4.3) 241 (1.9) 229 (1.7) 221 (2.0)
Pennsylvania 250 (1.0) 216 (2.0) 221 (1.9) 268 (3.7) (†) (†) 234 (3.1) 260 (2.0) 246 (1.4) 239 (2.2) 220 (2.1)
Rhode Island1 245 (0.9) 225 (2.2) 224 (1.5) 256 (4.3) (†) (†) 238 (2.7) 251 (1.5) 240 (1.6) 236 (2.1) 221 (1.5)
                                             
South Carolina1 245 (1.1) 219 (1.2) 230 (2.2) (†) (†) (†) 232 (3.6) 256 (2.4) 238 (3.2) 236 (2.1) 224 (1.7)
South Dakota 247 (0.7) 219 (4.3) 229 (3.4) (†) (†) 220 (2.4) 240 (3.7) 250 (1.3) 245 (0.9) 238 (2.2) 220 (2.4)
Tennessee1 244 (1.2) 222 (1.2) 226 (2.3) (†) (†) (†) 236 (3.8) 255 (4.0) 244 (2.4) 238 (1.7) 226 (1.4)
Texas 253 (1.3) 229 (2.4) 236 (1.5) 265 (4.7) (†) (†) 253 (5.5) 260 (2.8) 251 (1.7) 241 (3.0) 229 (1.8)
Utah 247 (1.1) (†) 226 (1.8) (†) (†) (†) 247 (4.1) 249 (1.8) 241 (2.0) 237 (2.4) 224 (3.6)
                                             
Vermont 241 (0.8) 226 (5.4) (†) (†) (†) (†) 239 (3.2) 252 (1.5) 242 (1.2) 233 (1.3) 233 (3.3)
Virginia 258 (1.2) 231 (1.3) 235 (1.6) 264 (3.3) (†) (†) 251 (3.1) 262 (1.7) 248 (1.7) 239 (1.6) 227 (2.5)
Washington 248 (1.4) 228 (3.8) 226 (1.7) 260 (4.0) (†) (†) 248 (2.4) 259 (3.5) 243 (1.4) 235 (2.3) 224 (2.2)
West Virginia 237 (1.0) 226 (4.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) 231 (4.0) 244 (4.5) 244 (2.1) 235 (1.5) 232 (1.3)
Wisconsin 247 (1.0) 211 (1.7) 225 (2.2) 242 (4.1) (†) (†) 240 (3.4) 253 (2.4) 244 (1.2) 234 (1.7) 216 (2.4)
Wyoming 250 (0.6) (†) 237 (2.1) (†) (†) 221 (3.8) (†) 256 (1.5) 249 (0.8) 241 (1.7) (†)
Department of Defense
     dependents schools1
252 (0.8) 239 (1.4) 244 (1.3) 256 (2.2) (†) (†) 251 (1.6) 251 (1.0) 247 (1.2) 247 (2.1) (†)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Nonresponse rate for free or reduced-price lunch was greater than 15 percent but not greater than 50 percent.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Includes public school students who were tested with accommodations; excludes only those students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL) who were unable to be tested even with accommodations. SD and ELL populations, accommodation rates, and exclusion rates vary from state to state. Race/ethnicity based on school records. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2015 Mathematics Assessment, retrieved July 2, 2018, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared July 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest