Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 222.50. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score of 4th-grade public school students, by state: Selected years, 1992 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
State 19921 19962 2000 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11   12
United States 219 (0.8) 222 (1.0) 224 (1.0) 234 (0.2) 237 (0.2) 239 (0.2) 239 (0.2) 240 (0.2) 241 (0.2) 240 (0.3) 239 (0.2)
Alabama 208 (1.6) 212 (1.2) 217 (1.2) 223 (1.2) 225 (0.9) 229 (1.3) 228 (1.1) 231 (1.0) 233 (1.0) 231 (0.9) 232 (1.0)
Alaska3 (†) 224 (1.3) (†) 233 (0.8) 236 (1.0) 237 (1.0) 237 (0.9) 236 (0.9) 236 (0.8) 236 (1.1) 230 (0.9)
Arizona 215 (1.1) 218 (1.7) 219 (1.3) 229 (1.1) 230 (1.1) 232 (1.0) 230 (1.1) 235 (1.1) 240 (1.2) 238 (1.0) 234 (1.1)
Arkansas3 210 (0.9) 216 (1.5) 216 (1.1) 229 (0.9) 236 (0.9) 238 (1.1) 238 (0.9) 238 (0.8) 240 (0.9) 235 (0.8) 234 (0.9)
California4 208 (1.6) 209 (1.8) 213 (1.6) 227 (0.9) 230 (0.6) 230 (0.7) 232 (1.2) 234 (1.4) 234 (1.2) 232 (1.4) 232 (1.2)
                                             
Colorado 221 (1.0) 226 (1.0) (†) 235 (1.0) 239 (1.1) 240 (1.0) 243 (1.0) 244 (0.9) 247 (0.8) 242 (1.0) 241 (1.1)
Connecticut 227 (1.1) 232 (1.1) 234 (1.1) 241 (0.8) 242 (0.8) 243 (1.1) 245 (1.0) 242 (1.3) 243 (0.9) 240 (0.9) 239 (1.1)
Delaware 218 (0.8) 215 (0.6) (†) 236 (0.5) 240 (0.5) 242 (0.4) 239 (0.5) 240 (0.6) 243 (0.7) 239 (0.6) 236 (0.8)
District of Columbia 193 (0.5) 187 (1.1) 192 (1.1) 205 (0.7) 211 (0.8) 214 (0.8) 219 (0.7) 222 (0.7) 229 (0.7) 231 (0.6) 231 (0.7)
Florida 214 (1.5) 216 (1.2) (†) 234 (1.1) 239 (0.7) 242 (0.8) 242 (1.0) 240 (0.8) 242 (0.8) 243 (1.0) 246 (0.7)
                                             
Georgia 216 (1.2) 215 (1.5) 219 (1.1) 230 (1.0) 234 (1.0) 235 (0.8) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.7) 240 (1.0) 236 (1.2) 236 (1.1)
Hawaii 214 (1.3) 215 (1.5) 216 (1.0) 227 (1.0) 230 (0.8) 234 (0.8) 236 (1.1) 239 (0.7) 243 (0.8) 238 (0.9) 238 (0.8)
Idaho4 222 (1.0) (†) 224 (1.4) 235 (0.7) 242 (0.7) 241 (0.7) 241 (0.8) 240 (0.6) 241 (0.9) 239 (0.9) 240 (0.9)
Illinois4 (†) (†) 223 (1.9) 233 (1.1) 233 (1.0) 237 (1.1) 238 (1.0) 239 (1.1) 239 (1.2) 237 (1.2) 238 (1.0)
Indiana4 221 (1.0) 229 (1.0) 233 (1.1) 238 (0.9) 240 (0.8) 245 (0.8) 243 (0.9) 244 (1.0) 249 (0.9) 248 (1.1) 247 (1.1)
                                             
Iowa3,4 230 (1.0) 229 (1.1) 231 (1.2) 238 (0.7) 240 (0.7) 243 (0.8) 243 (0.8) 243 (0.8) 246 (0.9) 243 (0.9) 243 (1.1)
Kansas4 (†) (†) 232 (1.6) 242 (1.0) 246 (1.0) 248 (0.9) 245 (1.0) 246 (0.9) 246 (0.8) 241 (1.0) 241 (0.9)
Kentucky 215 (1.0) 220 (1.1) 219 (1.4) 229 (1.1) 231 (0.9) 235 (0.9) 239 (1.1) 241 (0.8) 241 (0.9) 242 (1.1) 239 (0.9)
Louisiana 204 (1.5) 209 (1.1) 218 (1.4) 226 (1.0) 230 (0.9) 230 (1.0) 229 (1.0) 231 (1.0) 231 (1.2) 234 (1.1) 229 (1.2)
Maine4 232 (1.0) 232 (1.0) 230 (1.0) 238 (0.7) 241 (0.8) 242 (0.8) 244 (0.8) 244 (0.7) 246 (0.7) 242 (0.8) 240 (0.9)
                                             
Maryland 217 (1.3) 221 (1.6) 222 (1.2) 233 (1.3) 238 (1.0) 240 (0.9) 244 (0.9) 247 (0.9) 245 (1.3) 239 (1.0) 241 (1.1)
Massachusetts 227 (1.2) 229 (1.3) 233 (1.2) 242 (0.8) 247 (0.8) 252 (0.8) 252 (0.9) 253 (0.8) 253 (1.0) 251 (1.2) 249 (1.0)
Michigan3,4 220 (1.7) 226 (1.3) 229 (1.6) 236 (0.9) 238 (1.2) 238 (1.3) 236 (1.0) 236 (1.1) 237 (1.1) 236 (1.2) 236 (1.3)
Minnesota4 228 (0.9) 232 (1.1) 234 (1.3) 242 (0.9) 246 (1.0) 247 (1.0) 249 (1.1) 249 (0.9) 253 (1.1) 250 (1.2) 249 (1.2)
Mississippi 202 (1.1) 208 (1.2) 211 (1.1) 223 (1.0) 227 (0.9) 228 (1.0) 227 (1.0) 230 (0.9) 231 (0.7) 234 (0.9) 235 (0.8)
                                             
Missouri 222 (1.2) 225 (1.1) 228 (1.2) 235 (0.9) 235 (0.9) 239 (0.9) 241 (1.2) 240 (0.9) 240 (0.8) 239 (0.9) 240 (1.1)
Montana3,4 (†) 228 (1.2) 228 (1.7) 236 (0.8) 241 (0.8) 244 (0.8) 244 (0.7) 244 (0.6) 244 (0.6) 241 (0.7) 241 (0.8)
Nebraska 225 (1.2) 228 (1.2) 225 (1.8) 236 (0.8) 238 (0.9) 238 (1.1) 239 (1.0) 240 (1.0) 243 (1.0) 244 (0.9) 246 (0.9)
Nevada3 (†) 218 (1.3) 220 (1.0) 228 (0.8) 230 (0.8) 232 (0.9) 235 (0.9) 237 (0.8) 236 (0.8) 234 (1.1) 232 (1.2)
New Hampshire 230 (1.2) (†) (†) 243 (0.9) 246 (0.8) 249 (0.8) 251 (0.8) 252 (0.6) 253 (0.8) 249 (0.8) 245 (0.9)
                                             
New Jersey3 227 (1.5) 227 (1.5) (†) 239 (1.1) 244 (1.1) 249 (1.1) 247 (1.0) 248 (0.9) 247 (1.1) 245 (1.2) 248 (1.3)
New Mexico 213 (1.4) 214 (1.8) 213 (1.5) 223 (1.1) 224 (0.8) 228 (0.9) 230 (1.0) 233 (0.8) 233 (0.7) 231 (0.8) 230 (0.8)
New York3,4 218 (1.2) 223 (1.2) 225 (1.4) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.9) 243 (0.8) 241 (0.7) 238 (0.8) 240 (1.0) 237 (0.9) 236 (1.0)
North Carolina 213 (1.1) 224 (1.2) 230 (1.1) 242 (0.8) 241 (0.9) 242 (0.8) 244 (0.8) 245 (0.7) 245 (0.9) 244 (1.0) 241 (1.0)
North Dakota 229 (0.8) 231 (1.2) 230 (1.2) 238 (0.7) 243 (0.5) 245 (0.5) 245 (0.6) 245 (0.4) 246 (0.5) 245 (0.5) 244 (0.7)
                                             
Ohio4 219 (1.2) (†) 230 (1.5) 238 (1.0) 242 (1.0) 245 (1.0) 244 (1.1) 244 (0.8) 246 (1.1) 244 (1.2) 241 (1.0)
Oklahoma 220 (1.0) (†) 224 (1.0) 229 (1.0) 234 (1.0) 237 (0.8) 237 (0.9) 237 (0.8) 239 (0.7) 240 (1.0) 237 (0.9)
Oregon4 (†) 223 (1.4) 224 (1.8) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.8) 236 (1.0) 238 (0.9) 237 (0.9) 240 (1.3) 238 (1.1) 233 (1.1)
Pennsylvania3 224 (1.3) 226 (1.2) (†) 236 (1.1) 241 (1.2) 244 (0.8) 244 (1.1) 246 (1.1) 244 (1.0) 243 (1.4) 242 (1.0)
Rhode Island 215 (1.5) 220 (1.4) 224 (1.1) 230 (1.0) 233 (0.9) 236 (0.9) 239 (0.8) 242 (0.7) 241 (0.8) 238 (0.7) 238 (0.7)
                                             
South Carolina3 212 (1.1) 213 (1.3) 220 (1.4) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.9) 237 (0.8) 236 (0.9) 237 (1.0) 237 (1.0) 237 (1.1) 234 (1.0)
South Dakota (†) (†) (†) 237 (0.7) 242 (0.5) 241 (0.7) 242 (0.5) 241 (0.6) 241 (0.5) 240 (0.7) 242 (0.8)
Tennessee 211 (1.4) 219 (1.4) 220 (1.4) 228 (1.0) 232 (1.2) 233 (0.9) 232 (1.1) 233 (0.9) 240 (0.9) 241 (1.1) 237 (1.0)
Texas 218 (1.2) 229 (1.4) 231 (1.1) 237 (0.9) 242 (0.6) 242 (0.7) 240 (0.7) 241 (1.1) 242 (0.9) 244 (1.3) 241 (1.2)
Utah 224 (1.0) 227 (1.2) 227 (1.3) 235 (0.8) 239 (0.8) 239 (0.9) 240 (1.0) 243 (0.8) 243 (0.9) 243 (1.0) 242 (1.0)
                                             
Vermont3,4 (†) 225 (1.2) 232 (1.6) 242 (0.8) 244 (0.5) 246 (0.5) 248 (0.4) 247 (0.5) 248 (0.6) 243 (0.7) 241 (0.7)
Virginia 221 (1.3) 223 (1.4) 230 (1.0) 239 (1.1) 240 (0.9) 244 (0.9) 243 (1.0) 245 (0.8) 246 (1.1) 247 (1.3) 248 (1.0)
Washington (†) 225 (1.2) (†) 238 (1.0) 242 (0.9) 243 (1.0) 242 (0.8) 243 (0.9) 246 (1.1) 245 (1.3) 242 (1.3)
West Virginia 215 (1.1) 223 (1.0) 223 (1.3) 231 (0.8) 231 (0.7) 236 (0.9) 233 (0.8) 235 (0.7) 237 (0.8) 235 (0.8) 236 (1.0)
Wisconsin 229 (1.1) 231 (1.0) (†) 237 (0.9) 241 (0.9) 244 (0.9) 244 (0.9) 245 (0.8) 245 (1.0) 243 (1.1) 240 (0.9)
Wyoming 225 (0.9) 223 (1.4) 229 (1.1) 241 (0.6) 243 (0.6) 244 (0.5) 242 (0.6) 244 (0.4) 247 (0.4) 247 (0.6) 248 (0.6)
Department of Defense
     dependents
     schools5
(†) 224 (0.6) 227 (0.6) 237 (0.4) 239 (0.5) 240 (0.4) 240 (0.5) 241 (0.4) 245 (0.4) 248 (0.5) 249 (0.5)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met. Participation rates fell below the required standards for reporting.
1 Accommodations were not permitted for this assessment.
2 The 1996 data in this table do not include students who were tested with accommodations. Data for students tested with accommodations are not available at the state level for 1996.
3 Did not meet one or more of the guidelines for school participation in 1996. Data are subject to appreciable nonresponse bias.
4 Did not meet one or more of the guidelines for school participation in 2000. Data are subject to appreciable nonresponse bias.
5 Prior to 2005, NAEP divided the Department of Defense (DoD) schools into two jurisdictions, domestic and overseas. In 2005, NAEP began combining the DoD domestic and overseas schools into a single jurisdiction. Data shown in this table for years prior to 2005 were recalculated for comparability.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. State-level data for 1990 are not available. For 2000 and later years, includes public school students who were tested with accommodations; excludes only those students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL) who were unable to be tested even with accommodations. SD and ELL populations, accommodation rates, and exclusion rates vary from state to state.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1992, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved March 13, 2018, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared March 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest