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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 222.20. Percentage of students at or above selected National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics achievement levels, by grade and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 2003 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade and selected student characteristic 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017
At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
4th grade, all students 77 (0.3) 32 (0.3) 80 (0.2) 36 (0.2) 82 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 39 (0.3) 82 (0.2) 40 (0.3) 83 (0.2) 42 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 40 (0.4) 80 (0.3) 40 (0.4)
Sex                                                                
Male 78 (0.4) 35 (0.4) 81 (0.2) 38 (0.2) 82 (0.2) 41 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 41 (0.4) 83 (0.3) 42 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 43 (0.4) 82 (0.4) 42 (0.5) 80 (0.4) 42 (0.4)
Female 76 (0.3) 30 (0.3) 80 (0.2) 34 (0.3) 82 (0.2) 37 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 37 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 39 (0.4) 83 (0.2) 41 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 38 (0.5) 80 (0.3) 38 (0.4)
                                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                                
White 87 (0.2) 43 (0.3) 90 (0.2) 47 (0.2) 91 (0.2) 51 (0.4) 91 (0.2) 51 (0.4) 91 (0.2) 52 (0.4) 91 (0.2) 54 (0.4) 90 (0.3) 51 (0.5) 88 (0.3) 51 (0.4)
Black 54 (0.6) 10 (0.3) 60 (0.5) 13 (0.3) 64 (0.6) 15 (0.4) 64 (0.6) 16 (0.5) 66 (0.6) 17 (0.5) 66 (0.6) 18 (0.5) 65 (0.7) 19 (0.6) 63 (0.8) 19 (0.6)
Hispanic 62 (0.7) 16 (0.5) 68 (0.5) 19 (0.3) 70 (0.5) 22 (0.4) 71 (0.7) 22 (0.4) 72 (0.5) 24 (0.5) 73 (0.7) 26 (0.6) 73 (0.6) 26 (0.7) 71 (0.5) 26 (0.6)
Asian/Pacific Islander 87 (0.8) 48 (1.9) 90 (0.5) 55 (1.1) 91 (0.7) 58 (1.3) 92 (0.6) 60 (1.5) 91 (0.6) 62 (1.6) 91 (0.6) 64 (1.2) 91 (0.8) 62 (1.7) 90 (0.8) 64 (1.4)
Asian (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 93 (0.5) 64 (1.6) 92 (0.6) 66 (1.2) 93 (0.7) 65 (1.7) 92 (0.7) 67 (1.4)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 77 (2.7) 34 (3.2) 77 (3.1) 33 (3.2) 68 (4.0) 30 (2.8) 71 (3.7) 29 (3.5)
American Indian/Alaska Native 64 (1.7) 17 (1.2) 68 (1.5) 21 (1.2) 70 (1.2) 25 (1.1) 66 (1.6) 21 (1.2) 66 (1.2) 22 (1.2) 68 (1.7) 23 (1.4) 69 (1.8) 23 (1.7) 69 (2.0) 24 (1.9)
Two or more races (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 87 (0.7) 45 (1.2) 85 (1.0) 46 (1.4) 86 (0.9) 45 (1.3) 85 (0.9) 45 (1.3)
                                                                 
Eligibility for free or reduced-                                                                
price lunch                                                                
Eligible 62 (0.5) 15 (0.3) 67 (0.3) 19 (0.2) 70 (0.4) 22 (0.3) 70 (0.4) 22 (0.3) 72 (0.3) 24 (0.3) 73 (0.4) 25 (0.4) 72 (0.4) 24 (0.4) 69 (0.4) 25 (0.3)
Not eligible 88 (0.3) 45 (0.4) 90 (0.2) 49 (0.3) 91 (0.2) 53 (0.4) 91 (0.3) 54 (0.4) 92 (0.2) 57 (0.4) 93 (0.2) 59 (0.4) 92 (0.3) 58 (0.6) 91 (0.3) 57 (0.5)
Unknown 84 (0.9) 41 (1.2) 87 (0.7) 45 (1.2) 90 (0.9) 48 (1.5) 88 (1.3) 47 (1.7) 90 (0.8) 52 (1.4) 90 (1.0) 52 (2.2) 89 (1.2) 50 (1.7) 87 (1.1) 49 (1.7)
                                                                 
8th grade, all students 68  (0.3)  29  (0.3)  69  (0.2)  30  (0.2)  71  (0.3)  32  (0.3)  73  (0.3)  34  (0.3)  73  (0.2)  35  (0.2)  74  (0.3)  35  (0.3)  71  (0.3)  33  (0.3)  70  (0.3)  34  (0.3) 
Sex                                                                
Male 69 (0.4) 30 (0.4) 70 (0.3) 31 (0.3) 72 (0.3) 34 (0.4) 73 (0.3) 36 (0.4) 73 (0.4) 36 (0.3) 74 (0.3) 36 (0.4) 71 (0.4) 34 (0.4) 70 (0.3) 35 (0.4)
Female 67 (0.4) 27 (0.3) 69 (0.3) 28 (0.3) 71 (0.3) 30 (0.3) 72 (0.4) 32 (0.4) 73 (0.2) 34 (0.3) 74 (0.4) 35 (0.4) 72 (0.4) 33 (0.4) 70 (0.3) 33 (0.5)
                                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                                
White 80 (0.3) 37 (0.4) 80 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 42 (0.3) 83 (0.3) 44 (0.4) 84 (0.3) 44 (0.3) 84 (0.2) 45 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 43 (0.4) 80 (0.3) 44 (0.4)
Black 39 (0.8) 7 (0.3) 42 (0.5) 9 (0.3) 47 (0.7) 11 (0.3) 50 (0.6) 12 (0.5) 51 (0.6) 13 (0.4) 52 (0.7) 14 (0.5) 48 (0.9) 13 (0.5) 47 (0.7) 13 (0.5)
Hispanic 48 (0.8) 12 (0.5) 52 (0.6) 13 (0.4) 55 (0.7) 15 (0.4) 57 (0.8) 17 (0.6) 61 (0.7) 20 (0.6) 62 (0.6) 21 (0.5) 60 (0.7) 19 (0.6) 57 (0.7) 20 (0.5)
Asian/Pacific Islander 78 (1.1) 43 (1.3) 81 (0.8) 47 (1.2) 83 (0.8) 50 (1.1) 85 (1.0) 54 (1.8) 86 (1.0) 55 (1.2) 87 (0.8) 60 (1.3) 87 (0.9) 59 (1.7) 87 (0.9) 62 (1.5)
Asian (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 88 (0.9) 58 (1.3) 89 (0.8) 63 (1.3) 88 (0.9) 61 (1.7) 88 (0.9) 64 (1.6)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 59 (4.7) 22 (1.9) 67 (3.5) 24 (2.9) 63 (4.2) 29 (3.9) 64 (2.8) 25 (3.3)
American Indian/Alaska Native 52 (2.7) 15 (1.7) 53 (1.3) 14 (1.2) 53 (1.8) 16 (1.2) 56 (1.5) 18 (1.3) 55 (1.5) 17 (1.2) 59 (1.7) 21 (1.5) 57 (1.8) 20 (1.7) 56 (1.6) 18 (1.8)
Two or more races (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 78 (1.1) 39 (1.7) 76 (1.2) 38 (1.4) 74 (1.5) 36 (1.3) 73 (1.3) 37 (1.4)
                                                                 
Eligibility for free or reduced-                                                                
price lunch                                                                
Eligible 48 (0.5) 12 (0.4) 51 (0.4) 13 (0.2) 55 (0.5) 15 (0.3) 57 (0.5) 17 (0.3) 59 (0.4) 19 (0.3) 60 (0.4) 20 (0.3) 58 (0.4) 18 (0.3) 55 (0.4) 18 (0.3)
Not eligible 79 (0.3) 37 (0.4) 79 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 81 (0.3) 42 (0.4) 83 (0.3) 45 (0.4) 84 (0.2) 47 (0.4) 86 (0.3) 49 (0.4) 84 (0.3) 48 (0.5) 82 (0.3) 48 (0.4)
Unknown 75 (1.1) 36 (1.2) 79 (1.1) 40 (1.4) 81 (1.7) 43 (1.7) 83 (1.3) 48 (1.9) 85 (0.9) 48 (1.5) 84 (1.3) 50 (2.6) 81 (1.5) 46 (1.9) 83 (1.1) 47 (1.8)
                                                                 
12th grade, all students   (†)    (†)  61  (0.8)  23  (0.7)    (†)    (†)  64  (0.8)  26  (0.8)    (†)    (†)  65  (0.7)  26  (0.6)  62  (0.8)  25  (0.7)    (†)    (†) 
Sex                                                                
Male (†) (†) 62 (0.9) 25 (1.0) (†) (†) 65 (0.9) 28 (1.0) (†) (†) 66 (0.8) 28 (0.8) 63 (1.0) 26 (0.7) (†) (†)
Female (†) (†) 60 (1.0) 21 (0.8) (†) (†) 63 (0.8) 24 (0.8) (†) (†) 64 (0.9) 24 (0.7) 61 (0.9) 23 (0.7) (†) (†)
                                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                                
White (†) (†) 70 (0.8) 29 (0.8) (†) (†) 75 (0.7) 33 (0.8) (†) (†) 75 (0.8) 33 (0.8) 73 (0.9) 32 (0.9) (†) (†)
Black (†) (†) 30 (1.7) 6 (0.8) (†) (†) 37 (1.2) 6 (0.6) (†) (†) 38 (1.5) 7 (0.6) 36 (1.6) 7 (0.7) (†) (†)
Hispanic (†) (†) 40 (2.1) 8 (1.0) (†) (†) 45 (1.1) 11 (0.8) (†) (†) 50 (1.3) 12 (0.7) 47 (1.3) 12 (0.7) (†) (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander (†) (†) 73 (2.6) 36 (3.0) (†) (†) 84 (1.9) 52 (3.4) (†) (†) 81 (1.4) 47 (2.0) 78 (2.1) 46 (2.6) (†) (†)
Asian (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 83 (1.5) 49 (2.0) 79 (2.0) 47 (2.5) (†) (†)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 65 (7.3) 16 (6.0) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†) 42 (8.6) 6 (2.9) (†) (†) 56 (5.4) 12 (3.3) (†) (†) 54 (5.8) 12 (4.0) 46 (4.6) 10 (3.3) (†) (†)
Two or more races (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 67 (3.0) 26 (2.7) 67 (3.2) 31 (3.1) (†) (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Basic denotes partial mastery of the knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade.
2 Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
NOTE: Includes public and private schools. Includes students tested with accommodations (1 to 14 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (1 to 4 percent of all students). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Prior to 2011, separate data for Asian students, Pacific Islander students, and students of Two or more races were not collected.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved July 2, 2018, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared July 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest