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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 222.10. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score, by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade: Selected years, 1990 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade and year All students Sex Race/ethnicity
Average mathematics scale score Gap between female and male score Average mathematics scale score Gap between White and Black score Gap between White and Hispanic score
White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native Two or more races1
Male Female Total Asian1 Pacific Islander1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Grade 4                                                        
19902 213 (0.9) 214 (1.2) 213 (1.1) -1 (1.7) 220 (1.0) 188 (1.8) 200 (2.2) 225 (4.1) (†) (†) (†) (†) 32 (2.0) 20 (2.4)
19922 220 (0.7) 221 (0.8) 219 (1.0) -2 (1.2) 227 (0.8) 193 (1.4) 202 (1.5) 231 (2.1) (†) (†) (†) (†) 35 (1.6) 25 (1.7)
1996 224 (1.0) 224 (1.1) 223 (1.1) # (†) 232 (1.0) 198 (1.6) 207 (1.9) 229 (4.2) (†) (†) 217 (5.6) (†) 34 (1.8) 25 (2.1)
2000 226 (0.9) 227 (1.0) 224 (0.9) -3 (1.4) 234 (0.8) 203 (1.2) 208 (1.5) (†) (†) (†) 208 (3.5) (†) 31 (1.5) 27 (1.7)
2003 235 (0.2) 236 (0.3) 233 (0.2) -3 (0.3) 243 (0.2) 216 (0.4) 222 (0.4) 246 (1.1) (†) (†) 223 (1.0) (†) 27 (0.4) 22 (0.5)
                                                         
2005 238 (0.1) 239 (0.2) 237 (0.2) -3 (0.2) 246 (0.1) 220 (0.3) 226 (0.3) 251 (0.7) (†) (†) 226 (0.9) (†) 26 (0.3) 20 (0.3)
2007 240 (0.2) 241 (0.2) 239 (0.2) -2 (0.3) 248 (0.2) 222 (0.3) 227 (0.3) 253 (0.8) (†) (†) 228 (0.7) (†) 26 (0.4) 21 (0.4)
2009 240 (0.2) 241 (0.3) 239 (0.3) -2 (0.4) 248 (0.2) 222 (0.3) 227 (0.4) 255 (1.0) (†) (†) 225 (0.9) (†) 26 (0.4) 21 (0.5)
2011 241 (0.2) 241 (0.2) 240 (0.2) -1 (0.3) 249 (0.2) 224 (0.4) 229 (0.3) 256 (1.0) 257 (1.0) 236 (2.1) 225 (0.9) 245 (0.6) 25 (0.4) 20 (0.4)
2013 242 (0.2) 242 (0.3) 241 (0.2) -1 (0.4) 250 (0.2) 224 (0.3) 231 (0.4) 258 (0.8) 259 (0.8) 236 (2.0) 227 (1.1) 245 (0.7) 26 (0.4) 19 (0.5)
                                                         
2015 240 (0.3) 241 (0.3) 239 (0.3) -2 (0.4) 248 (0.3) 224 (0.4) 230 (0.5) 257 (1.2) 259 (1.2) 231 (2.3) 227 (1.0) 245 (0.8) 24 (0.5) 18 (0.5)
2017 240 (0.2) 241 (0.3) 239 (0.2) -2 (0.4) 248 (0.2) 223 (0.5) 229 (0.4) 258 (1.1) 260 (1.0) 229 (2.7) 227 (1.3) 245 (0.8) 25 (0.5) 19 (0.5)
                                                         
Grade 8                                                        
19902 263 (1.3) 263 (1.6) 262 (1.3) -1 (2.1) 270 (1.3) 237 (2.7) 246 (4.3) 275 (5.0) (†) (†) (†) (†) 33 (3.0) 24 (4.5)
19922 268 (0.9) 268 (1.1) 269 (1.0) 1 (1.5) 277 (1.0) 237 (1.3) 249 (1.2) 290 (5.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) 40 (1.7) 28 (1.5)
1996 270 (0.9) 271 (1.1) 269 (1.1) -2 (1.5) 281 (1.1) 240 (1.9) 251 (1.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 41 (2.2) 30 (2.0)
2000 273 (0.8) 274 (0.9) 272 (0.9) -2 (1.3) 284 (0.8) 244 (1.2) 253 (1.3) 288 (3.5) (†) (†) 259 (7.5) (†) 40 (1.5) 31 (1.6)
2003 278 (0.3) 278 (0.3) 277 (0.3) -2 (0.4) 288 (0.3) 252 (0.5) 259 (0.6) 291 (1.3) (†) (†) 263 (1.8) (†) 35 (0.6) 29 (0.7)
                                                         
2005 279 (0.2) 280 (0.2) 278 (0.2) -2 (0.3) 289 (0.2) 255 (0.4) 262 (0.4) 295 (0.9) (†) (†) 264 (0.9) (†) 34 (0.4) 27 (0.5)
2007 281 (0.3) 282 (0.3) 280 (0.3) -2 (0.4) 291 (0.3) 260 (0.4) 265 (0.4) 297 (0.9) (†) (†) 264 (1.2) (†) 32 (0.5) 26 (0.5)
2009 283 (0.3) 284 (0.3) 282 (0.4) -2 (0.5) 293 (0.3) 261 (0.5) 266 (0.6) 301 (1.2) (†) (†) 266 (1.1) (†) 32 (0.5) 26 (0.6)
2011 284 (0.2) 284 (0.3) 283 (0.2) -1 (0.4) 293 (0.2) 262 (0.5) 270 (0.5) 303 (1.0) 305 (1.1) 269 (2.4) 265 (0.9) 288 (1.3) 31 (0.5) 23 (0.5)
2013 285 (0.3) 285 (0.3) 284 (0.3) -1 (0.4) 294 (0.3) 263 (0.4) 272 (0.5) 306 (1.1) 309 (1.1) 275 (2.3) 269 (1.2) 288 (1.2) 31 (0.5) 22 (0.5)
                                                         
2015 282 (0.3) 282 (0.3) 282 (0.4) # (†) 292 (0.3) 260 (0.5) 270 (0.5) 306 (1.5) 307 (1.5) 276 (2.9) 267 (1.3) 285 (1.1) 32 (0.6) 22 (0.6)
2017 283 (0.3) 283 (0.3) 282 (0.3) -1 (0.4) 293 (0.3) 260 (0.5) 269 (0.5) 310 (1.5) 312 (1.5) 274 (2.2) 267 (1.4) 287 (1.1) 32 (0.6) 24 (0.6)
                                                         
Grade 12                                                        
19902 [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†)
19922 [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†)
1996 [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†)
2000 [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†) [3 ] (†)
2003 (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
                                                         
2005 150 (0.6) 151 (0.7) 149 (0.7) -3 (1.0) 157 (0.6) 127 (1.1) 133 (1.3) 163 (2.0) (†) (†) 134 (4.1) (†) 31 (1.2) 24 (1.4)
2007 (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
2009 153 (0.7) 155 (0.9) 152 (0.7) -3 (1.1) 161 (0.6) 131 (0.8) 138 (0.8) 175 (2.7) (†) (†) 144 (2.8) (†) 30 (1.0) 23 (1.0)
2011 (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
2013 153 (0.5) 155 (0.6) 152 (0.6) -3 (0.9) 162 (0.6) 132 (0.8) 141 (0.8) 172 (1.3) 174 (1.3) 151 (2.8) 142 (3.2) 155 (1.7) 30 (1.0) 21 (1.0)
                                                         
2015 152 (0.5) 153 (0.7) 150 (0.6) -3 (0.9) 160 (0.6) 130 (1.0) 139 (0.8) 170 (2.0) 171 (1.9) (†) 138 (2.8) 157 (2.2) 30 (1.2) 22 (1.0)
2017 (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Prior to 2011, separate data for Asian students, Pacific Islander students, and students of Two or more races were not collected.
2 Accommodations were not permitted for this assessment.
3 Because of major changes to the framework and content of the grade 12 assessment, scores from 2005 and later assessment years cannot be compared with scores from earlier assessment years. Therefore, this table does not include scores from the earlier grade 12 assessment years (1990, 1992, 1996, and 2000). For data pertaining to scale score comparisons between earlier years, see the Digest of Education Statistics 2009, table 138 (https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d09/tables/dt09_138.asp).
NOTE: For the grade 4 and grade 8 assessments, the scale ranges from 0 to 500. For the grade 12 assessment, the scale ranges from 0 to 300. Includes public and private schools. For 1996 and later years, includes students tested with accommodations (1 to 14 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (1 to 4 percent of all students). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1990, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved March 13, 2018, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared March 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest