Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 221.72. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score of 4th- and 8th-grade public school students, by school locale and state: 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
State 4th-grade 8th-grade
Total School locale Total School locale
City Suburban Town Rural City Suburban Town Rural
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
United States 221 (0.2) 215 (0.5) 226 (0.4) 216 (0.9) 222 (0.7) 265 (0.3) 260 (0.5) 270 (0.4) 262 (0.6) 265 (0.6)
Alabama 216 (1.2) 215 (2.0) 221 (2.2) 216 (2.5) 215 (2.7) 258 (1.0) 256 (2.7) 266 (2.3) 256 (3.0) 254 (1.7)
Alaska 207 (1.2) (†) (†) (†) (†) 258 (0.8) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Arizona 215 (1.5) 212 (2.0) 225 (2.1) 201 (6.7) 214 (4.1) 263 (0.9) 260 (1.5) 269 (1.7) 258 (3.2) 263 (2.4)
Arkansas 216 (1.2) 215 (2.7) 222 (3.5) 212 (2.6) 217 (2.0) 260 (0.8) 261 (1.9) 261 (2.5) 259 (1.8) 259 (1.6)
California 215 (1.3) 217 (2.1) 217 (1.8) (†) 208 (3.9) 263 (1.2) 262 (1.8) 265 (1.4) 257 (7.4) 260 (7.6)
                                         
Colorado 225 (1.5) 220 (2.5) 228 (1.7) 224 (4.1) 229 (6.3) 270 (1.3) 267 (2.1) 272 (1.7) 271 (3.6) 275 (3.7)
Connecticut 228 (1.2) 213 (2.2) 235 (1.6) (†) 238 (3.1) 273 (0.9) 260 (1.8) 277 (1.1) (†) 281 (2.0)
Delaware 221 (0.8) 210 (2.5) 224 (1.1) 221 (2.2) 226 (3.3) 263 (0.8) 262 (2.7) 261 (1.2) 264 (1.7) 266 (1.5)
District of Columbia 213 (0.8) 213 (0.8) (†) (†) (†) 247 (1.0) 247 (1.0) (†) (†) (†)
Florida 228 (1.1) 225 (2.0) 229 (1.2) (†) 232 (4.3) 267 (1.1) 266 (1.9) 267 (1.4) (†) 269 (3.4)
                                         
Georgia 220 (1.2) 217 (3.4) 222 (2.1) 214 (5.5) 219 (1.5) 266 (1.1) 265 (4.4) 269 (1.3) 263 (4.7) 263 (1.8)
Hawaii 216 (1.0) 219 (2.3) 219 (1.3) 212 (2.3) 205 (3.6) 261 (0.8) 261 (1.6) 265 (1.3) 257 (1.4) 254 (3.3)
Idaho 223 (1.0) 226 (2.1) 225 (2.7) 219 (1.9) 220 (1.9) 270 (0.9) 272 (1.6) 272 (1.8) 267 (1.8) 267 (1.9)
Illinois 220 (1.2) 214 (2.1) 225 (1.8) 213 (3.2) 223 (4.6) 267 (1.1) 261 (2.1) 269 (1.5) 271 (3.3) 269 (3.8)
Indiana 226 (1.1) 218 (2.7) 233 (1.9) 225 (2.0) 229 (1.6) 272 (1.0) 270 (2.0) 278 (2.1) 265 (2.5) 272 (1.7)
                                         
Iowa 222 (1.2) 213 (2.8) 235 (2.3) 223 (2.4) 222 (1.9) 268 (1.1) 264 (2.1) 277 (2.7) 264 (2.5) 269 (1.6)
Kansas 223 (1.2) 217 (3.0) 231 (2.5) 224 (1.9) 224 (1.9) 267 (1.0) 261 (1.9) 275 (2.4) 268 (1.8) 269 (1.7)
Kentucky 224 (1.1) 223 (2.5) 228 (3.7) 222 (2.2) 224 (1.4) 265 (0.8) 264 (2.1) 271 (3.0) 265 (1.7) 264 (1.6)
Louisiana 212 (1.4) 203 (3.6) 217 (2.4) 202 (3.7) 217 (1.8) 257 (1.5) 251 (2.3) 264 (2.4) 256 (3.8) 256 (2.6)
Maine 221 (1.1) 211 (4.2) 232 (2.3) 222 (3.2) 221 (1.4) 269 (0.9) 263 (3.0) 274 (2.0) 264 (2.9) 269 (1.2)
                                         
Maryland 225 (1.3) 216 (2.7) 227 (1.7) (†) 228 (3.8) 267 (1.0) 262 (1.9) 267 (1.3) (†) 275 (4.0)
Massachusetts 236 (1.1) 223 (1.9) 238 (1.3) (†) 239 (4.6) 278 (1.1) 264 (3.0) 280 (1.1) (†) 283 (4.5)
Michigan 218 (1.5) 207 (4.1) 221 (1.8) 220 (2.8) 223 (2.5) 265 (1.1) 260 (2.3) 268 (1.6) 264 (3.0) 267 (2.6)
Minnesota 225 (1.3) 220 (3.8) 226 (2.3) 224 (2.6) 227 (1.7) 269 (1.0) 264 (3.1) 274 (1.8) 266 (2.2) 265 (1.9)
Mississippi 215 (1.2) 212 (3.6) 225 (2.8) 210 (1.8) 216 (1.8) 256 (0.7) 246 (3.9) 270 (1.9) 251 (1.6) 256 (1.2)
                                         
Missouri 223 (1.1) 209 (2.2) 230 (1.9) 223 (1.8) 222 (2.9) 266 (1.2) 259 (3.7) 271 (1.8) 262 (2.6) 267 (2.1)
Montana 222 (0.9) 224 (1.9) 231 (4.4) 222 (1.6) 221 (1.9) 267 (0.8) 268 (1.5) (†) 264 (1.5) 270 (1.3)
Nebraska 224 (1.2) 224 (1.8) 233 (2.9) 218 (2.5) 224 (2.3) 269 (0.7) 265 (1.5) 275 (1.7) 270 (1.9) 269 (1.7)
Nevada 215 (1.6) 215 (1.4) 214 (3.3) 219 (3.4) 209 (9.6) 260 (0.8) 262 (1.3) 257 (1.2) 259 (2.8) 263 (5.5)
New Hampshire 229 (1.0) 217 (2.8) 232 (2.0) 227 (2.3) 231 (1.7) 275 (0.9) 262 (2.0) 277 (1.3) 278 (2.1) 276 (1.8)
                                         
New Jersey 233 (1.2) 212 (5.4) 235 (1.1) (†) 242 (4.2) 275 (1.1) 257 (4.0) 277 (1.2) (†) 282 (3.1)
New Mexico 208 (1.1) 209 (1.7) 203 (3.6) 211 (2.4) 205 (2.9) 256 (0.9) 256 (1.5) 256 (2.0) 257 (1.9) 253 (2.2)
New York 222 (1.3) 215 (1.5) 229 (2.0) (†) 227 (4.9) 264 (1.0) 256 (1.6) 275 (1.7) (†) 260 (2.3)
North Carolina 224 (1.0) 221 (2.5) 231 (1.8) 218 (3.5) 223 (1.2) 263 (1.2) 264 (2.3) 267 (1.6) 252 (3.7) 261 (2.1)
North Dakota 222 (0.8) 222 (1.5) 225 (2.5) 220 (1.6) 221 (1.3) 265 (0.8) 268 (1.6) 265 (2.7) 267 (1.6) 262 (1.1)
                                         
Ohio 225 (1.0) 207 (2.3) 231 (1.7) 224 (2.3) 228 (1.7) 268 (1.9) 248 (4.3) 275 (2.2) 265 (4.0) 273 (3.2)
Oklahoma 217 (1.1) 207 (2.3) 224 (2.2) 215 (2.9) 220 (2.1) 261 (1.0) 258 (2.4) 264 (1.7) 257 (1.7) 264 (1.7)
Oregon 218 (1.4) 219 (2.0) 216 (2.5) 216 (3.0) 218 (3.9) 266 (1.2) 269 (2.0) 269 (2.3) 259 (2.6) 265 (3.1)
Pennsylvania 225 (1.1) 202 (2.5) 234 (1.8) 224 (2.6) 227 (2.1) 270 (1.1) 250 (3.2) 275 (1.6) 270 (2.7) 275 (1.9)
Rhode Island 223 (1.0) 210 (1.8) 226 (1.2) (†) 236 (2.5) 266 (0.8) 242 (1.8) 270 (0.9) (†) 279 (2.1)
                                         
South Carolina 213 (1.2) 212 (1.7) 221 (1.9) 198 (4.0) 210 (2.5) 260 (1.0) 258 (2.6) 268 (1.8) 246 (4.7) 257 (2.2)
South Dakota 222 (1.0) 221 (1.8) (†) 229 (1.6) 218 (1.6) 267 (0.7) 272 (1.5) (†) 268 (1.3) 264 (1.3)
Tennessee 219 (1.1) 209 (1.9) 234 (2.1) 217 (2.1) 220 (1.9) 262 (1.1) 256 (1.6) 274 (2.8) 254 (2.6) 264 (1.8)
Texas 215 (1.1) 211 (1.5) 222 (1.6) 203 (3.1) 217 (5.5) 260 (1.2) 257 (2.0) 267 (2.5) 256 (2.0) 260 (3.0)
Utah 225 (1.1) 217 (3.2) 227 (1.4) 225 (2.8) 224 (4.4) 269 (0.9) 268 (2.6) 269 (1.3) 268 (3.5) 272 (2.0)
                                         
Vermont 226 (0.8) (†) (†) (†) (†) 273 (0.8) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Virginia 228 (1.5) 224 (2.3) 231 (2.6) 223 (3.1) 226 (3.2) 268 (1.3) 260 (3.0) 274 (1.9) 261 (2.9) 265 (2.3)
Washington 223 (1.4) 221 (3.2) 229 (1.7) 214 (4.7) 214 (2.7) 272 (1.4) 271 (2.6) 274 (1.8) 266 (4.0) 271 (4.5)
West Virginia 217 (1.2) 221 (2.4) 218 (2.6) 215 (2.5) 217 (2.0) 259 (0.9) 260 (2.5) 262 (2.0) 256 (1.7) 258 (1.8)
Wisconsin 220 (0.9) 208 (2.3) 228 (1.9) 219 (2.2) 224 (2.2) 269 (1.0) 258 (1.6) 277 (1.9) 271 (2.5) 271 (2.1)
Wyoming 227 (0.9) 228 (1.6) 222 (4.0) 227 (1.2) 226 (1.9) 269 (0.7) 263 (1.5) (†) 272 (1.0) 270 (1.7)
                                         
Department of Defense
   Education Activity
   (DoDEA)1
234 (0.6) (†) (†) (†) (†) 280 (0.8) (†) (†) (†) (†)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Includes both domestic and overseas schools.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Table does not include private schools, Bureau of Indian Education schools, or (except in the final row) DoDEA schools. Includes public school students who were tested with accommodations; excludes only those students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL) who were unable to be tested even with accommodations. SD and ELL populations, accommodation rates, and exclusion rates vary by grade and from state to state.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2017 Reading Assessment, retrieved April 10, 2019, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared April 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest