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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 221.60. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score of 8th-grade public school students, by state: Selected years, 1998 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
State 1998 2002 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
United States 261 (0.8) 263 (0.5) 261 (0.2) 260 (0.2) 261 (0.2) 262 (0.3) 264 (0.2) 266 (0.2) 264 (0.2) 265 (0.3)
Alabama 255 (1.4) 253 (1.3) 253 (1.5) 252 (1.4) 252 (1.0) 255 (1.1) 258 (1.5) 257 (1.2) 259 (1.1) 258 (1.0)
Alaska (†) (†) 256 (1.1) 259 (0.9) 259 (1.0) 259 (0.9) 261 (0.9) 261 (0.8) 260 (1.1) 258 (0.8)
Arizona 260 (1.1) 257 (1.3) 255 (1.4) 255 (1.0) 255 (1.2) 258 (1.2) 260 (1.2) 260 (1.1) 263 (1.2) 263 (0.9)
Arkansas 256 (1.3) 260 (1.1) 258 (1.3) 258 (1.1) 258 (1.0) 258 (1.2) 259 (0.9) 262 (1.1) 259 (1.2) 260 (0.8)
California1,2 252 (1.6) 250 (1.8) 251 (1.3) 250 (0.6) 251 (0.8) 253 (1.2) 255 (1.0) 262 (1.2) 259 (1.2) 263 (1.2)
                                         
Colorado 264 (1.0) (†) 268 (1.2) 265 (1.1) 266 (1.0) 266 (0.8) 271 (1.4) 271 (1.1) 268 (1.4) 270 (1.3)
Connecticut 270 (1.0) 267 (1.2) 267 (1.1) 264 (1.3) 267 (1.6) 272 (0.9) 275 (0.9) 274 (1.0) 273 (1.1) 273 (0.9)
Delaware 254 (1.3) 267 (0.5) 265 (0.7) 266 (0.6) 265 (0.6) 265 (0.7) 266 (0.6) 266 (0.7) 263 (0.8) 263 (0.8)
District of Columbia 236 (2.1) 240 (0.9) 239 (0.8) 238 (0.9) 241 (0.7) 242 (0.9) 242 (0.9) 248 (0.9) 248 (1.0) 247 (1.0)
Florida 255 (1.4) 261 (1.6) 257 (1.3) 256 (1.2) 260 (1.2) 264 (1.2) 262 (1.0) 266 (1.1) 263 (1.0) 267 (1.1)
                                         
Georgia 257 (1.4) 258 (1.0) 258 (1.1) 257 (1.3) 259 (1.0) 260 (1.0) 262 (1.1) 265 (1.2) 262 (1.3) 266 (1.1)
Hawaii 249 (1.0) 252 (0.9) 251 (0.9) 249 (0.9) 251 (0.8) 255 (0.6) 257 (0.7) 260 (0.8) 257 (0.9) 261 (0.8)
Idaho (†) 266 (1.1) 264 (0.9) 264 (1.1) 265 (0.9) 265 (0.9) 268 (0.7) 270 (0.8) 269 (0.9) 270 (0.9)
Illinois (†) (†) 266 (1.0) 264 (1.0) 263 (1.0) 265 (1.2) 266 (0.8) 267 (1.0) 267 (1.0) 267 (1.1)
Indiana (†) 265 (1.3) 265 (1.0) 261 (1.1) 264 (1.1) 266 (1.0) 265 (1.0) 267 (1.2) 268 (1.1) 272 (1.0)
                                         
Iowa (†) (†) 268 (0.8) 267 (0.9) 267 (0.9) 265 (0.9) 265 (1.0) 269 (0.8) 268 (1.0) 268 (1.1)
Kansas1,2 268 (1.4) 269 (1.3) 266 (1.5) 267 (1.0) 267 (0.8) 267 (1.1) 267 (1.0) 267 (1.0) 267 (1.2) 267 (1.0)
Kentucky 262 (1.4) 265 (1.0) 266 (1.3) 264 (1.1) 262 (1.0) 267 (0.9) 269 (0.8) 270 (0.8) 268 (1.0) 265 (0.8)
Louisiana 252 (1.4) 256 (1.5) 253 (1.6) 253 (1.6) 253 (1.1) 253 (1.6) 255 (1.5) 257 (1.0) 255 (1.2) 257 (1.5)
Maine 271 (1.2) 270 (0.9) 268 (1.0) 270 (1.0) 270 (0.8) 268 (0.7) 270 (0.8) 269 (0.8) 268 (0.9) 269 (0.9)
                                         
Maryland1 261 (1.8) 263 (1.7) 262 (1.4) 261 (1.2) 265 (1.2) 267 (1.1) 271 (1.2) 274 (1.1) 268 (1.1) 267 (1.0)
Massachusetts 269 (1.4) 271 (1.3) 273 (1.0) 274 (1.0) 273 (1.0) 274 (1.2) 275 (1.0) 277 (1.0) 274 (1.1) 278 (1.1)
Michigan (†) 265 (1.6) 264 (1.8) 261 (1.2) 260 (1.2) 262 (1.4) 265 (0.9) 266 (1.0) 264 (1.2) 265 (1.1)
Minnesota1 265 (1.4) (†) 268 (1.1) 268 (1.2) 268 (0.9) 270 (1.0) 270 (1.0) 271 (1.0) 270 (1.1) 269 (1.0)
Mississippi 251 (1.2) 255 (0.9) 255 (1.4) 251 (1.3) 250 (1.1) 251 (1.0) 254 (1.2) 253 (1.0) 252 (1.0) 256 (0.7)
                                         
Missouri 262 (1.3) 268 (1.0) 267 (1.0) 265 (1.0) 263 (1.0) 267 (1.0) 267 (1.1) 267 (1.1) 267 (1.1) 266 (1.2)
Montana1,2 271 (1.3) 270 (1.0) 270 (1.0) 269 (0.7) 271 (0.8) 270 (0.6) 273 (0.6) 272 (0.8) 270 (0.8) 267 (0.8)
Nebraska (†) 270 (0.9) 266 (0.9) 267 (0.9) 267 (0.9) 267 (0.9) 268 (0.7) 269 (0.8) 269 (0.9) 269 (0.7)
Nevada 258 (1.0) 251 (0.8) 252 (0.8) 253 (0.9) 252 (0.8) 254 (0.9) 258 (0.9) 262 (0.7) 259 (0.9) 260 (0.8)
New Hampshire (†) (†) 271 (0.9) 270 (1.2) 270 (0.9) 271 (1.0) 272 (0.7) 274 (0.8) 275 (0.9) 275 (0.9)
                                         
New Jersey (†) (†) 268 (1.2) 269 (1.2) 270 (1.1) 273 (1.3) 275 (1.2) 276 (1.1) 271 (1.0) 275 (1.1)
New Mexico 258 (1.2) 254 (1.0) 252 (0.9) 251 (1.0) 251 (0.8) 254 (1.2) 256 (0.9) 256 (0.8) 253 (0.9) 256 (0.9)
New York1,2 265 (1.5) 264 (1.5) 265 (1.3) 265 (1.0) 264 (1.1) 264 (1.2) 266 (1.1) 266 (1.1) 263 (1.4) 264 (1.0)
North Carolina 262 (1.1) 265 (1.1) 262 (1.0) 258 (0.9) 259 (1.1) 260 (1.2) 263 (0.9) 265 (1.1) 261 (1.3) 263 (1.2)
North Dakota2 (†) 268 (0.8) 270 (0.8) 270 (0.6) 268 (0.7) 269 (0.6) 269 (0.7) 268 (0.6) 267 (0.6) 265 (0.8)
                                         
Ohio (†) 268 (1.6) 267 (1.3) 267 (1.3) 268 (1.2) 269 (1.3) 268 (1.1) 269 (1.0) 266 (1.5) 268 (1.9)
Oklahoma 265 (1.2) 262 (0.8) 262 (0.9) 260 (1.1) 260 (0.8) 259 (0.9) 260 (1.1) 262 (0.9) 263 (1.3) 261 (1.0)
Oregon2 266 (1.5) 268 (1.3) 264 (1.2) 263 (1.1) 266 (0.9) 265 (1.0) 264 (0.9) 268 (0.9) 268 (1.3) 266 (1.2)
Pennsylvania (†) 265 (1.0) 264 (1.2) 267 (1.3) 268 (1.2) 271 (0.8) 268 (1.3) 272 (1.0) 269 (1.5) 270 (1.1)
Rhode Island 264 (0.9) 262 (0.8) 261 (0.7) 261 (0.7) 258 (0.9) 260 (0.6) 265 (0.7) 267 (0.6) 265 (0.7) 266 (0.8)
                                         
South Carolina 255 (1.1) 258 (1.1) 258 (1.3) 257 (1.1) 257 (0.9) 257 (1.2) 260 (0.9) 261 (1.0) 260 (1.2) 260 (1.0)
South Dakota (†) (†) 270 (0.8) 269 (0.6) 270 (0.7) 270 (0.5) 269 (0.8) 268 (0.8) 267 (1.0) 267 (0.7)
Tennessee2 258 (1.2) 260 (1.4) 258 (1.2) 259 (0.9) 259 (1.0) 261 (1.1) 259 (1.0) 265 (1.1) 265 (1.4) 262 (1.1)
Texas 261 (1.4) 262 (1.4) 259 (1.1) 258 (0.6) 261 (0.9) 260 (1.1) 261 (1.0) 264 (1.1) 261 (1.0) 260 (1.2)
Utah 263 (1.0) 263 (1.1) 264 (0.8) 262 (0.8) 262 (1.0) 266 (0.8) 267 (0.8) 270 (0.9) 269 (1.0) 269 (0.9)
                                         
Vermont (†) 272 (0.9) 271 (0.8) 269 (0.7) 273 (0.8) 272 (0.6) 274 (0.9) 274 (0.7) 274 (0.8) 273 (0.8)
Virginia 266 (1.1) 269 (1.0) 268 (1.1) 268 (1.0) 267 (1.1) 266 (1.1) 267 (1.2) 268 (1.3) 267 (1.2) 268 (1.3)
Washington2 264 (1.2) 268 (1.2) 264 (0.9) 265 (1.3) 265 (0.9) 267 (1.1) 268 (1.0) 272 (1.0) 267 (1.2) 272 (1.4)
West Virginia 262 (1.0) 264 (1.0) 260 (1.0) 255 (1.2) 255 (1.0) 255 (0.9) 256 (0.9) 257 (0.9) 260 (0.9) 259 (0.9)
Wisconsin1 265 (1.8) (†) 266 (1.3) 266 (1.1) 264 (1.0) 266 (1.0) 267 (0.9) 268 (0.9) 270 (1.1) 269 (1.0)
Wyoming 263 (1.3) 265 (0.7) 267 (0.5) 268 (0.7) 266 (0.7) 268 (1.0) 270 (1.0) 271 (0.6) 269 (0.7) 269 (0.7)
Department of Defense
     dependents
     schools3
269 (1.3) 273 (0.5) 272 (0.6) 271 (0.7) 273 (1.0) 272 (0.7) 272 (0.7) 277 (0.7) 277 (0.7) 280 (0.8)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met. Participation rates fell below the required standards for reporting.
1 Did not meet one or more of the guidelines for school participation in 1998. Data are subject to appreciable nonresponse bias.
2 Did not meet one or more of the guidelines for school participation in 2002. Data are subject to appreciable nonresponse bias.
3 Prior to 2005, NAEP divided the Department of Defense (DoD) schools into two jurisdictions, domestic and overseas. In 2005, NAEP began combining the DoD domestic and overseas schools into a single jurisdiction. Data shown in this table for years prior to 2005 were recalculated for comparability.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. State-level data for 1992 and 1994 are not available. Includes public school students who were tested with accommodations; excludes only those students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL) who were unable to be tested even with accommodations. SD and ELL populations, accommodation rates, and exclusion rates vary from state to state.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1998, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 Reading Assessments, retrieved March 13, 2018, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared March 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest