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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 221.50. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score of 4th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity, school's rate of free or reduced-price lunch eligibility, and state: 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
State Race/ethnicity Percent of students in school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch
White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American Indian/
Alaska Native
Two or more races 0-25 percent eligible
(low poverty)
26-50 percent eligible 51-75 percent eligible 76-100 percent eligible
(high poverty)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
United States 231 (0.3) 205 (0.5) 208 (0.5) 241 (1.0) 210 (2.7) 203 (2.0) 226 (0.9) 240 (0.6) 228 (0.6) 218 (0.6) 205 (0.5)
Alabama 228 (1.6) 202 (1.6) 199 (3.2) (†) (†) (†) (†) 239 (4.5) 229 (2.5) 214 (2.3) 200 (2.5)
Alaska1 223 (1.5) 212 (6.2) 211 (3.6) 217 (3.6) 187 (6.3) 169 (3.2) 219 (3.0) 228 (2.0) 216 (1.8) 206 (3.1) 181 (4.0)
Arizona 232 (1.4) 206 (4.8) 204 (1.8) 242 (4.5) (†) 186 (10.1) 232 (4.7) 244 (1.8) 229 (2.9) 218 (2.5) 197 (2.2)
Arkansas 224 (1.4) 198 (2.1) 210 (2.3) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 227 (2.3) 217 (1.8) 206 (2.4)
California 231 (2.6) 199 (4.1) 204 (1.5) 244 (2.8) (†) (†) 231 (4.5) 245 (3.8) 226 (5.1) 214 (2.6) 199 (1.9)
                                             
Colorado1 235 (1.9) 206 (3.6) 209 (1.6) 237 (4.4) (†) (†) 228 (4.1) 238 (2.3) 229 (2.8) 217 (2.0) 203 (3.6)
Connecticut 238 (1.3) 210 (2.5) 213 (2.0) 249 (4.9) (†) (†) 234 (5.2) 242 (1.6) 228 (2.0) 225 (3.4) 206 (2.9)
Delaware 233 (1.3) 209 (1.7) 209 (2.0) 250 (3.5) (†) (†) 224 (3.7) 236 (2.4) 231 (1.4) 217 (1.9) 209 (1.8)
District of Columbia1 256 (1.9) 207 (1.1) 204 (2.2) (†) (†) (†) (†) 240 (2.0) 247 (4.1) 198 (3.6) 204 (1.1)
Florida1 239 (1.4) 212 (2.2) 225 (1.3) 250 (4.1) (†) (†) 230 (3.9) 246 (2.2) 240 (2.1) 231 (1.4) 218 (1.4)
                                             
Georgia 231 (1.5) 206 (1.8) 214 (2.2) 250 (5.4) (†) (†) 226 (4.3) 245 (2.5) 226 (3.4) 220 (2.4) 205 (2.1)
Hawaii 233 (2.1) (†) 212 (2.2) 225 (1.9) 198 (2.1) (†) 222 (2.1) 239 (2.2) 222 (2.4) 214 (1.9) 194 (2.7)
Idaho 228 (1.1) (†) 205 (2.6) (†) (†) (†) (†) 235 (2.1) 229 (1.9) 217 (1.6) 210 (2.3)
Illinois1 232 (1.8) 199 (2.3) 209 (1.7) 244 (3.3) (†) (†) 219 (4.8) 233 (4.8) 226 (2.9) 217 (3.2) 204 (2.0)
Indiana 231 (1.2) 210 (2.5) 214 (2.9) (†) (†) (†) 224 (4.4) 246 (2.2) 232 (1.5) 224 (2.2) 210 (2.3)
                                             
Iowa 227 (1.2) 188 (3.8) 205 (3.2) (†) (†) (†) 217 (5.1) 235 (2.1) 225 (1.4) 214 (2.0) 199 (3.4)
Kansas 228 (1.3) 202 (3.1) 216 (1.8) (†) (†) (†) 220 (3.9) 240 (1.8) 230 (1.8) 218 (1.8) 208 (2.3)
Kentucky 227 (1.1) 204 (2.5) 216 (2.7) 232 (4.5) (†) (†) 225 (4.0) 245 (3.1) 234 (3.1) 224 (1.4) 214 (2.0)
Louisiana 225 (1.6) 198 (1.7) 208 (3.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 232 (2.5) 220 (2.8) 201 (1.9)
Maine 223 (1.1) 192 (6.3) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 236 (2.0) 222 (1.5) 217 (2.0) 202 (4.7)
                                             
Maryland1 239 (1.7) 212 (1.7) 209 (2.2) 245 (3.3) (†) (†) 228 (4.2) 242 (3.1) 225 (2.9) 220 (2.9) 208 (2.3)
Massachusetts1 243 (1.4) 219 (2.7) 217 (2.6) 247 (2.3) (†) (†) 237 (4.0) 247 (2.1) 234 (3.4) 225 (2.6) 217 (2.4)
Michigan 224 (1.4) 197 (2.9) 206 (3.4) 237 (5.1) (†) (†) 219 (4.0) 234 (2.3) 226 (1.9) 216 (1.6) 190 (3.2)
Minnesota1 232 (1.2) 197 (3.4) 206 (3.4) 221 (6.5) (†) (†) 229 (3.4) 236 (2.3) 227 (1.8) 212 (2.6) 191 (6.2)
Mississippi 229 (1.6) 203 (1.4) 213 (3.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) 225 (6.5) 228 (3.5) 225 (1.9) 206 (1.8)
                                             
Missouri 227 (1.2) 200 (2.2) 215 (3.0) (†) (†) (†) 228 (3.4) 240 (2.0) 229 (1.4) 219 (2.4) 202 (2.0)
Montana 227 (1.1) (†) 221 (5.1) (†) (†) 196 (3.6) 218 (4.8) 234 (3.4) 227 (1.4) 223 (2.0) 195 (3.7)
Nebraska 231 (1.2) 201 (4.4) 211 (2.1) 225 (11.0) (†) (†) 218 (5.0) 238 (2.5) 227 (2.0) 218 (2.5) 207 (2.0)
Nevada1 227 (2.5) 204 (2.9) 205 (1.5) 235 (3.9) (†) (†) 225 (3.9) 232 (5.3) 226 (2.7) 212 (2.5) 200 (2.1)
New Hampshire 230 (1.1) (†) 215 (4.2) 235 (3.0) (†) (†) (†) 235 (1.2) 226 (1.8) 212 (3.2) 210 (3.0)
                                             
New Jersey1 243 (1.2) 216 (3.6) 218 (2.3) 249 (3.1) (†) (†) (†) 243 (1.8) 230 (2.8) 220 (2.7) 211 (3.7)
New Mexico1 225 (1.9) (†) 204 (1.4) (†) (†) 189 (3.0) (†) 235 (3.1) 229 (2.1) 212 (1.9) 197 (1.6)
New York1 232 (1.8) 208 (2.4) 208 (1.6) 238 (2.7) (†) (†) (†) 239 (2.3) 227 (2.6) 215 (3.6) 211 (2.3)
North Carolina1 235 (1.3) 211 (1.7) 211 (2.1) 240 (5.1) (†) (†) 228 (3.9) 246 (2.6) 238 (2.5) 222 (1.6) 207 (1.9)
North Dakota 225 (0.8) 205 (3.4) 208 (3.8) (†) (†) 200 (3.6) 222 (4.3) 226 (1.4) 222 (1.4) 211 (2.4) (†)
                                             
Ohio1 231 (1.0) 203 (1.8) 216 (3.2) 243 (4.4) (†) (†) 224 (4.1) 242 (2.1) 230 (1.4) 221 (3.9) 208 (1.7)
Oklahoma 221 (1.3) 203 (3.1) 209 (2.2) (†) (†) 213 (2.4) 221 (2.8) 233 (7.1) 226 (2.1) 219 (1.7) 208 (2.0)
Oregon 224 (1.5) (†) 200 (2.1) 231 (5.4) (†) (†) 223 (3.8) 241 (3.3) 226 (2.4) 212 (2.4) 203 (2.6)
Pennsylvania 232 (1.3) 203 (2.0) 202 (2.9) 247 (4.5) (†) (†) 228 (4.1) 243 (2.1) 229 (1.6) 222 (2.8) 199 (2.8)
Rhode Island1 233 (1.2) 206 (3.1) 208 (1.8) 228 (5.9) (†) (†) 219 (5.3) 240 (1.7) 229 (1.8) 222 (3.0) 204 (1.8)
                                             
South Carolina1 225 (1.5) 196 (1.8) 205 (2.7) (†) (†) (†) 224 (3.8) 238 (2.3) 220 (3.9) 216 (2.0) 200 (2.5)
South Dakota 228 (1.0) (†) 210 (3.3) (†) (†) 196 (2.9) 224 (4.3) 232 (1.6) 225 (1.3) 219 (2.9) 194 (3.4)
Tennessee1 227 (1.2) 201 (1.5) 205 (3.0) (†) (†) (†) 217 (4.0) 238 (3.5) 230 (2.3) 221 (1.9) 205 (1.9)
Texas 231 (1.8) 210 (2.3) 206 (1.5) 239 (4.4) (†) (†) 223 (6.9) 238 (4.4) 223 (2.2) 215 (3.2) 203 (1.7)
Utah 231 (1.3) (†) 200 (2.4) (†) (†) (†) (†) 234 (1.8) 227 (2.0) 215 (2.6) 204 (3.3)
                                             
Vermont 228 (0.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 217 (5.5) 238 (2.0) 230 (1.4) 219 (1.4) 220 (4.2)
Virginia1 237 (1.6) 210 (2.1) 214 (2.6) 244 (3.9) (†) (†) 232 (3.8) 241 (2.8) 228 (1.8) 220 (3.0) 205 (3.7)
Washington 233 (1.5) 203 (5.0) 204 (2.1) 237 (3.7) (†) (†) 227 (4.0) 243 (3.5) 224 (2.1) 212 (3.2) 206 (2.8)
West Virginia 218 (1.2) 201 (6.3) (†) (†) (†) (†) 212 (4.0) 233 (3.5) 228 (2.4) 214 (2.3) 214 (1.7)
Wisconsin 226 (1.1) 194 (2.7) 201 (2.3) 219 (3.7) (†) (†) 223 (3.6) 233 (1.8) 222 (1.6) 217 (1.5) 192 (2.6)
Wyoming 230 (0.9) (†) 210 (2.3) (†) (†) 206 (4.4) 224 (4.2) 233 (1.7) 228 (1.2) 220 (2.2) (†)
Department of Defense
    dependents schools1
240 (1.0) 226 (1.9) 229 (1.4) 233 (3.5) (†) (†) 235 (1.5) 236 (1.2) 232 (1.8) 234 (2.5) (†)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Nonresponse rate for free or reduced-price lunch was greater than 15 percent but not greater than 50 percent.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Includes public school students who were tested with accommodations; excludes only those students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL) who were unable to be tested even with accommodations. SD and ELL populations, accommodation rates, and exclusion rates vary from state to state. Race/ethnicity based on school records. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2017 Reading Assessment, retrieved April 16, 2018, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared April 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest