Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 221.20. Percentage of students at or above selected National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading achievement levels, by grade and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 2003 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]        
Grade and selected student characteristic 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017
At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
4th grade, all students 63 (0.3) 31 (0.3) 64 (0.3) 31 (0.2) 67 (0.3) 33 (0.3) 67 (0.3) 33 (0.4) 67 (0.3) 34 (0.4) 68 (0.3) 35 (0.3) 69 (0.4) 36 (0.4) 68 (0.3) 37 (0.3)
Sex                                                                
Male 60 (0.4) 28 (0.3) 61 (0.4) 29 (0.3) 64 (0.4) 30 (0.3) 64 (0.3) 30 (0.4) 64 (0.4) 31 (0.4) 65 (0.3) 32 (0.4) 66 (0.5) 33 (0.5) 65 (0.4) 34 (0.4)
Female 67 (0.4) 35 (0.4) 67 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 70 (0.3) 36 (0.4) 70 (0.4) 36 (0.4) 71 (0.4) 37 (0.5) 72 (0.4) 38 (0.4) 72 (0.4) 39 (0.5) 71 (0.4) 39 (0.4)
                                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                                
White 75 (0.3) 41 (0.4) 76 (0.3) 41 (0.3) 78 (0.3) 43 (0.4) 78 (0.3) 42 (0.4) 78 (0.3) 44 (0.4) 79 (0.3) 46 (0.4) 79 (0.3) 46 (0.5) 78 (0.3) 47 (0.4)
Black 40 (0.5) 13 (0.4) 42 (0.5) 13 (0.3) 46 (0.6) 14 (0.4) 48 (0.8) 16 (0.5) 49 (0.6) 17 (0.5) 50 (0.6) 18 (0.5) 52 (0.6) 18 (0.5) 51 (0.8) 20 (0.5)
Hispanic 44 (0.7) 15 (0.5) 46 (0.7) 16 (0.5) 50 (0.6) 17 (0.6) 49 (0.7) 17 (0.5) 51 (0.8) 18 (0.5) 53 (0.6) 20 (0.6) 55 (1.0) 21 (0.7) 54 (0.6) 23 (0.5)
Asian/Pacific Islander 70 (1.5) 38 (1.4) 73 (0.9) 42 (0.9) 77 (1.0) 46 (1.4) 80 (1.0) 49 (1.3) 80 (1.2) 49 (1.7) 80 (1.0) 51 (1.2) 82 (1.3) 55 (1.8) 82 (0.9) 56 (1.4)
Asian (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 81 (1.2) 50 (1.7) 82 (1.0) 53 (1.2) 84 (1.4) 57 (2.0) 84 (0.9) 59 (1.4)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 61 (2.4) 28 (3.2) 57 (3.2) 27 (3.0) 60 (3.7) 28 (3.7) 58 (3.7) 27 (3.5)
American Indian/Alaska Native 47 (2.0) 16 (1.5) 48 (1.5) 18 (1.0) 49 (1.4) 18 (1.1) 50 (1.7) 20 (1.4) 47 (1.7) 18 (1.4) 51 (1.6) 21 (1.4) 52 (2.1) 21 (1.9) 48 (2.3) 20 (1.9)
Two or more races (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 50 (1.7) 20 (1.4) 73 (1.2) 40 (1.4) 73 (1.4) 40 (1.6) 73 (1.3) 42 (1.3)
                                                                 
Eligibility for free or reduced-
      price lunch
                                                               
Eligible 45 (0.4) 15 (0.3) 46 (0.4) 16 (0.3) 50 (0.4) 17 (0.3) 51 (0.4) 17 (0.3) 52 (0.4) 18 (0.3) 53 (0.4) 20 (0.3) 56 (0.5) 21 (0.4) 54 (0.4) 22 (0.3)
Not eligible 76 (0.3) 42 (0.5) 77 (0.2) 42 (0.3) 79 (0.3) 44 (0.4) 80 (0.3) 45 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 48 (0.5) 83 (0.3) 51 (0.5) 83 (0.3) 52 (0.6) 82 (0.3) 52 (0.4)
Unknown 76 (0.9) 43 (1.1) 77 (1.1) 45 (1.4) 80 (1.3) 46 (1.8) 81 (1.9) 50 (1.9) 82 (1.0) 48 (1.3) 83 (1.6) 51 (2.1) 81 (1.3) 52 (1.8) 80 (1.5) 51 (1.7)
                                                                 
8th grade, all students 74 (0.3) 32 (0.3) 73 (0.2) 31 (0.2) 74 (0.2) 31 (0.2) 75 (0.3) 32 (0.4) 76 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 78 (0.3) 36 (0.3) 76 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 76 (0.3) 36 (0.3)
Sex                                                                
Male 69 (0.3) 27 (0.3) 68 (0.3) 26 (0.3) 69 (0.4) 26 (0.3) 71 (0.4) 28 (0.4) 72 (0.4) 29 (0.3) 74 (0.4) 31 (0.4) 72 (0.3) 29 (0.4) 72 (0.4) 31 (0.4)
Female 79 (0.3) 38 (0.3) 78 (0.2) 36 (0.3) 79 (0.3) 36 (0.3) 79 (0.4) 37 (0.5) 80 (0.3) 38 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 42 (0.4) 80 (0.3) 39 (0.5) 81 (0.4) 41 (0.5)
                                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                                
White 83 (0.2) 41 (0.3) 82 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 84 (0.3) 40 (0.3) 84 (0.2) 41 (0.4) 85 (0.2) 43 (0.4) 86 (0.2) 46 (0.4) 85 (0.2) 44 (0.4) 84 (0.3) 45 (0.4)
Black 54 (0.6) 13 (0.4) 52 (0.6) 12 (0.4) 55 (0.6) 13 (0.4) 57 (0.6) 14 (0.5) 59 (0.7) 15 (0.5) 61 (0.6) 17 (0.5) 58 (0.7) 16 (0.5) 60 (0.6) 18 (0.5)
Hispanic 56 (0.9) 15 (0.6) 56 (0.6) 15 (0.4) 58 (0.5) 15 (0.4) 61 (0.8) 17 (0.6) 64 (0.8) 19 (0.5) 68 (0.7) 22 (0.6) 66 (0.6) 21 (0.5) 67 (0.6) 23 (0.6)
Asian/Pacific Islander 79 (1.2) 40 (1.6) 80 (0.8) 40 (1.2) 80 (1.1) 41 (1.1) 83 (1.1) 45 (1.7) 83 (1.0) 47 (1.4) 86 (0.7) 52 (1.3) 86 (1.0) 52 (1.8) 86 (0.9) 55 (1.5)
Asian (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 84 (1.0) 49 (1.5) 87 (0.7) 54 (1.3) 87 (1.0) 54 (1.9) 87 (0.9) 57 (1.5)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 63 (2.7) 24 (3.2) 70 (3.5) 27 (3.7) 66 (3.3) 24 (3.0) 65 (3.9) 23 (3.3)
American Indian/Alaska Native 57 (3.3) 17 (1.7) 59 (2.1) 17 (1.7) 56 (1.9) 18 (1.3) 62 (2.0) 21 (1.2) 63 (1.4) 22 (1.7) 62 (1.8) 19 (1.6) 63 (2.2) 22 (1.8) 63 (1.8) 22 (2.1)
Two or more races (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 79 (1.7) 39 (1.5) 81 (1.1) 40 (1.4) 79 (1.2) 38 (1.6) 82 (1.2) 42 (1.4)
                                                                 
Eligibility for free or reduced-
      price lunch
                                                               
Eligible 57 (0.5) 16 (0.3) 57 (0.4) 15 (0.3) 58 (0.4) 15 (0.2) 60 (0.5) 16 (0.3) 63 (0.5) 18 (0.3) 66 (0.4) 20 (0.2) 64 (0.4) 20 (0.4) 65 (0.4) 21 (0.3)
Not eligible 82 (0.3) 40 (0.4) 81 (0.3) 39 (0.2) 83 (0.3) 40 (0.4) 85 (0.3) 42 (0.5) 86 (0.3) 45 (0.4) 87 (0.3) 48 (0.4) 87 (0.3) 47 (0.5) 86 (0.3) 48 (0.5)
Unknown 81 (0.9) 42 (1.2) 84 (1.0) 45 (1.3) 86 (1.0) 48 (1.6) 89 (1.3) 51 (1.8) 90 (0.8) 54 (1.4) 92 (0.9) 59 (2.4) 89 (0.9) 53 (1.5) 87 (1.1) 52 (1.8)
                                                                 
12th grade, all students (†) (†) 73 (0.8) 35 (0.7) (†) (†) 74 (0.6) 38 (0.8) (†) (†) 75 (0.6) 38 (0.7) 72 (0.5) 37 (0.6) (†) (†)
Sex                                                                
Male (†) (†) 67 (0.9) 29 (0.9) (†) (†) 69 (0.8) 32 (0.9) (†) (†) 70 (0.7) 33 (0.7) 68 (0.6) 33 (0.7) (†) (†)
Female (†) (†) 78 (0.9) 41 (0.9) (†) (†) 80 (0.6) 43 (1.0) (†) (†) 79 (0.7) 42 (0.9) 76 (0.8) 42 (0.9) (†) (†)
                                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                                
White (†) (†) 79 (0.8) 43 (0.9) (†) (†) 81 (0.5) 46 (0.8) (†) (†) 83 (0.6) 47 (0.8) 79 (0.7) 46 (0.9) (†) (†)
Black (†) (†) 54 (1.5) 16 (1.2) (†) (†) 57 (1.3) 17 (1.2) (†) (†) 56 (1.2) 16 (0.9) 52 (1.5) 17 (1.0) (†) (†)
Hispanic (†) (†) 60 (1.9) 20 (1.3) (†) (†) 61 (1.1) 22 (1.3) (†) (†) 64 (1.2) 23 (1.0) 63 (1.1) 25 (1.0) (†) (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander (†) (†) 74 (2.3) 36 (2.3) (†) (†) 81 (1.5) 49 (2.9) (†) (†) 80 (1.8) 47 (2.5) 79 (1.7) 48 (3.0) (†) (†)
Asian (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 80 (1.9) 48 (2.6) 80 (1.8) 49 (3.0) (†) (†)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 75 (8.2) 39 (8.4) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†) 67 (10.1) 26 (8.6) (†) (†) 70 (6.4) 29 (5.5) (†) (†) 65 (5.0) 26 (4.8) 65 (8.6) 28 (6.0) (†) (†)
Two or more races (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 77 (2.9) 38 (3.4) 79 (3.0) 45 (3.4) (†) (†)
—Not available.
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Basic denotes partial mastery of the knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade.
2 Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
NOTE: Includes public and private schools. Includes students tested with accommodations (1 to 13 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 to 6 percent of all students). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Prior to 2011, separate data for Asian students, Pacific Islander students, and students of Two or more races were not collected.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 Reading Assessments, retrieved May 8, 2018, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared May 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest