Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 219.90. Number and percentage distribution of 14- through 21-year-old students served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, who exited school, by exit reason, sex, race/ethnicity, age, and type of disability: 2015-16 and 2016-17
Year, sex, race/ethnicity, age, and type of disability Exited school Transferred to regular education4 Moved, known to be continuing5
Total Graduated with regular diploma Received alternative certificate1 Reached maximum age2 Dropped out3 Died
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
2015-16                
Total number 403,466 283,638 42,765 5,391 70,188 1,484 58,610 164,945
Percentage distribution of total 100.0 69.4 11.1 1.3 17.8 0.4
                 
Number by sex                
Male 262,228 181,764 27,329 3,569 48,529 1,037 38,470 109,237
Female 141,238 101,874 15,436 1,822 21,659 447 20,140 55,708
                 
Number by race/ethnicity                
White 200,305 149,284 19,210 2,447 28,650 714 33,316 76,814
Black 85,699 53,795 12,156 1,051 18,315 382 8,227 42,181
Hispanic 92,585 63,306 9,101 1,425 18,477 276 12,640 34,757
Asian 7,216 5,411 905 297 562 41 1,699 1,760
Pacific Islander 1,564 1,072 124 27 326 15 309 487
American Indian/Alaska Native 6,066 4,022 255 43 1,729 17 801 3,224
Two or more races 10,031 6,748 1,014 101 2,129 39 1,618 5,722
                 
Number by age6                
14 3,334 28 1 3,100 205 15,748 37,665
15 5,829 70 40 5,453 266 13,965 38,395
16 16,825 4,493 438 11,624 270 13,378 37,390
17 165,894 133,888 12,204 0 19,499 303 9,944 29,506
18 146,099 112,002 15,834 0 18,054 209 4,003 14,959
19 35,476 21,866 5,505 11 7,989 105 914 4,704
20 17,182 7,792 4,744 1,320 3,240 86 443 1,660
21 12,827 3,499 3,999 4,060 1,229 40 215 666
                 
Number by type of disability                
Autism 26,370 18,307 5,117 1,117 1,739 90 2,391 7,545
Deaf-blindness 73 42 17 5 6 3 8 29
Emotional disturbance 37,448 21,553 2,556 258 12,970 111 4,822 25,930
Hearing impairment 4,513 3,651 398 60 393 11 627 1,473
Intellectual disability 34,692 14,876 12,140 2,095 5,376 205 1,256 12,354
Multiple disabilities 8,528 4,053 2,584 585 1,011 295 350 2,796
Orthopedic impairment 2,974 1,925 535 172 276 66 399 756
Other health impairment7 67,107 50,121 4,821 311 11,557 297 9,671 30,160
Specific learning disability 206,204 156,497 13,732 620 35,006 349 28,070 77,550
Speech or language impairment 11,079 9,214 384 35 1,433 13 10,532 5,206
Traumatic brain injury 2,713 1,928 357 85 311 32 268 657
Visual impairment 1,765 1,471 124 48 110 12 216 489
                 
2016-17                
Total number 413,353 293,096 42,857 5,219 70,636 1,545 64,962 157,645
Percentage distribution of total 100.0 70.9 10.4 1.3 17.1 0.4
                 
Number by sex                
Male 268,210 187,865 27,314 3,433 48,518 1,080 42,570 103,784
Female 145,140 105,229 15,543 1,786 22,117 465 22,392 53,860
                 
Number by race/ethnicity                
White 203,362 151,159 19,663 2,357 29,433 750 36,414 72,481
Black 86,180 54,857 11,714 984 18,258 367 9,584 40,169
Hispanic 96,796 68,017 9,114 1,448 17,907 310 12,932 34,662
Asian 7,365 5,634 885 252 559 35 1,629 1,724
Pacific Islander 1,736 1,205 110 37 372 12 353 513
American Indian/Alaska Native 6,511 4,449 271 35 1,726 30 1,817 2,381
Two or more races 11,403 7,775 1,100 106 2,381 41 2,233 5,715
                 
Number by age6                
14 3,468 18 2 3,236 211 16,805 36,133
15 5,989 64 40 5,647 238 15,302 36,814
16 18,179 4,876 455 12,536 312 15,179 36,156
17 172,682 141,114 11,815 1 19,428 324 11,406 27,703
18 149,070 115,314 15,630 1 17,919 206 4,601 14,061
19 34,341 20,738 5,735 10 7,730 128 1,006 4,414
20 16,986 7,563 5,037 1,242 3,062 82 457 1,686
21 12,638 3,409 4,143 3,964 1,078 44 206 678
                 
Number by type of disability                
Autism 29,295 20,568 5,596 1,083 1,985 63 2,966 7,972
Deaf-blindness 77 42 19 9 4 3 3 34
Emotional disturbance 37,891 22,017 2,355 250 13,128 141 5,844 23,402
Hearing impairment 4,667 3,734 468 52 404 9 733 1,293
Intellectual disability 35,338 15,180 12,446 2,069 5,407 236 1,773 12,313
Multiple disabilities 8,506 3,878 2,684 649 969 326 404 2,671
Orthopedic impairment 2,697 1,730 562 149 198 58 246 528
Other health impairment7 71,481 53,396 4,940 279 12,558 308 11,463 30,029
Specific learning disability 207,649 159,563 12,910 540 34,282 354 31,558 73,438
Speech or language impairment 11,314 9,600 388 30 1,283 13 9,473 4,898
Traumatic brain injury 2,641 1,933 317 74 295 22 282 645
Visual impairment 1,797 1,455 172 35 123 12 217 422
†Not applicable.
1 Received a certificate of completion, modified diploma, or some similar document, but did not meet the same standards for graduation as those for students without disabilities.
2 Each state determines its maximum age to receive special education services. At the time these data were collected, the maximum age across states generally ranged from 20 to 22 years old.
3 "Dropped out" is defined as the total who were enrolled at some point in the reporting year, were not enrolled at the end of the reporting year, and did not exit for any of the other reasons described. Includes students previously categorized as "moved, not known to continue."
4 "Transferred to regular education" was previously labeled "no longer receives special education."
5 "Moved, known to be continuing" is the total number of students who moved out of the administrative area or transferred to another district and are known to be continuing in an educational program.
6 Age data are as of fall of the school year, so some students may have been 1 year older at the time they exited school.
7 Other health impairments include having limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems such as a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, or diabetes.
NOTE: Data are for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Bureau of Indian Education, American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the Northern Marianas, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Palau, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Includes imputations for missing or unavailable data from Illinois. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of reporting anomalies and rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Section 618 Data Products: State Level Data Files. Retrieved January 8, 2019, from https://www2.ed.gov/programs/osepidea/618-data/state-level-data-files/index.html. (This table was prepared January 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest