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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 209.50. Percentage of public school teachers of grades 9 through 12, by field of main teaching assignment and selected demographic and educational characteristics: 2015-16
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected demographic or educational characteristic Total Field of main teaching assignment
Arts and music English or language arts Foreign languages Health and physical education Mathematics Natural sciences Social sciences Special education Vocational/ technical All other
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Number of teachers (in thousands) 1,272.1   (41.47) 108.1   (4.41) 191.1   (7.33) 77.5   (3.78) 73.9   (3.42) 181.9   (7.29) 145.2   (5.58) 151.4   (6.73) 141.6   (5.34) 148.8   (6.03) 52.6   (2.92)
                                                                   
Total 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
                                                                   
Sex                                                                  
Male 40.7   (0.52) 42.8   (1.71) 24.1   (1.28) 23.2   (1.80) 60.8   (2.09) 42.0   (1.28) 44.5   (1.38) 62.0   (1.39) 25.3   (1.37) 48.6   (1.55) 36.4   (2.63)
Female 59.3   (0.52) 57.2   (1.71) 75.9   (1.28) 76.8   (1.80) 39.2   (2.09) 58.0   (1.28) 55.5   (1.38) 38.0   (1.39) 74.7   (1.37) 51.4   (1.55) 63.6   (2.63)
                                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                                  
White 80.2   (0.57) 84.7   (1.47) 81.0   (0.99) 63.2   (2.04) 83.1   (1.59) 79.2   (1.22) 82.5   (1.10) 84.0   (1.07) 80.3   (1.31) 81.7   (1.21) 71.8   (2.43)
Black 6.4   (0.33) 4.2   (0.72) 6.7   (0.70) 2.2   (0.63) 7.9   (1.20) 6.4   (0.69) 4.7   (0.60) 4.3   (0.52) 8.9   (0.84) 9.2   (0.89) 10.6   (1.73)
Hispanic 8.5   (0.39) 6.4   (0.92) 7.5   (0.81) 29.0   (1.94) 5.9   (0.98) 8.1   (0.76) 6.4   (0.63) 8.2   (0.82) 6.4   (0.91) 5.3   (0.73) 11.2   (1.62)
Asian 2.3   (0.18) 2.5 ! (0.98) 1.4   (0.32) 4.0   (0.85) 1.3 ! (0.48) 3.5   (0.47) 3.4   (0.55) 0.8 ! (0.26) 2.4   (0.42) 1.3   (0.35) 3.1   (0.94)
Pacific Islander 0.3   (0.06)   (†) 0.3 ! (0.16)   (†)   (†) 0.3 ! (0.14)   (†)   (†)   (†) 0.8 ! (0.28)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.5   (0.08) 0.4 ! (0.19) 0.4 ! (0.13) 0.7 ! (0.31)   (†) 0.5 ! (0.15) 0.7 ! (0.23) 0.5 ! (0.18) 0.4 ! (0.17) 0.5 ! (0.20)   (†)
Two or more races 1.8   (0.14) 1.5   (0.40) 2.7   (0.44) 0.8 ! (0.38) 1.0 ! (0.41) 2.1   (0.38) 2.1   (0.39) 2.1   (0.42) 1.6   (0.39) 1.2   (0.33) 2.0 ! (0.70)
                                                                   
Age                                                                  
Under 30 13.4   (0.35) 16.5   (1.35) 15.6   (0.91) 12.4   (1.32) 11.6   (1.26) 16.5   (0.95) 14.7   (0.91) 12.8   (1.00) 11.9   (1.02) 8.0   (0.75) 9.6   (1.32)
30 to 39 27.9   (0.49) 28.9   (1.64) 28.6   (1.13) 26.2   (1.86) 29.4   (1.90) 27.9   (1.11) 30.2   (1.37) 32.5   (1.28) 27.6   (1.40) 22.3   (1.21) 21.4   (2.09)
40 to 49 27.0   (0.44) 22.1   (1.41) 28.6   (1.17) 29.1   (1.87) 30.2   (1.98) 26.1   (1.18) 25.6   (1.23) 27.3   (1.38) 27.9   (1.50) 26.8   (1.22) 28.5   (2.04)
50 to 59 22.5   (0.42) 21.8   (1.61) 18.5   (1.00) 24.0   (1.69) 20.1   (1.49) 22.8   (1.15) 20.7   (1.10) 19.7   (1.16) 22.8   (1.31) 30.6   (1.33) 27.8   (1.99)
60 and over 9.2   (0.32) 10.8   (1.06) 8.7   (0.84) 8.3   (1.11) 8.7   (1.09) 6.6   (0.67) 8.7   (0.78) 7.8   (0.73) 9.8   (0.95) 12.3   (0.98) 12.6   (1.53)
                                                                   
Age at which first began to
teach full time or part time
                                                                 
25 or under 49.4   (0.50) 56.1   (1.72) 52.2   (1.35) 51.9   (1.87) 58.3   (2.15) 58.6   (1.24) 46.2   (1.43) 50.2   (1.63) 45.2   (1.36) 33.9   (1.43) 38.6   (2.17)
26 to 35 32.5   (0.46) 30.8   (1.72) 31.1   (1.28) 29.8   (1.84) 32.0   (1.98) 26.5   (1.00) 37.6   (1.42) 35.7   (1.47) 33.8   (1.50) 36.0   (1.49) 30.8   (2.07)
36 to 45 12.6   (0.30) 8.2   (0.95) 11.9   (0.89) 13.5   (1.55) 7.8   (1.51) 10.5   (0.81) 11.4   (0.98) 9.9   (0.83) 14.6   (1.06) 20.3   (1.37) 19.8   (1.73)
46 to 55 4.7   (0.21) 4.2   (0.72) 4.4   (0.66) 4.1   (0.72) 1.7 ! (0.58) 3.8   (0.47) 4.1   (0.54) 3.6   (0.55) 5.5   (0.69) 7.5   (0.73) 9.6   (1.49)
56 or over 0.8   (0.09) 0.7 ! (0.30) 0.4 ! (0.17) 0.6 ! (0.29)   (†) 0.6 ! (0.20) 0.7 ! (0.23) 0.6 ! (0.22) 0.9 ! (0.26) 2.3   (0.44) 1.2 ! (0.52)
                                                                   
Years of full-time teaching
experience
                                                                 
Less than 3 years 9.4   (0.31) 9.6   (0.98) 9.5   (0.73) 9.1   (1.12) 7.4   (1.02) 9.1   (0.75) 9.8   (0.76) 7.6   (0.76) 9.1   (0.90) 12.4   (0.87) 10.5   (1.35)
3 to 9 years 28.0   (0.49) 28.3   (1.70) 28.9   (1.22) 26.9   (2.00) 24.2   (1.71) 26.6   (1.21) 30.4   (1.15) 28.9   (1.24) 29.7   (1.40) 26.0   (1.21) 28.0   (2.36)
10 to 20 years 39.2   (0.52) 34.7   (1.72) 42.0   (1.40) 38.7   (2.24) 40.1   (2.17) 39.8   (1.24) 38.0   (1.40) 40.4   (1.42) 38.9   (1.41) 38.1   (1.51) 39.4   (2.50)
Over 20 years 23.3   (0.43) 27.5   (1.66) 19.6   (1.08) 25.3   (1.84) 28.4   (1.81) 24.4   (1.12) 21.7   (1.24) 23.1   (1.29) 22.4   (1.31) 23.5   (1.24) 22.1   (1.95)
                                                                   
Highest degree earned                                                                  
Less than bachelor's degree 3.7   (0.20) 2.7   (0.51) 1.1   (0.26) 2.0   (0.51) 4.2   (0.78) 2.0   (0.36) 2.5   (0.46) 2.0   (0.37) 1.9   (0.37) 14.7   (1.13) 5.4   (1.08)
Bachelor's degree 36.4   (0.60) 45.8   (1.86) 37.5   (1.29) 32.8   (1.99) 43.5   (1.99) 36.5   (1.13) 30.7   (1.39) 37.3   (1.41) 30.2   (1.51) 39.0   (1.50) 29.6   (2.09)
Master's degree 49.4   (0.61) 43.7   (1.88) 50.0   (1.27) 54.7   (1.94) 45.1   (2.10) 53.0   (1.29) 57.1   (1.47) 50.5   (1.48) 51.1   (1.52) 36.4   (1.60) 51.4   (2.32)
Education specialist1 8.5   (0.32) 5.9   (0.88) 9.4   (0.79) 7.1   (0.91) 6.2   (1.41) 6.7   (0.69) 6.0   (0.72) 8.2   (0.86) 15.3   (1.22) 8.4   (0.88) 12.6   (1.58)
Doctor's degree 2.1   (0.16) 1.9   (0.48) 2.1   (0.36) 3.4   (0.79) 1.0 ! (0.48) 1.8   (0.33) 3.8   (0.61) 2.1   (0.42) 1.4   (0.35) 1.5   (0.37)   (†)
                                                                   
Major field of study in bachelor's
or higher degree2
                                                                 
Arts and music 9.6   (0.27) 89.8   (1.06) 5.4   (0.51) 2.5   (0.61)   (†) 0.9   (0.25) 0.7 ! (0.23) 1.0   (0.28) 1.9   (0.43) 2.2   (0.44) 4.2   (0.96)
Education, elementary instruction 6.7   (0.28) 2.6   (0.57) 6.6   (0.68) 4.5   (0.76) 3.6   (0.70) 5.5   (0.55) 1.9   (0.33) 2.3   (0.41) 23.2   (1.40) 3.5   (0.49) 17.3   (1.78)
Education, secondary instruction 21.6   (0.48) 9.2   (0.91) 31.0   (1.23) 21.6   (1.70) 6.9   (1.47) 27.8   (1.26) 34.7   (1.33) 32.6   (1.49) 6.2   (0.74) 12.3   (0.95) 13.1   (1.56)
Education, special education 11.9   (0.31) 1.4   (0.37) 6.8   (0.77) 2.8   (0.67) 3.8   (0.77) 5.2   (0.56) 2.1   (0.38) 3.9   (0.58) 74.2   (1.30) 3.5   (0.53) 7.1   (1.37)
Education, other. 18.0   (0.41) 10.7   (1.10) 18.3   (1.03) 18.2   (1.44) 21.4   (1.76) 20.2   (1.09) 17.7   (1.03) 20.9   (1.20) 18.2   (1.23) 16.1   (1.10) 17.8   (1.81)
English and language arts. 16.8   (0.31) 4.4   (0.72) 74.8   (1.15) 13.8   (1.45) 2.7   (0.69) 2.5   (0.44) 1.6   (0.41) 6.2   (0.69) 12.6   (1.13) 4.3   (0.63) 24.3   (1.97)
Foreign languages 5.9   (0.22) 0.6 ! (0.27) 2.3   (0.57) 75.3   (1.79) 0.8 ! (0.35) 1.4   (0.33) 0.4 ! (0.17) 1.1 ! (0.34) 0.7 ! (0.25) 0.4 ! (0.19) 8.7   (1.31)
Health and physical education 8.0   (0.25) 1.1 ! (0.39) 1.6   (0.33) 2.0 ! (0.63) 82.7   (1.51) 2.5   (0.37) 4.4   (0.77) 4.5   (0.62) 5.7   (0.61) 3.3   (0.55) 8.2   (1.17)
Mathematics 9.5   (0.30)   (†) 0.3 ! (0.15) 0.9 ! (0.35) 1.4 ! (0.51) 60.8   (1.24) 1.7   (0.36)   (†) 1.1   (0.32)   (†) 3.1   (0.81)
Natural sciences 11.8   (0.29) 1.4 ! (0.44) 0.3 ! (0.11) 1.8 ! (0.61) 1.6   (0.42) 9.3   (0.78) 79.3   (1.20) 0.8 ! (0.25) 2.7   (0.48) 3.3   (0.51) 5.6   (1.16)
Social sciences 19.4   (0.43) 4.0   (0.98) 11.2   (0.79) 15.6   (1.55) 6.9   (1.01) 8.6   (0.74) 6.5   (0.68) 81.8   (1.14) 23.7   (1.34) 7.2   (0.81) 19.5   (1.99)
Vocational/technical education 13.6   (0.33) 3.5   (0.60) 4.8   (0.67) 5.0   (0.94) 5.2   (0.89) 10.4   (0.79) 6.9   (0.75) 4.6   (0.56) 8.0   (0.86) 65.2   (1.49) 15.5   (1.56)
Other field 10.5   (0.33) 6.2   (0.81) 9.7   (0.78) 16.4   (1.52) 8.8   (1.10) 12.3   (0.89) 6.9   (0.79) 7.2   (0.69) 10.5   (0.99) 10.4   (0.96) 30.9   (2.15)
No degree 3.7   (0.20) 2.7   (0.51) 1.1   (0.26) 2.0   (0.51) 4.2   (0.78) 2.0   (0.36) 2.5   (0.46) 2.0   (0.37) 1.9   (0.37) 14.7   (1.13) 5.4   (1.08)
† Not applicable.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Education specialist degrees or certificates are generally awarded for 1 year's work beyond the master's level. Includes certificates of advanced graduate studies.
2 Data may sum to more than 100 percent because (1) a teacher who reported more than one major is represented in more than one field of study and (2) a teacher with multiple degrees in different fields of study is represented in more than one field of study.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Teacher Data File," 2015-16. (This table was prepared June 2018.)      

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest