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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 209.23. Number and percentage distribution of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by race/ethnicity and selected teacher and school characteristics: 2015-16
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected teacher or school characteristic Number of teachers (in thousands) Race/ethnicity
Total White Minority
Total Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native Two or more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
                                                             
Teacher characteristic       Percentage distribution of teachers in each racial/ethnic group, by teacher characteristic
Total 3,827   (49.5) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Sex                                                            
Male 897   (18.1) 23.4   (0.34) 23.1   (0.36) 24.8   (0.67) 24.2   (1.10) 24.9   (0.95) 22.7   (1.91) 39.5   (5.98) 28.9   (3.41) 26.5   (2.31)
Female 2,930   (39.1) 76.6   (0.34) 76.9   (0.36) 75.2   (0.67) 75.8   (1.10) 75.1   (0.95) 77.3   (1.91) 60.5   (5.98) 71.1   (3.41) 73.5   (2.31)
                                                             
Age                                                            
Under 30 574   (11.4) 15.0   (0.23) 15.1   (0.26) 14.5   (0.49) 11.6   (0.83) 15.2   (0.73) 18.0   (1.79) 10.0 ! (3.55) 10.6   (2.76) 19.7   (2.17)
30 to 39 1,090   (17.0) 28.5   (0.28) 28.1   (0.32) 30.0   (0.65) 27.4   (1.03) 31.4   (0.94) 33.5   (2.12) 28.1   (5.88) 24.5   (3.68) 29.8   (2.19)
40 to 49 1,050   (17.7) 27.4   (0.29) 26.9   (0.31) 29.7   (0.71) 30.2   (1.12) 31.2   (1.06) 25.4   (1.88) 32.9   (6.10) 26.4   (4.09) 24.3   (1.91)
50 to 59 823   (14.4) 21.5   (0.23) 22.2   (0.26) 18.9   (0.55) 21.5   (0.96) 17.2   (0.81) 15.6   (1.40) 27.5   (5.87) 26.1   (3.48) 18.7   (1.92)
60 and over 290   (7.5) 7.6   (0.17) 7.7   (0.18) 7.0   (0.36) 9.2   (0.70) 5.0   (0.51) 7.5   (1.11)   (†) 12.3   (2.64) 7.5   (1.31)
                                                             
Highest degree earned                                                            
Less than bachelor's 93   (3.7) 2.4   (0.10) 2.5   (0.11) 2.2   (0.19) 2.2   (0.32) 2.0   (0.28) 1.5 ! (0.51)   (†) 7.3 ! (2.22) 2.5 ! (0.78)
Bachelor's 1,550   (23.4) 40.5   (0.34) 39.7   (0.37) 43.5   (0.72) 36.9   (1.23) 50.8   (1.11) 35.4   (2.09) 45.1   (6.16) 43.5   (4.40) 42.4   (2.73)
Master's 1,812   (26.3) 47.3   (0.34) 48.5   (0.41) 42.8   (0.70) 44.5   (1.19) 39.1   (1.03) 50.4   (2.22) 42.8   (6.25) 40.5   (3.98) 46.2   (2.53)
Education specialist1  323   (8.8) 8.4   (0.18) 8.1   (0.20) 9.9   (0.47) 14.0   (0.94) 6.9   (0.60) 11.5   (1.54) 9.6 ! (4.08) 7.9 ! (2.72) 6.9   (1.40)
Doctor's 49   (3.1) 1.3   (0.08) 1.2   (0.08) 1.7   (0.18) 2.4   (0.39) 1.2   (0.24) 1.2 ! (0.41)   (†)   (†) 2.1 ! (0.71)
                                                             
Years of full- and part-
      time teaching
      experience
                                                           
Less than 3 380   (8.8) 9.9   (0.19) 9.2   (0.20) 12.8   (0.46) 12.4   (0.77) 13.1   (0.73) 10.7   (1.25) 14.2   (4.04) 11.0   (2.66) 16.8   (1.87)
3 to 9 1,083   (17.1) 28.3   (0.30) 27.6   (0.34) 31.3   (0.68) 29.9   (1.13) 31.7   (0.98) 35.3   (2.20) 27.5   (5.50) 26.7   (3.76) 30.5   (2.18)
10 to 20 1,504   (23.0) 39.3   (0.31) 39.3   (0.33) 39.2   (0.73) 38.6   (1.21) 40.4   (1.11) 37.9   (2.21) 41.3   (6.07) 36.7   (3.78) 36.4   (2.52)
Over 20 860   (15.8) 22.5   (0.27) 23.9   (0.31) 16.7   (0.54) 19.2   (0.93) 14.7   (0.78) 16.1   (1.57) 17.0   (4.43) 25.7   (3.95) 16.3   (1.83)
                                                             
Instructional level2                                                            
Elementary 1,908   (41.2) 49.8   (0.96) 49.9   (1.01) 49.7   (1.28) 48.0   (1.90) 52.7   (1.69) 51.9   (2.44) 39.1   (5.91) 43.3   (4.80) 39.9   (2.77)
Secondary 1,920   (47.2) 50.2   (0.96) 50.1   (1.01) 50.3   (1.28) 52.0   (1.90) 47.3   (1.69) 48.1   (2.44) 60.9   (5.91) 56.7   (4.80) 60.1   (2.77)
                                                             
School characteristic       Percentage distribution of teachers in schools with characteristic, by race/ethnicity
Total 3,827   (49.5) 100.0   (†) 80.1   (0.34) 19.9   (0.34) 6.7   (0.21) 8.8   (0.22) 2.3   (0.09) 0.2   (0.03) 0.4   (0.04) 1.4   (0.07)
School classification                                                            
Traditional public 3,609   (46.9) 100.0   (†) 80.7   (0.35) 19.3   (0.35) 6.5   (0.22) 8.5   (0.23) 2.2   (0.10) 0.2   (0.03) 0.4   (0.04) 1.4   (0.07)
Charter school 218   (9.9) 100.0   (†) 71.2   (1.35) 28.8   (1.35) 9.4   (0.79) 14.0   (1.13) 2.5   (0.33) 0.3 ! (0.10) 0.2 ! (0.09) 2.4   (0.34)
                                                             
Enrollment size of school                                                            
Under 200 177   (11.0) 100.0   (†) 81.2   (1.18) 18.8   (1.18) 6.7   (0.90) 8.0   (0.92) 1.2   (0.31) 0.3 ! (0.12) 1.0   (0.25) 1.6   (0.31)
200 to 499 1,075   (22.1) 100.0   (†) 83.9   (0.62) 16.1   (0.62) 6.5   (0.41) 5.7   (0.38) 1.9   (0.18) 0.2 ! (0.05) 0.6   (0.09) 1.2   (0.11)
500 to 999 1,619   (37.6) 100.0   (†) 79.0   (0.61) 21.0   (0.61) 7.0   (0.37) 9.9   (0.42) 2.3   (0.17) 0.2   (0.04) 0.3   (0.05) 1.2   (0.11)
1,000 or more 957   (36.1) 100.0   (†) 77.5   (0.75) 22.5   (0.75) 6.3   (0.41) 10.6   (0.56) 2.8   (0.24) 0.4   (0.08) 0.4   (0.08) 2.0   (0.17)
                                                             
Percent of minority
      students in school3
                                                           
Less than 10 percent 456   (13.8) 100.0   (†) 97.8   (0.25) 2.2   (0.25)   (†) 1.0   (0.14) 0.4   (0.11)   (†) 0.2 ! (0.06) 0.5   (0.12)
10 to 24 percent 668   (21.6) 100.0   (†) 95.6   (0.32) 4.4   (0.32) 0.9   (0.15) 1.6   (0.19) 0.6   (0.12)   (†) 0.3   (0.06) 0.9   (0.12)
25 to 49 percent 836   (25.4) 100.0   (†) 89.8   (0.41) 10.2   (0.41) 2.9   (0.22) 4.1   (0.25) 1.1   (0.15) 0.1 ! (0.04) 0.5   (0.09) 1.5   (0.15)
50 to 74 percent 630   (22.7) 100.0   (†) 79.9   (0.65) 20.1   (0.65) 7.0   (0.42) 7.9   (0.48) 2.7   (0.28) 0.3   (0.08) 0.4   (0.08) 1.9   (0.24)
75 to 89 percent 337   (16.1) 100.0   (†) 69.2   (1.20) 30.8   (1.20) 9.8   (0.79) 14.0   (1.02) 3.7   (0.50) 0.8   (0.19) 0.3 ! (0.10) 2.1   (0.30)
90 percent or more 628   (24.6) 100.0   (†) 45.0   (1.05) 55.0   (1.05) 20.0   (0.80) 26.7   (0.93) 5.3   (0.42) 0.4   (0.10) 0.7   (0.14) 1.9   (0.19)
                                                             
Locale4                                                            
City 1,180   (37.0) 100.0   (†) 69.5   (0.74) 30.5   (0.74) 11.0   (0.52) 13.2   (0.53) 3.8   (0.28) 0.3   (0.06) 0.2   (0.05) 2.0   (0.16)
Suburban 1,513   (41.6) 100.0   (†) 81.9   (0.49) 18.1   (0.49) 5.6   (0.27) 8.5   (0.38) 2.2   (0.16) 0.2   (0.05) 0.3   (0.05) 1.3   (0.11)
Town 416   (13.6) 100.0   (†) 87.9   (0.59) 12.1   (0.59) 3.3   (0.31) 5.7   (0.42) 0.8   (0.14) 0.3   (0.07) 0.8   (0.15) 1.2   (0.15)
Rural 718   (21.4) 100.0   (†) 89.4   (0.55) 10.6   (0.55) 3.9   (0.33) 4.1   (0.41) 0.6   (0.10) 0.1 ! (0.04) 1.0   (0.13) 0.9   (0.11)
                                                             
Percent of students
      eligible for free or
      reduced-price lunch
                                                           
0 to 25 881   (29.0) 100.0   (†) 88.6   (0.56) 11.4   (0.56) 2.8   (0.27) 4.9   (0.36) 2.2   (0.23) 0.2   (0.05) 0.3   (0.09) 1.0   (0.12)
26 to 50 934   (32.0) 100.0   (†) 87.2   (0.57) 12.8   (0.57) 3.3   (0.26) 5.5   (0.39) 1.7   (0.19) 0.3   (0.08) 0.4   (0.08) 1.7   (0.16)
51 to 75 836   (26.2) 100.0   (†) 80.5   (0.75) 19.5   (0.75) 7.0   (0.49) 8.0   (0.52) 2.0   (0.24) 0.3   (0.07) 0.5   (0.11) 1.5   (0.16)
76 to 100 1,051   (29.4) 100.0   (†) 65.8   (0.85) 34.2   (0.85) 13.0   (0.59) 16.0   (0.64) 3.0   (0.22) 0.2   (0.05) 0.5   (0.08) 1.6   (0.14)
School does not
      participate
125   (8.7) 100.0   (†) 85.5   (1.24) 14.5   (1.24) 3.8   (0.80) 6.9   (0.99) 2.6   (0.61)   (†) 0.3 ! (0.13) 1.0   (0.28)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Education specialist degrees or certificates are generally awarded for 1 year's work beyond the master's level. Includes certificate of advanced graduate studies.
2 Teachers were classified as elementary or secondary on the basis of the grades they taught, rather than on the level of the school in which they taught. In general, elementary teachers include those teaching prekindergarten through grade 6 and those teaching multiple grades, with a preponderance of grades taught being kindergarten through grade 6. In general, secondary teachers include those teaching any of grades 7 through 12 and those teaching multiple grades, with a preponderance of grades taught being grades 7 through 12 and usually with no grade taught being lower than grade 5.
3 Excludes the 7 percent of teachers for whom the percentage of minority enrollment in the school was not available. Minority enrollment is the combined enrollment of students who are Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, and of Two or more races.
4 Interpret 2015-16 data on city teachers with caution. After nonresponse adjustments, the nonresponse bias for this category is greater than for other characteristics.
NOTE: Data are based on a head count of full-time and part-time teachers rather than on the number of full-time-equivalent teachers reported in other tables. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and cell suppression. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Teacher Data File," 2015-16. (This table was prepared December 2017.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest