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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 209.21. Number and percentage distribution of teachers in public traditional and charter elementary and secondary schools, by instructional level and selected teacher and school characteristics: 2015-16
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected teacher or school characteristic Number of teachers (in thousands) Percentage distribution of teachers
Total Elementary Secondary Total Elementary Secondary
Total Traditional public Public
charter
Traditional public Public
charter
Traditional public Public
charter
Total Traditional public Public
charter
Traditional public Public
charter
Traditional public Public
charter
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Total 3,827   (49.5) 3,609   (46.9) 218   (9.9) 1,798   (40.3) 110   (5.7) 1,811   (45.7) 108   (6.9) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Sex                                                                                    
Male 897   (18.1) 844   (17.4) 53   (3.2) 191   (6.0) 13   (1.1) 653   (17.8) 40   (3.0) 23.4   (0.34) 23.4   (0.35) 24.4   (0.95) 10.6   (0.26) 11.9   (0.91) 36.1   (0.44) 37.1   (1.45)
Female 2,930   (39.1) 2,765   (37.2) 165   (7.7) 1,606   (36.8) 97   (5.2) 1,158   (30.8) 68   (4.7) 76.6   (0.34) 76.6   (0.35) 75.6   (0.95) 89.4   (0.26) 88.1   (0.91) 63.9   (0.44) 62.9   (1.45)
                                                                                     
Race/ethnicity                                                                                    
White 3,067   (41.9) 2,911   (40.4) 155   (7.8) 1,450   (35.1) 79   (4.6) 1,461   (38.0) 76   (5.3) 80.1   (0.34) 80.7   (0.35) 71.2   (1.35) 80.7   (0.55) 72.2   (1.70) 80.7   (0.47) 70.1   (1.93)
Black 256   (8.8) 235   (8.4) 21   (1.9) 113   (6.6) 10   (1.3) 122   (6.0) 11   (1.2) 6.7   (0.21) 6.5   (0.22) 9.4   (0.79) 6.3   (0.34) 9.1   (1.11) 6.8   (0.30) 9.7   (1.01)
Hispanic 338   (9.2) 308   (8.8) 31   (2.9) 164   (7.7) 14   (1.6) 144   (6.5) 16   (2.3) 8.8   (0.22) 8.5   (0.23) 14.0   (1.13) 9.1   (0.39) 13.0   (1.28) 7.9   (0.30) 15.1   (1.76)
Asian 86   (3.9) 81   (3.8) 5   (0.7) 42   (2.8) 3   (0.5) 39   (2.9) 3   (0.5) 2.3   (0.09) 2.2   (0.10) 2.5   (0.33) 2.3   (0.15) 2.5   (0.47) 2.1   (0.15) 2.5   (0.43)
Pacific Islander 9   (1.1) 8   (1.1)   (†)   (†)   (†) 5   (0.8)   (†) 0.2   (0.03) 0.2   (0.03) 0.3 ! (0.10) 0.2   (0.04) 0.3 ! (0.14) 0.3   (0.04) 0.2 ! (0.10)
American Indian/
    Alaska Native
17   (1.5) 16   (1.5)   (†) 7   (0.9)   (†) 9   (1.3)   (†) 0.4   (0.04) 0.4   (0.04) 0.2 ! (0.09) 0.4   (0.05) 0.3 ! (0.12) 0.5   (0.07)   (†)
Two or more races 54   (2.8) 49   (2.6) 5   (0.8) 19   (1.9) 3   (0.6) 30   (2.0) 2   (0.4) 1.4   (0.07) 1.4   (0.07) 2.4   (0.34) 1.0   (0.11) 2.6   (0.54) 1.7   (0.10) 2.2   (0.38)
                                                                                     
Age                                                                                    
Under 30 574   (11.4) 516   (10.7) 58   (3.3) 278   (9.4) 30   (2.1) 238   (7.7) 27   (2.3) 15.0   (0.23) 14.3   (0.24) 26.4   (1.02) 15.5   (0.38) 27.4   (1.51) 13.1   (0.29) 25.3   (1.39)
30 to 39 1,090   (17.0) 1,020   (16.5) 71   (3.9) 504   (13.5) 37   (2.4) 516   (14.8) 34   (2.6) 28.5   (0.28) 28.3   (0.30) 32.4   (0.93) 28.0   (0.41) 33.6   (1.30) 28.5   (0.43) 31.3   (1.30)
40 to 49 1,050   (17.7) 1,002   (17.5) 48   (3.0) 500   (13.7) 25   (2.0) 502   (14.1) 24   (2.0) 27.4   (0.29) 27.8   (0.30) 22.0   (0.77) 27.8   (0.44) 22.3   (1.12) 27.7   (0.36) 21.7   (1.17)
50 to 59 823   (14.4) 794   (14.0) 29   (1.8) 393   (11.3) 13   (1.0) 402   (12.3) 16   (1.4) 21.5   (0.23) 22.0   (0.25) 13.2   (0.63) 21.8   (0.39) 11.8   (0.74) 22.2   (0.33) 14.6   (0.97)
60 and over 290   (7.5) 277   (7.4) 13   (1.1) 123   (5.2) 5   (0.7) 154   (6.1) 8   (0.9) 7.6   (0.17) 7.7   (0.18) 6.0   (0.43) 6.8   (0.25) 4.9   (0.58) 8.5   (0.24) 7.2   (0.70)
                                                                                     
Highest degree earned                                                                                    
Less than bachelor's 93   (3.7) 87   (3.7) 6   (0.7) 29   (2.2) 3   (0.5) 58   (3.0) 3   (0.5) 2.4   (0.10) 2.4   (0.10) 2.9   (0.31) 1.6   (0.12) 2.7   (0.44) 3.2   (0.16) 3.1   (0.43)
Bachelor's 1,550   (23.4) 1,440   (22.2) 110   (5.2) 765   (20.1) 61   (3.2) 675   (19.2) 49   (3.6) 40.5   (0.34) 39.9   (0.36) 50.2   (1.20) 42.6   (0.57) 55.2   (1.73) 37.3   (0.48) 45.2   (1.74)
Postbaccalaureate 2,113   (32.0) 2,081   (31.1) 31   (5.7) 1,003   (24.7) 46   (3.4) 1,078   (29.0) 56   (4.1) 57.1   (0.34) 57.7   (0.36) 46.8   (1.21) 55.8   (0.59) 42.1   (1.74) 59.5   (0.49) 51.6   (1.71)
Master's 1,812   (26.3) 1,729   (25.7) 82   (4.7) 834   (20.8) 38   (2.8) 895   (24.2) 44   (3.3) 47.3   (0.34) 47.9   (0.36) 37.6   (1.11) 46.4   (0.56) 34.6   (1.55) 49.4   (0.49) 40.8   (1.54)
Education
     specialist1
323   (8.8) 306   (8.6) 17   (1.6) 155   (6.2) 8   (1.1) 151   (6.3) 9   (1.2) 8.4   (0.18) 8.5   (0.19) 7.7   (0.59) 8.6   (0.28) 7.1   (0.89) 8.3   (0.26) 8.4   (0.92)
Doctor's 49   (3.1) 46   (3.0) 3   (0.5) 14   (1.7)   (†) 32   (2.4) 3   (0.5) 1.3   (0.08) 1.3   (0.08) 1.5   (0.23) 0.8   (0.09) 0.5 ! (0.24) 1.8   (0.13) 2.5   (0.40)
                                                                                     
Years of teaching
    experience
                                                                                   
Less than 3 380   (8.8) 340   (8.1) 40   (2.7) 174   (6.4) 20   (1.5) 166   (6.1) 20   (1.8) 9.9   (0.19) 9.4   (0.19) 18.4   (0.84) 9.7   (0.30) 18.0   (1.10) 9.2   (0.26) 18.8   (1.12)
3 to 9 1,083   (17.1) 992   (16.2) 91   (4.2) 492   (13.2) 48   (2.7) 500   (13.5) 43   (2.9) 28.3   (0.30) 27.5   (0.31) 41.9   (1.11) 27.4   (0.44) 44.0   (1.47) 27.6   (0.42) 39.7   (1.41)
10 to 20 1,504   (23.0) 1,438   (22.3) 66   (3.9) 717   (19.0) 32   (2.4) 721   (20.2) 34   (2.8) 39.3   (0.31) 39.9   (0.31) 30.1   (1.06) 39.9   (0.44) 29.0   (1.38) 39.8   (0.42) 31.3   (1.45)
Over 20 860   (15.8) 839   (15.5) 21   (1.7) 415   (11.4) 10   (1.1) 424   (13.9) 11   (1.3) 22.5   (0.27) 23.3   (0.29) 9.6   (0.61) 23.1   (0.39) 9.0   (0.81) 23.4   (0.39) 10.1   (0.97)
                                                                                     
Certification type2                                                                                    
Regular 3,457   (45.2) 3,288   (43.4) 169   (8.0) 1,651   (37.7) 87   (4.7) 1,637   (41.7) 82   (5.7) 90.3   (0.17) 91.1   (0.17) 77.5   (0.91) 91.8   (0.26) 79.2   (1.25) 90.4   (0.25) 75.7   (1.37)
Probationary 120   (3.7) 110   (3.7) 11   (1.0) 52   (2.8) 6   (0.7) 58   (2.7) 5   (0.7) 3.1   (0.09) 3.0   (0.09) 5.0   (0.40) 2.9   (0.15) 5.1   (0.60) 3.2   (0.14) 4.9   (0.54)
Provisional or
    temporary
163   (5.1) 148   (5.0) 15   (1.3) 66   (3.5) 7   (0.8) 82   (4.1) 8   (0.9) 4.3   (0.12) 4.1   (0.13) 6.9   (0.49) 3.7   (0.18) 6.6   (0.61) 4.5   (0.19) 7.2   (0.73)
Waiver or emergency 35   (2.3) 31   (2.3) 4   (0.6) 12   (1.5)   (†) 19   (1.6) 2   (0.4) 0.9   (0.06) 0.9   (0.06) 1.7   (0.25) 0.7   (0.08) 1.5   (0.37) 1.1   (0.09) 2.0   (0.35)
No certification 52   (2.7) 32   (2.1) 19   (1.6) 17   (1.6) 8   (0.9) 16   (1.6) 11   (1.1) 1.4   (0.07) 0.9   (0.06) 8.9   (0.62) 0.9   (0.09) 7.6   (0.74) 0.9   (0.09) 10.3   (0.93)
                                                                                     
School locale3                                                                                    
City 1,180   (37.0) 1,059   (34.8) 120   (7.0) 534   (23.0) 61   (4.5) 525   (28.9) 59   (5.0) 30.8   (0.84) 29.4   (0.85) 55.1   (2.21) 29.7   (1.14) 55.5   (2.85) 29.0   (1.26) 54.6   (3.17)
Suburban 1,513   (41.6) 1,449   (40.5) 64   (6.0) 730   (30.8) 33   (3.5) 718   (29.3) 32   (4.0) 39.5   (0.90) 40.1   (0.92) 29.4   (2.15) 40.6   (1.29) 29.6   (2.68) 39.7   (1.27) 29.2   (2.93)
Town 416   (13.6) 404   (13.3) 12   (2.0) 191   (11.1) 5   (1.0) 213   (11.6) 7   (1.5) 10.9   (0.37) 11.2   (0.38) 5.6   (0.92) 10.6   (0.59) 4.8   (0.95) 11.8   (0.62) 6.5   (1.37)
Rural 718   (21.4) 696   (21.0) 22   (2.7) 342   (15.7) 11   (1.7) 354   (15.2) 11   (1.8) 18.8   (0.55) 19.3   (0.57) 9.9   (1.22) 19.0   (0.82) 10.1   (1.51) 19.6   (0.80) 9.7   (1.66)
                                                                                     
Percent of students
    eligible for free or
    reduced-price lunch
                                                                                   
0 to 25 881   (29.0) 852   (28.4) 30   (3.9) 394   (20.6) 15   (2.0) 458   (22.3) 15   (2.8) 23.0   (0.68) 23.6   (0.71) 13.6   (1.57) 21.9   (0.96) 13.6   (1.71) 25.3   (1.00) 13.6   (2.25)
26 to 50 934   (32.0) 900   (31.8) 34   (3.8) 378   (17.7) 20   (2.9) 522   (24.4) 14   (2.0) 24.4   (0.74) 25.0   (0.77) 15.3   (1.57) 21.1   (0.85) 17.8   (2.37) 28.8   (1.14) 12.9   (1.65)
51 to 75 836   (26.2) 795   (25.8) 41   (4.1) 398   (17.9) 24   (2.8) 397   (21.3) 17   (2.4) 21.8   (0.62) 22.0   (0.66) 18.8   (1.73) 22.1   (0.84) 21.8   (2.31) 21.9   (1.03) 15.8   (2.12)
76 to 100 1,051   (29.4) 976   (28.8) 75   (5.3) 599   (22.0) 36   (3.4) 377   (19.8) 39   (4.1) 27.5   (0.72) 27.1   (0.76) 34.2   (1.96) 33.3   (1.11) 32.7   (2.55) 20.8   (0.98) 35.7   (2.87)
School does not
        participate
125   (8.7) 85   (7.9) 39   (3.8) 28   (4.3) 15   (1.7) 57   (7.0) 24   (3.0) 3.3   (0.23) 2.4   (0.22) 18.0   (1.60) 1.6   (0.24) 14.1   (1.49) 3.2   (0.39) 22.0   (2.51)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Education specialist degrees or certificates are generally awarded for 1 year's work beyond the master's level. Includes certificate of advanced graduate studies.
2 Refers to certification of teachers to teach in the state where they are currently teaching. A teaching certificate is probationary if all requirements have been satisfied except completion of a probationary period. It is provisional or temporary if additional coursework, student teaching, or passage of a test is required to obtain regular certification. It is a waiver or emergency certificate if a certification program must be completed to continue teaching.
3 Interpret 2015-16 data on city teachers with caution. After nonresponse adjustments, the nonresponse bias for this category is greater than for other characteristics.
NOTE: Data are based on a head count of full-time and part-time teachers rather than on the number of full-time-equivalent teachers reported in other tables. Teachers were classified as elementary or secondary on the basis of the grades they taught, rather than on the level of the school in which they taught. In general, elementary teachers include those teaching prekindergarten through grade 6 and those teaching multiple grades, with a preponderance of grades taught being kindergarten through grade 6. In general, secondary teachers include those teaching any of grades 7 through 12 and those teaching multiple grades, with a preponderance of grades taught being grades 7 through 12 and usually with no grade taught being lower than grade 5. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Teacher Data File," 2015-16. (This table was prepared June 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest