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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 204.75a. Homeless students enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools, by grade, primary nighttime residence, and selected student characteristics: 2009-10 through 2016-17
Grade, primary nighttime residence, or
selected student characteristic
2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-151 2015-16 2016-172
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Total number of homeless students3 910,439 1,047,397 1,128,503 1,216,117 1,285,641 1,260,721 1,301,238 1,351,120
As a percent of total public school
   enrollment
1.8 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7
                 
Total number, by grade and nighttime
   residence
               
Grade                
Prekindergarten4 28,871 32,966 32,866 38,281 47,976 39,381 42,580 43,333
Kindergarten 82,378 89,589 105,795 115,943 112,343 118,470 109,852 115,653
Grade 1 83,675 92,153 104,554 113,226 121,159 116,464 116,517 115,312
Grade 2 80,437 88,125 96,845 105,311 113,238 111,189 115,054 114,772
Grade 3 77,594 86,253 93,214 99,446 107,574 105,739 110,868 115,200
Grade 4 73,942 82,570 88,809 94,303 99,005 98,221 103,859 108,411
Grade 5 69,605 79,314 85,224 89,769 93,912 91,647 97,068 102,560
Grade 6 65,238 75,867 80,962 86,880 89,965 87,844 90,716 94,806
Grade 7 61,009 71,412 76,481 82,159 86,659 83,924 86,480 89,234
Grade 8 60,186 69,406 73,528 79,516 83,404 82,122 85,327 88,326
Grade 9 66,474 79,897 81,262 90,139 97,129 94,508 95,662 99,880
Grade 10 54,510 68,484 69,396 72,673 77,486 76,951 82,040 85,644
Grade 11 47,835 59,120 63,078 66,519 69,619 68,729 73,881 78,969
Grade 12 54,030 68,532 73,687 79,260 83,671 83,022 88,452 95,723
Ungraded5 4,655 3,709 2,802 2,692 2,501 2,510 2,882 3,297
                 
Primary nighttime residence6                
Doubled-up or shared housing7 648,233 741,460 849,684 917,122 978,463 957,053 983,782 1,022,425
Hotels or motels 45,727 53,499 62,530 69,179 78,767 82,187 84,978 90,013
Shelters, transitional housing, or
   awaiting foster care placement
172,644 177,028 174,472 173,397 183,653 180,302 185,596 186,141
Unsheltered8 38,450 74,044 40,151 39,108 41,738 39,327 43,014 49,864
                 
Number with selected characteristics                
Unaccompanied homeless youth9 --- --- --- 78,654 88,390 94,800 111,720 118,362
English language learners10 --- --- --- 174,821 190,256 181,764 201,099 216,245
Migrant students11 --- --- --- 16,231 18,588 17,748 16,700 16,170
Students with disabilities12 --- --- --- 190,050 217,048 215,630 232,764 245,130
---Not available.
1 The decrease in homeless students in 2014-15 was caused in part by changes to California's data collection systems. For more information, see section 1.9.1.1 of California's 2014-15 Consolidated State Performance Report, available at https://www2.ed.gov/admins/lead/account/consolidated/sy14-15part1/ca.pdf.
2 Includes imputed data for Kansas.
3 The sum of counts by grade.
4 Homeless children 3 to 5 years old who are not in kindergarten.
5 Includes students reported as being enrolled in grade 13.
6 Does not sum to the total number of homeless students because of missing data on primary nighttime residence. (Counts by primary nighttime residence differ from those shown in the total row by less than 2 percent for 2012-13 and less than 1 percent for all other years.)
7 Refers to temporarily sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or other reasons (such as domestic violence).
8 Includes living in cars, parks, campgrounds, temporary trailers--including Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) trailers--or abandoned buildings.
9 Youth who are not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian. Includes youth living on their own and youth living with a caregiver who is not their legal guardian.
10 Students who met the definition of limited English proficient students as outlined in the EDFacts workbook. For more information, see https://www2.ed.gov/about/inits/ed/edfacts/eden-workbook.html.
11 Students who met the definition of eligible migrant children as outlined in the EDFacts workbook. Such students are either migratory workers or the children or spouses of migratory workers and have moved within the preceding 36 months in order to obtain, or to accompany parents or spouses who moved in order to obtain, temporary or seasonal employment in agricultural or fishing work. For more information, see https://www2.ed.gov/about/inits/ed/edfacts/eden-workbook.html. Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Rhode Island, and West Virginia did not operate a migrant education program during the 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15, 2015-16, and 2016-17 school years and therefore had no data to provide on migrant homeless students.
12 Includes only students with disabilities who were served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
NOTE: Homeless students are defined as children/youth who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. For more information, see "C118 - Homeless Students Enrolled" at https://www2.ed.gov/about/inits/ed/edfacts/sy-16-17-nonxml.html. Data include all homeless students enrolled at any time during the school year. Data exclude Puerto Rico and the Bureau of Indian Education. This table is based on state-level data unless otherwise noted.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, EDFacts file 118, Data Group 655, extracted June 5, 2019, from the EDFacts Data Warehouse (internal U.S. Department of Education Source); and Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary and Secondary Education," 2009-10 through 2016-17. (This table was prepared June 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest