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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 204.70. Number and percentage of children served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by age group and state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2017-18
State or jurisdiction 3- to 21-year-olds served 3- to 5-year-olds served
1990-91 2000-01 2010-11 2015-16 2016-171 2017-182 As a percent of public school enroll-ment,
2017-183
Percent change in number served, 2000-01 to
2017-18
1990-91 2000-01 2010-11 2015-16 2016-17 1 2017-182
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
United States 4,710,089 6,295,816 6,434,916 6,676,974 6,802,402   6,964,424   13.7 10.6 389,751 592,087 723,738 746,499 765,820   793,039  
Alabama 94,601 99,828 82,286 84,278 86,922   90,319   12.2 -9.5 7,154 7,554 7,492 7,368 7,726   7,827  
Alaska 14,390 17,691 18,048 18,390 18,711   19,148   14.3 8.2 1,458 1,637 2,104 2,115 2,221   2,430  
Arizona 56,629 96,442 125,816 132,592 135,250   140,702   12.5 45.9 4,330 9,144 14,756 15,328 15,555   16,517  
Arkansas 47,187 62,222 64,881 68,178 70,792   72,835   14.8 17.1 4,626 9,376 13,034 12,981 13,474   13,716  
California 468,420 645,287 672,174 727,718 747,317   767,562   12.2 18.9 39,627 57,651 72,404 78,610 80,903   83,853  
                                     
Colorado 56,336 78,715 84,710 95,101 98,031   102,240   11.2 29.9 4,128 8,202 11,797 12,774 13,485   14,293  
Connecticut 63,886 73,886 68,167 75,030 77,519   79,758   15.1 7.9 5,466 7,172 7,933 8,691 9,086   9,120  
Delaware 14,208 16,760 18,608 20,742 21,581   23,196   16.9 38.4 1,493 1,652 2,123 2,030 2,444   2,616  
District of Columbia 6,290 10,559 11,947 12,258 12,811   13,399   15.5 26.9 411 374 957 1,471 1,675   1,789  
Florida 234,509 367,335 368,808 372,476 382,870   389,626   13.7 6.1 14,883 30,660 36,027 39,359 40,412   39,862  
                                     
Georgia 101,762 171,292 177,544 202,314 209,094   214,267   12.1 25.1 7,098 16,560 15,911 18,201 18,553   18,833  
Hawaii 12,705 23,951 19,716 19,223 19,375   19,276   10.6 -19.5 809 1,919 2,398 2,444 2,491   2,469  
Idaho 21,703 29,174 27,388 29,718 31,238   32,908   11.0 12.8 2,815 3,591 3,596 3,331 3,588   3,733  
Illinois 236,060 297,316 302,830 296,784 294,150   295,066   14.6 -0.8 22,997 28,787 36,488 37,878 37,253   37,137  
Indiana 112,949 156,320 166,073 171,368 173,293   176,104   16.8 12.7 7,243 15,101 18,725 18,049 18,108   18,644  
                                     
Iowa 59,787 72,461 68,501 63,822 64,875   65,935   12.9 -9.0 5,421 5,580 7,378 6,226 6,591   6,976  
Kansas 44,785 61,267 66,873 70,762 72,286   73,729   14.9 20.3 3,881 7,728 10,604 11,387 11,437   11,772  
Kentucky 78,853 94,572 102,370 99,283 101,579   104,270   15.3 10.3 10,440 16,372 17,963 17,044 17,626   18,070  
Louisiana 72,825 97,938 82,943 84,221 82,968   84,473   11.8 -13.7 6,703 9,957 10,427 10,430 10,019   9,885  
Maine 27,987 35,633 32,261 32,531 33,125   33,004 4 18.4 -7.4 2,895 3,978 3,824 3,512 3,505   3,384  
                                     
Maryland 88,017 112,077 103,490 105,440 106,847   108,491   12.1 -3.2 7,163 10,003 12,875 13,473 13,885   14,300  
Massachusetts 149,743 162,216 167,526 168,199 170,119   173,762   18.0 7.1 12,141 14,328 16,662 16,802 17,468   18,022  
Michigan 166,511 221,456 218,957 197,316 197,965   198,751   13.1 -10.3 14,547 19,937 23,183 20,573 21,199   21,624  
Minnesota 79,013 109,880 122,850 128,218 131,865   135,386 5 15.3 23.2 8,646 11,522 15,076 15,843 16,586   16,586 5
Mississippi 60,872 62,281 64,038 66,799 67,898   69,197   14.5 11.1 5,642 6,944 10,191 8,660 8,419   8,400  
                                     
Missouri 101,166 137,381 127,164 126,328 128,623   131,114   14.3 -4.6 4,100 11,307 15,891 17,123 17,687   18,400  
Montana 16,955 19,313 16,761 17,387 18,056   18,803   12.8 -2.6 1,751 1,635 1,656 1,592 1,697   1,660  
Nebraska 32,312 42,793 44,299 47,795 48,700 6 50,415   15.6 17.8 2,512 3,724 5,050 5,557 5,557 6 6,217  
Nevada 18,099 38,160 48,148 55,452 56,791   60,123   12.5 57.6 1,401 3,676 6,947 8,838 8,769   8,984  
New Hampshire 19,049 30,077 29,920 28,806 28,935   29,233   16.4 -2.8 1,468 2,387 3,135 3,335 3,547   3,519  
                                     
New Jersey 178,870 221,715 232,002 232,401 235,495   238,178   16.9 7.4 14,741 16,361 17,073 18,674 19,237   19,846  
New Mexico 36,000 52,256 46,628 49,667 51,383   52,838   15.8 1.1 2,210 4,970 5,224 4,245 4,354   4,413  
New York 307,366 441,333 454,542 499,551 505,414   522,221   19.2 18.3 26,266 51,665 64,923 67,067 66,317   71,893  
North Carolina 122,942 173,067 185,107 198,808 199,512   200,905   12.9 16.1 10,516 17,361 18,433 19,070 19,211   19,899  
North Dakota 12,294 13,652 13,170 13,953 14,407   15,153   13.9 11.0 1,164 1,247 1,714 1,972 2,012   2,189  
                                     
Ohio 205,440 237,643 259,454 253,896 259,899   266,670   15.7 12.2 12,487 18,664 22,454 21,897 23,181   25,247  
Oklahoma 65,457 85,577 97,250 108,459 109,391   112,080   16.1 31.0 5,163 6,393 8,298 9,023 9,450   9,751  
Oregon 54,422 75,204 81,050 84,517 85,865   87,156   14.3 15.9 2,854 6,926 9,392 10,374 10,852   11,331  
Pennsylvania 214,254 242,655 295,080 303,633 311,435   320,817   18.6 32.2 17,982 21,477 31,072 33,022 34,056   36,340  
Rhode Island 20,646 30,727 25,332 23,515 23,296   23,748   16.7 -22.7 1,682 2,614 2,945 3,022 3,025   3,168  
                                     
South Carolina 77,367 105,922 100,289 101,776 103,552   104,698   13.5 -1.2 7,948 11,775 11,083 9,432 9,631   9,568  
South Dakota 14,726 16,825 18,026 19,527 20,312   21,190   15.4 25.9 2,105 2,286 2,738 2,627 2,748   2,941  
Tennessee 104,853 125,863 120,263 129,386 128,936   129,319   12.9 2.7 7,487 10,699 13,096 12,905 13,480   13,950  
Texas 344,529 491,642 442,019 463,238 477,526   498,588   9.2 1.4 24,848 36,442 41,494 43,787 46,652   49,681  
Utah 46,606 53,921 70,278 79,932 81,956   84,196   12.6 56.1 3,424 5,785 8,990 10,007 10,516   10,731  
                                     
Vermont 12,160 13,623 13,936 13,903 14,370   14,482 4 16.7 6.3 1,097 1,237 1,762 1,774 1,893   2,005  
Virginia 112,072 162,212 162,338 164,757 167,855   172,370   13.4 6.3 9,892 14,444 17,081 16,755 17,510   18,296  
Washington 83,545 118,851 127,978 135,757 139,550   143,498   12.9 20.7 9,558 11,760 14,275 15,361 15,897   16,425  
West Virginia 42,428 50,333 45,007 45,297 46,299   46,810   17.3 -7.0 2,923 5,445 5,607 5,004 5,376   5,219  
Wisconsin 85,651 125,358 124,722 120,864 120,864 7 120,864 7 14.0 -3.6 10,934 14,383 16,079 16,089 16,089 7 16,089 7
Wyoming 10,852 13,154 15,348 15,608 15,499   15,551   16.6 18.2 1,221 1,695 3,398 3,367 3,367   3,419  
                                     
Bureau of Indian
   Education
6,997 8,448 6,801 6,309 6,271   6,285   -25.6 1,092 338 396 266 240   250  
                                     
Other jurisdictions 38,986 70,670 131,847 128,268 123,710   110,613   56.5 3,892 8,168 14,505 16,743 15,206   12,840  
American Samoa 363 697 935 666 599   636   -8.8 48 48 142 50 29   37  
Guam 1,750 2,267 2,003 2,036 2,018   2,015   -11.1 198 205 165 159 165   167  
Northern Marianas 411 569 944 886 927   956   68.0 211 53 104 93 92   116  
Palau 131 97 92   74   -43.5 10 6 6   3  
Puerto Rico 35,129 65,504 126,560 123,376 118,882   105,827   61.6 3,345 7,746 13,952 16,303 14,794   12,391  
U.S. Virgin Islands 1,333 1,502 1,405 1,207 1,192   1,105   -26.4 90 106 142 132 120   126  
—Not available.
1 Includes some data for 2015-16 due to unavailability of 2016-17 data for specific states, as noted below.
2 Includes some data for 2015-16 or 2016-17 due to unavailability of 2017-18 data for specific states, as noted below.
3 Based on total public school enrollment in prekindergarten through grade 12. For total public school enrollment, see table 203.40.
4 Data for 6- to 21-year-olds are for 2016-17 instead of 2017-18 because 2017-18 data for this age group were not available for this state.
5 Data for 3- to 5-year-olds are for 2016-17 instead of 2017-18 because 2017-18 data for this age group were not available for this state.
6 Data for 3- to 5-year-olds are for 2015-16 instead of 2016-17 because 2016-17 data for this age group were not available for this state.
7 Data are for 2015-16 because 2016-17 and 2017-18 data were not available for this state.
NOTE: Prior to October 1994, children and youth with disabilities were served under Chapter 1 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) as well as under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B. Data reported in this table for 1990-91 include children ages 0-21 served under Chapter 1 of ESEA.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, selected years, 1992 through 2006; and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) database, retrieved December 31, 2018, from https://www2.ed.gov/programs/osepidea/618-data/state-level-data-files/index.html#bcc. National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 2017-18; and State Public Elementary and Secondary Enrollment Projection Model, 1980 through 2028. (This table was prepared December 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest