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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 204.50a. Children 3 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by age group and sex, race/ethnicity, and type of disability: 2016-17
Type of disability Total1 3 to 5 years old2 6 to 21 years old2 Total, 3 to 21 years old
Male Female Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
Two or more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
  Number of children served
All disabilities 6,802,402 533,166 232,689 3,968,599 2,009,690 3,374,045 1,219,376 1,679,626 174,486 20,525 87,724 247,278
Autism 661,319 489,699 93,634 347,629 94,428 147,067 38,648 1,673 4,986 26,909
Deaf-blindness 1,432 677 587 779 182 342 55 3 21 50
Developmental delay 445,906 108,149 45,690 230,444 81,354 89,459 14,449 1,532 8,886 19,795
Emotional disturbance 348,433 247,812 92,156 179,575 85,323 57,762 3,385 832 4,681 16,874
Hearing impairment 75,145 35,200 30,638 34,267 10,238 22,705 4,281 394 813 2,451
Intellectual disability 430,983 236,648 170,806 184,391 111,369 104,718 11,111 1,469 5,383 12,552
Multiple disabilities 132,164 76,605 47,620 72,446 23,172 25,303 4,500 600 2,006 4,200
Orthopedic impairment 42,153 20,780 15,264 21,131 5,456 11,715 2,062 138 357 1,298
Other health impairment3 955,360 662,742 268,734 544,899 174,569 171,259 14,033 2,376 10,203 38,027
Specific learning disability 2,318,179 1,385,116 889,968 1,022,667 449,512 693,624 35,656 8,705 35,005 73,509
Speech or language impairment 1,337,326 675,631 334,289 706,114 175,557 344,280 44,329 2,627 14,675 49,772
Traumatic brain injury 26,668 15,999 9,340 15,363 4,113 5,068 707 82 347 989
Visual impairment 27,334 13,541 10,964 14,340 4,103 6,324 1,270 94 361 852
  Percentage distribution of children served
All disabilities 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Autism 9.7 12.3 4.7 10.3 7.7 8.8 22.1 8.2 5.7 10.9
Deaf-blindness # # # # # # # # # #
Developmental delay 6.6 2.7 2.3 6.8 6.7 5.3 8.3 7.5 10.1 8.0
Emotional disturbance 5.1 6.2 4.6 5.3 7.0 3.4 1.9 4.1 5.3 6.8
Hearing impairment 1.1 0.9 1.5 1.0 0.8 1.4 2.5 1.9 0.9 1.0
Intellectual disability 6.3 6.0 8.5 5.5 9.1 6.2 6.4 7.2 6.1 5.1
Multiple disabilities 1.9 1.9 2.4 2.1 1.9 1.5 2.6 2.9 2.3 1.7
Orthopedic impairment 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.7 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.5
Other health impairment3 14.0 16.7 13.4 16.1 14.3 10.2 8.0 11.6 11.6 15.4
Specific learning disability 34.1 34.9 44.3 30.3 36.9 41.3 20.4 42.4 39.9 29.7
Speech or language impairment 19.7 17.0 16.6 20.9 14.4 20.5 25.4 12.8 16.7 20.1
Traumatic brain injury 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Visual impairment 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3
  Number of children served as a percent of total enrollment4
All disabilities 13.4 19.8 9.6 17.1 9.1 13.8 15.7 12.6 6.8 11.1 17.2 13.4
Autism 1.3 2.1 0.4 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.5 0.9 1.0 1.5
Deaf-blindness # # # # # # # # # #
Developmental delay 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.8 1.7 1.1
Emotional disturbance 0.7 1.1 0.4 0.7 1.1 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.9 0.9
Hearing impairment 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Intellectual disability 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.4 0.8 0.4 0.8 1.1 0.7
Multiple disabilities 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2
Orthopedic impairment 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other health impairment3 1.9 2.9 1.2 2.2 2.2 1.3 0.5 1.3 2.0 2.1
Specific learning disability 4.6 6.0 4.0 4.2 5.8 5.2 1.4 4.7 6.9 4.0
Speech or language impairment 2.6 2.9 1.5 2.9 2.3 2.6 1.7 1.4 2.9 2.7
Traumatic brain injury 0.1 0.1 # 0.1 0.1 # # # 0.1 0.1
Visual impairment 0.1 0.1 # 0.1 0.1 # # 0.1 0.1 #
—Not available.
#Rounds to zero.
1 Totals are based on overall counts of children by type of disability; they are not based on summing the counts reported for the individual racial/ethnic groups or the counts reported by sex. (Due to data limitations, summing the counts by disability type within each racial/ethnic group would result in a total overcount of 658 children. Because of missing data on type of disability by sex, summing the counts by disability type for males and females would result in undercounts.)
2 For 3- to 5-year-olds, no data are available on type of disability by sex. For 6- to 21-year-olds, data include only those children served for whom both sex and type of disability were reported. About 1 percent of all 6- to 21-year-olds served are excluded from this table because of missing data.
3 Other health impairments include having limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems such as a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, or diabetes.
4 Percentages for 3- to 5-year-olds by sex are based on total public school enrollment in prekindergarten and kindergarten by sex. Percentages for 6- to 21-year-olds by sex are based on total public school enrollment in grades 1 through 12 by sex. Percentages for 3 to 21-year-olds by race/ethnicity are based on total public school enrollment in prekindergarten through grade 12 by race/ethnicity. For total public school enrollment by race/ethnicity, see table 203.50.
NOTE: This table includes 2015-16 data for 3- to 5-year-olds in Nebraska and 3- to 21-year-olds in Wisconsin due to unavailability of 2016-17 data for children in those age groups served in those states. Although data are for the 50 states and the District of Columbia, data limitations result in inclusion of a small (but unknown) number of students from other jurisdictions. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) database, retrieved December 17, 2018, from https://www2.ed.gov/programs/osepidea/618-data/state-level-data-files/index.html#bcc. National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 2016–17. (This table was prepared December 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest