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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 204.50. Children 3 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by age group and sex, race/ethnicity, and type of disability: 2017-18
Type of disability Total1 3 to 5 years old2 6 to 21 years old2 Total, 3 to 21 years old
Male Female Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
Two or more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
  Number of children served
All disabilities 6,964,424 551,301 241,766 4,047,447 2,064,948 3,409,308 1,234,609 1,758,498 184,409 20,807 88,870 268,565
Autism 710,294 523,114 101,440 361,990 103,205 164,608 43,233 1,825 5,404 30,049
Deaf-blindness 1,499 709 590 797 186 365 69 4 24 54
Developmental delay 460,814 112,585 47,802 236,870 82,181 94,148 15,391 1,612 9,210 21,404
Emotional disturbance 352,874 249,536 94,582 180,656 84,493 60,444 3,580 819 4,613 18,252
Hearing impairment 74,845 34,945 30,508 33,760 9,944 22,986 4,414 379 816 2,552
Intellectual disability 435,554 238,985 172,817 183,277 111,979 108,734 11,371 1,486 5,431 13,288
Multiple disabilities 132,148 76,506 47,818 71,632 22,979 25,773 4,697 596 1,974 4,535
Orthopedic impairment 40,788 20,000 14,745 20,369 5,240 11,329 2,067 132 343 1,316
Other health impairment3 1,001,926 694,472 282,491 561,318 183,234 186,702 15,096 2,370 10,688 42,524
Specific learning disability 2,342,409 1,386,220 911,961 1,018,258 448,669 716,620 36,384 8,694 34,797 79,514
Speech or language impairment 1,357,285 680,913 339,795 710,896 174,317 355,284 46,085 2,719 14,869 53,144
Traumatic brain injury 26,851 16,094 9,426 15,299 4,193 5,213 718 74 341 1,012
Visual impairment 27,137 13,368 10,973 14,186 3,989 6,292 1,304 97 360 921
  Percentage distribution of children served
All disabilities 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Autism 10.2 12.9 4.9 10.6 8.4 9.4 23.4 8.8 6.1 11.2
Deaf-blindness # # # # # # # # # #
Developmental delay 6.6 2.8 2.3 6.9 6.7 5.4 8.3 7.7 10.4 8.0
Emotional disturbance 5.1 6.2 4.6 5.3 6.8 3.4 1.9 3.9 5.2 6.8
Hearing impairment 1.1 0.9 1.5 1.0 0.8 1.3 2.4 1.8 0.9 1.0
Intellectual disability 6.3 5.9 8.4 5.4 9.1 6.2 6.2 7.1 6.1 4.9
Multiple disabilities 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.5 2.5 2.9 2.2 1.7
Orthopedic impairment 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.4 0.5
Other health impairment3 14.4 17.2 13.7 16.5 14.8 10.6 8.2 11.4 12.0 15.8
Specific learning disability 33.6 34.2 44.2 29.9 36.3 40.8 19.7 41.8 39.2 29.6
Speech or language impairment 19.5 16.8 16.5 20.9 14.1 20.2 25.0 13.1 16.7 19.8
Traumatic brain injury 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Visual impairment 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3
  Number of children served as a percent of total enrollment4
All disabilities 13.7 20.6 10.0 17.3 9.3 14.1 16.0 13.0 7.1 10.9 17.5 13.8
Autism 1.4 2.2 0.5 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.0 1.1 1.5
Deaf-blindness # # # # # # # # # #
Developmental delay 0.9 0.5 0.2 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.8 1.8 1.1
Emotional disturbance 0.7 1.1 0.4 0.7 1.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.9 0.9
Hearing impairment 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Intellectual disability 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.4 0.8 0.4 0.8 1.1 0.7
Multiple disabilities 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2
Orthopedic impairment 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other health impairment3 2.0 3.0 1.3 2.3 2.4 1.4 0.6 1.2 2.1 2.2
Specific learning disability 4.6 5.9 4.1 4.2 5.8 5.3 1.4 4.6 6.9 4.1
Speech or language impairment 2.7 2.9 1.5 2.9 2.3 2.6 1.8 1.4 2.9 2.7
Traumatic brain injury 0.1 0.1 # 0.1 0.1 # # # 0.1 0.1
Visual impairment 0.1 0.1 # 0.1 0.1 # # 0.1 0.1 #
—Not available.
#Rounds to zero.
1 Totals are based on overall counts of children by type of disability; they are not based on summing the counts reported for the individual racial/ethnic groups or the counts reported by sex. (Due to data limitations, summing the counts by disability type within each racial/ethnic group would result in a total overcount of 642 children. Because of missing data on type of disability by sex, summing the counts by disability type for males and females would result in undercounts.)
2 For 3- to 5-year-olds, no data are available on type of disability by sex. For 6- to 21-year-olds, data include only those children served for whom both sex and type of disability were reported. About 1 percent of all 6- to 21-year-olds served are excluded from this table because of missing data.
3 Other health impairments include having limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems such as a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, or diabetes.
4 Percentages for 3- to 5-year-olds by sex are based on total public school enrollment in prekindergarten and kindergarten by sex. Percentages for 6- to 21-year-olds by sex are based on total public school enrollment in grades 1 through 12 by sex. Percentages for 3- to 21-year-olds by race/ethnicity are based on total public school enrollment in prekindergarten through grade 12 by race/ethnicity. For total public school enrollment by race/ethnicity, see table 203.50.
NOTE: This table includes 2016-17 data for 3- to 5-year-olds in Minnesota and 6- to 21-year-olds in Maine and Vermont due to unavailability of 2017-18 data for children in those age groups served in those states. Also includes 2015-16 data for 3- to 21-year-olds in Wisconsin due to unavailability of more recent data for children served in Wisconsin. Although data are for the 50 states and the District of Columbia, data limitations result in inclusion of a small (but unknown) number of students from other jurisdictions. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) database, retrieved December 27, 2018, from https://www2.ed.gov/programs/osepidea/618-data/state-level-data-files/index.html#bcc. National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 2017–18; and National Elementary and Secondary Enrollment Projection Model, 1972 through 2028. (This table was prepared January 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest