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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 204.40. Children 3 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by race/ethnicity and age group: 2000-01 through 2017-18
Age group and year Total White Black Hispanic Asian1 Pacific Islander American Indian/
Alaska Native
Two or more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  Number of children served
3 to 21 years old                  
2000-01 6,295,709 3,957,589 1,259,348 877,655 121,044 80,073  
2001-02 6,407,417 3,989,528 1,281,803 928,776 123,434 83,876  
2002-03 6,522,977 4,014,340 1,311,270 980,590 130,252 86,525  
2003-04 6,633,902 4,035,880 1,334,666 1,035,463 137,544 90,349  
2004-05 6,718,630 4,044,491 1,355,550 1,081,697 144,339 92,553  
2005-06 6,712,614 4,003,865 1,346,177 1,119,140 149,954 93,478  
                   
2006-07 6,686,386 3,948,853 1,335,870 1,154,217 153,265 94,181  
2007-082 6,574,368 3,833,922 1,307,462 1,181,130 158,623 93,231  
2008-092 6,461,938 3,725,896 1,273,996 1,200,290 162,630 93,672 5,454 3
2009-10 6,461,226 3,659,194 1,262,799 1,252,493 167,144 92,646 26,950 3
2010-11 6,435,141 3,518,169 1,214,849 1,310,031 145,896 19,581 91,258 135,357  
2011-124 6,401,238 3,436,105 1,196,679 1,352,435 147,697 19,203 88,665 160,458  
                   
2012-134 6,429,331 3,396,135 1,189,148 1,406,540 150,913 20,343 86,884 180,268  
2013-144 6,464,096 3,356,261 1,191,817 1,469,282 155,668 19,606 86,307 185,274  
2014-154 6,555,291 3,350,084 1,199,743 1,531,923 161,250 20,227 86,226 205,980  
2015-164 6,676,974 3,366,701 1,208,510 1,602,140 167,263 20,408 87,870 224,911  
2016-174,5,6 6,802,402 3,374,045 1,219,376 1,679,626 174,486 20,525 87,724 247,278  
2017-184,5,7,8 6,964,424 3,409,308 1,234,609 1,758,498 184,409 20,807 88,870 268,565  
                   
3 to 5 years old                  
2000-01 592,090 400,650 93,281 78,070 13,203 6,886  
2010-11 723,793 416,034 102,097 153,033 23,189 2,159 9,141 18,140  
2015-164 746,499 400,073 101,724 177,529 27,340 1,811 8,285 29,782  
2016-174,5,6 765,820 406,236 102,618 185,344 29,546 1,792 8,322 31,997  
2017-184,5,7 793,039 416,222 104,229 195,242 32,242 1,964 8,775 34,378  
                   
6 to 21 years old                  
2000-01 5,703,619 3,556,939 1,166,067 799,585 107,841 73,187  
2010-11 5,711,348 3,102,135 1,112,752 1,156,998 122,707 17,422 82,117 117,217  
2015-164 5,930,475 2,966,628 1,106,786 1,424,611 139,923 18,597 79,585 195,129  
2016-174,5 6,036,582 2,967,809 1,116,758 1,494,282 144,940 18,733 79,402 215,281  
2017-184,5,8 6,171,385 2,993,086 1,130,380 1,563,256 152,167 18,843 80,095 234,187  
  Percentage distribution of children served
3 to 21 years old                  
2000-01 100.0 62.9 20.0 13.9 1.9 1.3  
2001-02 100.0 62.3 20.0 14.5 1.9 1.3  
2002-03 100.0 61.5 20.1 15.0 2.0 1.3  
2003-04 100.0 60.8 20.1 15.6 2.1 1.4  
2004-05 100.0 60.2 20.2 16.1 2.1 1.4  
2005-06 100.0 59.6 20.1 16.7 2.2 1.4  
                   
2006-07 100.0 59.1 20.0 17.3 2.3 1.4  
2007-082 100.0 58.3 19.9 18.0 2.4 1.4  
2008-092 100.0 57.7 19.7 18.6 2.5 1.4 0.1 3
2009-10 100.0 56.6 19.5 19.4 2.6 1.4 0.4 3
2010-11 100.0 54.7 18.9 20.4 2.3 0.3 1.4 2.1  
2011-12 100.0 53.7 18.7 21.1 2.3 0.3 1.4 2.5  
                   
2012-13 100.0 52.8 18.5 21.9 2.3 0.3 1.4 2.8  
2013-14 100.0 51.9 18.4 22.7 2.4 0.3 1.3 2.9  
2014-15 100.0 51.1 18.3 23.4 2.5 0.3 1.3 3.1  
2015-16 100.0 50.4 18.1 24.0 2.5 0.3 1.3 3.4  
2016-175,6 100.0 49.6 17.9 24.7 2.6 0.3 1.3 3.6  
2017-185,7,8 100.0 49.0 17.7 25.2 2.6 0.3 1.3 3.9  
  Number of children served as a percent of total enrollment9
3 to 21 years old                  
2000-01 13.3 13.7 15.5 11.4 6.2 14.6  
2001-02 13.4 13.9 15.7 11.4 6.1 14.9  
2002-03 13.5 14.0 15.8 11.4 6.2 14.8  
2003-04 13.7 14.2 16.0 11.5 6.4 15.2  
2004-05 13.8 14.3 16.1 11.5 6.5 15.7  
2005-06 13.7 14.3 15.9 11.4 6.6 15.6  
                   
2006-07 13.6 14.2 15.9 11.3 6.6 15.8  
2007-082 13.3 14.0 15.6 11.3 6.6 15.7  
2008-092 13.1 13.8 15.2 11.4 6.6 15.9 2.2 3
2009-10 13.1 13.7 15.2 11.5 6.7 15.6 8.0 3
2010-11 13.0 13.6 15.4 11.5 6.4 11.5 16.2 11.7  
2011-12 12.9 13.4 15.3 11.5 6.4 10.8 16.2 12.6  
                   
2012-13 12.9 13.4 15.2 11.7 6.4 11.3 16.3 13.0  
2013-14 12.9 13.4 15.3 11.8 6.5 11.2 16.5 12.3  
2014-15 13.0 13.4 15.4 12.0 6.5 11.5 16.6 12.8  
2015-16 13.2 13.7 15.5 12.2 6.6 11.6 17.2 13.0  
2016-175,6 13.4 13.8 15.7 12.6 6.8 11.1 17.2 13.4  
2017-185,7,8 13.7 14.1 16.0 13.0 7.1 10.9 17.5 13.8  
—Not available.
1 For years prior to 2010-11, Asian data include Pacific Islanders.
2 Data do not include Vermont, for which 2007-08 and 2008-09 data were not available.
3 For 2008-09 and 2009-10, data on children of Two or more races were reported by only a small number of states. Therefore, these data are not comparable to figures for later years.
4 For 2011-12 and later years, the total column shows the overall counts of children as reported by the 50 states and the District of Columbia rather than the sum of counts reported for individual racial/ethnic groups. (Due to data limitations, summing the data for the racial/ethnic groups can result in overcounts. For 2016-17, summing these data would result in a total overcount of 35 children in the 3- to 5-year-old age group and 623 children in the 6- to 21-year-old age group. For 2017-18, summing these data would result in a total overcount of 13 children in the 3- to 5-year-old age group and 629 children in the 6- to 21-year-old age group.)
5 Includes 2015-16 data for children served in Wisconsin. More recent data were not available for children in any age group served in Wisconsin.
6 Includes 2015-16 data for 3- to 5-year-olds served in Nebraska because 2016-17 data were not available.
7 Includes 2016-17 data for 3- to 5-year-olds served in Minnesota because 2017-18 data were not available.
8 Includes 2016-17 data for 6- to 21-year-olds served in Maine and Vermont because 2017-18 data were not available.
9 Based on total public school enrollment in prekindergarten through grade 12 by race/ethnicity. For total public school enrollment by race/ethnicity, see table 203.60.
NOTE: Data include only those children served for whom race/ethnicity was reported. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) database, retrieved December 21, 2018, from https://www2.ed.gov/programs/osepidea/618-data/state-level-data-files/index.html#bcc. National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary and Secondary Education," 2000-01 through 2017-18; and National Elementary and Secondary Enrollment Projection Model, 1972 through 2028. (This table was prepared December 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest