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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 204.27. English language learner (ELL) students enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools, by home language, grade, and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 2008-09 through fall 2016
Home language, grade, and selected student characteristic Number of ELL students Percentage distribution of ELL students Number of ELL students as a percent of enrollment
2008-091 2009-101 2011-121 2012-13 2013-14 Fall 2014 Fall 2015 Fall 2016 Fall 2014 Fall 20152 Fall 2016 2008-091 2009-101 2011-121 2012-13 2013-14 Fall 2014 Fall 2015 Fall 2016
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Total 4,685,746 4,647,016 4,635,185 4,850,293 4,929,989 4,813,693 4,854,285 4,949,423 100.0 100.0 100.0 9.7 9.7 9.6 10.0 10.1 9.8 9.9 10.1
30 most commonly reported
   home languages of ELL
   students2
                      As a percent of total enrollment
Spanish, Castilian 3,617,597 3,577,649 3,562,860 3,718,047 3,770,816 3,709,828 3,741,066 3,790,949 77.1 77.1 76.6 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.7
Arabic 65,278 71,228 86,162 97,971 109,170 109,165 114,371 129,386 2.3 2.4 2.6 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Chinese 77,240 80,124 96,509 104,799 107,825 104,279 101,347 104,147 2.2 2.1 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Vietnamese 91,607 93,204 89,536 92,560 89,705 85,289 81,157 78,732 1.8 1.7 1.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
English3 86,390 77,872 85,246 90,703 91,669 83,230 80,333 70,014 1.7 1.7 1.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Somali 26,264 27,771 27,861 30,959 34,472 33,712 36,028 38,440 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Russian 34,085 33,349 32,225 33,678 33,821 32,493 33,057 34,843 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hmong 52,990 49,697 43,845 41,368 39,860 37,412 34,813 33,059 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haitian, Haitian Creole 37,074 39,736 39,883 38,768 37,371 31,428 30,231 31,608 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Portuguese 18,055 15,229 15,725 17,085 19,142 19,839 23,673 28,214 0.4 0.5 0.6 # # # # # # # 0.1
Korean 43,169 39,739 33,704 34,874 32,445 28,530 27,268 26,136 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tagalog 38,849 37,038 32,766 35,395 32,141 28,547 27,277 26,074 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Urdu 20,705 21,213 22,219 22,590 22,499 22,294 22,879 24,668 0.5 0.5 0.5 # # # # # # # 0.1
French 16,525 18,504 18,849 20,018 20,799 20,275 20,664 22,449 0.4 0.4 0.5 # # # # # # # #
Japanese 16,212 14,582 15,011 16,727 16,591 16,403 16,512 16,884 0.3 0.3 0.3 # # # # # # # #
Burmese 7,258 9,888 12,321 12,640 13,756 14,382 15,183 16,270 0.3 0.3 0.3 # # # # # # # #
Panjabi, Punjabi 14,262 14,331 14,055 15,622 15,842 15,207 15,630 16,021 0.3 0.3 0.3 # # # # # # # #
Hindi 11,112 11,176 11,625 13,042 13,667 13,586 14,750 15,978 0.3 0.3 0.3 # # # # # # # #
Bengali 10,700 11,913 14,151 15,294 15,681 14,704 14,435 15,948 0.3 0.3 0.3 # # # # # # # #
Nepali 3,205 6,283 12,200 14,254 15,331 14,446 14,125 13,810 0.3 0.3 0.3 # # # # # # # #
Karen languages 3,021 4,478 9,576 11,370 12,607 12,585 12,805 13,437 0.3 0.3 0.3 # # # # # # # #
Swahili 3,498 4,439 6,011 6,391 7,093 7,065 8,480 11,994 0.1 0.2 0.2 # # # # # # # #
Persian 8,784 8,593 8,396 9,666 9,978 9,642 10,345 11,869 0.2 0.2 0.2 # # # # # # # #
Amharic 5,838 6,950 7,902 9,147 9,400 9,337 9,609 11,161 0.2 0.2 0.2 # # # # # # # #
Gujarati 9,153 9,491 10,152 10,328 10,463 10,385 10,474 11,058 0.2 0.2 0.2 # # # # # # # #
Telugu 3,486 3,868 5,013 5,716 6,441 7,241 8,466 10,437 0.2 0.2 0.2 # # # # # # # #
Central Khmer 14,443 13,465 11,613 11,530 12,584 11,027 10,819 10,364 0.2 0.2 0.2 # # # # # # # #
Polish 11,126 9,061 8,981 9,001 9,203 9,968 9,659 9,670 0.2 0.2 0.2 # # # # # # # #
Ukrainian 8,941 8,736 7,577 7,786 7,756 7,857 8,099 8,741 0.2 0.2 0.2 # # # # # # # #
German 9,605 9,898 9,274 9,190 9,642 9,241 8,742 8,513 0.2 0.2 0.2 # # # # # # # #
                        As a percent of enrollment by grade or characteristic
Grade                                      
Kindergarten 629,195 615,615 657,391 667,835 667,665 629,013 606,398 600,184 13.1 12.5 12.1 17.3 16.7 17.5 17.4 17.4 16.7 16.3 16.2
Grade 1 621,541 617,599 646,362 665,327 665,612 640,017 621,106 603,824 13.3 12.8 12.2 16.8 16.6 17.1 17.4 17.1 16.6 16.5 16.3
Grade 2 583,025 576,336 585,702 609,804 630,475 614,681 614,809 599,147 12.8 12.7 12.1 15.8 15.7 15.8 16.4 16.6 15.9 16.0 15.9
Grade 3 495,814 511,545 500,032 540,396 558,925 567,131 564,811 576,051 11.8 11.6 11.6 13.4 13.8 13.5 14.5 15.0 14.9 14.6 14.9
Grade 4 406,966 420,145 417,616 428,119 439,529 436,554 461,022 457,476 9.1 9.5 9.2 11.2 11.4 11.4 11.6 11.9 11.7 12.2 11.9
Grade 5 333,975 336,194 338,174 367,088 361,651 364,178 372,817 389,304 7.6 7.7 7.9 9.2 9.2 9.1 10.0 9.8 9.8 10.0 10.2
Grade 6 288,784 277,971 273,457 288,085 293,778 287,798 305,530 318,740 6.0 6.3 6.4 8.0 7.6 7.3 7.7 8.0 7.8 8.2 8.5
Grade 7 263,483 254,830 239,156 255,395 267,416 260,507 267,094 286,261 5.4 5.5 5.8 7.2 7.0 6.5 6.8 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.6
Grade 8 237,269 233,332 214,896 227,844 239,817 242,540 245,574 258,192 5.0 5.1 5.2 6.4 6.4 5.8 6.2 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.9
Grade 9 268,927 258,728 244,266 255,008 261,564 263,081 269,704 286,168 5.5 5.6 5.8 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.5 6.7 7.2
Grade 10 218,235 211,691 201,724 202,774 202,377 197,494 214,015 232,687 4.1 4.4 4.7 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.6 6.0
Grade 11 172,084 175,544 162,804 170,847 168,437 157,395 162,269 183,982 3.3 3.3 3.7 4.9 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.4 4.5 5.0
Grade 12 142,406 148,173 145,444 159,410 161,227 143,189 138,814 146,373 3.0 2.9 3.0 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.6 4.6 4.1 3.9 4.1
Ungraded4 23,489 8,672 8,118 11,783 11,422 10,114 10,218 11,019 0.2 0.2 0.2 11.5 4.2 6.8 10.0 8.3 7.3 7.5 7.9
                                       
Race/ethnicity                                      
White 283,253 294,763 313,996 5.9 6.1 6.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Black 172,250 178,141 193,454 3.6 3.7 3.9 2.3 2.4 2.6
Hispanic 3,745,646 3,772,633 3,818,918 77.8 77.7 77.2 30.2 29.8 29.5
Asian 516,586 511,703 521,257 10.7 10.5 10.5 21.4 20.7 20.7
Pacific Islander 26,614 26,992 27,922 0.6 0.6 0.6 15.4 15.6 15.4
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
38,081 38,792 39,397 0.8 0.8 0.8 7.6 7.9 8.0
Two or more races 29,527 31,136 34,382 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.9 1.9 1.9
                                       
Students with
   disabilities5
665,427 713,383 700,927 13.8 14.7 14.2 11.4 12.0 11.6
—Not available.
#Rounds to zero.
1 Includes data for California that reflect ELL students enrolled on a single date, rather than a cumulative count of all ELL students enrolled at any time during the school year.
2 Ranking of the 30 most commonly reported home languages is based on fall 2016 data. In each year shown, home language data were unavailable for approximately 87,000 to 133,000 students identified as English language learners. Enrollments of children speaking less common languages are not separately listed.
3 Examples of situations in which English might be reported as an English learner's home language include students who live in multilingual households and students adopted from other countries who speak English at home but also have been raised speaking another language.
4\Includes students reported as being enrolled in grade 13.
5 Includes only students with disabilities who were served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Percentage based on all ELL students.
NOTE: Includes all students identified as English language learners--both those participating in ELL programs and those not participating in ELL programs. Except where otherwise noted, data for 2013-14 and earlier years include all ELL students enrolled at any time during the school year. Data exclude Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Bureau of Indian Education. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because grade levels and race/ethnicity were not reported for some students and because of rounding. 2010-11 not shown due to missing data.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, EDFacts file 141, Data Group 678, extracted October 18, 2018, from the EDFacts Data Warehouse (internal U.S. Department of Education source); and Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary and Secondary Education," 2008-09 through 2016-17. Office of Special Education Programs, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) database, retrieved October 18, 2018, from https://www2.ed.gov/programs/osepidea/618-data/state-level-data-files/index.html#bcc. (This table was prepared October 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest