Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 106.60. Gross domestic product, state and local expenditures, national income, personal income, disposable personal income, median family income, and population: Selected years, 1929 through 2018
Year Gross domestic product (in billions) State and local direct general expenditures (in millions)1 National income (in billions) Personal income (in billions) Disposable personal income (in billions of chained 2012 dollars)2 Disposable personal income per capita Median family income Population (in thousands)
Current dollars Chained 2012 dol- lars2 All direct general expendi- tures Education expendi-tures Current dollars Chained 2012 dol- lars2 Current dollars Constant 2017 dol-lars3 Midyear data4 Resident as of July 15
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
1929 $104.6 $1,109.4 $94.2 $85.3 $897.1 $686 $7,361 121,878 121,767
1939 93.4 1,222.4 82.4 73.6 982.2 551 7,496 131,028 130,880
1940 102.9 1,330.2 $9,229 $2,638 91.5 79.4 1,049.3 588 7,942 132,122 132,122
1950 299.8 2,289.5 22,787 7,177 266.6 233.7 1,617.9 1,416 10,666 $3,319 $29,584 151,684 152,271
1960 542.4 3,260.0 51,876 18,719 478.9 422.1 2,282.9 2,080 12,629 5,620 40,821 180,760 180,671
                           
1970 1,073.3 4,951.3 131,332 52,718 937.5 865.0 3,637.0 3,715 17,734 9,867 55,743 205,089 205,052
1971 1,164.9 5,114.3 150,674 59,413 1,014.0 932.8 3,805.2 4,002 18,321 10,285 55,665 207,692 207,661
1972 1,279.1 5,383.3 168,550 65,814 1,119.5 1,024.5 3,988.4 4,291 18,999 11,116 58,412 209,924 209,896
1973 1,425.4 5,687.2 181,357 69,714 1,253.2 1,140.8 4,236.5 4,758 19,989 12,051 59,595 211,939 211,909
1974 1,545.2 5,656.5 198,959 75,833 1,346.4 1,251.8 4,188.7 5,146 19,583 12,902 58,003 213,898 213,854
                           
1975 1,684.9 5,644.8 230,721 87,858 1,446.0 1,369.4 4,291.4 5,657 19,869 13,719 56,991 215,981 215,973
1976 1,873.4 5,949.0 256,731 97,216 1,609.4 1,502.6 4,428.5 6,098 20,306 14,958 58,758 218,086 218,035
1977 2,081.8 6,224.1 274,215 102,780 1,792.8 1,659.2 4,568.8 6,634 20,740 16,009 59,153 220,289 220,239
1978 2,351.6 6,568.6 296,984 110,758 2,022.7 1,863.7 4,776.4 7,340 21,455 17,640 60,997 222,629 222,585
1979 2,627.3 6,776.6 327,517 119,448 2,240.3 2,082.7 4,869.1 8,057 21,630 19,587 61,863 225,106 225,055
                           
1980 2,857.3 6,759.2 369,086 133,211 2,418.6 2,323.6 4,905.6 8,888 21,542 21,023 59,711 227,726 227,225
1981 3,207.0 6,930.7 407,449 145,784 2,714.7 2,605.1 5,025.4 9,823 21,849 22,388 58,103 230,008 229,466
1982 3,343.8 6,805.8 436,733 154,282 2,834.5 2,791.6 5,135.0 10,494 22,113 23,433 57,351 232,218 231,664
1983 3,634.0 7,117.7 466,516 163,876 3,051.5 2,981.1 5,312.2 11,216 22,669 24,580 57,694 234,333 233,792
1984 4,037.6 7,632.8 505,008 176,108 3,433.9 3,292.7 5,677.1 12,330 24,016 26,433 59,565 236,394 235,825
                           
1985 4,339.0 7,951.1 553,899 192,686 3,669.9 3,524.9 5,847.6 13,027 24,518 27,735 60,424 238,506 237,924
1986 4,579.6 8,226.4 605,623 210,819 3,831.2 3,733.1 6,069.8 13,691 25,219 29,458 63,074 240,683 240,133
1987 4,855.2 8,511.0 657,134 226,619 4,098.5 3,961.6 6,204.1 14,297 25,548 30,970 64,106 242,843 242,289
1988 5,236.4 8,866.5 704,921 242,683 4,471.6 4,283.4 6,496.0 15,414 26,508 32,191 64,311 245,061 244,499
1989 5,641.6 9,192.1 762,360 263,898 4,760.1 4,625.6 6,686.2 16,403 27,027 34,213 65,487 247,387 246,819
                           
1990 5,963.1 9,365.5 834,818 288,148 5,013.8 4,913.8 6,817.4 17,264 27,250 35,353 64,489 250,181 249,623
1991 6,158.1 9,355.4 908,108 309,302 5,164.4 5,084.9 6,867.0 17,734 27,086 35,939 63,257 253,530 252,981
1992 6,520.3 9,684.9 981,253 324,652 5,475.2 5,420.9 7,152.9 18,714 27,841 36,573 62,811 256,922 256,514
1993 6,858.6 9,951.5 1,033,167 342,287 5,730.3 5,657.9 7,271.1 19,245 27,935 36,959 61,913 260,282 259,919
1994 7,287.2 10,352.4 1,077,665 353,287 6,114.6 5,947.1 7,470.6 19,943 28,356 38,782 63,638 263,455 263,126
                           
1995 7,639.7 10,630.3 1,146,188 378,273 6,452.3 6,291.4 7,718.9 20,792 28,954 40,611 65,071 266,588 266,278
1996 8,073.1 11,031.4 1,189,356 398,859 6,870.6 6,678.5 7,964.2 21,658 29,528 42,300 66,019 269,714 269,394
1997 8,577.6 11,521.9 1,247,436 419,053 7,349.9 7,092.5 8,255.8 22,570 30,246 44,568 68,087 272,958 272,647
1998 9,062.8 12,038.3 1,314,496 450,365 7,825.7 7,606.7 8,740.4 23,806 31,651 46,737 70,447 276,154 275,854
1999 9,630.7 12,610.5 1,398,533 483,259 8,290.4 8,001.9 9,025.6 24,666 32,312 48,831 72,069 279,328 279,040
                           
2000 10,252.3 13,131.0 1,502,768 521,612 8,872.6 8,652.6 9,479.5 26,262 33,568 50,732 72,417 282,398 282,162
2001 10,581.8 13,262.1 1,621,757 563,572 9,144.2 9,005.6 9,740.1 27,230 34,149 51,407 71,349 285,225 284,969
2002 10,936.4 13,493.1 1,732,478 594,694 9,396.4 9,159.0 10,034.5 28,153 34,848 51,680 70,615 287,955 287,625
2003 11,458.2 13,879.1 1,817,513 621,335 9,811.2 9,487.5 10,301.4 29,192 35,446 52,680 70,383 290,626 290,108
2004 12,213.7 14,406.4 1,903,915 655,182 10,492.2 10,035.1 10,645.9 30,643 36,302 54,061 70,328 293,262 292,805
                           
2005 13,036.6 14,912.5 2,007,490 688,314 11,198.7 10,598.2 10,811.6 31,710 36,527 56,194 70,708 295,993 295,517
2006 13,814.6 15,338.3 2,117,161 728,917 11,948.8 11,381.7 11,241.9 33,549 37,621 58,407 71,185 298,818 298,380
2007 14,451.9 15,626.0 2,259,364 774,170 12,290.4 12,007.8 11,500.3 34,855 38,119 61,355 72,716 301,696 301,231
2008 14,712.8 15,604.7 2,401,417 826,061 12,325.8 12,442.2 11,610.8 35,906 38,125 61,521 70,215 304,543 304,094
2009 14,448.9 15,208.8 2,495,901 851,689 12,027.2 12,059.1 11,591.7 35,500 37,728 60,088 68,819 307,240 306,772
                           
2010 14,992.1 15,598.8 2,537,892 860,118 12,735.8 12,551.6 11,822.1 36,524 38,163 60,236 67,869 309,780 309,338
2011 15,542.6 15,840.7 2,579,509 862,271 13,357.7 13,326.8 12,099.8 38,052 38,777 60,974 66,601 312,033 311,644
2012 16,197.0 16,197.0 2,588,308 867,508 14,094.7 14,010.1 12,501.2 39,780 39,780 62,241 66,575 314,255 313,993
2013 16,784.9 16,495.4 2,623,305 877,059 14,494.7 14,181.1 12,339.1 39,521 38,996 65,471 69,007 316,421 316,235
2014 17,521.7 16,899.8 2,710,967 905,213 15,245.5 14,991.8 12,838.1 41,436 40,281 66,632 69,062 318,717 318,623
                           
2015 18,219.3 17,386.7 2,839,458 935,754 15,783.0 15,719.5 13,366.5 42,938 41,637 70,697 73,149 321,026 321,040
2016 18,707.2 17,659.2 2,944,651 972,906 16,058.9 16,125.1 13,595.2 43,830 42,049 72,707 74,271 323,317 323,406
2017 19,485.4 18,050.7 16,756.1 16,830.9 13,949.2 45,470 42,866 75,938 75,938 325,410 325,719
2018 20,494.1 18,566.4 17,544.0 17,582.4 14,350.7 47,436 43,828 327,436 328,033
—Not available.
1 Data for years prior to 1970 include expenditures for government fiscal years ending during that particular calendar year. Data for 1970 and later years are the aggregations of expenditures for government fiscal years that ended on June 30 of the stated year. General expenditures exclude expenditures of publicly owned utilities and liquor stores, and of insurance-trust activities. Intergovernmental payments between state and local governments are excluded. Payments to the federal government are included.
2 Constant dollars based on a chain-price index, which uses the geometric mean of output weights of adjacent time periods compiled over a time series. Chain-price indexes reflect changes in prices, while implicit price deflators reflect both changes in prices and in the composition of output. More information is available at https://www.bea.gov/scb/account_articles/national/0597od/maintext.htm.
3 Data adjusted by the CPU-RS, which is a price index of inflation that incorporates most of the improvements in methodology made to the current CPI-U since 1978 into a single, uniform series. See Census Bureau, Money Income in the United States: 1999 (www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/p60-209.pdf).
4 Population of the United States including armed forces overseas. Includes Alaska and Hawaii beginning in 1960.
5 Resident population of the United States. Includes Alaska and Hawaii beginning in 1958. Data for 1990 and later years include revisions based on the 2000 census. Excludes overseas armed forces personnel.
NOTE: Gross domestic product (GDP) data are adjusted by the GDP chained weight price deflator. Personal income data are adjusted by the personal consumption deflator. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Income, retrieved April 26, 2019, from https://census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/income-poverty/historical-income-families.html; Population Estimates, retrieved June 2, 2015, from https://www.census.gov/data/datasets/time-series/demo/popest/intercensal-2000-2010-national.html and retrieved November 8, 2018, from https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2017/demo/popest/nation-detail.html; and State and Local Government Finances, retrieved April 26, 2019, from https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/gov-finances.html. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts Tables, retrieved April 26, 2019, from https://www.bea.gov/iTable/index_nipa.cfm. (This table was prepared April 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest