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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 106.20. Expenditures of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1899-1900 through 2017-18
[In millions]
School year Current dollars Constant 2017-18 dollars1
Total Elementary and secondary schools Degree-granting postsecondary institutions Total Elementary and secondary schools Degree-granting
postsecondary
institutions
Total Public Private2 Total Public Private Total Public
1 2 3 4 5 6 7   8 9 10 11 12
1899-1900 $215        
1909-10 426        
1919-20 1,036       $13,490  
1929-30 2,317 $632   $292   $341   33,584 $9,165  
1939-40 2,344 758   392   367   41,619 13,466  
1949-50 $8,494 $6,249 5,838 $411 2,246   1,154   1,092   $88,995 $65,467 61,161 23,528  
1959-60 22,314 16,713 15,613 1,100 5,601   3,131   2,470   188,432 141,136 131,847 47,296  
                               
1969-70 64,227 43,183 40,683 2,500 21,043   13,250   7,794   421,874 283,651 267,230 138,222  
1970-71 71,575 48,200 45,500 2,700 23,375   14,996   8,379   447,064 301,061 284,196 146,004  
1971-72 76,510 50,950 48,050 2,900 25,560   16,484   9,075   461,339 307,220 289,733 154,119  
1972-73 82,908 54,952 51,852 3,100 27,956   18,204   9,752   480,555 318,517 300,549 162,038  
1973-74 91,084 60,370 56,970 3,400 30,714   20,336   10,377   484,725 321,275 303,181 163,450  
                               
1974-75 103,903 68,846 64,846 4,000 35,058   23,490   11,568   497,782 329,828 310,665 167,954  
1975-76 114,004 75,101 70,601 4,500 38,903   26,184   12,719   510,067 336,009 315,876 174,058  
1976-77 121,793 79,194 74,194 5,000 42,600   28,635   13,965   514,893 334,799 313,661 180,095  
1977-78 132,515 86,544 80,844 5,700 45,971   30,725   15,246   524,970 342,853 320,272 182,117  
1978-79 143,733 93,012 86,712 6,300 50,721   33,733   16,988   520,639 336,914 314,094 183,725  
                               
1979-80 160,075 103,162 95,962 7,200 56,914   37,768   19,146   511,623 329,719 306,707 181,904  
1980-81 176,378 112,325 104,125 8,200 64,053   42,280   21,773   505,212 321,740 298,252 183,471  
1981-82 190,825 120,486 111,186 9,300 70,339   46,219   24,120   503,132 317,674 293,154 185,458  
1982-83 204,661 128,725 118,425 10,300 75,936   49,573   26,363   517,388 325,420 299,382 191,968  
1983-84 220,993 139,000 127,500 11,500 81,993   53,087   28,907   538,736 338,853 310,819 199,883  
                               
1984-85 239,351 149,400 137,000 12,400 89,951   58,315   31,637   561,510 350,488 321,398 211,023  
1985-86 259,336 161,800 148,600 13,200 97,536   63,194   34,342   591,341 368,939 338,840 222,402  
1986-87 280,964 175,200 160,900 14,300 105,764   67,654   38,110   626,742 390,816 358,918 235,925  
1987-88 301,786 187,999 172,699 15,300 113,787   72,641   41,145   646,407 402,681 369,910 243,725  
1988-89 333,245 209,377 192,977 16,400 123,867   78,946   44,922   682,278 428,675 395,098 253,603  
                               
1989-90 365,825 231,170 212,770 18,400 134,656   85,771   48,885   714,871 451,736 415,780 263,135  
1990-91 395,318 249,230 229,430 19,800 146,088   92,961   53,127   732,458 461,781 425,095 270,677  
1991-92 417,944 261,755 241,055 20,700 156,189   98,847   57,342   750,338 469,931 432,768 280,408  
1992-93 439,676 274,435 252,935 21,500 165,241   104,570   60,671   765,445 477,772 440,342 287,673  
1993-94 460,757 287,407 265,307 22,100 173,351   109,310   64,041   781,892 487,721 450,218 294,171  
                               
1994-95 485,169 302,200 279,000 23,200 182,969   115,465   67,504   800,376 498,536 460,263 301,841  
1995-96 508,523 318,046 293,646 24,400 190,476   119,525   70,952   816,684 510,781 471,594 305,903  
1996-97 538,854 338,951 313,151 25,800 199,903 2 125,978   73,925 2 841,390 529,253 488,968 312,137 2
1997-98 570,471 361,615 334,315 27,300 208,856 2 132,846   76,010 2 875,151 554,748 512,868 320,403 2
1998-99 603,847 384,638 355,838 28,800 219,209   140,539   78,670   910,589 580,026 536,596 330,563  
                               
1999-2000 649,322 412,538 381,838 30,700 236,784   152,325   84,459   951,692 604,644 559,648 347,047  
2000-01 705,017 444,811 410,811 34,000 260,206   170,345   89,861   999,092 630,350 582,168 368,742  
2001-02 752,780 472,064 435,364 36,700 280,715   183,436   97,280   1,048,219 657,333 606,229 390,886  
2002-03 795,691 492,807 454,907 37,900 302,884   197,026   105,858   1,084,146 671,460 619,820 412,686  
2003-04 830,293 513,542 474,242 39,300 316,751   205,069   111,682   1,107,072 684,731 632,331 422,340  
                               
2004-05 875,988 540,969 499,569 41,400 335,019   215,794   119,225   1,133,878 700,230 646,641 433,648  
2005-06 925,249 571,669 528,269 43,400 353,580   226,550   127,030   1,153,706 712,822 658,706 440,884  
2006-07 984,048 608,495 562,195 46,300 375,553   238,829   136,724   1,196,092 739,614 683,337 456,478  
2007-08 1,054,901 646,414 597,314 49,100 408,487   261,046   147,441   1,236,400 757,631 700,083 478,769  
2008-09 1,089,683 658,926 610,326 48,600 430,757   273,019   157,739   1,259,579 761,661 705,484 497,918  
                               
2009-10 1,100,897 654,418 607,018 47,400 446,479   281,390   165,088   1,260,346 749,202 694,936 511,145  
2010-11 1,124,352 652,356 604,356 48,000 471,997   296,863   175,134   1,261,861 732,139 678,269 529,722  
2011-12 1,136,876 648,794 601,994 46,800 488,083   305,538   182,545   1,239,596 707,414 656,385 532,182  
2012-13 1,153,874 655,013 606,813 48,200 498,861   311,421   187,439   1,237,535 702,505 650,810 535,030  
2013-14 1,192,886 675,818 625,018 50,800 517,067   323,893   193,174   1,259,697 713,670 660,024 546,027  
                               
2014-15 1,241,626 706,135 651,135 55,000 535,491   335,630   199,861   1,301,688 740,294 682,633 561,394  
2015-16 1,296,307 736,841 677,541 59,300 559,466   354,776   204,690   1,350,000 767,000 706,000 583,000  
2016-173 1,343,000 759,000 699,000 60,000 584,000   372,000   212,000   1,373,000 776,000 715,000 597,000  
2017-184 1,397,000 789,000 726,000 64,000 608,000   389,000   219,000   1,397,000 789,000 726,000 608,000  
—Not available.
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
2 Estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics based on enrollment data for the given year and actual expenditures for prior years.
3 Data for elementary and secondary education are estimated; data for degree-granting institutions are actual.
4 Estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics based on teacher and enrollment data, and actual expenditures for prior years.
NOTE: Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary schools include current expenditures, interest on school debt, and capital outlay. Expenditures for public and private colleges and universities in 1929-30 and 1939-40 include current-fund expenditures and additions to plant value. Public and private degree-granting institutions data for 1949-50 through 1995-96 are for current-fund expenditures. Data for private degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 and later years are for total expenditures. Data for public degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 through 2000-01 are for current expenditures; data for later years are for total expenditures. Postsecondary data through 1995-96 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Education, 1899-1900 and 1909-10; Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1919-20 through 1949-50; Statistics of State School Systems, 1959-60 and 1969-70; Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1970-71 through 1986-87; Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1987-88 through 2015-16; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education, 1965-66 through 1985-86; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Finance Survey," (IPEDS-F:FY87-99); IPEDS Spring 2001 through Spring 2018, Finance component; and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared March 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest