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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 102.70. Number and percentage of students in prekindergarten through grade 12 living in poverty, by control of school: 2000 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Year Total, public and private schools Public schools Private schools
Number enrolled (in thousands) Number in poverty (in thousands) Poverty rate Number enrolled (in thousands) Number in poverty (in thousands) Poverty rate Number enrolled (in thousands) Number in poverty (in thousands) Poverty rate
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
2000 56,462 (195.0) 9,091 (93.0) 16.1 (0.15) 48,537 (184.0) 8,525 (90.1) 17.6 (0.17) 7,925 (80.8) 566 (23.6) 7.1 (0.29)
2001 56,492 (124.7) 8,999 (59.1) 15.9 (0.10) 48,736 (117.8) 8,490 (57.4) 17.4 (0.11) 7,756 (51.0) 510 (14.3) 6.6 (0.18)
2002 57,092 (125.4) 9,459 (60.5) 16.6 (0.10) 49,134 (118.4) 8,879 (58.7) 18.1 (0.11) 7,958 (51.7) 580 (15.2) 7.3 (0.18)
2003 57,199 (125.6) 9,483 (60.6) 16.6 (0.10) 49,462 (118.8) 8,950 (58.9) 18.1 (0.11) 7,737 (51.0) 532 (14.6) 6.9 (0.18)
2004 56,990 (125.6) 9,860 (61.8) 17.3 (0.10) 49,161 (118.6) 9,247 (59.9) 18.8 (0.11) 7,829 (51.3) 613 (15.7) 7.8 (0.19)
                                     
2005 56,983 (95.2) 9,971 (73.0) 17.5 (0.12) 49,122 (93.6) 9,394 (72.3) 19.1 (0.14) 7,861 (50.1) 576 (13.9) 7.3 (0.17)
2006 57,535 (70.1) 9,848 (65.0) 17.1 (0.11) 49,667 (78.5) 9,285 (65.4) 18.7 (0.12) 7,868 (40.2) 563 (12.2) 7.2 (0.15)
2007 57,490 (66.7) 9,586 (67.6) 16.7 (0.11) 49,509 (72.2) 9,051 (66.4) 18.3 (0.12) 7,981 (43.0) 535 (12.2) 6.7 (0.14)
2008 57,603 (57.4) 9,675 (66.7) 16.8 (0.11) 49,413 (69.1) 9,064 (64.1) 18.3 (0.12) 8,190 (40.7) 612 (15.2) 7.5 (0.18)
2009 57,944 (41.2) 10,686 (78.8) 18.4 (0.14) 49,989 (52.8) 10,033 (76.9) 20.1 (0.15) 7,955 (44.7) 653 (13.2) 8.2 (0.16)
                                     
2010 58,304 (38.5) 11,698 (71.6) 20.1 (0.12) 50,863 (46.6) 10,995 (71.7) 21.6 (0.13) 7,441 (37.9) 703 (12.3) 9.5 (0.17)
2011 58,289 (39.6) 12,184 (75.4) 20.9 (0.13) 50,842 (57.9) 11,483 (73.9) 22.6 (0.14) 7,447 (47.9) 701 (14.0) 9.4 (0.17)
2012 58,200 (40.3) 12,347 (80.6) 21.2 (0.14) 50,737 (54.4) 11,593 (76.6) 22.8 (0.14) 7,464 (45.5) 754 (16.0) 10.1 (0.21)
2013 58,048 (38.1) 12,186 (76.3) 21.0 (0.13) 50,730 (49.0) 11,442 (74.7) 22.6 (0.14) 7,318 (44.6) 744 (15.4) 10.2 (0.19)
2014 58,042 (38.1) 11,966 (75.5) 20.6 (0.13) 50,645 (54.2) 11,224 (75.1) 22.2 (0.14) 7,398 (42.0) 742 (13.6) 10.0 (0.17)
                                     
2015 57,884 (41.8) 11,400 (81.9) 19.7 (0.14) 50,469 (53.6) 10,680 (79.7) 21.2 (0.15) 7,415 (46.5) 720 (15.5) 9.7 (0.20)
2016 57,994 (48.3) 10,742 (81.2) 18.5 (0.14) 50,531 (67.0) 10,048 (78.0) 19.9 (0.15) 7,463 (43.6) 694 (12.8) 9.3 (0.17)
2017 57,977 (44.9) 10,139 (68.0) 17.5 (0.12) 50,504 (61.1) 9,457 (68.1) 18.7 (0.13) 7,473 (42.5) 682 (14.4) 9.1 (0.18)
NOTE: Data are from the American Community Survey and may differ from data shown in other tables produced from the Current Population Survey. Data are based on sample surveys of the noninstitutionalized population living in households. Enrollment and poverty figures for individuals living in group quarters (e.g., correctional facilities, skilled nursing facilities, military barracks) are available beginning with 2006 data, but have been excluded from this table to ensure comparability across years. Poverty status is determined by the Census Bureau using a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition. For additional information about poverty status, see https://www.census.gov/topics/income-poverty/poverty/guidance/poverty-measures.html. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2000 through 2017. (This table was prepared March 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest