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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 102.20. Number and percentage distribution of children under age 18 and under age 6, by living arrangements, race/ethnicity, and selected racial/ethnic subgroups: 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Age and race/ethnicity Number of
children (in thousands)
Percentage distribution of
children
Percentage distribution of children, by living arrangements
Total Children living with parent(s) or related to householder1 All other children2
Married-couple household Female householder, no spouse present Male householder, no spouse present
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
All children under age 18                                          
Total 73,564   (28.8) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 63.7   (0.11) 26.3   (0.10) 7.9   (0.06) 2.1   (0.03)
White 37,159   (8.7) 50.5   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 73.7   (0.14) 17.0   (0.11) 7.3   (0.07) 2.0   (0.04)
Black 9,870   (30.3) 13.4   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 33.8   (0.38) 55.0   (0.37) 8.7   (0.18) 2.6   (0.08)
                                           
Hispanic 18,528   (9.3) 25.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 57.3   (0.23) 31.3   (0.22) 9.5   (0.13) 1.9   (0.06)
Cuban 475   (11.1) 0.6   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 60.0   (1.21) 29.7   (1.12) 9.2   (0.66) 1.1   (0.20)
Dominican 596   (13.4) 0.8   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 44.4   (1.29) 46.9   (1.24) 7.3   (0.63) 1.4   (0.26)
Mexican 12,418   (31.9) 16.9   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 58.9   (0.31) 29.7   (0.28) 9.6   (0.16) 1.8   (0.07)
Puerto Rican 1,691   (23.2) 2.3   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 45.0   (0.70) 44.4   (0.77) 8.6   (0.44) 2.0   (0.16)
Spaniard 197   (9.1) 0.3   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 66.4   (1.77) 22.9   (1.66) 9.1   (1.18) 1.6   (0.43)
Central American3 1,668   (22.1) 2.3   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 55.3   (0.81) 30.9   (0.74) 11.2   (0.46) 2.6   (0.23)
Costa Rican 39   (3.7) 0.1   (#) 100.0   (†) 73.4   (3.28) 21.2   (2.95) 4.4 ! (1.40) 1.0 ! (0.48)
Guatemalan 462   (14.1) 0.6   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 57.9   (1.55) 26.1   (1.27) 13.0   (0.99) 2.9   (0.39)
Honduran 301   (11.8) 0.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 50.1   (1.81) 36.3   (1.62) 10.1   (1.08) 3.5   (0.61)
Nicaraguan 104   (6.4) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 52.8   (2.94) 35.0   (2.66) 11.0   (2.01) 1.1 ! (0.55)
Panamanian 49   (4.3) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 54.7   (4.83) 32.9   (4.07) 9.2   (2.36)   (†)
Salvadoran 700   (16.4) 1.0   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 55.0   (1.24) 31.5   (1.16) 11.2   (0.70) 2.3   (0.31)
South American 862   (17.1) 1.2   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 68.9   (0.93) 21.4   (0.79) 8.1   (0.52) 1.6   (0.23)
Chilean 36   (3.2) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 71.8   (4.16) 17.2   (3.54) 8.9   (2.43) 2.1 ! (0.97)
Colombian 272   (10.1) 0.4   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 67.0   (1.78) 23.8   (1.64) 7.2   (0.74) 2.1   (0.50)
Ecuadorian 198   (7.8) 0.3   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 61.4   (1.92) 25.7   (1.83) 10.7   (1.38) 2.2   (0.60)
Peruvian 155   (6.4) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 70.1   (2.24) 19.2   (1.87) 10.1   (1.49) 0.6 ! (0.24)
Venezuelan 95   (5.5) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 75.7   (2.50) 18.1   (2.26) 4.9   (1.25) 1.3 ! (0.47)
Other South American 107   (4.5) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 78.8   (1.75) 14.9   (1.69) 5.5   (1.22) 0.8 ! (0.30)
Other Hispanic 620   (13.5) 0.8   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 54.8   (1.06) 29.7   (1.02) 10.9   (0.83) 4.6   (0.36)
                                           
Asian 3,505   (16.7) 4.8   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 84.3   (0.32) 10.4   (0.25) 3.8   (0.15) 1.5   (0.09)
Chinese4 737   (12.5) 1.0   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 80.8   (0.84) 12.2   (0.60) 4.3   (0.35) 2.7   (0.26)
Filipino 439   (10.8) 0.6   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 78.6   (0.88) 14.9   (0.73) 4.9   (0.49) 1.6   (0.23)
Japanese 68   (4.5) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 86.7   (1.62) 7.5   (1.30) 2.9   (0.85) 2.8   (0.80)
Korean 221   (7.6) 0.3   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 87.6   (1.03) 8.5   (0.83) 2.6   (0.53) 1.3   (0.28)
South Asian5 1,179   (13.6) 1.6   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 93.3   (0.35) 4.4   (0.25) 1.8   (0.20) 0.6   (0.09)
Asian Indian 941   (12.1) 1.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 94.4   (0.32) 3.7   (0.25) 1.4   (0.21) 0.5   (0.08)
Bangladeshi 47   (3.2) 0.1   (#) 100.0   (†) 87.0   (2.68) 7.5   (2.01) 3.9 ! (1.34)   (†)
Bhutanese 7   (1.6) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 84.5   (6.27) 10.4 ! (5.13)   (†)   (†)
Nepalese 46   (3.6) 0.1   (#) 100.0   (†) 84.3   (2.86) 10.3   (2.44) 4.4   (1.30)   (†)
Pakistani 132   (7.1) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 91.3   (1.23) 5.7   (0.97) 2.3   (0.61) 0.7 ! (0.34)
Southeast Asian 652   (11.1) 0.9   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 75.3   (1.06) 16.6   (0.83) 6.4   (0.53) 1.7   (0.19)
Burmese 62   (4.6) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 88.0   (2.77) 8.7   (2.54) 1.3 ! (0.59) 2.0 ! (0.95)
Cambodian 53   (3.9) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 61.3   (4.08) 28.3   (3.62) 8.2   (1.98) 2.2 ! (1.05)
Hmong 106   (6.1) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 71.1   (2.88) 18.3   (2.19) 9.8   (1.93)   (†)
Laotian 38   (3.2) 0.1   (#) 100.0   (†) 64.1   (4.44) 30.7   (4.51) 5.0   (1.44)   (†)
Thai 26   (2.4) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 65.0   (4.18) 16.2   (2.69) 12.5   (3.10) 6.3   (1.61)
Vietnamese 354   (8.7) 0.5   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 77.7   (1.30) 14.8   (1.09) 5.8   (0.60) 1.7   (0.20)
Other Southeast Asian6 14   (1.9) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 90.8   (2.86)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Other Asian 209   (7.0) 0.3   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 82.2   (1.45) 12.4   (1.19) 4.4   (0.81) 1.1   (0.29)
                                           
Pacific Islander 125   (5.5) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 62.0   (2.74) 24.7   (2.60) 10.6   (1.73) 2.7   (0.58)
American Indian/Alaska Native 551   (7.0) 0.7   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 41.2   (1.10) 40.3   (1.10) 15.0   (0.67) 3.5   (0.31)
Some other race7 277   (8.8) 0.4   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 62.3   (1.76) 24.3   (1.47) 11.2   (1.28) 2.3   (0.45)
                                           
Two or more races 3,549   (28.0) 4.8   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 58.6   (0.42) 32.1   (0.43) 7.3   (0.22) 1.9   (0.11)
                                           
White and Black 1,505   (23.7) 2.0   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 43.0   (0.73) 46.8   (0.73) 7.5   (0.38) 2.7   (0.21)
White and Asian 992   (13.2) 1.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 82.8   (0.55) 11.0   (0.47) 5.3   (0.38) 0.9   (0.13)
White and American Indian/
   Alaska Native
382   (9.4) 0.5   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 61.7   (1.28) 26.9   (1.14) 9.7   (0.78) 1.7   (0.32)
Other Two or more races 669   (15.4) 0.9   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 56.1   (1.04) 33.4   (1.07) 8.5   (0.60) 2.0   (0.21)
                                           
Children under age 6                                          
Total 23,559   (34.4) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 64.0   (0.16) 26.0   (0.16) 8.3   (0.11) 1.7   (0.04)
White 11,696   (19.2) 49.6   (0.08) 100.0   (†) 75.8   (0.18) 15.6   (0.15) 7.0   (0.12) 1.7   (0.05)
Black 3,095   (19.5) 13.1   (0.08) 100.0   (†) 32.5   (0.55) 56.5   (0.53) 9.1   (0.26) 1.9   (0.14)
                                           
Hispanic 6,056   (17.7) 25.7   (0.06) 100.0   (†) 54.9   (0.38) 32.2   (0.41) 11.2   (0.22) 1.7   (0.11)
Cuban 161   (5.7) 0.7   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 56.0   (2.12) 30.2   (1.87) 13.1   (1.45) 0.7 ! (0.34)
Dominican 213   (6.9) 0.9   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 43.1   (2.05) 47.7   (2.04) 7.7   (0.94) 1.5   (0.44)
Mexican 4,012   (17.1) 17.0   (0.07) 100.0   (†) 56.1   (0.49) 30.9   (0.50) 11.5   (0.28) 1.5   (0.12)
Puerto Rican 556   (11.5) 2.4   (0.05) 100.0   (†) 43.0   (0.99) 45.9   (0.94) 9.2   (0.74) 1.9   (0.25)
Spaniard 61   (4.4) 0.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 70.3   (2.75) 21.2   (2.42) 8.4   (1.72)   (†)
Central American3 573   (11.7) 2.4   (0.05) 100.0   (†) 53.3   (1.04) 30.0   (1.03) 13.8   (0.70) 2.8   (0.43)
Costa Rican 11   (1.7) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 85.5   (3.54) 9.5 ! (3.21)   (†)   (†)
Guatemalan 163   (6.8) 0.7   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 54.7   (2.16) 25.7   (1.50) 16.3   (1.67) 3.4   (0.69)
Honduran 107   (6.0) 0.5   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 48.7   (2.57) 34.7   (2.38) 13.7   (1.95) 2.9   (0.77)
Nicaraguan 37   (3.2) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 54.2   (4.64) 34.9   (4.16) 9.8   (2.29)   (†)
Panamanian 13   (1.6) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 48.7   (6.25) 37.4   (6.79) 8.3 ! (3.03) 5.6 ! (2.79)
Salvadoran 236   (8.3) 1.0   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 53.0   (1.75) 30.5   (1.63) 13.9   (1.20) 2.6   (0.68)
South American 288   (9.4) 1.2   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 71.1   (1.40) 19.8   (1.32) 8.2   (0.73) 1.0   (0.25)
Chilean 15   (2.0) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 83.7   (4.87) 10.0 ! (3.84) 5.8 ! (2.70)   (†)
Colombian 86   (4.5) 0.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 68.6   (2.65) 24.1   (2.38) 6.3   (1.18)   (†)
Ecuadorian 67   (4.3) 0.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 61.1   (2.97) 24.6   (2.93) 13.2   (2.31)   (†)
Peruvian 52   (3.6) 0.2   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 69.4   (3.51) 21.1   (2.90) 8.5   (2.08)   (†)
Venezuelan 34   (3.1) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 82.0   (3.32) 10.7   (2.55) 6.0 ! (2.22)   (†)
Other South American 33   (2.9) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 83.7   (2.96) 10.1   (2.54) 5.5 ! (1.77)   (†)
Other Hispanic 193   (6.9) 0.8   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 53.0   (1.75) 30.4   (1.71) 12.2   (1.26) 4.4   (0.57)
                                           
Asian 1,118   (9.3) 4.7   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 86.7   (0.47) 8.9   (0.45) 3.6   (0.24) 0.8   (0.10)
Chinese4 219   (6.0) 0.9   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 84.9   (1.09) 10.4   (0.88) 3.9   (0.58) 0.7   (0.20)
Filipino 106   (4.2) 0.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 76.3   (1.57) 16.9   (1.53) 4.2   (0.67) 2.5   (0.61)
Japanese 25   (2.4) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 90.4   (3.05) 5.5 ! (2.68)   (†) 2.2 ! (0.99)
Korean 62   (3.6) 0.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 93.1   (1.47) 3.4   (1.00) 3.0 ! (0.89)   (†)
South Asian5 439   (7.8) 1.9   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 94.7   (0.47) 3.6   (0.38) 1.5   (0.21) 0.2 ! (0.07)
Asian Indian 353   (7.0) 1.5   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 95.8   (0.40) 2.9   (0.37) 1.1   (0.19) 0.1 ! (0.06)
Bangladeshi 16   (1.9) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 89.3   (3.06) 5.8 ! (2.52) 3.0 ! (1.43)   (†)
Bhutanese   (†) #   (†) 100.0   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Nepalese 19   (2.3) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 87.0   (3.77) 9.0 ! (3.07) 4.1 ! (1.65)   (†)
Pakistani 45   (4.0) 0.2   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 92.4   (1.62) 5.5   (1.39) 2.0 ! (0.90)   (†)
Southeast Asian 188   (6.2) 0.8   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 74.2   (1.78) 16.7   (1.44) 7.9   (1.02) 1.3   (0.30)
Burmese 25   (2.5) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 88.0   (3.87) 9.2 ! (3.80)   (†)   (†)
Cambodian 18   (2.1) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 62.8   (6.22) 22.9   (4.56) 13.4 ! (4.69)   (†)
Hmong 35   (2.7) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 67.2   (4.47) 21.2   (3.41) 11.4   (2.70)   (†)
Laotian 9   (1.2) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 53.1   (6.99) 43.4   (6.82)   (†)   (†)
Thai 6   (1.1) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 65.1   (7.12) 21.1 ! (6.78)   (†) 7.6 ! (3.66)
Vietnamese 91   (4.3) 0.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 77.7   (2.27) 13.0   (1.81) 7.7   (1.38) 1.7 ! (0.53)
Other Southeast Asian6 3   (0.7) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 89.0   (6.66)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Other Asian 78   (4.0) 0.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 83.9   (1.83) 10.8   (1.55) 4.8   (1.18)   (†)
                                           
Pacific Islander 38   (2.6) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 55.6   (3.63) 29.9   (3.92) 12.2   (2.21) 2.3 ! (0.95)
American Indian/Alaska Native 178   (4.0) 0.8   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 36.5   (1.28) 44.8   (1.45) 15.5   (0.98) 3.1   (0.46)
Some other race7 95   (4.9) 0.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 61.1   (2.50) 25.4   (2.18) 10.7   (1.70) 2.8   (0.79)
                                           
Two or more races 1,282   (17.0) 5.4   (0.07) 100.0   (†) 60.2   (0.58) 30.7   (0.61) 7.7   (0.32) 1.4   (0.15)
                                           
White and Black 563   (11.4) 2.4   (0.05) 100.0   (†) 43.4   (0.97) 46.1   (1.03) 8.4   (0.60) 2.1   (0.31)
White and Asian 381   (7.1) 1.6   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 85.7   (0.78) 8.8   (0.71) 5.0   (0.49) 0.4   (0.12)
White and American Indian/
   Alaska Native
113   (4.4) 0.5   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 61.4   (1.97) 25.6   (1.51) 10.9   (1.31) 2.0   (0.59)
Other Two or more races 225   (7.5) 1.0   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 58.5   (1.63) 31.7   (1.64) 8.8   (0.83) 1.1   (0.23)
†Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Includes all children who live either with their parent(s) or with a householder to whom they are related by birth, marriage, or adoption (except a child who is the spouse of the householder). Children are classified by their parents’ marital status or, if no parents are present in the household, by the marital status of the householder who is related to the children. Living arrangements with only a "female householder" or "male householder" are those in which the parent or the householder who is related to the child does not have a spouse living in the household. The householder is the person (or one of the people) who owns or rents (maintains) the housing unit.
2 Includes foster children, children in unrelated subfamilies, children living in group quarters, and children who were reported as the householder or spouse of the householder.
3 Includes other Central American subgroups not shown separately.
4 Includes Taiwanese.
5 In addition to the subgroups shown, also includes Sri Lankan.
6 Consists of Indonesian and Malaysian.
7 Respondents who wrote in some other race that was not included as an option on the questionnaire.
NOTE: Data are based on sample surveys of the entire population residing within the United States, including both noninstitutionalized persons (e.g., those living in households, college housing, or military housing located within the United States) and institutionalized persons (e.g., those living in prisons, nursing facilities, or other healthcare facilities). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2017. (This table was prepared November 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest