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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 101.20. Estimates of resident population, by race/ethnicity and age group: Selected years, 1980 through 2018
Year and age group Number (in thousands) Percentage distribution
Total White Black His-
panic
Asian Pacific Islander American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
Two or more races Total White Black His- panic Asian Pacific Islander American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
Two or more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Total                                
1980 227,225 181,140 26,215 14,869 3,665 (1) 1,336 100.0 79.7 11.5 6.5 1.6 (1) 0.6
1990 249,623 188,725 29,439 22,573 7,092 (1) 1,793 100.0 75.6 11.8 9.0 2.8 (1) 0.7
1995 266,278 194,389 32,500 28,158 9,188 (1) 2,044 100.0 73.0 12.2 10.6 3.5 (1) 0.8
20002 282,162 195,702 34,406 35,662 10,469 370 2,102 3,452 100.0 69.4 12.2 12.6 3.7 0.1 0.7 1.2
20052 295,517 196,621 36,147 43,024 12,658 434 2,186 4,447 100.0 66.5 12.2 14.6 4.3 0.1 0.7 1.5
20082 304,094 197,184 37,291 47,794 13,956 475 2,237 5,158 100.0 64.8 12.3 15.7 4.6 0.2 0.7 1.7
                                 
20102 309,338 197,389 38,015 50,753 14,766 500 2,269 5,647 100.0 63.8 12.3 16.4 4.8 0.2 0.7 1.8
20132 316,235 197,693 39,144 54,143 16,206 533 2,331 6,185 100.0 62.5 12.4 17.1 5.1 0.2 0.7 2.0
20142 318,623 197,803 39,523 55,293 16,738 543 2,351 6,372 100.0 62.1 12.4 17.4 5.3 0.2 0.7 2.0
20152 321,040 197,844 39,909 56,505 17,297 555 2,369 6,561 100.0 61.6 12.4 17.6 5.4 0.2 0.7 2.0
20162 323,406 197,835 40,285 57,733 17,851 566 2,387 6,749 100.0 61.2 12.5 17.9 5.5 0.2 0.7 2.1
20172 325,719 197,803 40,652 58,947 18,399 577 2,403 6,938 100.0 60.7 12.5 18.1 5.6 0.2 0.7 2.1
20182 328,033 197,765 41,015 60,163 18,947 588 2,420 7,135 100.0 60.3 12.5 18.3 5.8 0.2 0.7 2.2
                                 
Under 5
   years old
                               
1980 16,451 11,904 2,413 1,677 319 (1) 137 100.0 72.4 14.7 10.2 1.9 (1) 0.8
1990 18,856 12,757 2,825 2,497 593 (1) 184 100.0 67.7 15.0 13.2 3.1 (1) 1.0
1995 19,627 12,415 3,050 3,245 734 (1) 182 100.0 63.3 15.5 16.5 3.7 (1) 0.9
20002 19,178 11,253 2,753 3,748 686 30 171 538 100.0 58.7 14.4 19.5 3.6 0.2 0.9 2.8
20052 19,917 10,847 2,706 4,607 839 35 171 712 100.0 54.5 13.6 23.1 4.2 0.2 0.9 3.6
20082 20,271 10,557 2,753 5,032 885 38 176 831 100.0 52.1 13.6 24.8 4.4 0.2 0.9 4.1
                                 
20102 20,189 10,278 2,780 5,128 891 39 176 898 100.0 50.9 13.8 25.4 4.4 0.2 0.9 4.4
20132 19,848 9,951 2,735 5,119 910 39 171 922 100.0 50.1 13.8 25.8 4.6 0.2 0.9 4.6
20142 19,871 9,930 2,736 5,136 929 39 170 931 100.0 50.0 13.8 25.8 4.7 0.2 0.9 4.7
20152 19,916 9,920 2,744 5,151 954 40 169 937 100.0 49.8 13.8 25.9 4.8 0.2 0.8 4.7
20162 19,920 9,883 2,745 5,159 980 40 167 946 100.0 49.6 13.8 25.9 4.9 0.2 0.8 4.7
20172 19,939 9,853 2,744 5,181 999 41 165 956 100.0 49.4 13.8 26.0 5.0 0.2 0.8 4.8
20182 19,951 9,810 2,741 5,215 1,010 41 163 971 100.0 49.2 13.7 26.1 5.1 0.2 0.8 4.9
                                 
5 to 17
   years old
                               
1980 47,232 35,220 6,840 4,005 790 (1) 377 100.0 74.6 14.5 8.5 1.7 (1) 0.8
1990 45,359
1995 49,838
20002 53,198 33,008 7,994 8,700 1,829 85 522 1,059 100.0 62.0 15.0 16.4 3.4 0.2 1.0 2.0
20052 53,606 31,379 7,987 10,207 2,047 92 499 1,396 100.0 58.5 14.9 19.0 3.8 0.2 0.9 2.6
20082 53,833 30,226 7,813 11,346 2,227 98 483 1,641 100.0 56.1 14.5 21.1 4.1 0.2 0.9 3.0
                                 
20102 53,932 29,496 7,644 12,057 2,350 101 475 1,809 100.0 54.7 14.2 22.4 4.4 0.2 0.9 3.4
20132 53,726 28,587 7,450 12,638 2,502 103 465 1,981 100.0 53.2 13.9 23.5 4.7 0.2 0.9 3.7
20142 53,700 28,289 7,432 12,826 2,549 104 463 2,037 100.0 52.7 13.8 23.9 4.7 0.2 0.9 3.8
20152 53,713 28,007 7,413 13,030 2,601 105 462 2,094 100.0 52.1 13.8 24.3 4.8 0.2 0.9 3.9
20162 53,739 27,745 7,398 13,240 2,647 105 459 2,144 100.0 51.6 13.8 24.6 4.9 0.2 0.9 4.0
20172 53,717 27,474 7,383 13,407 2,699 106 457 2,190 100.0 51.1 13.7 25.0 5.0 0.2 0.9 4.1
20182 53,616 27,185 7,352 13,533 2,750 107 454 2,234 100.0 50.7 13.7 25.2 5.1 0.2 0.8 4.2
                                 
18 to 24
   years old
                               
1980 30,103 23,278 3,872 2,284 468 (1) 201 100.0 77.3 12.9 7.6 1.6 (1) 0.7
1990 26,853
1995 25,482
20002 27,315 16,913 3,780 4,786 1,158 50 239 389 100.0 61.9 13.8 17.5 4.2 0.2 0.9 1.4
20052 29,442 17,741 4,092 5,406 1,351 57 263 531 100.0 60.3 13.9 18.4 4.6 0.2 0.9 1.8
20082 30,194 17,712 4,283 5,813 1,445 62 266 613 100.0 58.7 14.2 19.3 4.8 0.2 0.9 2.0
                                 
20102 30,763 17,616 4,436 6,183 1,519 66 266 678 100.0 57.3 14.4 20.1 4.9 0.2 0.9 2.2
20132 31,498 17,507 4,703 6,523 1,630 65 277 794 100.0 55.6 14.9 20.7 5.2 0.2 0.9 2.5
20142 31,428 17,322 4,670 6,610 1,658 64 275 829 100.0 55.1 14.9 21.0 5.3 0.2 0.9 2.6
20152 31,155 17,025 4,591 6,663 1,682 62 271 860 100.0 54.6 14.7 21.4 5.4 0.2 0.9 2.8
20162 30,853 16,719 4,501 6,713 1,705 61 266 888 100.0 54.2 14.6 21.8 5.5 0.2 0.9 2.9
20172 30,616 16,472 4,412 6,764 1,732 60 261 915 100.0 53.8 14.4 22.1 5.7 0.2 0.9 3.0
20182 30,556 16,313 4,351 6,859 1,772 60 258 943 100.0 53.4 14.2 22.4 5.8 0.2 0.8 3.1
                                 
25 years old
   and over
                               
1980 133,438 110,737 13,091 6,903 2,088 (1) 620 100.0 83.0 9.8 5.2 1.6 (1) 0.5
1990 158,555 125,653 16,322 11,447 4,190 (1) 944 100.0 79.2 10.3 7.2 2.6 (1) 0.6
1995 171,332 131,839 18,250 14,519 5,628 (1) 1,096 100.0 76.9 10.7 8.5 3.3 (1) 0.6
20002 182,471 134,529 19,879 18,427 6,796 205 1,170 1,465 100.0 73.7 10.9 10.1 3.7 0.1 0.6 0.8
20052 192,551 136,655 21,361 22,804 8,421 250 1,253 1,808 100.0 71.0 11.1 11.8 4.4 0.1 0.7 0.9
20082 199,795 138,689 22,441 25,603 9,400 277 1,312 2,074 100.0 69.4 11.2 12.8 4.7 0.1 0.7 1.0
                                 
20102 204,454 140,000 23,155 27,386 10,006 294 1,352 2,262 100.0 68.5 11.3 13.4 4.9 0.1 0.7 1.1
20132 211,162 141,648 24,255 29,863 11,164 326 1,418 2,488 100.0 67.1 11.5 14.1 5.3 0.2 0.7 1.2
20142 213,623 142,262 24,685 30,722 11,602 337 1,442 2,575 100.0 66.6 11.6 14.4 5.4 0.2 0.7 1.2
20152 216,257 142,891 25,160 31,661 12,059 348 1,467 2,670 100.0 66.1 11.6 14.6 5.6 0.2 0.7 1.2
20162 218,894 143,488 25,641 32,621 12,519 359 1,494 2,772 100.0 65.6 11.7 14.9 5.7 0.2 0.7 1.3
20172 221,447 144,003 26,113 33,595 12,969 370 1,520 2,878 100.0 65.0 11.8 15.2 5.9 0.2 0.7 1.3
20182 223,911 144,458 26,570 34,556 13,416 380 1,544 2,987 100.0 64.5 11.9 15.4 6.0 0.2 0.7 1.3
—Not available.
1 Included under Asian.
2 Data on persons of Two or more races were collected beginning in 2000. Direct comparability of the data (other than Hispanic) prior to 2000 with the data for 2000 and later years is limited by the extent to which people reporting more than one race in later years had been reported in specific race groups in earlier years.
NOTE: Resident population includes civilian population and armed forces personnel residing within the United States; it excludes armed forces personnel residing overseas. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Population estimates as of July 1 of the indicated reference year.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-25, Nos. 1092 and 1095; 2000 through 2009 Population Estimates, retrieved August 14, 2012, from https://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/asrh/2011/index.html; and 2010 through 2018 Population Estimates, retrieved November 8, 2018, from https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2017/demo/popest/nation-detail.html. (This table was prepared November 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest