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Digest of Education Statistics: 2017
Digest of Education Statistics: 2017

NCES 2018-070
January 2018


Table 702.10. Percentage of children ages 3 to 18 living in households with a computer, by type of computer and selected child and family characteristics: Selected years, 2010 through 2016
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected child or family characteristic 2010 2013 2015 2016
Total, any computer or smart-phone1,2 Desktop, laptop, netbook, or notebook computer1 Handheld computer or smart-phone3 Total, any computer or smart-phone1,2 Desktop, laptop, netbook, or notebook computer1 Handheld computer or smart-phone3 Total, any computer or smart-phone1,2 Desktop, laptop, netbook, or notebook computer1 Handheld computer or smart-phone3 Total, any computer or smart-phone1,2 Desktop, laptop, tablet, or other portable wireless computer Smart-phone4
Total1 Desktop or laptop4 Tablet or other portable wireless computer4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Total 85.3 (0.37) 83.2 (0.38) 25.3   (0.48) 92.6 (0.08) 86.3 (0.11) 80.0 (0.11) 94.5 (0.06) 85.1 (0.12) 88.8 (0.08) 96.6 (0.05) 89.5 (0.09) 83.3 (0.13) 73.7 (0.15) 90.9 (0.05)
Sex                                                          
Male 85.0 (0.44) 82.9 (0.45) 25.3   (0.57) 92.5 (0.08) 86.1 (0.12) 79.9 (0.13) 94.4 (0.07) 85.0 (0.13) 88.6 (0.09) 96.5 (0.06) 89.4 (0.11) 83.1 (0.14) 73.4 (0.17) 90.8 (0.07)
Female 85.5 (0.45) 83.4 (0.46) 25.3   (0.53) 92.6 (0.10) 86.4 (0.13) 80.2 (0.13) 94.5 (0.07) 85.2 (0.13) 88.9 (0.10) 96.7 (0.05) 89.6 (0.11) 83.4 (0.14) 74.1 (0.17) 91.0 (0.07)
                                                           
Race/ethnicity                                                          
White 92.4 (0.34) 90.5 (0.38) 29.9   (0.71) 95.9 (0.07) 92.1 (0.11) 85.1 (0.11) 97.0 (0.06) 91.4 (0.11) 92.2 (0.09) 97.9 (0.05) 94.2 (0.09) 90.1 (0.12) 79.8 (0.16) 92.1 (0.08)
Black 72.8 (1.30) 70.3 (1.34) 17.6   (1.02) 87.1 (0.25) 76.2 (0.33) 72.7 (0.31) 90.2 (0.21) 74.5 (0.32) 83.0 (0.25) 94.0 (0.20) 81.4 (0.28) 72.3 (0.31) 63.1 (0.36) 87.8 (0.22)
Hispanic 74.3 (0.90) 72.0 (0.88) 17.0   (0.82) 87.2 (0.20) 77.3 (0.25) 71.5 (0.30) 90.7 (0.16) 75.4 (0.27) 83.5 (0.22) 94.8 (0.12) 82.5 (0.22) 73.0 (0.25) 65.2 (0.24) 89.4 (0.16)
Asian 93.5 (1.18) 93.1 (1.21) 28.5   (1.98) 97.9 (0.13) 96.4 (0.18) 86.3 (0.34) 98.3 (0.14) 95.9 (0.21) 93.3 (0.28) 98.9 (0.11) 97.0 (0.18) 94.8 (0.23) 80.8 (0.34) 93.7 (0.25)
Pacific Islander 83.9 (7.10) 78.9 (7.35) 24.4 ! (7.88) 87.8 (2.10) 79.9 (2.40) 70.4 (2.72) 90.9 (1.55) 80.5 (1.96) 83.8 (1.88) 94.3 (1.50) 77.8 (2.31) 69.3 (2.56) 60.7 (2.71) 85.9 (2.21)
American Indian/Alaska Native 72.4 (4.70) 66.2 (5.27) 21.4   (4.26) 79.0 (0.73) 70.3 (0.81) 62.7 (0.93) 83.7 (0.82) 68.8 (1.07) 75.9 (0.95) 87.3 (0.62) 75.6 (0.81) 64.7 (1.01) 61.1 (1.04) 80.3 (0.73)
Two or more races 85.2 (2.09) 82.0 (2.30) 33.9   (2.41) 95.8 (0.19) 89.9 (0.36) 85.7 (0.37) 97.1 (0.18) 88.6 (0.38) 93.0 (0.25) 98.5 (0.12) 92.9 (0.28) 86.8 (0.37) 79.3 (0.44) 93.0 (0.25)
                                                           
Age                                                          
3 and 4 81.0 (0.76) 78.2 (0.78) 24.9   (0.80) 90.4 (0.15) 81.3 (0.22) 79.0 (0.21) 93.1 (0.15) 80.8 (0.24) 88.1 (0.18) 96.0 (0.10) 86.6 (0.22) 79.0 (0.24) 71.5 (0.27) 91.2 (0.13)
5 to 10 83.9 (0.52) 81.7 (0.52) 25.5   (0.61) 91.8 (0.09) 84.7 (0.13) 79.6 (0.15) 93.8 (0.09) 83.1 (0.14) 88.3 (0.12) 96.2 (0.06) 88.3 (0.12) 80.8 (0.16) 74.0 (0.16) 90.6 (0.07)
11 to 14 87.3 (0.59) 85.5 (0.62) 25.6   (0.73) 93.5 (0.10) 88.2 (0.13) 80.5 (0.14) 95.1 (0.08) 86.9 (0.14) 89.2 (0.11) 96.9 (0.07) 90.8 (0.12) 85.4 (0.15) 75.4 (0.18) 90.8 (0.10)
15 to 18 87.7 (0.49) 85.6 (0.54) 24.7   (0.71) 93.9 (0.10) 89.1 (0.14) 80.7 (0.14) 95.4 (0.08) 88.4 (0.14) 89.4 (0.11) 97.2 (0.06) 91.3 (0.11) 87.0 (0.14) 72.8 (0.21) 91.3 (0.10)
                                                           
Metropolitan status5                                                          
Metropolitan6 85.7 (0.40) 83.6 (0.41) 26.5   (0.56) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Nonmetropolitan7 82.8 (0.94) 80.6 (0.98) 18.2   (1.05) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
                                                           
Highest level of education
    attained
    by either parent8
                                                         
Less than high school 57.0 (1.77) 52.6 (1.70) 10.1   (0.94) 75.7 (0.40) 61.2 (0.39) 55.9 (0.42) 81.3 (0.35) 57.7 (0.41) 72.1 (0.37) 87.9 (0.27) 67.4 (0.34) 54.1 (0.38) 48.5 (0.37) 80.8 (0.30)
High school diploma or
     equivalent
76.1 (0.91) 73.4 (0.89) 15.5   (0.77) 87.3 (0.22) 76.2 (0.26) 69.9 (0.27) 90.2 (0.18) 73.5 (0.28) 82.1 (0.23) 94.1 (0.13) 80.6 (0.26) 69.6 (0.30) 61.4 (0.26) 87.4 (0.17)
Some college 88.7 (0.73) 86.4 (0.86) 23.2   (0.95) 94.3 (0.13) 87.1 (0.19) 81.3 (0.19) 95.8 (0.12) 85.2 (0.22) 90.0 (0.14) 97.5 (0.09) 90.5 (0.15) 83.0 (0.21) 73.3 (0.27) 92.4 (0.13)
Associate's degree 91.5 (0.67) 90.0 (0.79) 24.3   (1.37) 96.7 (0.14) 92.7 (0.21) 85.5 (0.25) 97.7 (0.12) 91.8 (0.23) 92.7 (0.24) 98.7 (0.09) 94.9 (0.18) 90.1 (0.24) 79.4 (0.28) 93.9 (0.16)
Bachelor's or higher degree 96.8 (0.28) 95.7 (0.34) 38.0   (0.87) 99.0 (0.04) 97.6 (0.06) 91.8 (0.10) 99.2 (0.03) 97.4 (0.06) 96.1 (0.08) 99.6 (0.03) 98.5 (0.05) 97.0 (0.08) 86.6 (0.12) 94.9 (0.07)
Bachelor's degree 95.9 (0.40) 94.8 (0.47) 36.8   (1.14) 98.6 (0.06) 96.9 (0.10) 90.5 (0.15) 99.0 (0.05) 96.6 (0.09) 95.4 (0.11) 99.4 (0.04) 98.0 (0.07) 95.9 (0.11) 85.1 (0.17) 94.7 (0.10)
Master's or higher degree 98.0 (0.35) 96.9 (0.44) 39.7   (1.16) 99.4 (0.04) 98.6 (0.07) 93.5 (0.14) 99.5 (0.04) 98.4 (0.07) 96.9 (0.10) 99.7 (0.03) 99.1 (0.06) 98.3 (0.08) 88.4 (0.17) 95.0 (0.12)
                                                           
Family income (in current
    dollars)
                                                         
  Less than $10,000 53.9 (1.90) 50.0 (1.88) 9.8   (1.07) 76.4 (0.40) 61.5 (0.43) 58.6 (0.46) 82.1 (0.42) 58.1 (0.47) 73.6 (0.45) 87.7 (0.40) 67.1 (0.52) 54.5 (0.50) 49.0 (0.49) 79.5 (0.44)
  $10,000 to $19,999 68.4 (1.35) 64.8 (1.44) 12.2   (1.06) 81.2 (0.34) 67.5 (0.43) 62.4 (0.40) 85.7 (0.31) 63.3 (0.43) 76.7 (0.32) 90.6 (0.26) 72.4 (0.44) 59.3 (0.44) 52.7 (0.45) 82.7 (0.33)
  $20,000 to $29,999 75.4 (1.34) 72.5 (1.33) 14.8   (1.01) 86.9 (0.32) 74.7 (0.39) 68.1 (0.36) 89.2 (0.29) 71.3 (0.45) 80.4 (0.35) 93.8 (0.25) 79.0 (0.40) 67.3 (0.40) 58.6 (0.43) 86.4 (0.31)
  $30,000 to $39,999 84.9 (1.05) 82.7 (1.13) 16.2   (0.95) 90.6 (0.22) 82.0 (0.27) 73.3 (0.37) 92.8 (0.22) 79.3 (0.36) 85.0 (0.30) 95.4 (0.20) 83.7 (0.38) 74.2 (0.47) 64.0 (0.44) 88.7 (0.27)
  $40,000 to $49,999 91.1 (0.98) 88.9 (1.04) 23.3   (1.46) 93.3 (0.22) 86.4 (0.31) 77.3 (0.33) 94.2 (0.26) 83.4 (0.44) 86.8 (0.31) 96.5 (0.16) 88.5 (0.28) 80.0 (0.36) 69.3 (0.36) 90.2 (0.25)
  $50,000 to $74,999 92.4 (0.71) 91.0 (0.73) 25.7   (1.17) 95.7 (0.14) 91.0 (0.18) 82.3 (0.25) 96.6 (0.12) 89.1 (0.20) 90.7 (0.17) 97.9 (0.08) 92.6 (0.18) 86.6 (0.24) 75.5 (0.28) 92.2 (0.15)
  $75,000 to $99,999 95.2 (0.59) 93.7 (0.73) 32.2   (1.40) 97.5 (0.12) 94.8 (0.13) 88.0 (0.24) 98.0 (0.09) 94.0 (0.17) 93.6 (0.19) 98.6 (0.08) 95.9 (0.13) 92.2 (0.19) 81.0 (0.29) 93.6 (0.14)
  $100,000 or more 98.3 (0.29) 97.2 (0.39) 45.9   (1.25) 99.0 (0.04) 97.8 (0.06) 93.8 (0.10) 99.1 (0.04) 97.3 (0.08) 96.5 (0.09) 99.4 (0.04) 98.4 (0.06) 96.9 (0.08) 87.7 (0.13) 95.2 (0.09)
 $100,000 to $149,999 98.0 (0.44) 97.2 (0.53) 38.8   (1.48) 98.8 (0.06) 97.2 (0.09) 92.5 (0.14) 98.8 (0.07) 96.5 (0.13) 95.8 (0.15) 99.2 (0.07) 97.8 (0.10) 95.7 (0.13) 85.5 (0.21) 94.8 (0.13)
$150,000 or more 98.8 (0.36) 97.2 (0.59) 55.3   (1.62) 99.3 (0.05) 98.6 (0.08) 95.3 (0.12) 99.4 (0.05) 98.3 (0.08) 97.3 (0.08) 99.6 (0.04) 99.0 (0.05) 98.1 (0.08) 90.0 (0.16) 95.7 (0.11)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
1 In addition to the types of computers/devices specified, includes a small percentage (less than 1 percent) of children whose households had "some other type of computer" not listed in the survey questions.
2 Households indicating they had the types of computers/devices listed in more than one survey question were counted only once in the total. Therefore, the total is less than the sum of the categories.
3 Prior to 2016, the question used the term "smart mobile phone" rather than "smartphone."
4 The questions were revised in 2016. Specifically, "desktop" and "laptop" were no longer combined into the same question with "netbook" and "notebook"; "smartphone" was no longer combined into the same question with other types of "handheld" computers; and a new question was added for "tablet or other portable wireless computer."
5 Children living in areas whose metropolitan status was not identified are excluded from this analysis. From 2010 through 2016, less than 1 percent of children ages 3 to 18 lived in an area with nonidentified metropolitan status.
6 Refers to metropolitan statistical areas, which contain at least one urbanized area with a population of 50,000 or more.
7 Refers to areas that are outside of metropolitan statistical areas.
8 Highest education level of any parent residing with the child (including an adoptive or stepparent). Includes only children who resided with at least one of their parents.
NOTE: Data are based on children living in households and exclude children living in institutions (e.g., prisons or nursing facilities). Percentages refer to children whose household members owned or used at home any of the specified computers/devices. Estimates for 2010 may not be comparable to those for later years because the 2010 estimates are based on the Current Population Survey, while those for later years are based on the American Community Survey (ACS). Estimates for 2016 may not be comparable to those for other years because the wording of the computer questions was revised for the 2016 ACS. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October 2010; and American Community Survey (ACS), 2013, 2015, and 2016. (This table was prepared June 2018.)