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Digest of Education Statistics
2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 603.90. Employment to population ratios of 25- to 64-year-olds, by sex, highest level of educational attainment, and country: 2016
Country Total population, 25 to 64 years old Male Female
All levels of education Less than high school completion High school completion Asso-ciate's or higher degree All levels of education Less than high school completion High school completion Asso-ciate's or higher degree All levels of education Less than high school completion High school completion Asso-ciate's or higher degree
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
OECD average1 74.7 56.7 74.7 84.2 81.4 66.9 81.5 88.8 68.1 46.5 67.2 80.1
Australia 76.5 58.1 78.2 83.5 83.1 66.7 84.8 89.3 70.1 50.2 69.9 78.8
Austria 75.7 53.9 75.9 86.2 80.1 60.5 79.4 88.5 71.4 49.9 72.0 83.8
Belgium 70.9 46.4 73.0 85.2 75.9 54.6 79.5 87.5 66.0 37.5 65.5 83.2
Canada 76.5 54.6 73.6 81.8 80.4 63.1 78.6 85.6 72.5 43.3 67.1 78.9
Chile2 71.2 62.2 71.8 84.4 86.3 83.6 85.9 91.0 58.4 43.9 59.6 78.8
                         
Czech Republic 79.5 45.1 80.7 85.6 87.3 56.6 87.6 93.4 71.5 37.9 73.1 78.3
Denmark 79.6 63.5 81.1 85.9 83.4 71.7 84.8 88.7 75.7 53.8 76.8 83.8
Estonia 78.2 61.4 76.9 84.9 82.3 66.7 81.8 91.3 74.3 51.4 70.8 81.1
Finland 75.2 53.7 73.2 83.1 77.0 60.2 75.8 85.4 73.3 43.5 69.9 81.5
France 72.3 51.3 72.9 85.0 76.3 58.6 76.3 88.1 68.5 44.7 69.2 82.3
                         
Germany 80.1 59.4 81.0 88.3 84.6 68.4 84.4 91.3 75.6 52.0 77.7 84.6
Greece 59.1 48.5 58.1 70.4 69.4 60.9 70.7 76.4 49.1 35.0 45.8 65.2
Hungary 74.1 51.7 76.1 85.0 81.5 62.2 82.9 91.2 67.0 43.6 68.2 80.5
Iceland 88.4 78.8 88.4 93.6 92.0 84.3 92.3 96.8 84.7 73.0 82.5 91.4
Ireland2 70.5 48.8 68.9 82.1 77.5 61.1 77.8 86.8 63.9 33.2 59.9 78.4
                         
Israel 76.6 48.1 72.7 87.0 81.4 63.1 77.7 90.4 72.0 31.7 66.8 84.3
Italy 64.5 51.2 70.6 79.7 75.3 66.0 80.7 85.5 54.0 35.1 60.6 75.4
Japan3 80.5 83.3 90.6 93.4 70.3 73.3
Korea, Republic of 73.8 65.5 72.5 77.3 85.9 76.4 84.3 89.0 61.5 58.3 60.7 63.4
Latvia 75.1 58.8 71.2 87.2 76.8 64.5 75.0 88.7 73.6 49.4 66.8 86.4
                         
Luxembourg 74.7 59.6 70.5 85.7 80.5 69.7 76.2 89.2 68.6 49.7 64.1 82.0
Mexico 68.5 64.8 70.5 79.8 88.5 88.6 88.9 88.0 50.8 44.4 54.6 71.6
Netherlands 78.4 60.7 79.4 88.4 84.5 72.9 84.8 91.3 72.2 49.3 73.8 85.5
New Zealand 81.5 71.7 82.1 87.3 87.9 78.9 89.5 92.2 75.6 65.0 74.1 83.3
Norway 80.6 61.7 80.2 88.8 82.6 67.1 83.1 89.5 78.5 55.7 76.5 88.1
                         
Poland 71.5 40.7 68.4 87.5 78.6 51.8 77.5 92.0 64.5 29.3 57.9 84.4
Portugal 73.4 65.5 79.4 85.1 77.2 71.8 82.1 86.8 69.9 58.8 76.8 83.9
Slovak Republic 72.8 37.7 74.3 81.3 79.4 43.8 80.8 87.4 66.2 33.1 66.9 76.7
Slovenia 72.2 46.1 71.0 85.2 75.3 53.7 74.9 86.5 69.0 39.6 65.7 84.3
Spain 66.6 53.9 69.2 79.8 72.7 63.1 75.9 83.5 60.5 43.5 62.5 76.7
                         
Sweden 83.7 65.9 85.3 89.6 85.8 72.4 87.5 90.4 81.6 58.6 82.3 88.9
Switzerland 82.8 67.6 81.9 88.5 87.9 75.2 86.8 91.9 77.7 61.6 77.5 84.2
Turkey 58.0 51.4 61.9 75.0 78.2 75.1 80.9 84.0 35.2 28.2 32.9 63.3
United Kingdom5 78.8 61.6 80.3 84.8 84.7 72.3 86.0 88.9 72.9 51.7 74.3 80.9
United States 73.5 56.6 68.8 81.6 79.4 68.4 75.0 86.9 67.8 43.2 62.3 77.1
                         
Other reporting
      countries
                       
Argentina4 72.7 65.4 72.9 86.8 87.7 84.8 88.1 94.4 59.2 45.6 58.5 82.1
Brazil2 70.8 65.0 73.9 83.4 83.5 80.6 85.8 89.9 59.2 49.1 63.7 78.9
Colombia 75.7 72.0 76.5 82.5 89.2 89.5 89.0 89.1 63.0 54.3 64.6 77.4
Costa Rica 67.6 61.7 71.1 80.6 84.6 82.3 88.2 88.6 51.0 40.4 54.1 74.0
Indonesia2 72.9 71.1 72.7 84.9 91.8 92.4 90.9 91.6 53.9 52.2 48.9 77.8
Lithuania 78.2 49.3 72.6 91.0 78.9 53.2 76.0 92.6 77.5 41.7 68.9 90.0
Russia2 76.8 51.0 72.4 82.2 82.9 58.8 80.0 88.6 71.3 41.6 63.2 77.8
Saudi Arabia4 65.1 59.7 65.2 75.4 92.8 91.4 92.9 95.2 21.9 16.4 14.7 43.1
South Africa2 55.8 46.5 62.3 82.7 63.8 55.4 70.8 86.2 48.1 38.1 53.8 79.7
—Not available.
1 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally.
2 Data are for 2015 instead of 2016.
3 Associate's or higher degree data include some persons (less than 5 percent of the total) whose highest level of education was high school completion or a postsecondary program below the associate's degree level.
4 Data are for 2014 instead of 2016.
5 High school completion data include some persons (17 percent of the total) who have completed a sufficient volume and standard of programs, any one of which individually would be classified as a program that only partially completes the high school (or upper secondary) level of education.
NOTE: All data in this table were calculated using International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011. High school completion refers to completion of ISCED 2011 level 3 (upper secondary education); programs classified under ISCED 2011 as only partially completing level 3 are not included in the high school completion data except where otherwise noted. In this table, persons completing ISCED 2011 level 4 are also considered to have high school completion as their highest level of educational attainment. ISCED level 4 typically corresponds to postsecondary vocational programs below the associate’s degree level in the United States. Associate’s or higher degrees include ISCED 2011 level 5 (corresponding to the associate’s degree in the United States), level 6 (bachelor’s or equivalent degree), level 7 (master’s or equivalent degree), and level 8 (doctoral or equivalent degree). For each country, the employment to population ratio of 25- to 64-year-olds is the number of persons in this age group who are employed as a percentage of the total civilian population in this age group.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Online Education Database, retrieved June 7, 2018, from http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx. (This table was prepared June 2018.)

2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest