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Digest of Education Statistics
2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 601.20. Selected population and enrollment statistics for countries with populations of at least 10 million in 2015, by continent and country: Selected years, 1990 through 2015
Continent and country1 Midyear population (in millions) Persons per square kilo-meter, 2015 Elementary2 Secondary3 Postsecondary4
Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5 Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5 Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5
1991 2000 2015 1999-2000 2014-15 1990-91 1999-2000 2014-15 1999-2000 2014-15 1990-91 1999-2000 2014-15 1999-2000 2014-15 1990-91 1999-2000 2014-15
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
World total6  5,367 6,085 7,248 55 657,127   723,319   99 99   103   452,455   581,620   53 60   76   99,876   214,083 14   19   36  
Africa                                                              
Algeria7 26 31 40 17 4,843   3,925   94 105   116   2994     58 65       1,289 11     37  
Angola 12 16 27 22     66     355     9 12       221 1     9  
Benin 5 7 10 95 932   2,238   58 83   132   229   964   22   59   22   131 2   4   14  
Burkina Faso 9 12 19 69 852   2,707   34 45   88   190   966   7 10   34     84 1     5  
Burundi 6 7 11 418 705   2,072   72 59   134     664   6   45   6   1   1    
Cameroon 12 16 24 50 2,237   4,370   97 87   119   700   2,108   28 28   61   66   372 3   5   17  
Chad 6 8 12 9 914   2,270   51 64   93   137   513   11   23   6     1    
Cote d'Ivoire 13 17 23 73 1,943   3,371   68 73   92     1,587     43     193     9  
Democratic Republic
    of the Congo
41 52 79 35   13,763   80   108     4,619     46     3      
Egypt7 56 66 92 93 7,947 8    92 91 8    8028 8    73 79 8      2,869 12     35  
Ethiopia 49 64 99 100 5,847   16,198   31 54   102   1195   5,029   14 13   35   68   1   1    
Ghana7 16 19 26 116 2,561   4,342   80 86   109   1057   2,440   36   59     418 1     16  
Guinea 7 8 12 48 790     37 57         12       1      
Kenya7 24 31 46 81 5,035   8,169   98 95   106   1909     39     89     3    
Madagascar 12 16 24 41 2,208   4,764   95 101   147     1,536 8    39 8  32   117 3   2   5  
Malawi 10 11 18 191 2,695   4,205   76 134   141   487   962 8  17 30   39 8  4   1   #    
Mali 9 11 17 14 1,017   2,227   28 58   76   258 8  945   7 17 8  42   20   83 1   2   5  
Morocco7 24 28 33 75 3,670   4,039   64 92   109   1541     36 39     296   877 10   10   28  
Mozambique7 13 18 25 32 2,544   5,902 8  62 74   106 8  124   1,073 8  7 6   33 8    175     6  
Niger 8 11 18 14 579   2,445   27 32   72   106 8  595   7 7 8  21          
Nigeria7 99 124 182 199 19,151     86 99     4104     25            
Rwanda 7 8 11 461 1,432   2,451   75 109   136   130   568   16 11   37   9   80   1   8  
Senegal 8 9 14 73 1,108   1,977   55 68   84   250   1,136   16   50     145     10  
Somalia 6 8 11 17                        
South Africa 39 45 54 44 7,445   7,556   105 104   103   4142   5,279   68 83   103     1,051 12      
South Sudan 5 6 12 19   1,274     67     164     10          
Sudan7 22 27 36 19   4,518     74     2,060     46   182     7    
Tanzania 26 33 51 58 4,382   8,298   70 67   81       5     21   182 #   1   4  
Tunisia 8 10 11 72 1,414   1,115   115 115   114   1104 8  1,008   45 75 8  88   180   323 9   19   35  
Uganda 17 23 37 188 6,559   8,264   71 130   98       11     56   1   3    
Zambia 8 10 15 20 1,590     94 79                    
Zimbabwe 10 12 13 35 2,461     105 103     844     47 44       136 5     8  
                                                               
Asia                                                              
Afghanistan7 14 22 33 50 749   6,334   28 22   107     2,699   16   54          
Bangladesh 108 129 155 1,188   19,068     120   10329   14,567   48   63   727     5    
Cambodia 10 12 16 89 2,248   2,179   102 107   117   351     28 17     22   217 1   2   13  
China9 1,168 1,268 1,367 147   95,958   124   99   81488   86,127   40 60     7,364   43,367 3   8   45  
India 854 1,006 1,252 421 113,613   138,518   92 95   108   71031   129,542   45   74   9,404   32,107 6   10   27  
Indonesia 185 214 256 141 28,509   29,700   113 109   104   14720   23,756   45 55   87   3,126   5,108 9   15   23  
Iran 60 66 80 52 8,288   7,670   109 100   109   9955   5,712   55 78   89   1,405   4,803   19   72  
Iraq 17 23 37 85 3,639     108 97     1224     38     289     12    
Japan 124 127 127 348 7,529   6,638   99 98   99   8782   7,221   97 99   102   3,982   3,845 29 10  48   63  
Kazakhstan 17 16 18 7 1,208   1,196   118 96   111   1994   1,679   98 93   109   418   658 39   32   46  
Korea, North 21 23 25 208   1,358         2,148     93     565     28  
Korea, South 43 47 51 523 4,030   2,722   105 101   98   3959   3,397   92 96   100   3,003   3,268 38   77   93  
Malaysia 18 23 31 93 3,026   3,108   95 99   103     2,801   64   85     1,302 8     42  
Myanmar 41 47 54 83 4,858     103 101     2268     22 37            
Nepal7 19 23 29 200 3,780   4,335   113 120   135   1348   3,176 8  35 36   67 8  94   445 6   4   15  
Pakistan 122 152 199 258 13,987 10  19,847   74 10  92     12,078   25   44     1,872     10  
Philippines 63 76 101 339 12,708   14,453   109 109   113     7,319   72   88     27      
Saudi Arabia 16 21 28 13   3,845     121           404   1,528 10   22   61  
Sri Lanka7 17 19 22 341   1,778   110   102       72       308     20  
Syria 13 17 17 93 2,775     107 107     1069     48 44       773 18     44  
Taiwan 20 22 23 726                        
Thailand 57 63 68 133 6,101   5,081   100 98   101     6,757   30   121   1,900   2,235   35   46  
Turkey 58 66 79 103 6,562   5,434   106 103   103   5658   10,969   53 74   103     6,063 14     95  
Uzbekistan 21 25 29 69 2,602   2,135   111 99   99   3566   3,964   99 88   92   305   262 17   13   8  
Vietnam 69 79 94 304 10,063   7,544   106 109   109           732   2,467 2   9   29  
Yemen 13 17 27 51                        
                                                               
Europe                                                              
Belgium 10 10 11 374 774   783   100 105   103   1058   1,218   102 145   164   356   505 39   58   75  
Czech Republic 10 10 11 138 645   535   96 103   99   958   770   90 88   105   254   396 16   28   64  
France 59 61 67 104 3,885   4,256   109 104   107   5929   5,983   101 109   111   2,015   2,424 39   54   65  
Germany11 80 82 81 232 3,656   2,879   101 105   102   8307   7,113   99 100   101     2,978 34     66  
Greece 10 11 11 83 645   644   94 94   95   739   663   92 87   99   422   35   51    
Italy7 57 58 62 210 2,836   2,856   98 103   101   4404   4,606   81 92   103   1,770   1,826 32   49   63  
Netherlands7 15 16 17 500 1,279   1,208   102 108   103   1379   1,613   120 122   134   488   843 40   52   81  
Poland7 38 39 39 127 3,319   2,306   99 99   105   3988   2,548   88 100   107   1,580   1,665 21   50   67  
Portugal 10 10 11 118 811   657   119 122   106   831   779   67 104   118   374   338 23   48   61  
Romania7 23 22 22 94 1,189   947   85 97   90   2226   1,563   89 79   91   453   542 10   24   47  
Russian Federation 148 147 142 9 6,138   5,983   110 103   101     9,385   96   104   6,331   6,592 52   56   80  
Spain7 39 41 48 97 2,540   3,010   105 104   104   3246   3,313   103 110   129   1,829   1,964 37   58   89  
Ukraine7 52 49 44 77 2,079   1,537   119 113     5204   2,370   92 102     1,812   1,776 47   49    
United Kingdom7 58 59 64 265 4,632   4,617   105 100   102   5315   6,375   87 102   125   2,024   2,330 29   58   57  
                                                               
Northern America                                                              
Canada 28 31 35 4 2,456   2,304   104 100   103   2519   2,642   101 101   111     95      
United States 253 282 321 35 24,973   24,786   105 100   99   22594   24,417   91 94   97   13,203   19,532 73      
                                                               
Central and South
    America
                                                             
Argentina 34 37 43 16 4,901   4,784   109 117   110   3829   4,502   72 97   107   1,767 8  2,966 38   53 8  86  
Bolivia 7 8 11 10 1,462   1,344   102 118   97   800   1,153   71   86          
Brazil 152 174 204 24 20,212   17,036     115 10    23,502     100 10  2,781   8,285     51 10 
Chile 13 15 18 24 1,799   1,478   103 106   99   1391   1,546   94 84   100   452   1,222 21   36   88  
Colombia 34 39 47 45 5,221   4,479   102 121   114   3569   4,794   52 70   98   934   2,294 15   23   56  
Cuba 11 11 11 102 1,046   746   98 101   101   790   825   90 83   100   159   261 21   22   36  
Dominican Republic 7 8 10 217 1,364   1,307   100 114   103   654   929   59   78     480     50  
Ecuador 10 12 16 57 1,925   2,094   122 111   114   917   1,942   57 58   108     669 20     46  
Guatemala 9 11 15 139 1,909   2,382   76 100   102   504   1,221   22 36   64     367     21  
Haiti 7 8 10 372                        
Mexico 86 100 122 63 14,766   14,398   110 107   104   9094   13,473   52 70   95   1,963   3,515 14   19   31  
Peru 22 26 30 24 4,338   3,513   117 121   102   2374   2,682   66 85   96   900   32   35    
Venezuela 20 24 31 35 3,328   3,476   109 99   100   1543   2,523   56 59   89   668   28   29    
                                                               
Oceania                                                              
Australia7 17 19 23 3 1,906   2,141   106 100   102     2,709     158     1,903 38     120  
—Not available.
#Rounds to zero.
1 Selection based on total population for midyear 2015.
2 This level generally corresponds to grades 1-6 in the United States.
3 Includes general education, teacher training (at the secondary level), and technical and vocational education. This level generally corresponds to grades 7-12 in the United States.
4 Includes college and university enrollment as well as technical and vocational education beyond the secondary level.
5 Data represent the total enrollment of all ages in the school level divided by the population of the specific age groups that correspond to the school level. Adjustments have been made for the varying lengths of elementary and secondary programs. Ratios may exceed 100 because some countries have many students from outside the normal age range.
6 World total includes countries with populations below 10 million, which are not separately shown.
7 Classification or data coverage of levels has been revised. Data by level may not be comparable over time.
8 Estimated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.
9 Excludes data for Hong Kong and Macao.
10 National estimation.
11 Data include both former East and West Germany.
NOTE: Data for all years are based on 2015 political boundaries. Data do not include adult education or special education provided outside regular schools. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Statistical Yearbook, 1999; unpublished tabulations; and tabulations from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics Online Data Center, retrieved May 24, 2018, from http://data.uis.unesco.org/. U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, International Data Base, retrieved June 14, 2018, from https://www.census.gov/data-tools/demo/idb/informationGateway.php. (This table was prepared June 2018.)

2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest