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Digest of Education Statistics
2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 601.10. Population, school enrollment, and number of teachers, by major areas of the world and level of education: Selected years, 1980 through 2015
[In thousands]
Year and selected characteristic World total1,2 Major areas of the world
Africa Asia2,3 Europe3 Central
and South
America4
Northern America4 Oceania
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1980              
Population, all ages5 4,445,424 479,470 2,637,685 695,225 358,579 251,929 22,534
Enrollment, all levels 872,328 77,974 495,556 134,782 98,268 60,543 5,205
Elementary6 525,208 61,303 333,877 47,694 56,791 22,893 2,649
Secondary7 297,032 14,973 148,307 70,240 36,673 24,695 2,145
Postsecondary8 50,087 1,698 13,372 16,847 4,803 12,956 411
Teachers, all levels 40,074 2,373 19,512 2,505 4,577 2,124 277
Elementary6 18,528 1,676 10,728 2,505 1,871 134
Secondary7 17,575 605 7,589 2,321 1,309 112
Postsecondary8 3,970 92 1,194 384 815 31
               
1990              
Population, all ages5 5,284,252 632,000 3,184,538 722,628 441,140 277,533 26,412
Enrollment, all levels 988,403 107,068 563,560 132,634 117,812 61,543 5,786
Elementary6 576,865 78,042 361,386 45,161 65,041 24,629 2,607
Secondary7 343,648 26,190 178,962 68,866 45,534 21,534 2,562
Postsecondary8 67,890 2,836 23,213 18,607 7,237 15,380 617
Teachers, all levels 48,271 3,693 24,611 8,402 5,779 3,938 314
Elementary6 22,005 2,330 12,924 2,608 2,396 1,608 139
Secondary7 21,171 1,222 9,900 5,794 2,781 1,340 135
Postsecondary8 5,095 141 1,787 602 991 41
               
2000              
Population, all ages5 6,084,704 805,888 3,686,050 730,503 518,454 313,388 30,421
Enrollment, all levels 1,209,459 153,971 704,481 137,714 138,656 66,975 7,663
Elementary6 657,127 109,443 405,225 41,717 70,177 27,435 3,131
Secondary7 452,455 38,359 258,259 70,477 57,007 25,117 3,236
Postsecondary8 99,876 6,168 40,998 25,520 11,472 14,423 1,296
Teachers, all levels 57,142 4,989 29,558 10,707 6,823 4,648 222
Elementary6 24,975 2,899 14,616 2,740 2,760 1,806 155
Secondary7 25,419 1,804 12,455 6,097 3,186 1,682
Postsecondary8 6,749 286 2,487 1,869 877 1,161 67
               
2005              
Population, all ages5 6,467,431 911,550 3,908,336 733,190 553,665 328,033 32,658
Enrollment, all levels 1,327,738 193,998 773,059 135,873 144,042 72,392 8,375
Elementary6 678,990 136,425 405,116 38,461 69,066 26,780 3,142
Secondary7 509,100 48,912 305,418 65,270 58,887 27,039 3,575
Postsecondary8 139,648 8,661 62,526 32,142 16,088 18,573 1,658
Teachers, all levels 64,504 6,032 34,588 10,781 7,632 5,006 243
Elementary6 26,888 3,520 15,738 2,673 2,935 1,865 157
Secondary7 28,398 2,159 14,936 5,836 3,469 1,774
Postsecondary8 9,217 352 3,913 2,272 1,227 1,367 85
               
2010              
Population, all ages5 6,858,585 1,031,685 4,121,506 740,226 586,982 343,240 34,946
Enrollment, all levels 1,424,870 233,122 828,198 129,054 149,936 75,173 9,386
Elementary6 697,101 159,488 403,512 36,749 67,190 26,565 3,596
Secondary7 546,263 62,299 333,651 58,629 61,100 26,809 3,776
Postsecondary8 181,506 11,335 91,036 33,676 21,646 21,799 2,014
Teachers, all levels 72,049 7,631 39,807 10,555 8,108 5,456 275
Elementary6 28,658 4,137 16,848 2,673 2,908 1,920 172
Secondary7 32,248 3,023 18,098 5,469 3,542 1,898
Postsecondary8 11,143 471 4,861 2,412 1,658 1,638 103
               
2015              
Population, all ages5 7,247,893 1,165,515 4,324,884 745,486 618,731 356,130 37,147
Enrollment, all levels 1,519,022 271,118 882,070 125,567 154,760 75,107 10,400
Elementary6 723,319 182,766 405,218 38,485 65,407 27,094 4,350
Secondary7 581,620 74,603 354,613 57,455 64,041 27,063 3,844
Postsecondary8 214,083 13,749 122,239 29,627 25,312 20,950 2,207
Teachers, all levels 77,378 9,646 42,714 10,391 8,683 5,416
Elementary6 31,145 5,256 18,173 2,685 2,991 1,847
Secondary7 33,353 3,791 18,293 5,331 3,912 1,803
Postsecondary8 12,880 598 6,248 2,376 1,779 1,767
—Not available.
1The world total includes estimations for missing data on teachers.
2Enrollment and teacher data for the world total and Asia exclude Taiwan.
3Europe includes all countries of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) except Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, which are included in Asia. Asia also includes Turkey, the Arab states (except those located in Africa), and Israel.
4Central and South America includes Latin America and the Caribbean. Northern America includes Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, St. Pierre and Miquelon, and the United States.
5Estimate of midyear population.
6This level generally corresponds to grades 1-6 in the United States.
7Includes general education, teacher training (at the secondary level), and technical and vocational education. This level generally corresponds to grades 7-12 in the United States.
8Includes college and university enrollment, and technical and vocational education beyond the secondary level.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and missing teacher data. Data include imputed values for nonrespondent countries. Enrollment and teacher data exclude several island countries or territories with small populations (less than 150,000). Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), unpublished tabulations. U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, International Data Base, retrieved May 23, 2018, from https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/international-programs/about/idb.html. (This table was prepared June 2018.)

2017 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest